Author Topic: Articles By Bhisma Kukreti - श्री भीष्म कुकरेती जी के लेख  (Read 402094 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Indian Wedding Folk Songs- 9
Asian Wedding  Folk Songs -9
                                        Garhwali  Wedding Dressing and related Folk Songs
 
                   (Garhwali (Indian) Folk Songs, Himalayan Folk Songs, Indian Folk Songs)
                         Bhishma Kukreti
         After taking bath, there is dressing and ornamenting ceremony in Garhwali (Indian) culture for bride and groom both at their own house.  The normal dress of groom is yellow Achkan, yellow Dhoti or Rebdar Paijama, Pagdi /turban and crown. The bride puts on red colour sari, blouse and crown . The bride and groom cover face by a Jhalar hund from crown
   It is better that there is discussion about dresses of other countries too
                     Traditional Wedding Dresses of various countries
1- Western Traditional wedding dresses : In western countries, in past and today too wedding dress by groom or bride is to show the social status . the style is popular of the day style.
2- China: In China, the tradition for bride is to wear Cheongsam  with dragon phoenix design at wedding day. The phoenix and dragonare the sign of balance of female and male power. In traditional way, the groom wears black silk coat worn over embroidered dragon robe of dark blue colour.  In old days, there used to be cover for bride to hide the face
3- Japan : In Japan , the bride wear long white Kimono, The groom wears formal Japanese attire Montosuki Kimono  , The family crest on the dress is displayed prominently .A Flowing Haori over coat is wore by groom.
4- Arabic Wedding Dress : the bride wears a beautiful white gown ‘Galabya’ . The embroidery and studded by beads and colorful stones
 5- In West African Wedding Dress: : The South African traditional  wedding attire is called Dashiki
6-Vietnamese wedding dress: Vietnamese wedding dress is called  Ao Dai
7-American Indian Wedding dress: Robert shir is worn by American Indian men at the time of wedding
8- Scottish Wedding Dress: the wedding dress of Scotland is Kilt
9-Jewish Wedding dress : Orthodox jewish wear Kittel dress in wedding ceremony . Over Kittel there is Chupah dress 
  10 In Africa, the urban people are using western style now, . however, in rural area the people use regional dresses as per their traditions
 The evening dresses differ culture to culture and region to region.
                                                Garhwali Wedding Dressing Folk Songs
           When the women (Jajmati nari) help the bride to wear wedding dress or when the experienced men help the groom to dress up, The song shows that the bride’s dress is compared to the dress of elite people‘s  (king and queen’s dress)  dress. At this time, the singers sing the following folk song:                   

                  ब्योली तैं  लारा पैरान्द दैन्कू मांगळ गीत 

पितैजी तुमारा पितैजी तुमारा कपड़ा मुल्याला ए
पितैजी तुमारा कपड़ा मुल्याला ए s s s

माजी तुमारी  मांजी तुमारी  कपड़ा छंट्याली
मांजी तुमारी  कपड़ा छंट्याली ए s s s

जाजमती नारी जाजमती नारी कपड़ा पैराली
जाजमती नारी कपड़ा पैराली  ए s s s

आज चेंद माजी आज चैन्द माजी पीलो पैर्वाग
आज चैन्द माजी पीलो पैर्वाग ए s s s

पीलो पैर्वाग पीलो पैर्वाग झिलमिलो गात
पीलो पैर्वाग झिलमिलो गात ए s s s

झिलमिलो गात  झिलमिलो गात राजौं पैर्वाग
  झिलमिलो गात राजौं पैर्वाग ए s s s
 

Ref : Totaram Dhoundiyal, Mrs Shailja Thapliya, Mangal, Dhad Prakashan
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com

Bhishma Kukreti

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Indian Wedding Folk Songs -10
Asian Wedding Folk songs -10
                                 Songs at  Rice Throwing  Ceremony in Garhwali Wedding
                                     (Garhwali Wedding Folk Songs, Himalayan Wedding Folk Songs)
                                                    Bhishma Kukreti
           Rice throwing on the heads of bride-groom is a very auspicious ceremony in Garhwali wedding. Rice throwing is held at many stages.
                   Apart from Garhwali wedding there are many sects and religions where Rice Throwing is a ceremony as
1- Christian Wedding Ceremony: the custom is originated from throwing seeds. The meaning of rice throwing is to remind couple that the primary purpose of marriage is to make family that will serve the god and Lord. Rice throwing on the newly married couples is blessing for spiritual and physical fruitfulness of marriage.
2- Morocco Wedding Custom: In Morocco, figs, dates and raisins are thrown as fruitful blessing for the married couples
3-Italian Wedding Custom: In Italy , the sugarcoated nuts (Confetti) are thrown on the married couples
4-Korean Wedding Custom: In Korea, the groom’s father tosses the red dates on his newly daughter in law to greet her and for blessing
5- France Wedding Custom : in France, wheat greets the newly married couples
6-Euroipan countries: In many European countries, eggs are thrown as blessing and greeting materials on the newlyweds.
7- Irish tradition: In Irish tradition, couples are pelted by pots and pans
8- Zoroastrian way of Rice throwing in wedding Ceremony:
    In Zoroastrian Wedding, the bride and groom first tied their one hand with each other and the rice is put on their other hand . Then each of bride and groom throws rice over each other. The first who throws rice is called winner. After this the assembly throws rice on groom and bride and clap
9-Poland Wedding Custom: In Poland the rice is tossed on bride and groom and guests drop coins at the feet of groom and bride that they pick up coins leaving the church
10 Malaysian Wedding Tradition: The bride is greeted by rice and scented water sprinkles.
11-Old Roman culture: in old age, the wheat was thrown on bride and groom as auspicious sign of fertility
12- Chinese beliefs: Chinese believe that throwing rice confetti on newlyweds will bring good luck to the newlyweds
13- Mexico Wedding custom: In Mexico, the guests in the church where marriage takes place throw rice or red beads in the air to greet new couple.
14- Spanish Wedding: In Spanish wedding, rice throwing is stil practices
These days, rice throwing is supposed to be the medium of harming the birds .therefore in many regions, rice throwing is declining.
                  Rice Throwing in Garhwali (Indian) Wedding
         In Garhwali (Indian) wedding, there are many stages where the rice is thrown on the head of groom or bride or both together.
 After Haldihath, Bathing and dressing up, the women take rice in right hand circulate the hand on the head of groom or bride and throw rice in each four direction. The rice throwing is done for stopping bad happenings
 The women singers sing the following Mangal (auspicious song) :               
               
            चौंळ पर्खण दें मांगळ
बूता छन जौ बूता छन जौ जामा जमोल़ा
बूता छन जौ जामा जमोल़ा ए  s s s

जमोल़ा सटयूँ  का   जमोल़ा सटयूँ  का ह्वाया मोती वूं
जमोल़ा सटयूँ  का ह्वाया मोती वूं  ए s s s

मांजी तुमरी  मांजी तुमरी मोत्यूं उडाली
 मांजी तुमरी मोत्यूं उडाली ए  s s s
ref : Totaram Dhoundiyal Mrs Shailja Thapliya , Mangal, Dhad Prakashan for Garhwali song
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Bhishma Kukreti

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    Garhwali Wedding Folk Songs -11
 
               Arti After Dressing and  Lighting  Lamps in Wedding of  Various Religions
                              आरती  दें  मांगळ
          (Indian Wedding Folk Songs, Himalayan Wedding Folk Songs, Asian Wedding Songs )
                                            Bhishma Kukreti
 In Indian wedding, the bride and groom are supposed to be the incarnation of goddess Lakshmi and lord Vishnu.  Groom is called Var Narayan which means Lord Vishnu The family members worship them as goddess Lakshmi and lord Vishnu .
                In Garhwali marriage, after dressing (which is held after bathing) , the family members and Haldi hath performers worship bride or bride their respective home in the form of Arti and chant On jai Jagdish hare…….
 Importance of Dyu (burning earthen lamp) in Garhwali wedding: In Arti the cotton beads dipped into Ghee are burnt that flame are s there  and put in a plate and members take the plate in hand and circulate the active flame of plate before bride or groom .
 There is also  a earthen  lamp lightening in the Pooja place the wedding place in the houses of bride and house of groom as well. The lamp is lighted continuously at the initiating of wedding ceremony and is burning till the ceremony is complete by SatyNarayan Brat katha after the wedding.
 In each Arti cotton beads are dipped in ghee and beads are lit . The burning or lighted beads are put in a deep plate. These cotton beads are nothing but work as earthen lamp. 
Divo or Lighted Lamps in Zoroastrian Wedding: Devo or lit  lamp is very auspicious aspect of Parsi or Zoroastrian wedding . Two lamps are lit , one in each home of marrying parties. The Divo is used in various stages of wedding for rituals and gifting ceremony.
Chinese Wedding Lamps or lanterns
 The Chinese lamps are placed at besides the marriage bed .The symbolic gesture of lamps is to bless the newly married couples for  addition of sons in the family. The brightness of lamp pairs is the symbol of long and happy life of the newly married couple.
Paper  lantern in Japanese, Korean, Thai  Wedding
             In Japanese   wedding paper lanterns were lit in old age. In past, red and white ball lantern were common but now many colored lanterns are available
               Mangal or Auspicious Songs at the Time of Arti in Garhwali (Indian) Wedding
    When the Arti of bride or groom at their respective home is going on by family members chanting Om Jai Jagdish har, the Manlers or Songs singers also sing the song after the Arti . The folk songs remid the members about the essential requirement of Arti- cotton, linen oil , how the Arti is performed and mother and father of bride or groom are asked to perform the Arti ritual with peace and happily (Salan)
   आरती  दें  मांगळ

  तीलूं का तेल तीलूं का तेल कपाशा की बाती
तीलूं का तेल कपाशा की बाती ए s s s

कै द्यावा पितैजी कै द्यावा पितैजी स्येळी आरती
 कै द्यावा पितैजी स्येळी आरती  ए s s s

कै द्यावा माजी कै द्यावा मांजी  स्येळी आरती
कै द्यावा मांजी  स्येळी आरती ए s s s

Reference : Totaram Dhoundiyal , Shrimati Shailja Thapliya , Mangal, Dhad Prakashan Dehradun
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Bhishma Kukreti

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        First Garhwali film Jagwal and Nation  wise First Cinema, Film                                                    Bhishma Kukreti
           (First film, First Movie of Country, Country wise First Film, First Movie, First Cinema)
(American Film Industry, Asian Film Industry, African Film Industry, Australian Film Industry, European Film Industry)
               Garhwal is a region of Uttarakhand state of India, till 1800 Ad Garhwal was a severing country from its formation i.e. from pre stone age.  There are records and references that human inhabitants started living in Garhwal from pre stone age. The language of Garhwal is Garhwali language is one of the oldest languages of India. There would be around the world five millions Garhwalis around the world. By nature, Garhwalis are honest, hard working and artistic, Garhwalis played a great role in developing Sanskrit, Hindi, English literature.
                 From film or movie point of view, it is difficult to produce the film and then exhibit the films for commercial success as Garhwalis are scattered all over world. That is why first Garhwali film was exhibited in 1983. The producer, writer, director of first Garhwali language film Jagwal is Parashar Gaur
             To pay respect to Parashar Gaur for his initiative, this author takes opportunity to remember those who made first film/cinema for their country or languages. First Garhwali film “ Jagwal” is also a tribute to all technicians, researchers, artists , financers and writers who made film industry so strong
                      The First “Moving Pictures” , First Cinema in France
As Lumiere brother of France is respected for their first ever work of first combining a camera and sewing machine, thus resulting moving pictures in this earth in 1900, Parashar Gaur is respected for his first Garhwali talkie movie Jagwal.
                     The First Short Moving Picture in New York America 
               As people of all over world remember 6th October 1927 for release of first ever moving sound picture “The Jazz Singer “ released  by Warner brothers in New York , Garhwalis have importance of the day   4th may 1983  when “Jagwal the first Garhwali film was released . Parashar Gaur is Warner bros of Garhwal. 
                     First Canadian Fiction Film, First Canadian Feature Movie
                           Joe Rosenthal released first Canadian fiction film  “Hiawatha, The Messiah of the Ojibways,” in 1903. Canadian Bioscope Company produced firs Canadian Feature film .As the Canadian respect Joe Rosenthal and Canadian Bioscope Company , Uttarakhandis respect Parashar gaur for his innovative idea for producing first Uttarakhandi film Jagwal .
                  First Quebec Commercial Films
                       First Quebec Films/movie is “Le pere Chopin “ (1945)  The first commercial Garhwali film Jagwal by Parashar Gaur has same importance as “le pere Chopin “ has significance in Quebec film arena.
                             First Argentine Film/ Fist Argentines Movie
                  Jagwal the first Garhwali film has same consequence as first argentine sound track movie Adios Argentina (1930)
                      The first Brazilian Movie / Film
            First Brazilian Silent film Francisco Marzullo's Os Estranguladores (1906) is a mile stone in Brazilian film industry and first  Garhwali talking Jagwal is a mile stone in Himalayan film industry.
                     First Film of Colombia
                         Film Historians always remember “ Maria” (1922) the first silent film of Colombia and historian will always remember  Parashar gaur as producer of first Garhwali talkie movie. Jagwal.
                         Mexican First Talkie Movies
 The historian always mention the names of Mexican first talkie movies La Mujer del Puerto (1934), Fred Zinnemann's Redes (1934), Janitzio (1934), Dos Monjes (1934),Allá en el Rancho Grande (1936), Vámonos con Pancho Villa (1936) and La Zandunga.. Uttarakhandis also mention respectfully the name of Jagwal as first Uttarakhandi film.
                        First Films of Paraguay
        Though ,  Alma Paraguay (1925)  by  Hipólito Carrón    is supposed to be first film of Paraguay but in real sense the first commercial movie of Paraguay is Codicia ( 1955). Same way, Jagwal  by Parashar Gaur is first commercial film of Garhwali (Indian) language.   
                  First Peruvian Movie
    As Peruvians are proud of first Peruvian soundtrack movie Alberto Santana's Resaca  (1934) Himalayan community of Mid Himalayan region are proud of Parashar gaur for his first Garhwali , Himalayan film Jagwal.
                 First Cinema, First Movie of Puerto Rico
         As the works  of producer director  Juan Viguié Cajas for   releasing first Puerto Rican   sound film  Romance Tropical (1934) is unforgettable in the history of world cinema, the work of Parahsar Gaur for releasing Jagwal the first Garhwali feature cinema is unforgettable,
                        First Cinema, First Feature Film of Venezuela
             Credit goes to Romulo  Gallegos for producing first Venezuelan full fledged feature film “Juan de la Calle “ and credit goes to Parashar gaur for producing first Garhwali feature film Jagwal.
                   Burkina Faso Cinema
             Parashar gaur is himself an institution as after his first film Jagwal, Garhwali film industry came in existence as happened in Barkina Fasco that after formation of  FESPACO  (Festival Panafricain du Cinéma et de la Télévison de Ouagadougou ) in 1969, Burkina Faso  became the most feature film producing region of Africa
                  First Feature Film of Egypt
          Till today, in Egypt , 4000 films have been produced. However, it was father of Egyptian film industry Mohamed Karim who produced two films - Dead Flowers and Honor the Bedouin in 1918. Parashar gaur is Mohmed Karim of Garhwali film industry where more han 30 Garhwali feature films are produced till date and tens of Garhwali video films are produced.
                         First Cinema of Kenya
                    “Men Against the Sun” (1952)  is called first feature film of Kenya. In Kenya more of DVD films are produced as commercial full feature films don’t have big market. Garhwali film industry is also running same rough roads as Kenyan film industry faces the hurdles and Garhwali film industry produces more DVD films than feature films. Credit goes Jagwal for inspiring Garhwalis to produce DVD films
                                 First Feature Film of Morocco
             In true sense Mohammed Ousfour produced first Moroccan Feature film Le fils maudit  ( 1958). Parashar gaur is Mohammed Ousfour of Garhwali film industry.
                                  First Cinema of Niger
  As a French ethnographic film maker is respected for being the father of Niger Film industry ("au pays des mages noirs" (1947)”. Parashar gaur is father of Garhwali film industry
                           First Nigerian Films
              Nigeria is biggest film industry of Africa and it was the works of Ola Balogun and Hubert Ogunde who produced first Nigerian feature films in 1960s. as Nigerian pay respect to film makers Balogun and Ogunde , Garhwalis are proud of Parashar Gaur    for his initian producing first Garhwali film Jagwal .
                                First Cinema of Senegal
  Whenever film critics talk about first film producer of a country or region , they always mention the name of Paulin Vieyra for producing  L’Afrique sur Seine the first film of Senegal country. Same way Parashar gaur’s name is always mentioned in world cinematic  history for producing firt ever Garhwali (Indian) film Jagwal. (1983)

                         Somalia’s First Film
                             Husain Mubarak is the first film maker who produced first Independent Somali feature film Love Does Not Know Obstacles (1961) before, independent the producers were of Italian origin.
            First Film of South Africa or South African first Cinema
           If south  Africans are proud of their first cinema “Sane Marais” (1931). Uttarakhandis (Indian)  feel proud about Jgwal by Parashar Gaur the first Uttarakhandi film.
                        First   Film of Tunisia
 Zohra is first native African filmmaker producing and directing  medium length film Ain Al-Ghazal (1924) and Parashar Gaur is first Garhwali (Indian) to produce first Garhwali film Jagwal.
                         First Cinema of Australia, First Australian Film
 The first feature film of Australia is “The Story of the Kelly Gang “(1906) and first  Garhwali feature film is Jgwal by Parashar Gaur .
                                              First Film of Fiji
  Vilsoni Hereniko produced first ever Fiji film “The Land has Eyes” in the year 2004 and Parashar Gaur released Garhwali(Indian) film Jagwal  in 1983.
                                       First film of New Zealand
    Hinemoa (1914) is first feature film of New Zealand  and Jagwal is first Garhwali ( Indian) language film by Parashar Gaur
                                       Films in Austria
        The first film by an Austrian film maker were series of erotic short films as Am Skalvenmarkt by  Johann Schwarzer
                                 Films in Belgium
 Hippolyte De Kempeneer was first producer of Belgian feature films as Parashar gaur is called first Garhwali (Indian) language  film producer
                           Cinema in Bosnia and Herzegovina
             The country came in existence in 1992. . Neočekivana šetnja (1994) is supposed to be first dramatic film of Bosnia and Herzegovina
                                  Cinema in Bulgaria
        Lybimetz (1958) is called notable first feature film of Bulgaria . Though before that time, the  films were produced in Bulgaria.
                                  Cinema in Croatia
           Josip Karaman and Octavijan are called the founders of Croatian film industry in early 20th century . Parashar gaur is undoubtedly founder of mid Himalayan Film industry
                      Cinema in Czech Republic
 Dostaveníčko ve mlýnici ids called first film of Czech (1898). C a K polni marsalek (19330) is first  Czech sound track film  directed by Karel Lamec . Jagwal is first Garhwali film and directed by Parashar Gaur.
                            First Feature Film of Denmark, Cinema in Denmark
                        Peter Elfelt produced “ Henrettelsen” (1903) the first feature film of Denmark. Jagwal by Parashar gaur is first Uttarakhandi film of India. 
                               Estonian First Feature Film
        Konstantin Marska produced and directed “Shadow of Past” (1924) the first full length feature film of Estonia. Parashar Gaur is the first Garhwali (Indian) film producer and director.
                            First Feature Film of Faroe Island
                     Faroe Island is very small region. Therefore,  “ Ranva” by Miguel M. Hidalgo is the first  Faroese language with full Faroese castings feature film of Faroe Island.
 Garhwali (Indian) is also a small community and is scattered in many places all over world. Therefore, it was possible only in 1983 that Jagwal a Garhwali language feature film could be released 
                                    First Feature Film of Finland
                     As people remember the first sound track full length feature film of Finland is “Dressed like Adam”(1931) same way Indian people respect Parshar gaur for releasing first ever Mid Himalayan film Jagwal.
                             First Feature Film of Germany
“Dar blaue Enge” (1930) directed by Austrian director Josef von Stemberg was first talkie -  feature film of Germany.
  Jagwal (1983) is first Garhwali (Indian) film by Gaur
                            First Feature Film of Greece
 “Αγαπητικός της Βοσκοπούλας” (1932) , directed by D. Tsakiris is first speaking  feature film of Greece
 In Indian scene, Jagwal is first Garhwali feature film by Parashar gaur
                            First Feature Film of Hungary
 “ Kék Bálvány” (1931) was first full length film with sound of Hungary.
  From Himalayan prospective, Jagwal is first feature film of Mid Himalayan region.
                                  Films of Iceland
The critics state that Though , there have been many films produced before 1949  in Iceland , “Milli fjalls og fjöru” (1949) is first remarkable film of Iceland
                                                  First Film of Italy
  The first official film of Italy is the when  Pope Leo XIII was filmed for blessing the film industry.  La Canzone dell’Amore, (1930) is the first talking film of Italy
As Italians are proud  of  La Canzone dell’Amore, , Uttarakhandis all over world never forgets the contribution of Parashar gaur for initiating Uttarakhandi cinema industry.
                                                   First Film of Latvia
     The first feature film of Latvia  is Lāčplēsis  (1930) directed by Aleksendris Rusteikis a historical step in Latvian cinema world .
  In Garhwali art (India) scene, Parashar Gaur made history in making first Garhwali (India) film .
                                         First Feature Film of Lithuania
        Lithuanians boos about their country’s first feature film “The Soldier Lithuania's Defender “(1928).
      4th May 1983 is historical day for Garhwalis when Parashar Gaur released first Garhwali film in Delhi (India)
                                                First Feature Film of Luxemburg
               Cine historians call    “Il est un petit pays “(1937) directed by René Leclère the first feature film of small country Luxemburg
     After,  “Il est un petit pays “   film was released in 1937, more than thirty films were produced in Luxemburg . Same way,   Jagwal the first film of Garhwali languages opened avenues for many Garhwali and non Garhwali film makers, prerecorded audio cassette companies to come in the field of Garhwali audio visual medium. In true sense, Parashar Gaur introduced a multi millions  Industry for Garhwal(India) and Uttarakhand
                                                      First Feature Film of Macedonia
 The first feature film of Macedonia is “Frosina” (1952 ) directed by Kiro Bilbilovski.
      In Garhwali language scene, Parashar Gaur have struggled for making a Garhwali (Indian) language film from 1975 and his dream came true in 1983 when he released first ever Garhwali film Jagwal.
 Parashar Gaur was obsessed about making Garhwali film when he entered into Garhwali drama field and he believed in the words of Dillilo Don , “Film or cinema is more than the twentieth-century art. It's another part of the twentieth-century mind. It's the world seen from inside. We've come to a certain point in the history of film. If a thing can be filmed, the film is implied in the thing itself. This is where we are. The twentieth century is on film. You have to ask yourself if there's anything about us more important than the fact that we're constantly on film, constantly watching ourselves”.
                                            First Feature Film of Holland
  The dutch film industry is small industry and Government is sensitive to protect and promote the film industry as Film is part and partial of present society.
            The first silent movie in Dutch was Gestoorde hengelaar (1896) by M.H. Laddé.
   The talking feature films were made in 1930 by producers as Hollandia studio.
   From Uttarakhand point of view, it seems the government agencies and politicians don’t have any direction or clue to promote or protect Garhwali, Kumauni language films. From promoting art , there is no clear indication in Uttarakhand (India)  state.  .
                                                 First Film of Norway
“Fiskerlivets farer”  (1902) directed by Hugo Hemansen is the first film ever made in Norway. “Den Store Barnedapen” directed by Tancred Isben  is the  first feature film with sound of Norway. Since, there is less international market for Norway  films ,every year,  the government provides $37.5 millions as subsidy to film makers .
   Garhwali (Indian)  film makers including Parashar Gaur have been persuading Uttarakhand government to have clear guidelines for making Garhwali Kumauni films for International markets.
                           First Film of Poland
             “Antoś pierwszy raz w Warszawie” film was released on 22nd October 1908 in Warsaw, Poland and that day is also called the foundation day of Polish film Industry .
  Polish film institute is sensitive and promote Polish films for International audience that the film art is protected in Poland.
               From Indian point of view 4th May 1983 is founding day for Garhwali film industry when Jagwal was released. 
                                         Films in Portugal
                             The first silent film of Portugal  was shown on 18th June 1896 in Lisbon
 “ A Cancao de Lisboa “ (1933) is supposed to be the first successful and inspiring sound film of Portugal . Today, Portuguese film industry is running on rough roads as the total production cost of film and televisions produced annually is 1.5 billion escudos but revenue generation  is just 0.2 billion escudos only. The gap between production cost and sales cost is huge.
   In India too, Garhwali and Kumauni film industries are facing the problem of huge gap between film production and sales generation . The biggest problem is non availability of theatres for Garhwali and Kumauni films as Hindi films dominate the arena.
                                          First Film of Romania
                    The first film in Romania was screened on 27 May 1896. The first silent fiction film of Romania was “Amor  fatal” (1911)
               “Ciuleandra “ (1930) is the first talking film of Romania based on the novel of Liviu Rebreaanu .  Today, Romania is supposed to be famous for art film and credit goes to German director Martin Burger of the film who choose the subject of a novel.
            Garhwali film industry is not only facing the problem of finance and organized way of working for making films but there is huge gap of intellectuality in choosing film subjects . Though Jagwal is credited for its being first Garhwali film but critics also criticize that the story of film was not realistic and was not artistic too. The Garhwali film industry has to work hard to detach from copying Hindi films but should choose story for International audience too.
                                    First Film of Russia
     The first film of Russia is “Stenka Razin” (1910).
    The first talking feature film was “the Earth Thirsts “ (1930). The government owned cinema industry has witnessed both types of film artful and political motivated films in USSR era.
                                  First Feature film of Slovakia
     “Janosik” (1921) by Jaroslave Siakel the was first full length feature film of Slovakia
 
                                First Film in Spain
               The first Spanish film was screened on 5th May 1895
                   Manual Casanova brought sound to Spanish film.
                                   First Films in Sweden
                         Talking cinema came in 1930 in Sweden but commercial aspects dumped the artistic way of film making after sound came in films in Sweden. Swedish films are known for their landscape and slow pace..
                         Switzerland and Film Industry
           Switzerland does not have grown film industry as the film making is nor feasible but Switzerland government’s facilities for producers of other countries make Switzerland the heaven for making films in Switzerland and by that way Switzerland is successful in promoting tourism.
In India,  Uttarakhand government is not enthusiastic about promoting Uttarakhand tourism through providing facilities to Bollywood producers and other film producers of India.
                          Films in Turkey
 The first film showing was performed in Istanbul in 1896
   Fuat Uzkinay produced first Turkish documentary film in 1914.
 Muhsin Ertugrul directed 29 films from 1923-1939.
 Status wise , Prashar Gaur has same status in Garhwali film industry as Muhsin has in Turkish film industry for developing the genre..
                                 First Film of United Kingdom
 The first motion picture of United Kingdom was  made in Hyde Park in 1889 by William F. Greene,
 “Blackmail” (1929) by Alfred Hitchcock is first talking feature film of United Kingdom . The position of Parashar gaur of Garhwali film industry is equal to Alfred Hitchcock in the sense of taking initiative to develop a genre.
 Garhwali film industry can develop or flourish only when the subject and screenplay are competent enough for international audience. The film Industry of United Kingdom was facing daunting competition from Hollywood before 1930 or today too. But film makers as Alfred Hitchcock and Charlie Chaplin came to rescue the British film industry at that time. Garhwali film writers should take lesions from Alfred Hitchcock and Charlie Chaplin that when you face adversity you should coin an innovative way of subject and screenplay that you get International audience as Alfred Hitchcock and Charlie Chaplin could compete the largeness of Hollywood film industry by their screenplay and subject selection skills
                                    First Film of China
              The first motion picture was screened in Shanghai of China  on 11st august 1896. The fist Chinese film was Beijing Opera screened in 1905.
                          “Spring Silkworm” by Cheng Bugao  is called first talkie movie of China.
      There have been many ups and downs in Chinese film industry due to Japanese invasion and political transformations in China itself.
                        Film in Hong Kong
                “Zhuangzi Tests His Wife” (1913) is first feature film of Hong Kong.. in 1933 , the move came for sound in film in Hong Kong too.
                               First Film of Japan
 The motion picture was shown in Japan in 1896. First documentary film was released in in 1897.
   “Fujiwara Yoshie no furusato (1930) is first feature talki film of Japan.
                         First Film of Korea
                 Before first domestic film of Korea “Uirijeok Guto)” (1919 was released, foreign films were shown in thetres of Korea.
  The first talkie feature film of Korea is “ Chunhyang-Jeon”(1935)  by  Myeong woo.
                                   Film in Mongolia
  It is presumed that film screening started in Mongolia around 1903-1931.
    “Norjmaagiin Zam”  ( 1938) by Temet Natsagdorj is first Mongolian directed film . Parashar gaur is Temet of Garhwali film industry.
                                  Film in Taiwan
     First film was shown in 1901 in Taiwan . There effects of Japan on Taiwanese films till r Japanese rule.
                           Film in Armenia
                 “Soviet Armenia” (1924) was first documentary film of Armenia.  Namus (1926) by Hamo Beknazerian   was first silent black and white feature film of Armenia  .Pepo (1935) by Hamo Baknazeria  was first sound picture of Armenia  .
                               Film in Azerbaijan
     The history goes back to 1898 when first film was shown in Azerbaijan. . “ the woman” around 1915 is supposed to be first film of Azerbaijan. Maiden Tower (1924)  was first  Azerbaijani Soviet  film.
                                 Film in Bahrain
                    Al-Hazij (1990) is first Bahrain film.
                          Film of Cyprus
           “Roots” (1958) is first independent Cyprus film
                           Film in Georgia
 In 1912 th e fist documentary film was shot and I 1916, first feature film  “Christine” by Tsutsunava  was shoot. Due to Soviet invasion, the film industry in Georgia became irregular and now after independence , there are sign of development in  Georgia
                           First film of Iran
                Mirza Ebrahim filmed Shah of Persia (1900). .. Ovanes Ohanian  produced first silent Iranian feature film haji Agha in 1930.
  First sound film of Iran was Lor girl (1932) by  Abdolhossein Sepanta. Iranian respects Abdolhossein for his initiative  and Uttarakhandis (India) admire Parashar gaur for his initiative in making first Garhwali film.
                                     Film in Iraq
 The first film was projected in 1909 .
                          Film in Israel
              The first film is . Sallah Sebati  (1964) by  Ephraim Kishon of Israel
                              Films in  Jordan
  The Jordan does not produce films but promote the country that outsider filmmakers come to Jordan to film their movie and Jordan is successful in that act.
                       Uttarakhand government should study the strategy of Jordan for promoting outside film makers to film their films in their territory
                              First Cinema of Kuwait
             The first cinema of Kuwait is “ Bas ya Bahar”(1972)
                                 Lebanese Cinema
                              Mughammarat Elias Mabruk (1930) is first feature film of Lebanon.
                                  First Cinema of Palestine
     In true sense , “The Realized Dreams” is called first film  of Palestine
                                     First Cinema of Syria
  “Al Muttaham al Baree”(1928) is first movie of Syria .”Nur wa Thalam “ by Nazih Shabandar (1947) was first talkie movie of Syria
                                   Films in Tajikistan
   The first film was produced in Tajikistan in 1930 
                                First Cinema of Yamane
   The new day in old Sana’a (2005) is the  first film of Yamane
                                      First Cinema of Burma (Myanmar)
      U Ohn Maung produced the first silent cinema of Myanmar in 1910. As U Ohn Maung is father of Burma’s film , Parashar Gaur is Garhwali’s film father.
                                   The first sound film of Myanmar Ngwe Pay Lo Ma Ya directed by Toke Kyi  was produced in Mumbai, India in 1932 .
                   Surprisingly, Parashar Gaur has to fly from Delhi to  Mumbai for various works to complete first ever Garhwali film Jagwal
                                       Cinema of Cambodia
       Dan Prean Lbas Prich  (1950) is supposed to be the first cinema of Cambodia. , while first feature film was supposed to be Kar Pear Prumjarei Srei Durakut by Sun Bun Ly.
                                      Cinema of Indonesia
            Loetoeng Kasaroeng, by Dutch directors G. Kruger and L. Heuveldorp.(1925) was fist silent film of Indonesia.
                                           First Cinema of Malaysia
                           The cinema history begins around 1930 in Malaysia. Laila Majnu (1933) directed by B.S Rajhans   and produced by Motilal Chemical company Bombay of Singapore  was first film of Malaysia .
                                 Initial days of Cinema  in Philippines
                                     First moving picture was projected in 1897 in Philippines. Dalagang Bukid (1919) was first film by a  Filipino Jose Nepomuceno .
Parashar Gaur is  Jose Nepomuceno of  Garhwali film.
Ang Aswang (1932)  was first  half sound cinema of Philippine, Punyal na Guinto  (1933) by Jose Nepomuceno is the  first complete sound film of Philippine. 
                               Cinema of Singapore
 The true Singaporean first film is “Medium Rare “ (1991)
                         Cinema of Vietnam
          First ever documentary film of Vietnam is produced in 1920. Chung một Dòng sông (1956) by Nguyen  Hong Nghi is first feature film of Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
                              Cinema of Afghanistan
              Amir Habibullah (1901-1919)introduced film in Afghanistan but limited to royal Court only. The first Afghani film  “Love and friendship”  was produced in 1946. Farar (1960) is first colour film of Afghanistan . Otherwise, Hindi film dominated Afghanistan.
                              Cinema of Bangladesh
   Till 1947, the history of Bangladesh film is Indian film history. The first feature film with sound of East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) was “Mukh O Mukhosh “ (1956) By Abdul Jabbar khan .
                             Cinema of Nepal
                         The first Nepali film “Satya Harishchandra” (1951)  by D.B Pariyar was produced in Calcutta , India.. Aama was first film produced in Nepal (1964).
                            Cinema in Sri Lanka
             The film show was organized in 1901 in Sri Lanka. “Rajkiya Wickremaya  “ (1925) is called the first film made in Sri Lanka. (but could not be screened in Sri Lanka)   Initaillay English films dominated but later on Indian films became popular in Sri Lanka.
                         Cinema of Pakistan
   The history of Pakistani film up to 1947 is same of India. First Pakistani film is “teri Yad” (1948)
                         First Cinema of India
    Raja Harishchandra (1913) by dada Saheb Phalke is first full length silent feature film of India. Alam Ara (1931) by Ardshir Irani  is first talkie film of India . Parashar Gaur is dada Phalke of Garhwali film industry
                            First Telugu Cinema
                       Bhakt Prahlad (1931) by H.M Reddy is first Telugu  film ,
                              First Tamil Film
 Kalidas (1931) by Ardshir Irani  is first Tamil film.
                   First Marathi film
                “ Raja Harishchandra” is also first Marathi silent film   Ayodha cha Raja (19320 by Prabhat film is first talkie Marathi film .
                              First Malayalam Film
  D C denial produced first silent Malayalam  film :Vigahthakumaran “ (1928). The first talkie Malayalam film is “baln” (1938) by Tamil producer
                          First Bengali cinema
  Bilwamangal (1919) by Madan theatre is first silent Bengali film . Jamai Shashthi is first talkie film in Bengali language.
                             First Bhojpuri Cinema
 Ganga Mayya Tohe Piyari Chadhaiba (1962)by Kundan Kumar  is called first Bhojpuri film
                           Gujrati film
 Gujrati  film production started from 1932
                         First Oriya Film
   Sita Vibah (1936)  is first Oriya talkie by Mohan Sundar Dev Goswami
                                First Punjabi Film
                     K D Mehra made first Punjabi film “Pind di Kudi”
                         First Assamese Film
                         “Joymati” (1935)  by Rupkunwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwal was first Assamese film
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Bhishma Kukreti

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                   Deities  Folk Worship Song in Garhwali Wedding Ceremony
 
         (Garhwali Wedding Folk Songs, Himalayan Wedding Folk Songs, Indian Wedding Folk Songs)
                                           Bhishma Kukreti
               After Arti which is performed after bathing, the Metal Vessel (Kalas ) is put on the head of bride and groom at their respective home. Then a close relative pick bride or groom and take groom /bride at the  wedding ritual place.
 Pundit jee does pooja of various deities in Sanskrit
 The women sing folk song regarding worshipping Brahma jee, Ganesh jee and many deities
      The worship is not limited to Garhwali community but it is in many religions and ethnic groups.
 For examples:
 Chinese Deity for Marriage, newly wedded couple visit Yue Lao temple, Yue Lao is the god of marriage in Chinese culture. There is pooja in the temple according to Chinese customs.
Japanese Deity for Marriage: When a couple is engaged, they visit to at a Shrine where Shinto custom is performed. The bride-groom are purified and they take marriage vow before Kamisama (god)
  The Garhwali wedding folk song for deity worship is as under:
               विशिष्ठ दिवतौं पूजा

कै द्यावा बरमा जी कै द्यावा बरमा जी  गणेशा की पूजा
कै द्यावा बरमा जी  गणेशा की पूजा ए s s s

गौरी गणेश  गौरी गणेश विष्णु महेश
गौरी गणेश विष्णु महेश ए

फूल पात्यून फूल पात्यून जौंळी हत्यौलू
फूल पात्यून जौंळी हत्यौलू  ए s s s

कै द्यावा बरमा जी कै द्यावा बरमा जी कलस की  पूजा
कै द्यावा बरमा जी कलस की  पूजा ए s s

गणेश माराज गणेश माराज सागसी ह्व़े जावा
गणेश माराज सागसी ह्व़े जावा  ए s s s

कै द्यावा बरमा जी कै द्यावा बरमा जी  मंदिरों की पूजा
कै द्यावा बरमा जी  मंदिरों की पूजा  ए s s

हाथ जोडीला हाथ जोडीला सीस नवेला
हाथ जोडीला सीस नवेला ए  s s
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti bckukreti@gmail.com





एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Thanks a lot sir.

Very useful information being provided by you..


                   Deities  Folk Worship Song in Garhwali Wedding Ceremony
 
         (Garhwali Wedding Folk Songs, Himalayan Wedding Folk Songs, Indian Wedding Folk Songs)
                                           Bhishma Kukreti
               After Arti which is performed after bathing, the Metal Vessel (Kalas ) is put on the head of bride and groom at their respective home. Then a close relative pick bride or groom and take groom /bride at the  wedding ritual place.
 Pundit jee does pooja of various deities in Sanskrit
 The women sing folk song regarding worshipping Brahma jee, Ganesh jee and many deities
      The worship is not limited to Garhwali community but it is in many religions and ethnic groups.
 For examples:
 Chinese Deity for Marriage, newly wedded couple visit Yue Lao temple, Yue Lao is the god of marriage in Chinese culture. There is pooja in the temple according to Chinese customs.
Japanese Deity for Marriage: When a couple is engaged, they visit to at a Shrine where Shinto custom is performed. The bride-groom are purified and they take marriage vow before Kamisama (god)
  The Garhwali wedding folk song for deity worship is as under:
               विशिष्ठ दिवतौं पूजा

कै द्यावा बरमा जी कै द्यावा बरमा जी  गणेशा की पूजा
कै द्यावा बरमा जी  गणेशा की पूजा ए s s s

गौरी गणेश  गौरी गणेश विष्णु महेश
गौरी गणेश विष्णु महेश ए

फूल पात्यून फूल पात्यून जौंळी हत्यौलू
फूल पात्यून जौंळी हत्यौलू  ए s s s

कै द्यावा बरमा जी कै द्यावा बरमा जी कलस की  पूजा
कै द्यावा बरमा जी कलस की  पूजा ए s s

गणेश माराज गणेश माराज सागसी ह्व़े जावा
गणेश माराज सागसी ह्व़े जावा  ए s s s

कै द्यावा बरमा जी कै द्यावा बरमा जी  मंदिरों की पूजा
कै द्यावा बरमा जी  मंदिरों की पूजा  ए s s

हाथ जोडीला हाथ जोडीला सीस नवेला
हाथ जोडीला सीस नवेला ए  s s
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti bckukreti@gmail.com






Bhishma Kukreti

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                                Garhwali Folk Songs at Thread (Sacred Cord) Ceremony
          (Garhwali Wedding Folk Songs, Himalayan Wedding Traditional- Songs, Indian Marriage Folk Songs)
                                                     Bhishma Kukreti
                In Hindu culture, thread ceremony or thread ceremony is one the important Sanskar (ceremony) out of forty four Sanskars.
 Thread ceremony is also important ceremony among Parsi or Zoroastrian community which is called Navjot , in both cases yagyopavee, Janeu or navjot is related to knowledge , Among  Hindus, yagyopaveet means to take another birth because Knowledge means new birth and in Zorostraian religion too the new knowledge is important in Navjot ceremony
  Yagopaveet, Janeu sanskar means to put three or seven threads by boy or in many cases female also puts thread (janeu or Yagyopaveet)
 Usually the Brahmin boy used to put Janeu  at the age of eight r, Khstriy at the age of eleven and Vaisy at the age of twelve .
 If it is not possible to put Yagyopaveet at the above age, yagypaveet ceremony is performed before marriage . Yagyopaveet sanskar or thread ceremony is performed after Haldihath ceremony that is when bathing and Arti are already performed.
 In many castes of Garhwal  as joshi, Lakheda, Mishra, Pandey, Tiwari (all Brahmins) , Dosad, Parihar, Kapkoti, few groups of Negi , Parihar; females are also put Janeu in Sasural on their right upper hand.
 The janeu ceremony or Thread ceremony is very elaborate ceremony where Pandit jee, the groom and family /relative members take part .
Here , Pundit jee is reading cahanting and performing many rituals, while the women sing folk songs related to janeu Sanskar.
             [b] जंद्योऊ   दींद दें मांगळ [/b] [/size] 
  दे द्यावा गुरूजी दे द्यावा गुरूजी गुरु मंतर
  दे द्यावा गुरूजी गुरु मंतर  ए s s s

दियाल चेला दियाल चेला गुटु मंतर
दियाल चेला गुटु मंतर ए s s s

सु-गुरु को चेला सु-गुरु को चेला गुरुमुखी होई
सु-गुरु को चेला गुरुमुखी होई ए s s s

गुरुमुखी चेला गुरुमुखी चेला निर्मुखी ना होई
गुरुमुखी चेला निर्मुखी ना होई ए s s s

अमर रै चेला अमर रै चेला जून सूरज
अमर रै चेला जून सूरज ए s s

सु-गुरु को चेला सु-गुरु को चेला  कै कुल को उद्धार
सु-गुरु को चेला  कै कुल को उद्धार ए s s s

In this song, the singer request Guru jee to provide sacred knowledge to the disciple (here, groom) , the singers ask to disciple (groom) to be Guru oriented but Guru orientation does not mean the disciple forgets the real world.
Reference : Totaram Dhoundiyal, Shrimati Shailaja Thapliyal, Mangal, Dhad Prakashan Dehradun
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti bckukreti@gmail.com



Bhishma Kukreti

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  Satirical Garhwali Poem of Deveshwar Joshi

   Deveshwar Joshi  is famous Hindi and Garhwali poet, story writer. he was born on 21st June 1938 in village Kund, Hisriyakhal, Tihri Garhwal.
Recently, this author got opportunity to meet Deveshwar Joshi in Mumbai. it was interesting evening with him. Joshi read his Garhwali poems till late night
enjoy his poem, the poem is on Jagar style and is satirical
                   
               जै दारु दिबता

                 देवेश्वर जोशी (दिल्ली)

 पैलो प्रणाम पौंचे मेरो तै गुरु को जैन यू दारु बणाइ
दुजू प्रणाम पौंचे  मेरो  ऊन दारु भक्तों को जौं यू दारु गौळ लगाई
            जागरण
जै दारू देब जाग कच्ची तू दारु जाग
पक्की तू दारु जाग देसी तू दारु जाग
अंग्रेजी तू दारु जाग, ब्रांडी की तू बोतले जाग
जिन की बोतळ जाग , स्कोच्च की तू बोतल जाग
थ्री एक्स रम जाग , ओल्ड मोंक की बोतल जाग
व्हिस्की की तू बोतल जाग, बैग्पैप्र के बोतल जाग
सैम्पियन का प्याला जाग , बिपर को गिलास जाग
दिप्लोमत को क्वार्टर जाग
जाग दारु शराब को प्याला जाग
 - ३-
जाग दारु भक्त जाग , छ्वटु  नौनु तैं ब्रांडी दे
घर की नार को तू जिन कोइ बोतल दे
बच्चों  का सिर जाग बूढों का सिर जाग
नौ नाडी बहत्तर कोठों जाग
मंत्री को ध्यान जाग , संतरी का ध्यान जाग
जाग रे बाबा जाग
पी मी का ध्यान जाग सीएम् का ध्यान जाग
डीएम् का ध्यान जाग एडीएम् का ध्यान जाग
जाग रे बाबा जाग
आईएएस का ध्यान जाग, पीसीएस का ध्यान जाग
ऑफिसर  साब का ध्यान जाग , कर्मचारी का ध्यान जाग
पटवारी का ध्यान जाग , कानूनगो का ध्यान जाग
थानेदार का ध्यान जाग दरोगा का ध्यान
पाँच का ध्यान जाग परधान का ध्यान जाग
डाक्टर का ध्यान जाग , क्म्पौंडर का ध्यान जाग
इंजीनियर का ध्यान जाग, ठेकेदार का ध्यान जाग
कर्नल का ध्यान जाग , जर्नल का ध्यान जाग
बिधायक  का ध्यान जाग सांसद  का ध्यान जाग
रेंजर   का ध्यान जाग
फोरेस्टर  का ध्यान जाग
बी डी ओ  का ध्यान जाग  ए डी ओ  का ध्यान जाग
नेता  का ध्यान जाग  अभिनेता  का ध्यान जाग
     ४-
इंटरनेसनल दिबता तेरो ध्यान जाग
बिश्व प्रसिद्ध दारु देब त्वेकी नमस्कार
हर जाती हर धर्म का दिबता तेरी जैजैकार
जाती पाट को दुश्मन छै धर्मनिरपेक्ष दिबता छे
जूठा पिठा नि माणदो , छुवाछुत की बि  जाणदो
५-
प्रात:   की त्वे पूजा देलू , सूर्योदय के त्वे पूजा देलू
ग्विर्मिलाक की त्वे पूजा देल , धडांदि दुफरा की त्वे पूजा देलू
गो धूलि की त्वे पूजा देलू बारा बजे रात की त्वे पूजा देलू
             ६-
जौंळ त्वे बुग्ठ्या देलू, चौसिंग्या त्वे खाडू देलू
पांच त्वे सलाद द्योलू , सात त्वे नमकीन देलू
इक्कीस भांति को मांस देलू , बखरा की क्च्छ्बोळी द्योलू
बखरी की त्वे भित्र्वांस देलू मिरग की कल़ेजी द्योलू
घ्व्वेद को फाब्सू द्योलू , माकच को सुरवा देलू
जौंळ त्वे मुर्गा देलू , तीतर को मॉस देलू . बटेर को मॉस देलू
चकोर को मॉस द्योलू
जाग दारु देब त्वेको नमस्कार
८-
बेरोजगार को तू रोजगार दींदु , बिगड़याँ तू काम बणऊदू
मूसुं तैं तू बाग़ बणऔन्दु  बुड्डयौं तैं तू जवान बणऔन्दु
जवानुं तैं बुड्या बणऔन्दु शेर तैं गीदड़ बणऔन्दु
जौनका गिच्चा दांत नीन पुटका अंत नीन ऊंका ब्योऊ करौंदु
हार्दा मुकदमा जितौंदु , जित्यान उक्द्मा हरौंदु
बड़ा बड़ा ठेका दिलौंदु , बड़ा बड़ा की मति हरण करदो
होणी की निहोणि , निहोणि की होणी करोंदु
राजौं तैं रंक बणोऊन्दु  रंक तैं राज दिलौंदु
सै णा को गोर भेळ हकांदु चलदा घरु खन्द्वार करदू
अच्छा अच्छा कु ठिकाणा लगान्दु
हंसदा प्रिवारून रुलांदु
रिश्तेदार को माँ रखदो दोस्त की तू शां रखदो
.....
जै दारु देब की जै देब की
Copyright Deveshwar Joshi, Delhi, 2011

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Hi hi hi hi...

Really interesting ... Thanks to you Joshi ji and to you sir.. Maja aa gaya.

  Satirical Garhwali Poem of Deveshwar Joshi

   Deveshwar Joshi  is famous Hindi and Garhwali poet, story writer. he was born on 21st June 1938 in village Kund, Hisriyakhal, Tihri Garhwal.
Recently, this author got opportunity to meet Deveshwar Joshi in Mumbai. it was interesting evening with him. Joshi read his Garhwali poems till late night
enjoy his poem, the poem is on Jagar style and is satirical
                   
               जै दारु दिबता

                 देवेश्वर जोशी (दिल्ली)

 पैलो प्रणाम पौंचे मेरो तै गुरु को जैन यू दारु बणाइ
दुजू प्रणाम पौंचे  मेरो  ऊन दारु भक्तों को जौं यू दारु गौळ लगाई
            जागरण
जै दारू देब जाग कच्ची तू दारु जाग
पक्की तू दारु जाग देसी तू दारु जाग
अंग्रेजी तू दारु जाग, ब्रांडी की तू बोतले जाग
जिन की बोतळ जाग , स्कोच्च की तू बोतल जाग
थ्री एक्स रम जाग , ओल्ड मोंक की बोतल जाग
व्हिस्की की तू बोतल जाग, बैग्पैप्र के बोतल जाग
सैम्पियन का प्याला जाग , बिपर को गिलास जाग
दिप्लोमत को क्वार्टर जाग
जाग दारु शराब को प्याला जाग
 - ३-
जाग दारु भक्त जाग , छ्वटु  नौनु तैं ब्रांडी दे
घर की नार को तू जिन कोइ बोतल दे
बच्चों  का सिर जाग बूढों का सिर जाग
नौ नाडी बहत्तर कोठों जाग
मंत्री को ध्यान जाग , संतरी का ध्यान जाग
जाग रे बाबा जाग
पी मी का ध्यान जाग सीएम् का ध्यान जाग
डीएम् का ध्यान जाग एडीएम् का ध्यान जाग
जाग रे बाबा जाग
आईएएस का ध्यान जाग, पीसीएस का ध्यान जाग
ऑफिसर  साब का ध्यान जाग , कर्मचारी का ध्यान जाग
पटवारी का ध्यान जाग , कानूनगो का ध्यान जाग
थानेदार का ध्यान जाग दरोगा का ध्यान
पाँच का ध्यान जाग परधान का ध्यान जाग
डाक्टर का ध्यान जाग , क्म्पौंडर का ध्यान जाग
इंजीनियर का ध्यान जाग, ठेकेदार का ध्यान जाग
कर्नल का ध्यान जाग , जर्नल का ध्यान जाग
बिधायक  का ध्यान जाग सांसद  का ध्यान जाग
रेंजर   का ध्यान जाग
फोरेस्टर  का ध्यान जाग
बी डी ओ  का ध्यान जाग  ए डी ओ  का ध्यान जाग
नेता  का ध्यान जाग  अभिनेता  का ध्यान जाग
     ४-
इंटरनेसनल दिबता तेरो ध्यान जाग
बिश्व प्रसिद्ध दारु देब त्वेकी नमस्कार
हर जाती हर धर्म का दिबता तेरी जैजैकार
जाती पाट को दुश्मन छै धर्मनिरपेक्ष दिबता छे
जूठा पिठा नि माणदो , छुवाछुत की बि  जाणदो
५-
प्रात:   की त्वे पूजा देलू , सूर्योदय के त्वे पूजा देलू
ग्विर्मिलाक की त्वे पूजा देल , धडांदि दुफरा की त्वे पूजा देलू
गो धूलि की त्वे पूजा देलू बारा बजे रात की त्वे पूजा देलू
             ६-
जौंळ त्वे बुग्ठ्या देलू, चौसिंग्या त्वे खाडू देलू
पांच त्वे सलाद द्योलू , सात त्वे नमकीन देलू
इक्कीस भांति को मांस देलू , बखरा की क्च्छ्बोळी द्योलू
बखरी की त्वे भित्र्वांस देलू मिरग की कल़ेजी द्योलू
घ्व्वेद को फाब्सू द्योलू , माकच को सुरवा देलू
जौंळ त्वे मुर्गा देलू , तीतर को मॉस देलू . बटेर को मॉस देलू
चकोर को मॉस द्योलू
जाग दारु देब त्वेको नमस्कार
८-
बेरोजगार को तू रोजगार दींदु , बिगड़याँ तू काम बणऊदू
मूसुं तैं तू बाग़ बणऔन्दु  बुड्डयौं तैं तू जवान बणऔन्दु
जवानुं तैं बुड्या बणऔन्दु शेर तैं गीदड़ बणऔन्दु
जौनका गिच्चा दांत नीन पुटका अंत नीन ऊंका ब्योऊ करौंदु
हार्दा मुकदमा जितौंदु , जित्यान उक्द्मा हरौंदु
बड़ा बड़ा ठेका दिलौंदु , बड़ा बड़ा की मति हरण करदो
होणी की निहोणि , निहोणि की होणी करोंदु
राजौं तैं रंक बणोऊन्दु  रंक तैं राज दिलौंदु
सै णा को गोर भेळ हकांदु चलदा घरु खन्द्वार करदू
अच्छा अच्छा कु ठिकाणा लगान्दु
हंसदा प्रिवारून रुलांदु
रिश्तेदार को माँ रखदो दोस्त की तू शां रखदो
.....
जै दारु देब की जै देब की
Copyright Deveshwar Joshi, Delhi, 2011


Bhishma Kukreti

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             Garhwali Folk Songs about Ancestor Worship at the Time of Wedding
           (Garhwali Wedding Folk Songs, Himalayan Wedding folk Songs, Indian Marriage Folk Songs)
                                                       Bhishma Kukreti
 In Hindu religion, paying homage to their ancestors is very important Sanskar out of 44 sanskar. The season of fortnight, for paying homage is called Shradh time.
   Apart , Shradh, Hindus pay homage to their ancestors at many auspicious ceremony as in wedding ceremony  after Haldihath, the Pundit jee pays homage to ancestors of the family . The spirits of ancestors are invited to bless the bride or groom.
  Paying homage or remembering ancestors and paying tribute is common in many communities of other countries and religions too.
                                    Tribute to Ancestors in Japan
                     An ancestral ceremony ‘Bon’ takes place either in july or August every year. During Bon ceremony family members return to their parental homes for paying honour to their ancestors.  The family members visit the temple to meet the souls of their ancestors.
 The Bon ceremony also take place after one year, three years, seventh years, thirteenth, seventeenth, twenty third, twenty seven, thirty third, fiftieth and hundredth years of the dead ones.
 At the time of wedding Japanese remember their ancestors.
                                Worship of Ancestors by Mulam Ethnic Groups in China
 In china, Mulam ethnic groups pay homage to their ancestors by performing  ceremony  in February . At Grave Sweeping Festivals, the Mulamian people sweep the grave of ancestors and collect money for the gravestoo. There are folk songs related to sweeping grave ceremony
                                 Ancestral Tribute  Worship in Inca
          In South America, in pre Colombian era, ‘Aya marcay Quilla’ or Month of dead is celebrated.(November) . The dead were  taken out from crypts, the dead one are dressed and offered food. Then there were dances and rituals to pay homage the ancestors (Reference: D'Altroy, Terence N. The Incas. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2002.)
                        Ancestoral Worship in Guzhou China
         In Guzhou community, ancestral worship is very important Ssanskar or custom to celebrate. Shi community call this ceremony “Yulunduan”
                   Vietnamese way of Ancestral Worship
Nearly in every house, office or business, there is an alter which is for to use to commune with ancestors
 In Vietnam, apart from death day , the Vietnamese people remember their ancestors on birth, on birth day, starting a new business, buying costly products as house, marriage or whenever a person needs help, favor .
              Ancestral worship in Lesotho (African country)
 Though, the majority of people of Lesotho are  Christians, but their rites in Church are mixed with ancestor worshiping chants   
                Ancestral worship in  Sisa (Africa)
  There is a dance and music in Africa called “ Ring Shout”. This is prayer to god for calling their ancestor
               Ancestral Worship in Jewish religion
 Joseph Jacobs provides  details of ancestor worshipping in Jewish religion by providing the references of Old Testimonials and references from C.Grüneisen,Der Ahnenkultus und die Urreligion Israels, Halle,1900, which contains a full bibliography (pp.ix.-xv.)
                       Ancestral Worship in Korea
                     In Korea the name of ancestral worship is Jerye” or “Jesa”. The ceremony of the death anniversary is called “ Charye” 
                           Ancestor Worship or Tribute to dead ones in  Europe
          In most catholic families of Europe , “All Saints Day” is ancestral worshipping day
                  Ancestral Worship in Ireland
 Irish believe that during Samahian , dead were supposed to return and in old tradition, Irish people left food and light were left for them.
                            Garhwali Tradition to pay Homage to Ancestors and Folk Songs for Nandi Mukh Shradh
  At the time of wedding in Garhwali community, ancestors are remembered many times . There is one ritual after haldihath, bathing , Arti , the Pundit jee read chants regarding Nandi Mukh Shradh (A Rritual to remember ancestors)as done in Shradh ) . T Here, pundit jee reads rituals in Sanskrit women sing the particular folk
      विवाह के अवसर पर  गया जाने वाला  नंदी मुख श्राद्ध का मांगळ (गढ़वाली लोक गीत )
          The song is about inviting their ancestors to attend wedding ceremony .
                Initially the ancestors are invited in initial wedding ceremony to bless the groom/bride
 In the song the society assume that the ancestors in heaven above the sky. the song presumes that the path from heaven to the earth is having rogh roads, hills, spiky bush. and the singers ask the live members to clean the roads by various appliances as spades, reaping hooks etc
 there is mention and assurance to ancestors souls that we shall offer libation of water and milk to the ancestors .
At last the ancestors of nine generations are requested to bless
           ऐ जावा पितरा ऐ जावा पितरा मैं मात लोक     
            ऐ जावा पितरा ऐ जावा पितरा मैं मात लोक    ए  s s s

           तुम तैं पितरा  तुम तैं पितरा न्यूत बुलोंला
           तुम तैं पितरा  तुम तैं पितरा न्यूत बुलोंला ए  s s s
         
           कनकैक ऑन्ला कनकैक ऑन्ला मै मात लोक
           कनकैक ऑन्ला कनकैक ऑन्ला मै मात लोक ए s s s

           मै मात लोक मै मात लोक किंकर्युं का झ्याळ
             मै मात लोक मै मात लोक किंकर्युं का झ्याळ ए s  s s

            किंकर्युं का झ्याळ किंकर्युं का झ्याळ  पोड पखाण
            किंकर्युं का झ्याळ किंकर्युं का झ्याळ  पोड पखाण  ए  s s s

          कोरी तुमड़ी  ल़ा कोरी तुमड़ी ल़ा कुयादी फटोला
           कोरी तुमड़ी  ल़ा कोरी तुमड़ी ल़ा कुयादी फटोला

             पयाँ बींड़  दाथिन पयाँ बींड़  दाथिन  जील कटला
              पयाँ बींड़  दाथिन पयाँ बींड़  दाथिन  जील कटला
               
              घौणु   सबळयूँन  घौणु   सबळयूँन  पाड़ फोडला
              घौणु   सबळयूँन  घौणु   सबळयूँन  पाड़ फोडला  ए  s s s

            अपणा  पितरों कु अपणा  पितरों कु बाटो बणोऔल़ा
             अपणा  पितरों कु बाटो बणोऔल़ा  ए  s s s

            चांदी सांगउ चांदी सांगउ तुमकू लगौन्ला
            चांदी सांगउ तुमकू लगौन्ला ए s s s
   
            तुम बिन पितरो तुम बिन पितरो कारज नि होंद
            तुम बिन पितरो कारज नि होंद  ए
 
             ताम्बा परात  मा ताम्बा परात  मा तर्पण द्युन्ला
             ताम्बा परात  मा तर्पण द्युन्ला ए s s s
 
            गाई दूधन गाई दूधन तर्पण द्योला
             गाई दूधन तर्पण द्योला  ए s s  s

             ऐ जावा ऐ जावा पितरो मैं मात लोक
             ऐ जावा पितरो मैं मात लोक  ए s s s

             कै जलमो हवालो  कै जलमो हवालो पूत सपूत
              कै जलमो हवालो पूत सपूत  ए  s s s

              जौन हमकू जौन हमकू न्यूतो भिजाई
               जौन हमकू न्यूतो भिजाई  ए

               जो ह्वाला तुमारा जो ह्वाला तुमारा  पिंड पळयावूँ
               जो ह्वाला तुमारा  पिंड पळयावूँ  ए s s s

                पिंड पळयांवुं पिंड पळयांवुं  अंचळी ढ्क्याओ
                 पिंड पळयांवुं  अंचळी ढ्क्याओ ए s s s

                सागसी ह्व़े जाओ  सागसी ह्व़े जाओ नौ पीढयूँ  का
                 सागसी ह्व़े जाओ नौ पीढयूँ  का  ए

                 नौ पीढयूँ का नौ पीढयूँ का  सात साक्युं का                   
                नौ पीढयूँ का  सात साक्युं का ए s s

                पितर लोक पितर लोक चमकै उठाला 
                 पितर लोक चमकै उठाला  ए s s s

                 मुळकै हैंसाला मुळकै हैंसाला जुप कै बैठाला
                   मुळकै हैंसाला जुप कै बैठाला  ए s s s

                   हमारो कारज हमारो कारज सुफल करियां
                   हमारो कारज सुफल करियां  ए s s s

                  दे द्याओ पितरो दे द्याओ पितरो अपणो दुरबा
                  दे द्याओ पितरो अपणो दुरबा ए

                  सदा रैं अमर सदा रैं अमर पितर लोक
                  सदा रैं अमर पितर लोक  ए s s  s

                 दे जावा पितरो दे जावा पितरो आशिरबाद
                 दे जावा पितरो आशिरबाद ए s s s
 
 Reference : Totaram Dhoundiyal Shrimati Shailja Thapliyal, Mangal, Dhad Prakashan , Dehradun
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