Author Topic: Articles By Bhisma Kukreti - श्री भीष्म कुकरेती जी के लेख  (Read 402099 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Garhwal
History of garhwali caste (Garhwal men Kaun Jati Kahan se Ayi ) : Part ----2
(Bases : Garhwal ka Itihas by Pundit Hari  Krishn Raturi , articles of Mohan Babulkar (Devprayagi Jatiy Itihas) and Dr Dinesh Baluni )
         Presented by Bhishma Kukreti
Rajput

Caste/jati ka Nam    Old caste/From where they came   Year of Coming in Garhwal AD   Original Village in Garhwal   First person of the Caste settled in Garhwal
Panwar (Parmar)    Parmar /Dhar Gujarat    888   Became King of Garhwal    King
Kumar  (Parmar )    Parmar / Dhar Gujrat    888   Younger Brother of king    King family
Rautela    Parmar/Dhar Gujrat    888   Family members of King    King Family
Aswal    Chuhan / ranthambhor /Delhi    888   Aswalsyun    There is a proverb: Adha Garhwal Addha Aswal
Bartwal    Parmar/Ujjain    888   Badet    Relative of King
Mandrwal    Katrur dynasty of Kumaon    1654   Not available    Baij Bahadur, Khadk singh
Rajwar    Katyur of Kumaon dynasty    1654   Not available    Not available
Chand    Chand dynasty of Kumaon    1556   NA   NA
Ramola    Chauhan /Mainpuri    200   Ramoli    NA            NA
            


 

Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Garhwal
History of Garhwali Castes (Garhwal ka Jatiy Itihas ) ---Part 3
(refrences: Garhwal ka Itihas by Pundit Hari Krishna Raturi and articles of Mohan Babulkar, Dr Dinesh Baluni)
Presented by Bhishma Kukreti
Brahmin ----

Name of Caste    Old caste/From where they came    Year of coming in Garhwal    Village in Garhwal    First Person in Garhwal
Mandwal    Dwarhat , Kumaun    1643   Mahadgaon    Rajdash
Devrani    Gujrati Bhatt    1440   Divran    Malu and Talu
Pokhriyal    Vilval/Gujrat    1621   Pokhari    Gurusen
Dabral    Maharashtra    1366   Dabar    Raghunath, Vishvnath
Sundriyal    Karnataki Brahmin    1654   Sundoli    Mahidev
Kimothi    Gaud, Bengal    1560   Kimotha    Kumardev
Badola    Gaud/Ujjain    1741   Badoli    Ujjwal
Panthari    Jalndhar   1540   Panthar    Anyu and Panyu
Baluni    Sarswati /Jalandhar    1721   Balon gaon    Jeev ram
Purohit    Jammu    1756   Purotahi job    NA



Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Garhwal
Brief History about Pandas of Devprayag ( Diprayagi Pandon ka Itihas )
          Original write up : Mohan Lal Babulkar
        Presented by Bhishma Kukreti
   the histroy of Devprayagi Pandas start from the time when Jagadguru Shankracharya established Badrinath /kedarnath dham and established Raghunath Ji temple in Dev Prayag around 800 AD. from that time, the Brahmins related to Shankrachary Math (South India) started to come to Garhwal and settled there including Dev Prayag
  There are eight Thoks of Dev Prayagi Pandas in Dev Prayag (Many are migrated to many places )
Thok -1 : Pujari and Karnatak
Thok-2 : Arjunya, , Raibani and Babuliye
Thok-3 : Akhniyan and Maliya
Thok-4: Kothiya (Later on settled in Koti)
Thok-5- Todriya
Thok -6 -Tailang, , Tevadi, Bandoliya and Chaube
Thok-7- Dhayani or Dhyani (now, settled in many places as dev Prayagi Bhatt )
Thok 8- Maharashtra and  Palyal
 These Thoks are no mre in existence:
Pujari bans and Bavn Hajai
 Mohan Babulkar states that these Pandas are Drvid, Tailang, karnatak, Guad or Maharashtrian 


Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Garhwali Literature

History of Garhwali Poetry

Description of Tirth (Auspacious places ) of Garhwal in Mahabharata

Bhishma Kukreti

In Indian Sanskrit literature creation, there is importance of Garhwal area from the tie of Vedas. It is said that Rishis and Mahrshis created Vedas in Garhwal area. Maharshi Ved Vyas created Mahabharata with the help of lord Ganesh in Garhwal area. There is a place called Vyas Chatti (banelsyun patti, Pauri Garhwal at the meeting place of rivers Ganges and Nayar) where sage Vyas did tapah.

The greatest poet of Sanskrit Kalidas belonged to Kaviltha village in Chamoli Garhwal. Kalidas described Garhwal beautifully and in details in Abhigyan Shankutalam and Kumar Sambhav.

Before Kalidas, we find the description of Garhwal in terms of geographical and demographical detailing in Mahabharata which was created before five thousand years back.

In ninety th chapter of Vanparv or Teerthparva , there is full details of geographical description of Garhwal (from 1 to 34 Shlokas) .

Mahabharata creator described the following rivers:

1- Yamuna

2- Sarswati

3- Ganges/Bhagirathi

4-Dwasdati

There is description of hot springs in Badrikashram (Badrinath )along with the bank of Ganges (Alaknanda )

From places point of view , the following shlokas are very important for knowing the historical back ground of Garhwal wherein the creator described about :प्लेसेस
सनतकुमार: कौरव्य पुण्यम कांखलम तथा
पर्व्तश्च पुरुर्नाम यत्र यात:  पुरुरवा: (वनपर्व -९०, २२ ) 
भ्रिगुर्यत्र तपस्तेपे महर्षिगणसेविते
राजन स आश्रम: ख्यातो भृगुतुंगो महागिरी: (वनपर्व -९०, २३)
नारायण: प्र्भिवुष्णु शाश्वत: पुरुषोत्तम (वनपर्व, ९०, २४
तस्यातियशस: पुण्या: विशाला बद्री मनु
आश्रम:   ख्याय्ते पुणय  स्त्रीसु लोकेषु विश्रुत : (वनपर्व, ९०, २५ )
There is description of following areas in the above shlokas

1- Gangadwar (Haridwar)

2- Kankhal (Today’s Kankhal (haridwar)

3- Bhrigushring ( Today’s Bhrigukhal, Udaypur patti Pauri Garhwal near Haridwar )

4- Puru Parvat (the hill range starting from Haridwar to Kalon Dand (Lainsdawn)

5- Badrika Ashram (Badrinath area)

6- ganges near badrikashram (Alaknanda)

7- Nar Narayan mountains

There is also description of Kirat and Kinnars the original inhabitants of Garhwal in this chapter of Mahabharata

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukret, Mumbai, India, 2010

ranbeer

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hello kukreti ji namaste, bahut acha laga aapke ye lekh padh kar, i am ranbeer......................really excellent.......................

Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Indian Language Literature
History of Garhwali Literature
Critical History of Garhwali Poetry
Anwar : The Poems of Different Facets and Emotions by Girish Sundriyal
(Review of Anwar a poetry collection of Girish Sundriyal)
                                       Review  by Bhishma Kukreti

                           Garhwali critics position Girish Sundriyal in Garhwali poetic field as critics appreciate the works of poets of West Indies as Derek Walcott, Edward K. Brathwait,  E.A Markham, grace Nichols, fred D’Angiar,  James Berry , Linton K. Johnson, Luis Bennett, Loma Goodison, Oliver Senior, Martin Carter, Mervyn Morris, Michael Smith for making Garhwali poetry competent enough to stand with international modern poems, or Spanish poets as Claudio Rodriguez , Félix Grande , José Ángel Valente , Francisco Brine, Ángel González , Carlos Barral ,José Agustín Goytisolo for  his simplicity In narrating lyrical poems, making lyric rich poetries, creating social verses, praising rural world and harmony in community in elated way , providing experimental touches, bridging social poetry with next generation,.
      Madan Duklan a famous critic and editor states about the poems of Girish Sundriyal ,” The poetry is the result of fine blending of emotion, thinking, focused  thinking, experiencing and expression. However, we may call a poem successful when it communicates to readers directly to their  heart and brain and provokes the readers. Girish Sundriyal is successful in these parameters.”
   There are seventy two poems (mainly Geet or lyrical poems)  in this first poetry collection of Girish Sundriyal and each poems is of different facet, different subject, different flavor and different emotions.
   The subject varies from comparison between past and present changes out of which many are damaging or harmful wither for environment, culture, auspiciously, environment, amicable social structure or humanity.
    Most of the poems are concerned for need of individuality  for the society, humanity and environment. The poet talks about individuality but as part and partial of society and humanity .
   When the poet narrates about the experiences of women of rural Garhwal, it seems as if Girish Sundriyal is in the form of women of rural Garhwal.  This is speciality of Girish that his poems speak as if Girish is women, child, tree, Dharud (drinking water source  ), domestic or wild animal. . The simple  narration in simple Garhwali wordings make the poems readable, enjoyable and provocative too .
  Madan Duklan states tha many times, it is just impossible for the  poet in tolerating  regionalism, caste /sect related classicism, corruption at all levels, migration, unemployment and such poems accuse the culprits bluntly and boldly.
  The poets touched many contemporary subjects as worsening  political scenario, non balance between modernism and protection of culture, no proper futuristic education availability, carelessness in administration etc and Girish is successful in inciting the readers.
  The language of all poems is simple, understandable and Girish does show not have any greed for showing his intellectuality/superiority  for using unnecessary Sanskrit and Hindi words as many Garhwali language creative do. Girish takes symbols and images form experiences, from daily happenings,  and from community. These common symbols and images in his poems are the specialty that readers are engaged  to his each poem. Rhythms and lyrical style in creating poetry is the style of  Girish which make him exclusive among his contemporary.
    Overall,  Girish Sundriyal  is successful in showing the images of contemporary rural Garhwal in Anwar (the first poetry collection of Girish )   and proved that Girish is one of the remarkable, sensitive, social oriented,  poets of Garhwali language of his time and proved that the next generation poets have to follow him in may aspects of poetry creation. 
 Anwar (A Garhwali Poetry Collection)
By Girish Sundriyal
Year of Publication: 2006
Publisher :
Himalay Lok Sahity avm Sanskriti Vikash Trust
C/O Madan Duklan, 16 A Rakhshapurum (ladpur)
P.O Raipur, Dehradun, 248008
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2010






Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Garhwal
History of garhwali caste (Garhwal men Kaun Jati Kahan se Ayi ) : Part ----2
(Bases : Garhwal ka Itihas by Pundit Hari  Krishn Raturi , articles of Mohan Babulkar (Devprayagi Jatiy Itihas) and Dr Dinesh Baluni )
         Presented by Bhishma Kukreti

Rajput II
Caste    Old caste/Place   Year of Coming to Garhwal (AD)   Original Village in Garhwal    First or Main persons
Chauhan    Chauhan/Mainpuri but Karmath ji says from Delhi    Not Available    Not Known    Not Known
Minyan Rawat    Suket and Jammu    Not known    Near Shrinagar    Ram Singh, Dham Singh et all
Dikola Rawat    Marhattha /Maharashtra    357   Dikola    Not known
Gorla Rawat    Panwar /Dhara Gujrat    750   Gurad    Not Known
Ringwada    Katyur/ Kumaon    1356   Ringwadi    Not known
Bangari Rawat    Bangar    1605   Bangar    Not Known
Butola Rawat    Tomar/Delhi    744   Not Known    Buta Singh
Jayada Rawat    Near Delhi    Not Known    Jayadgarh    Not Known
Parsara Rawat    Chauhan/Jwalapur Haridwar    1045   Parsari    Not Known
Farswan Rawat    Mathura  or Doti Nepal    375   Farau    Not Known
Bagdwal Bisht    Sirmaur Himachal    1052   Bagodi    Not Known
Chamola Bisht    Panwar/Ujjain   1386   Chamola    Not Known
Idwal Bisht    Parihar/Hastinapur/Delhi    1256   Idgaon    Not Known
Khandwari Negi    Haridwar    545   Khandwari Bichhla Udaypur    Not Known

Bhishma Kukreti

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hello kukreti ji namaste, bahut acha laga aapke ye lekh padh kar, i am ranbeer......................really excellent.......................
Ranveer ji
Thanks a lot. all is because of encouragements from readers/well wishers as you are.

Bhishma Kukreti

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History Indian Literature
History of Himalayan Language
History of Garhwali literature
History of Garhwali Poetry
Khigtat : The Best Example of Fine Blending od Humour and Satire in Poetry
(Review of Khigtat a Poetry Collection of Harish Juyal ‘Kutz’)
                              Bhishma Kukreti

 Madan Duklan ( a Garhwali language critic and editor) is of opinion that the poems of volume Khigtat of Harish Juyal are more of humorous than satirical and could be positioned with the poems of famous humorists as Arthur Guiterman, Bert Leston Taylor, Christopher Darlington Morley, Donald Robert Perry Marguis, Dorothy Parker, James   ,Franklin Pierce Adams, Margaret Fishback, , Oliver Herford,Ogden Nash,   Richard Willard Armour, , Samuel Goodman Hoffenstein, , Phyllis McGinley,  Whitcomb Riley. However, famous Garhwali language poet and lyricist Girish Sundriyal calls him as the King of Satire of Garhwali poetry.  This is because, Harish Juyal ‘Kutz’ is the specialist or expert of finest way off blending humour with sharp satire of Garhwali language. When he uses customary, daily uses Garhwali words in creating satire, the readers cant judge whether the poetry is more humorous or is having more dozes of sharp satire.
 No doubt, the first poetry collection ‘ Uktat’ of Harish Juyal  is more satirical  but the second poetry collection ‘Khigtat ‘ is more humorous than satire.
  There are thirty eight poems in the volume ‘Khigtat’ and all are gems of Garhwali literature.
   Harish Juyal has a very sensitive eye to find the odd happenings in the society and then has a his own style, has best vocabulary to describe the happenings in hilarious way. His attack by hilarious methodology on the wrong happenings is more on society than political system because (it seems) his concept is that political construction is nothing but the way society behaves as a whole.  That is why, in this poetry volume,  we find the satirical and humorous attack on society itself than political system (as most of other poets do attack on political structure) and if he attacks on political system the society is involved there.  There are thirty eight subjects and each poetry’s subject is different than others which means in this volume of poetry, Harish dealt each main subject of the society. When he narrates the Garhwali Vyanjan (Ethnic food of Garhwal) , you cant be without with ought laughing. If in Uktat, provocation (sharp satire) was on top seat, the humour is on top slot in the poetry collection Khigtat’
  Harish is praised for his narrating the subject different style than his contemporary poets      in poetic form but that style is hundred percent Garhwali style including Doha, Chhand, Chaupaya, and his own style is narrating poetry in Jagar form or Ukhel form. He follows famous world class poet Kanhya Lal Dandriyal Dhabdi poetry (mixed languages poetry) form and juyal is successful in making evolution there too.
 Harish does not use borrowed symbols from Hindi but he takes pure Garhwali symbols which make his poetry real Garhwali poetry and without any complexity. Juyal uses figures of speeches ( Alankar) which are there in street of village and of daily uses and using those figures of speech in his won style is the specialty of Harish Juyal which, make him exclusive among crowd.
  This poetry collection requires distribution among migrated Garhwali and this guarentee evn the Garhwalis who never rread Garhwali literature will read all his poems of Khigtat and those migrated Garhwalis will definitely say “Where is another poetry collection of Harish Juyal”
 Overall, Khigtat is the mile stone in the history of Garhwali poetic field for its narration, using figures of speeches, symbols and images; and different style of narrating the subject by Harish Juyal.
 Khigtat (Garhwali Poetry collection)
Poet: Harish Juyal ‘Kutz’
Year of Publication: 2004
Publisher: Samay Sakhsy , 15 Faltu Line, Dehradun, 248001
Copyight @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2010



Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Garhwal
History of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-1.  : Sources of History of Uttarakhand 
(Review of Books Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 1  by Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral )
                                       Bhishma Kukreti
( History repeats itself because No body learns from History )
       There is no parallel of  great Historian than Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral who could touch History of Garhwal so comprehensively, so elaborately, and so detailed way .His whole life was devoted to researches (without any organizational, institutional facilities) and writing of History of Garhwal and Kumaun.
  Before, Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral started publishing History of Garhwal-Kumaun , Atkinson, Patiram, Hari Krishn Raturi , Badri Datt Pandey and Rahul Sankrityayan put light on the subject of History of Garhwal and Kumaun (History of Uttarakhand) . But these historians did provided very little about the history of Garhwal before fourteenth century . Secondly, there was less researches done by the above cited historians of History of Garhwal as required for nay sovereign country as Garhwal Desh. Garhwal had been a sovereign country till 1803 AD   from ages. No Mogul ruler could invade Garhwal for a single day. Therefore , the historians require elaborate researches and detailing in writing the history of a country as Garhwal. Dr Shiv Prasad took the initiative and he did not leave a single oral or written literature related to Mid Himalayan History including Himachal and Nepal in writing elaborate history of a nation as Garhwal before 1803. There are eleven parts of History of Uttarakhand published by dr Shiv Prasad Dabral .
                                History of Uttarakhand  Part -1
    In first part Dr Dabral detailed about the sources of History of Uttarakhand. He provided the details of
1- The details, translation of Stone/wood carving related to History of Garhwal, , Uttarakhand
2- The descriptions of old coins, stamp, idols, temple, archeological structures indicating the history of Garhwal
3-Information about oral, written literature related to know History of Garhwal, Uttarakhand.
4- Utensils, clothing, etc of human beings from stone age to till age to know the history of Garhwal, Uttarakhand
5- Knowledge of old civilizations and History of Garhwal
6- Detailing of Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit literature helping in determining  the History of Garhwal
   The whole book is very interesting and common readers will find it surprising that how a devoted historian does research in finding the history of a nation and what are the ingredients of history writing apart from knowing  the elaborate references of History of Garhwal , Uttarakhand
    The book is also a collector book for museums  and history students
Uttarakhand ka Itihas  Bhag-1
By Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, M.A., PhD
Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal,
Uttarakhand , India, 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2010