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bhishma kukreti:
                    Folk Songs of Payari- Kharik Community of Garhwal  and Kumaun  
                                                             
                                         Bhishma Kukreti
          (Folk songs of Garhwal, Traditional Songs of Kumaun, Himalayan Folk Songs)
         
        There is a community in Garhwal called Payari-Kharik. They are buffalo owners and roam in jungles. The community depends fully on buffalos. They sell milk. The community is different than gujjar as Payari Kharik are Hindus and Garhwali. Their main settlements is in Jaunpur-Badkot, Doodhatoli and near Doodhatopi of Kumaun . Payari-Kharik are one of the oldest inhabitants of Garhwal and Kumaun. They worship Shiva , Latu devta
  There are many songs available of Payari-Kharik community. The Hudki and flute are main musical instruments of Payari Kharik
The following song is one examples of folk songs of Payari-Kharik community :

पयारी खरकियों का एक  लोक गीत        

          गंज्याळी की गांज
अल्या छाला ऐली भाना, रेली द्युंलो बांज
भाना ए रंगीली भाना रेली  द्युंलो  बांज
        झंगोरा की दौंऊ
छोड़  दीदा बाटी म्यारो , समणी च गाऊं
दीदा म्यार पतरोळ , समणी च गाऊं
   हुड़की की पूड़
झट घड़ी बैठी जौंला बांजी डाळी  मूड़
भाना ए रंगीली  बांजी डाळी  मूड़
       गन्ज्याळी को खुन्या
कन्या छौं कुंवारी दीदा क्या बोलली दुन्या
दाथी दे दीदा मेरी क्या बोलली दुन्या
    दई की जमौण
तेरी दाथी मीमा राली , तेरी या समौण
भाना ए रंगीली भाना , तेरी या समौण
      साजी जालो सैजा
दाथी मां  का ब्यो मा आये मैत बटी दैजा
मां की प्यारी दाथी आये मैत बटी दैजा
      साजी जालो सैजा
धार पोर जांदी भाना , राजीनामा कैजा
खाली हात किलै जांदी , दाथी बांज ल्हीजा
   घुघती को घोल
दाथी बांज तब ल्यूंलो पैलि बैणी बोल
दीदा म्यारा .पतरोळ , पैलि बैणी बोल
     गंज्याळी को गांज
चल भूली भाना त्वेकू , रैली द्यूंल़ो बांज
मेरी भूलि भाना बैणी रैली द्यूंल़ो बांज

Source Dr. Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Shyam Chham Ghunghru Bajla , Dehradun

bhishma kukreti:
      Folk Songs of Kinnar community of Garhwal
                                               
                                      Bhishma Kukreti

                           Kinnar are inhabitant of Malini river bank of Bhabar , near Kotdwara. There is clear description of Kinnar in Mahabharata. There is description of Kinnar in episode of Shakuntala in Mahabharata.  Kinnar are heirs of deity nymph Menka (the mother of Shakuntala). There is big stone in ruined temple in Malini bank , Syupani jungle, (Maheda Katal) called Menka  shila and is believed that Menka  is there in the form  of big stone. These present Kinnars used to boost rightly that they are finest artists of Garhwal and that characteristics came from the finest artist of her era Menka. According to Shrinidhi Sidhantalankar and Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Kinnar communities live in Jaigaon, Sheela, Dyunla, Dhari in Bhabar villages.
Kinnars are one of the oldest inhabitants of Garhwal whose history goes to beyond when Mahbharata written (Shakuntala –Bharat) .
 They dance sing same types of dance-song as common Garhwalis do.
 The following song is an example of Kinnar folk song:

किन्नर समुदाय का एक प्रचलित लोक गीत


गाडी जाली कूल
निठुर फ्यूंळी , तू इखुली ना फूल
पाकी च मिठाई
निर्मोही फ्यूंळी , तू कैकी छे पिठाई
घुघती घूरली
त्वे देखी फ्यूंळी  , इखुली नार्युं की जिकुड़ी झुरली
काटी  जाली बूझी
निर्मोही मौळयार त्वे कन्न इन सूझी
म्योल़ू तोड़ी खाया
तौं सणि माल को ढब मै सणि पाड़ की माया
मेलुड़ी बासली
तौं की खुद मा बौल़े गेऊं व्हवे ग्यों इखुली सी फ्यूंळी

स्रोत्र : श्रीनिधि सिद्धान्तालंकार , मालिनी के बनों में , पृष्ठ 51

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti

bhishma kukreti:
                Hudkya  Folk Song of Garhwal-Kumaun 
                                           
                                                             Bhishma Kukreti

                    (Folk Songs of Garhwal-Kumaun, Traditional Songs of Uttarakhand, Himalyan Folk Songs)
        Garhwalis and Kumaunis pay a tremendous respect to Hudkya and hudkyanis for their immense knowledge of drum  (Hudka) playing technique.  Hudka means a small drum as ‘damru’. The player of Hudki or Hudka are called Hudkya and Hudyaani . Their references are found in many places in the History of Kumaun and Garhwal.  There is a respectful name of famous Hudkya Bijula Naik a Hudkya of Kantyura King Dulashah and his mother Hudkyani  Chhamana patar Khairagarh ,  Kumaun.
         In old age Hudkya and Hudkyanis used to sing and dance in morning or when the kings require amusement. The thokdar, Jameendar, kameen of the regions used to employ   Hudkyas and Hudkyanis for entertainment and self praises too. Hudkyas and Hudkyanis used to sing inspirational songs and used to dance inspirational dances in battle field. There are examples of many Hudkyas and Hudkyanis (Naik and Naikyanis) in Kumauni and Garhwali history . Ghimandu hudkya is famous Hudkya of Tillu Rautela.
   Hudkya sing all types of songs and dance all types of dances of Garhwal-Kumaun. The songs may be religious to love songs. In the nearer past , Hudkyas used to entertain people in fair and festivals or in marriage procession. However, the custom is diminishing very fast .
  The following song is specific song of Hudkya style.

                                            हुड्क्या समुदाय का एक प्रसिद्ध लोक गीत                                    
                                 
                                    हो सरगा तारा जुनख्याळी रात

हो सरगा तारा जुनख्याळी रात
को सुणल़ो या, मेरी बात ?
पाणी क मसीक सुवा , पाणी को मसीक
तू चली गै परदेश मी रालो कसीक
हो सरगा तारा जुनख्याळी रात , को सुणल़ो या, मेरी बात ?
बिरहा की रात सुवा , बिरहा की रात
आन्ख्यों बटे आंसू झड़ी लागी बरसात
हो सरगा तारा जुनख्याळी रात , को सुणल़ो या, मेरी बात ?
तेल त निमडी गये , बुझ्णी च बाती
तेरी मायान मेंड़ी  देऊं , सरपै की भाँति
हो सरगा तारा जुनख्याळी रात , को सुणल़ो या, मेरी बात ?
अस्याली को रेट सुवा , अस्याली को रेट
आज का जयां बटी कब होली भेंट
हो सरगा तारा जुनख्याळी रात , को सुणल़ो या, मेरी बात ?

स्रोत्र :  भजन सिंह 'सिंह' का लोक गीत संग्रह

The song is mixer of a couple of raptures and is agile and very absorbing.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti

bhishma kukreti:
                                 Sanskrit Epics by Garhwali Scholars
                                                              Bhishma Kukreti
                                      In every Indian territory, there had been Sanskrit scholars who created various types of Sanskrit literature. Garhwal is not exception for scholars creating various types of Sanskrit literature. There are hundreds of sculptors available in Sanskrit in Garhwal those provide proof that Scholars of Garhwal have been creating literature in Sanskrit from Vedic era.
                       Garhwali scholars created epics in Sanskrit language too. The expert of history of Sanskrit literature Dr. Prem Datt Chamoli (Palam, Makhlogi, Tihri Garhwal, born- 1932) provides the details of epics in Sanskrit created by Garhwali scholars in his famous book, ‘Garhwal ki Sanskrit Sahity ko Den’.
                                                       EdwardVansham Epic
                             Urbidatt Dangwal (Dang, Shrinagar, Pauri Garhwal,  1868-1936) wrote Sanskrit epic ‘Edwardvansham’. The epic is about the history of Britain from 55th AD to 1903. There are 15 episodes in the epic and have 8832 Shlokas. The poet Urbidtt Dangwal provides the details of main political events of history of Britain.
                                            Shri Nar Narayaniy Kavya 

                        Pundit Sadanand Dabral (Timli, Dabralsyun, Pauri Garhwal, 1877-1950) wrote a very interesting epic in Sanskrit about the birth of Nar and Narayan of Badrikashram. There is historical detail of Nar Narayan visiting Badrikashram, Krishna, Arjun etc. There are 9 episodes in the epic and 393 poems in the Nar Narayaniy Sanskrit epic.
                                              Kanak Vansham     

                         Pundit Balkrishn Bhatt (Jakhauli, Bhardar, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-111972) wrote Sanskrit epic Kanak Vansham. The epic is about the Garhwali king Kanakpal and his heirs. There are 1784 poems in the epic and is divided into 27 episodes.
     Three epics from a small territory of Garhwal, is proof that Garhwal has contributed sizably to Sanskrit literature.

 References
Dr Prem  Datt Chamoli, 2006‘Garhwal ki Sanskrit Sahity ko Den’
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti , 2011
                                     

bhishma kukreti:
               Garhwal kee Sanskrit Sahity  Ko Den :  Critical History of Sanskrit Literature Development in Garhwal Region


                       (A Review of Book ‘Garhwal ki Sanskrit ko Den by Dr Prem Datt Chamoli)
(Sanskrit Literature from Garhwal, Sanskrit Literature from Uttarakhand, Sanskrit Literature from Himalaya)
                                                                       Bhishma Kukreti
 (The write up analyzes the book Garhwal ki Sanskrit ko Den ‘by Dr Prem Datt Chamoli that  deals with works of Garhwali scholars in developing Sanskrit literature. This is the first time that a scholar pays attention on contribution of Garhwalis for developing Sanskrit literature in comprehensive volume. The book deals with sculpture, poetries, dramas, essays, short stories, life sketches, astrology,  Karmkand, Neetishashtra, Ayurved, Srotra, history, Teeka etc)
                             Garhwali scholars had been contributing development of Sanskrit, Braj, Hindi, English and Garhwali languages literature with proficiency.  There had been reviews, analysis, praises of contributors and contribution about Braj, Hindi language literature by Garhwalis. However, less is talked about Sanskrit and English literature contribution by Garhwali intellectuals. Dr Purushottam Dobhal first time brought the details of Garhwalis for contributing for Sanskrit literature in 1980.
                           Dr Prem Datt Chamoli (a lecturer in Meerut) took the task for doing comprehensive research on ‘Contribution of Garhwalis for Developing Sanskrit Literature and published a big volume book ‘ Garhwal kee Sanskrit Sahity ko Den’.  As world literature lovers remember Allan Cunningham (1834) , Samuel Austin  Allibon (1859)  William Thomas Lowndes , Henry George Bohn (1861) for scripting History of English Literature ;  Aldon and Brooks for writing French literature history; Conte , Lapidge, Solodow,  Kenney etc for writing history of Latin literature;  Mure for Grece language literature history;  Maxmullar for Sanskrit literature history;  the world literature critics will always remember Dr Prem Datt Chamoli for writing Critical History of Sanskrit Literature by Garhwali scholars.
  Dr Prem datt Chamoli divided the book into chapters as importance of subject, culture of Sanskrit literature creation/writing in Garhwal  Nation/region, Sanskrit literature in sculptures,  epics, long poetries, poetries, dramas, essays, translation, short stories, stories, astrology, interpretations, Karmkand and Dharmshashtra, Neetishashtra, Ayurved, formulas, dictionaries, poetic structure or chhand, history, philosophy, researches etc.
                      Sanskrit Literature on  Sculptures of   Garhwal

                The learned academician Dr Chamoli provided details of Sanskrit literature available on various sculptures in Garhwal. Many examples are provided by him by his own visit the sites. There are following data in the book about Sanskrit literature in sculpture of Garhwal till date:
1-DevPrayag Yatri Namvali (The names of pilgrims visited Dev Prayag)
2- Sanskrit in Barahat pillar (Uttarkashi)
3-Sanskrit writings on a hill on the Ansuya Devi temple road
4- Palethi sculpture
5- Lakha Mandal- Ishwara  Pillar
6- Lalitshur copper sculpture of Pandukeshwar
7-Laitshur copper sculpture-2
8- Padmat Dev Copper plate Sculpture, Pandukeshwar
9- Sumikshraj copper plate Sculpture, Pandukeshwar
10- Kalimath sculpture, (Rudrusunu)
11- Nala- Magdev ka Shilalekh
12-Chandpur Shilalekh
13- Sanskrit Literature on Trishul of Ashokchall, Gopeshwar
14- Sanskrit Literature on lower part of Trshul ar Badahat , Uttarkashi
15- Sanskrit Literature on stone of door of Khshetrapal Temple, Dev Prayag
16-  Sahajpal Shilalekh
17- Vamangufa, Devprayag
18- Sanskrit writing on Fateshah coins
19- Sanskrit Literature on Doors of Raghunath temple, Devprayag
20- Parushram Mandir , Uttarkashi
21- Sanskrit wordings on doors of Vishnath temple of Uttarkashi
22-Sanskrit writings on Badrinath temple
  The erudite Prem Datt did translation of each script and also detailed the timing with references about each sculpture.
                                Sanskrit Epics /Mahakavya by Garhwali Scholars


                         In the chapter ‘Mahkavy’, the well-read professor Dr Prem Datt Chamoli analyzes the Sanskrit epics written by eminent Garhwali scholars with detailing story of each epic with reviewing poetic structures of epic as raptures, symbols, poetic forms, description of subject matter by various angles, symbols creating various images, figures of speeches in epics. The industrious Sanskrit researcher Prem Datt Chamoli  has been successful in reviewing epics brilliantly and his criticism is comparable to any international fame literature reviewers and historians.
                    There is analysis of following epics with the biographical briefs of epic creators:
1-Edward Vansham (by  Urbi Datt Dangwal, Dang, Garhwal , 1868-1936)
2-Shri Nar Narayan Kavyam ( By Sadanand Dabral, Timli, Dabralsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1877-1950)
3-Kank Vansh (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
4-Lauhpurushvdanam ( Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj)
5- Seemaatikrnam( Shrikant Kukreti Acharya, Naugaon, Udaypur Patti, Pauri garhwal, 1911-1989)
6-Yugnirmata Swami Dayanand (Shrikant Kukreti Acharya, Naugaon, Udaypur Patti, Pauri garhwal, 1911-1989)
7- Dhukshate Ha dharti ( Dr Ashok Kumar dabral, Timali, Dabralsyun, 1943)
8- Devatma Himalaya (Dr Ashok Dabral)
9- Dashmesh Charitam ( Shridhar Prasad Baluni, Bagi, Ajmer Patti, Pauri garhwal 1941)


 The luminous critic Prem Datt provides readers about life sketches of epic creators and their struggle for creating such great literature.
   Prem  Datt analyzed these Garhwali epics as famous critics  as Oscar Wild, Benendetto Croce, Bradley, Eikhenbaum reviewed the literature with insight.
                  Long Poetries/Khnadkavy in Sanskrit by Garhwali Scholars


                          Garhwal had been very fertile territory for creating long poetries in Sanskrit. Dr Prem Datt Chamoli provides very fine details of each Khandkavy or long poetries with the details of poetry creators and the poetic forms of each long poem and the criticism is as comparable the criticism of Blake Morrison, Tolstoy, T. S Elliot, A de Lamartine, Martin Swales, E Sam Ouer, Ulli Beir,  Ken MacCullough, Gerald Moore, Charlotte Melin , J.M Rutland, D.G Walters, E. Florit for providing the insight of poems to the readers.
        The book shows the strong investigating character of Prem datt Chamoli who analyzed following Sanskrit Khandkavya/long poetries by Garhwalis   with all angles of poetry criticism:
1-Manoday Kavya (By Jyotik Ray Bharath, sixteenth century, Pokhri, Garhwal)
2-Ramayn Pradeep (By Medhakar Bahuguna, Pokhari, Pauri Garhwal, eighteenth century)
3-Bahuguna Vanshavali (Medhakar Bahuguna, Eighteenth century)
4-Sudarshanoday Kavya (by Kumuda Nand Bahuguna, Pokhari, Pauri Garhwal, nineteenth century)
5- Shringar Lata (by  Vishnu Datt Nautiyal and  Hari Datt Nautiyal, Tihri Garhwal)
6- Laghu Ramayan (By Hari datt Nautiyal)
7- Laghu Bhagwatam (By Hari datt Nautiyal)
8- Kamdoot Kavyam (By Vishnu Datt Nautiyal and Hari datt Nautiyal)
9-Bhojanvali: (By Hari Datt Nautiyal)
10-Garhwal-Ragyan Vanshavali ( By Devraj Kavi, Shrinagar, Nineteenth century)
11-Virahi Nadoday Kavyam ( By Vijaya Nand Bahuguna, Kothar, Pauri Garhwal, 1860-)
12-Ras Vilas (By Sada Nand dabral, Timli, 1877-1950)
13-Prastav Puspanjali ( Hari Krishna Daurgadatti, Ranihat, Chauras , Tihri Garhwal, 1855-1892)
14-Shatshloki Raghuvansh ( Hari Krishna Daurgadatti, Ranihat, Chauras , Tihri Garhwal, 1855-1892)
15- Tapovan Shatkam  (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
16-Swatantra Bharatam (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
17- Sur Shatakam ( Jitendra Chandra Bhartiy, Sirala, Devprayag, 1915-)
18- Akashvani (By Ram Prasad Hatwal, Barain, Girgaon, Shrinagar Garhwal, 1918-)
19-Bharat Sandesh (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
20- Mahaveer Charitam  (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
21-Swatantrata Vijay (Chandi Prasad Bahuguna, Khatwad, Lostu, Tihri Garhwal, twentieth century)
22-Veer Tarangani  (Sahshi Dhar Sharma Dev Prayag,Born  1932-)
23- Shankar Sarvswam (Sahshi Dhar Sharma Dev Prayag,Born  1932-)
24-Kenedy Karunanjali  (Sahshi Dhar Sharma Dev Prayag,Born  1932-)
25- Indira-Kirti-Shatakam ( Shri Krishna Semwal, Hyun/Yamunapur , Kedar Valley, 1949)
26- Anand Kand Charitam (Shrikant Kukreti Acharya, Naugaon, Udaypur Patti, Pauri garhwal, 1911-1989)
27-
                  Miscellaneous Sanskrit Poetries by Garhwali Poets


                      Prem datt Chamoli analyzed the works of Sanskrit poets as Narhari Bhatt Shashtri, Shrikrishna semwal, Nag Datt Sharma, Parma Nand pandey in the chapter ‘Muktak’.
Bhaktirasamritam ( Shrikrishan Semwal, )
Shaktisaurabham ( Shrikrishna Semwal)
Priydarshneeyam ( Shrikrishna Semwal)
Bhimshatkam ( Shrikrishna Semwal)
Indu Vilas ( Jagdish semwal)
Dheera nand Tarangani ( Dr om Prakash Bhatt, Khashtal, Khas patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1949)
Sarswati Vilasam ( Visheshwar datt dimari Shashtri, Beeron, Chamoli Garhwal 1913)

                                  Sanskrit   Novels by Garhwalis

1-Pratap Vijayh (Shrikant Kukreti Acharya, Naugaon, Udaypur Patti, Pauri garhwal, 1911-1989)
2- Bandhu jeewanam ( Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj)
                        Sanskrit Dramas by Garhwali Scholars

                           Dr Prem Datt Chamoli detailed Sanskrit dramas written by Garhwalis in the chapter ‘ Natak’ in the said book.
  The writer of ‘Garhwal ki Sanskrit ko Den (a 535 page book)’ Dr Chamoli investigates all the parameters of dramas for scrutinizing each Sanskrit drama written by Garhwali scholars.  There are following sub-chapters in main Chapter ‘Natak’ the dramas:
1-Garhwal men Naty Parampara (Culture of Drama/stage plays in Garhwal)
2-Nrityadhyay (about dance and drama, twelfth century)
3-Sabha Bhushanam (By Vishnu Datt and Hari Datt Nautiyal)
4- Navya-Bharat-Natkam (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
5-Nar- Narayanabhyudayam Natakam ( Murlidhar Sharma, Dev Prayag, 1907- expired)
6- Sangchhdhwam   (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
7- Mayapati (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
8-Ajey Bharatam (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
9- Hun Parajayam (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
10-Kaisari-Chakram (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
11- Sakshatkar  (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
12-Abhinandanam (By Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj, Dang, Gagwadsyun, Pauri Garhwal 1922-2010)
13- Nagesh ( By Vam Dev Vidyarthi, Dev Prayag, twentieth century )
14-Yam Nachiketkeeyam ( By Jagdish Semwal)
15- Bangladeshudayam ( Ram Krishna Nautiyal, Majyur, Chopda Patti, Garhwal)
16- Vidambana Natyayatri ( ram Krishna Nautiyal)
17- Kanvashram ( ram Krishna Nautiyal)
18- Pranay Vicched ( Ra Krishna Nautiyal)
 
                        Sanskrit   Essays and Translations in Garhwal

                          Garhwal had been fertile territory for developing Vedic Sanskrit and Sanskrit from vedic era. Therefore all types of literature is created in Garhwal. However, due to various natural disasters at various era, the literature is lost.
   There has been a strong culture of writing Sanskrit essays and translation in Garhwal. Dr Chamoli describes the essays and translation in the following chapters:
1-Jeewanrdash (by Brahmanand Kimothi, Kimotha, Chandrshila, Chamoli Garhwal, 1900-expired)
2-Nibandh-Pustika( Padma Datt Pandey, Paithani, Narayan Bagd, Chamoli Garhwal, 1903-1960)
3- Kavy Prabhandh (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
4- Sanskrit Nibandh Manimala ( Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj)
5- Sanskrit Nibandh sagar ( Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj)
6- Brihad Anuvad - Chandrika (Chakradhar hans Nautiyal, Msan, Sitaunsyun, Pauri Garhwal, 1924- expired)
7- Anuvad Darpan (By Shridhara Nand Ghildiyal)
                                      Fictions and life sketches, Miscellaneous literature 

                    Garhwalis wrote innovative Sanskrit short stories too.  Dr Prem datt Chamoli provides details with complete review of Sanskrit stories written by Garhwalis as :
1-Maletha Gramh ( Mahmahopadhyaya Parmeshwaranand Ghildiyal)
2-Nyash ( Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj)
3- Kavi Charitam ( (Parmeshwara Nand Ghildiyal)
4-Mahapurush Charitawali (Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj)
5-Sanskrit sopanam ( Dr Hari datt Bhatt shailesh , Bhatwadi , Agstmuni, 1930-2011)
6- Dev Bani Praveshika in five parts (Ansuya Prasad Bhatt, Bhatwadi, Agstmuni)
7-Dev Bani Chandrika ( Ansuya Prasad Bhatt)
8- Kalidas garima ( Shiv Prasad Bhardwaj)
                                  Sanskrit Astrology Literature in Garhwal

  Jyotish or Astrology is integral part of Sanskrit literature. Garhwalis wrote various types of astrological literature in Sanskrit as detailed by Dr Chamoli:
1-Fateshah Karan granth ( By Jatadhari  Mishra around seventeenth  century)
2-Karan Vaishnav ( Shankar Bhatt, eighteenth century)
3-Karan granth ( Suresha nand Bhatt Tihri, 1868- 1942)
4-Vastu Shiromani ( Shankar Guru )
5- Jatadhari Falit Granth ( Shri Suri Gauripati Daivegy around seventeenth century)
6-Jatak Chandrika (Jjaidev Bahuguna eighteenth century)
7- Prashn sindhu ( Vasba Nand Bahuguna, eighteenth century )
8- Jyotistatwam ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979) . Dr Chamoli describes here about 50 books written by Mukund Barthwal too
9-Mukund Vinod sarani   ( Muuand  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
10-Mukund Vilas Sarani ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
11- Vrihad hoda Chakra ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
12-Makarndtati  ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
13-Brihajjyotishshashtra Praveshika ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
14-panchang Manjusha ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
15- Dasha Manjari ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
16- Isht lagan Nirnay ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
17- Mukund Padhati ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
18- Prasav Chintamani ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
19-Jatak Sutram ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
20-Ary Nirnay ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
21-Bal Bodh Deepika ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
22-jatak Bhushanam ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
23-Ashtbarg Nibandh or dainik faladesh ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
24-Jatak Deepika ( Balkrishn Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar , tihri )
25- Tajik Chandrama ( Balkrishna Bhatt )
25- Gadavali ( Chakradhar Bhatt Joshi , Dev Prayag 1909 –expired)
                      Edited and Compiled  Literature of Sanskrit Astrology
26- Singh Makarashth Guru Nirnay (Ambika Datt Anthwal, Bhaktiyana, Shrinagar Ninteenth century )
27- Jyotish Rantn Bhandar Sarani ( Amla nand Dhashmana , Bagiyali, Ekeshwar, garhwal, 1879-1964)
28- Ganit Sar sangrah ( Trilochan Bahuguna, Pokhari, Chalansyun, Garhwal , 1872-1956)
29-Singhmakarshth Gurumeemanshakutuhal ( Vashba Nand Khanduri, Bagdi, Simli, Chandpur Gadhi , 1883-expired)
30- Jyotish Bhashkar  ( Mukundram Kimothi, Kimotha, Chandrshila, Chamoli Garhwal, 1885-19665)
31-Panchang Bhashkar (Totaram Bhatt, Bhatwadi, Chamoli Garhwal 1887-1957)
32- Muhurt Sangrah Darpan ( Bhim Datt Kainthola, Kyunkola, Pauri Garhwal , twentieth century )
33-Ayurday Sangrah ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
34- Jyotisar sangrah ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
35- Jatak Parijatadi Sangrah ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
36-Nashtjatak Sangrah ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
37- Tajik Yog Sangrah ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
38- Byapar Ratnam ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
39- Jyotish Ratnakar ( Mukund  Ram Barthwal, Khand , Bichhala Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, 1887-1979)
40- Tajik-Yogavali ( Chakrdhar Bhatt Joshi )
             Jyotish teeka or Interpretition of Astrological Principles
41- Tajik Neelkanthi ( Mahidhar Dangwal, Suradi, Khas Patti, Tihri, 1946-1911)
42- Jyotishtatw Vivek Nibandh ( Mahidhar Dangwal, Suradi, Khas Patti, Tihri, 1946-1911)
43-Singh Makarashth Guru Nirnay ( Ambikadatt Anthwal, , Interpretition Tungeshwar Prasad pandey)
44-Jyotishtatwam (Mukund Ram Barthwal, teeka- Chakradhar joshi)
                                  Karmkand Literature

                 Dr Chamoli states that Garhwalis are not behind in providing  Karmkand literature in Sanskrit and proof is :
1-Karmkand Sammuchaya ( lakshmi Dhar Bhatt Joshi, Dev Prayag)
2-Karmkand sammuchaya ( Divakar Maithani, born 1862-expired)
3-Karmkand  Ratnakar ( Deva Nand dimri , Dimpar (Dimmar) , Karn prayag, 1874-exp)
4-Shakt Toshani ( Totaram bhatt, Bhatwadi , Chamoli)
5- Teerth Shradham (Totaram bhatt, Bhatwadi, Chamoli)
6- Vedik Shradh padhatti ( Maya datt Pandey , Paithani, Badhan, Chamoli Garhwal, 1901-1956)
7-Pitrikarm Padhati (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
8-Sanskar Padhati (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
9-Pooja Padhati (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
10- Durga Pooja Padhati (By Balkrishna Bhatt, Jakholi, Bhardar Patti, Tihri Garhwal, 1901-1943)
11- Teerth-Vidhan padhati ( Vishvnath Lalmohariya Sharma, Shonit, Guptkashi, twentieth century )
12-Shradh Prakash ( Kula Nand jamloki, Ravigram, Chamoli 1895-Exp)
13- Rudri- Chandi-Gutki  (( Kula Nand jamloki, Ravigram, Chamoli 1895-Exp)
14-Yagy Padhati ( Kula Nand jamloki, Ravigram, Chamoli 1895-Exp)
15- Karmkand- Bhashkar ( Vishal Mani Upadhyay Sharma , Ghaghora, Guptkashi, Chamoli 1900-Exp)
16- Pooja Padhati  ( Vishal Mani Upadhyay Sharma , Ghaghora, Guptkashi, Chamoli 1900-Exp)
17- Durga Pooja Padhati ( Vishal Mani Upadhyay Sharma , Ghaghora, Guptkashi, Chamoli 1900-Exp)
18-Sadachar Chandrika ( Vishal Mani Upadhyay Sharma , Ghaghora, Guptkashi, Chamoli 1900-Exp)
19-Shriganeshadi Poojan Padhati  ( Parmanand Pandeyy )
20- Shubhkarm Sanchika ( Ram Sharan Shaili , Shail, Gochar , Chamoli, 1905 –Exp)
21- Karmkandarth Prakashika ( Ravi Datt Maindola, Maindoli, Lainsdown tahseel, Pauri Garhwal, 1905-)
22- Pitrikaram sammuchay ( Ravi Datt Maindola, Maindoli, Lainsdown tahseel, Pauri Garhwal, 1905-)
23- Chaturdash Vivah padhati ( Vijaya nand Khanduri , Badud , Banelsyun , Pauri Garhwal, 1909-1977)
24- Shribhukhand Dev Pooja Padhati ( Bhola Nath Shukl  Sharma, Rudrapur, Guptkashi, Chamoli, 1912-)
25- Adarsh pooja Saroj (Janardan semwal, Andarvadi, Ukhimath, Chamoli, 1928-)
26- Sanskar saroj ( Janardan Semwal)
                                Dhram Shashtra in Garhwal 

 There has been a culture for writing literature on Dharma Shashtra,Neeti shashtra in Sanskrit n Garhwal. Conscientious examiner Dr Chamoli in his book Garhwal ki Sanskrit Sahity ko Den  ‘ details as:
1-Nirnayamrit ( Allatnath, Twelfth century )
2-Dharmavalli ( Hari Datt Nautiyal  Seventeenth or eighteenth century )
3-Ekvishanti ( Hari datt Nautiyal)
                            Ayurvedic Sanskrit literature in Garhwal

                      There is sizable contribution of Garhwalis in enriching Ayurvedic literature as:
  1-Rasrangin : (Sadanand Ghildiyal, Khola, Shrinagar, Garhwal, 1898-)
2- Pathyapath (Parma nand Pandeyy, Dyuli, Kirtinagar, Garhwal 1901-Exp)
3-Ayurvediy itihas ( Suresha nand Thapliyal,Thala village near  Nagnath Pokhari, chamoli, 1931-)
4- Ayurvediy Kriya Sharir (Shiv Charan dhyani, Khandwari, Idiyakot, Pauri Garhwal, 1931-)
                                          Srotras and Tantra Shashtra

                      According to research of Dr Prem Datt Chamoli Garhwalis contributed in nurturing the literature of Srotra and tantra in Sanskrit with vigor and focus as:
1-ShriVadrivishwas-Vakaradi Sahshtranam-Stvrajh( collection with Parmanand gairola, Jakh, Chandpur , Karnprayag)
2-ShriHitakhya- Bhairav Stavh( Jai dev Bahuguna, eighteenth century)
3- Uttarakhand Teerth Mahtyamya ( Maula Ram tomar seventeenth century )
4-Ranbahdur Chandrika ( Maularam Tomar)
5-Gyanamrit Kavya ( Maularam tomar)
6-Nakshtramala Stotratam ( Hari datt Nautiyal)
7- Vadari Mahtmya ( Tularam Bahuguna , nineteenth century )
8-Stotra sangrah ( Hari Sharma , Kyukleshwar Temple , 1840-1911)
9-Stavan Stavkavali ( Harikrishna Daurgadatti)
10- Bhakti lahri ( Ishwari datt Daurgadatti, Ranihat, Chauras , 1889-1942)
11-Shri Kilkileshwar Shankar Shatkam ( Mahant yogendra Puri, Dhingoli, Badiyargarh, Tihri , 1896-1957)
12-Nanda Devi Stuti (Maya Datt Pandey)
13- Shiv Shatkam ( Bal Krishna Bhatt)
14- Shri Badrinath Suprabhatam ( Murlidhar Shashtri, Dev Prayag)
15- Namami Raghuvanshnatham ( Jagdish Prasad Semwal)
16- Tantrik Grahth ( Mukund Ram Jadli, Garadveet, Buradsyun, Pauri Garhwal, 1888-1969): The book is written mixing Garhwali with Sanskrit
17- Bhuwankosh ( Devi Prasad Tripathi (1965)
18- Shri Badrinath Stotram ( Shridhar Prasad Baluni )
19- Shri Kedarnath Stotram ( Shridhar Prasad baluni)
20 Shri Guru Ram rai charitamritam ( Shridhar Prasad Baluni)
21- Shri Chandi Sidhirahasya ( Chandi Prasad Bahuguna, Bugani )
22- Hrishikesh mahtyam ( Chandi Prasad bahuguna)


Works of Dr Dharma nand Dimri Sharma ( Dimmar 1955) who wrote tens of books in Sanskrit including a Mahkavya (epic)
                                Dictionaries and Grammar Literature

 There are books of dictionaries in Sanskrit created by Garhwalis as :
1-Mukundkosh: ( Mukund ram Barthwal, Khand  Bichhla Dhangu)
2- Kosh Namavali ( Mukund Ram Barthwal)
3-Jyotish Shabd Kosh (Mukund Ram barthwal, Khand, Bichhla Dhangu )
4-Shroutra Yagy Prakriya ( Peetambar datt Bashishtha , Thalasu, Nagpur Patti, Chamoli 1903-)
5- Nyay Darshan Kosh ( Chakradhar Bijlwan,
6- Panineey Vyakranam Bhasha vaigyanikam Vyakhyanam ( Dr Ghanshyam Uniyal, Thaplai, Dhunsir Patti, Tihri 1942)
7- Vakya Padeeyam ( Vamdev , Dev Prayag, 1934)

                            Chhand Parampara

1-Chhand Parampara ( Hari datt Nautiyal, nineteenth century )
2-Vritmala  (shridhara Nand Jamloki, Bamakholi, Ukhimath , 1920-)
                                  History and culture Literature of  Sanskrit of Garhwal

1-Rigvedic itihas (Hari Ram Dhashmana, Bagiyali, Ekeshwar, pauri Garhwal, 1874-1960)
2-Sanskrit sahitya ka Itihas in Sanskritaized  Hindi by Bachaspati gairola ( Falswadi, Sitaunsyun, Garhwal)
3-Sanskrit Vangmayno Itihas in Gujrati ( Chandi Prasad Naithani, Pali, Gugadsyun patti, 1927-)
4- Vaidik Sahity Sanskriti by Vachaspati Gairola in Hindi
5- Aalaknanda ( Sachida nand Kandpal, Dasjyula Kandei, Rudraprayag, 1930-2002)
  The work of Dr Chamoli will be appreciated forever by all literature lovers as he did not leave anything to be ignored in Sanskrit literature of Garhwal and by Garhwalis. The well researched book is always a collector book and is available from:
Garhwal ki Sanskrit Sahity Ko Den: A Critical History of Sanskrit literature by Garhwali Scholars
By Dr Prem Datt Chamoli
Ram Chandra Chamoli 
8 New Friends colony
Ajabpura Klana By Pass road
Dehradun
Or
Dr Naresh Chandra Chamoli
Makan number -3
Near santoshi Mata mandir
Paniyala Road
Rurkee
Dist Haridwar
Uttarakhand
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