Author Topic: Articles By Bhisma Kukreti - श्री भीष्म कुकरेती जी के लेख  (Read 745603 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
Tara Dutt Gairola : The Initiating  Garhwali poet of Modern time
                                 Bhishma Kukreti
  Tara Dutt Gairola has many credits as far as Garhwali language is concerned. He was one of the poets who initiated Garhwali poetry writing in modern time. He also brought the Garhwali folk Songs in lime light.
 Tara Dutt Gairola was born on 6th June, 1875 in Daldhung village, patti Badyargarh of Tihri Riyasat. He was LLB and shifted to Pauri for his law practices. Tara Dutt Gairola was elected M L C and was awarded Rai Bahdur by British Government.
Gairola was expert of Garhwali, English , Urdu, and Hindi languages.
Tara Dutt Gairola was attached to Garhwali magazine and also edited a first ever Garhwali poetries collection ‘Garhwali Kavitavali’ , wherein there are Garhwali poems of many Garhwali language poets.
Tara dutt Gairola was fine Garhwali poet and he published his Garhwali language poetry collection by name - ‘Sadei’. The poems of ‘Sadei’ are of pathos raptures and emotions.
   Tara Dutt published books related to Garhwal -Himalayas in English too. Government Press Allabad published his collection and translated Garhwali folk Stories- Folklores  by name- ‘Himalayan Folklores’ . Gairola  also wrote the books (till date unpublished ) - A- Glimpse into the History of Garhwal, B- Himalayan Magic, C-Life and Letters of a Garhwali patriot Chandra Mohan Raturi.
Tara Dutt Gairola expired on 28 th May, 1950 in Pauri.
Copyright @ Bhishma  Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
          Ram Lal Pundir : A Garhwali language Poet
 Ram lal Pundir is remembered for his commentary on the melodies of Garhwali poetry and translating Bhagwvad Gita in Garhwali.
  Ram Lal Pundir was born on 4th May, 1915 in Nauli village of Chalansyun Patti of Pauri Garhwal.
Ram Lal  joined sate government service in agriculture department and retired as agriculture office in Srinagar , Garhwal.
 Ram Lal Pundir  wrote commentary on the melody properties in  Garhwali language   ‘ Kavyayukt Garhwali’ in Hindi language.
He wrote poems in Garhwali and published in local newsletters
Ram Lal translated Gita in Garhwali language but still the work is unpublished
Ram Lal Pundir expired on 28th April, in 1984 at Shrinagar, Garhwal.
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
         Bhawani Dutt Thapliyal : The Father of Modern Garhwali Drama
                                                         Bhishma Kukreti
     Garhwal, Himalaya had long tradition in playing different folk dramas . These dramas are having forms lyrical, semi prose and prose. There are universal fork dramas played all over Garhwal ( Himalaya ), some folk plays are played in specific areas and others are played by individuals and forgotten. Credit goes to Bhawani Dutt Thapliyal for creating and staging first ever modern Garhwali (Himalayan ) drama in this earth.
  Bhawani Dutt Thapliyal was born in village- Khaid, Patti Mawalsyun of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand., in 1867.
 Bhawani Dutt Thapliyal joined government service and worked with district board department.
 Bhawani Dutt Thapliyal wrote ‘Jay-Vijay ‘ first ever Garhwali (Himalayan)  modern drama in 1911 and second modern Garhwali (Himalayan) drama ‘ Bhakt Prahlad’ in 1914.
 However, from staging point of view, ‘Prahlad’ is first ever modern drama staged in 1930 . The audience praised the drama very much and this drama is stage more than fifty times in many Indian cities . Though the drama was written in 1914, the drama is still craze among the drama creators for staging  and audience as well because of its social awareness theme, dramatic value, twist in the tale,  sharp , satiric and witty dialogues, emotional story, and simple but vibrant language.
 Bhawani Dutt Thapliyal expired on 29th April, 192
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
Chakradhar Augean : A Garhwali Poet and Prose maker
                                  Bhushma Kukreti
    Chakradhar Bahuguna was a brilliant poet of Garhwali (Himalayan) language and he was also a prose writer of unique style.
 Chakradhar Bahuguna belongs to village Pokhari, Patti- Chalansyun of  Pauri Garhwal and was born on 19 August, 1920.
  He did M.A in Sanskrit and phonology. He was an educationist.
He published two memorable poetry collections in Garhwali language- ‘ Mochhang’ and ‘Naubat’. critics and readers appreciated both the collections that his daughter Veena Pani Joshi (the famous creative of Garhwali, Kumaoni and Hindi) republished both the collections) .
 Chakradhar Bahuguna  was also a Garhwali (Himalayan) language prose maker and published ‘ Garhwali Dant Kathyen’ in Garhwali language in cooleboration with his daughter Veena Pani Joshi. Dant Kathayen is the collection of Folk Stories of Garhwal (Himalaya) .
Chakradhar Bahuguna expired on 24th September, 1982 in Dehradun.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
 Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht : Who collected Garhwali, Himalayan  Folklores
                                           Bhishma Kukreti
        By profession, Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht was a businessman but he had love for  legends of Garhwal, Himalaya. He collected folklores of Garhwal and published them too.
 Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht was born in a small village Badkholu, Manyrasyun Patti of Pauri Garhwal on 17th January, 1887.  He opened his shop naming ‘ Garhwal Vyavsaya Bhandar’ in Duggada an oldest  business centre of Pauri Garhwal. He was elected twice the member of Jila Parishad, Pauri Garhwal, Himalaya.
  Garhwalis will never forget his contribution in collecting Folklores of regional interest. He collected and inspire other for collecting folklores of each areas from Garhwal, specially of Salan area. He edited and published ‘ Gadhsumyal’ containing tens of folklores of Salan Garhwal. Still tens of folklores collected by him are unpublished .
Shiv Dayal Singh Bisht expired on 2nd August, 1933, Dwarikhal, Langur, Pauri Garhwal.
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Chandra Mohan Raturi :  Creator of  Modern Garhwali Poetry of early stage
                                                      Bhishma Kukreti
        Chandra Mohan Raturi is credited for initiating the acceleration of creating and publishing modern Garhwali poems. No doubt, Rajendra Dhashmana and Bhishma Kukreti accused them for bringing Hindiism in Garhwali poetry or encouraging using Hindi and Sanskrit words in Garhwali written forms barring the available Garhwali words in Garhwali vocabulary . However, no body can deny  contribution of Chandra Mohan Raturi for initiating the modern Garhwali literature.
  Chandra Mohan Raturi was born in 1880 in Godi, village of Tihri . He was attached to many social organization till his death in 1920. Raturi  was attached to Garhwali Union and was one of the founder editorial board members of Garhwali magazine.
 Chandra Mohan Raturi was proud of being Garhwali and he wrote in a Garhwali language article ‘Garhwali kavita’ article as, “ I accept Garhwal as my country/nation. I am proud of being Garhwali as English people are proud of being their Englishmen or Japanese feel proud on being Japanese. .. I respect my language Garhwali as mother. … I totally disagree that Garhwali is sub-dialect of Hindi… Garhwali has its own originality and Garhwali is not the  corrupted form of Hindi  at all and at any cost…”
Chandra Mohan Raturi was the expert writer of Garhwali, English , Sanskrit and  Hindi, , he wrote many articles  in Garhwali language in Garhwali magazine, which were of intellectual and social awakening significances.
 Chandra Mohan Raturi created fine poetries in Garhwali and all his poems are published in ‘ Garhwali Kavitavali’ . Raturi used nature , inspiration in his poems of Garhwali . The range of symbols, imagery, allusiveness , metaphors , are marvelous. Chandra Mohan also used religious sensibility in his poems at times. His uses of natural scenery is precise and affection able.
  Chandra Mohan Raturi has respectful position in Garhwali poetry world for inclination towards Garhwali language from Sanskrit and Hindi  and making Garhwali language as strong as English.  Chandra Mohan Raturi has same importance in Garhwali language as Geoffrey Chaucer, Gower, Piers and Plowman have the places in English for craftsmanship in polishing the language in making Garhwali poems modern and comparative to world languages poetries. Or Raturi  could be positioned as Milton, Johnson, for refinement of languages
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
Satya Sharan Raturi: Hero of Advancement of Garhwali Literature
                                                  Bhishma Kukreti
  Satya Sharan Raturi is one of the Garhwali poets who accelerated the advancement of written Garhwali (Himalayan )  literature and he is one the pioneers of modern Garhwali ( Himalayan ) language poetry. The poetry of Satya Saran Raturi is full of inspirational value.  Satya Saran Raturi was born in a typical Himalayan village Godi of Tihri (Uttarakhand)  in 1869. Satya Saran was expert of Gardening and worked with government of Patiyala and Tihri kingdoms.
          Satya Saran was having profound knowledge of Hindi and Garhwali. Raturi used to publish his Hindi poetry in Sarswati magazine regularly.
   His famous inspiration Garhwali poem ‘ utha Garhwali ! Ab samou syuno ko nee cha ‘ was published  in the first issue of ‘Garhwali’ magazine ( May, 1905). Garhwali poems of Satyasaran are full of emotions, with figurative sentences and words, rhetoric, and most of poems are inspirational, . He also used common symbols and imagery of his time of Garhwal, Himalaya.  His all poems are published in ‘ Garhwali Kavitwali’ a collection of poetries of many Garhwali poets as Chandra Mogan Raturi, Hari Krishna Rudola , Yogendra Krishna Rudola etc
Satya Saran is called true leader of advancing Garhwali literature in the first phase of modern Garhwali. Satya Saran also inspired other co-writers and educated Garhwali for creating Garhwali literature and publish that literature. It is said that he used to post letters to educated Garhwalis for serving Garhwali language.
Satya Saran Raturi expired on 24th January, 1926 in Patiyala.
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
Harikrishna Daurgadatti Rudola: The Initial Poet of Modern Garhwali Poetry
                                                                   Bhishma Kukreti
  Harikrishna Daurgidatti Rudola is one of the initial poets of Garhwali (Himalayan ) language. His initiation in Garhwali poetry creation is commended by all. The greatness of Himalaya, Himalayan way of life and Garhwali Folk songs have complete influence on the poetries of Harikrishna Rudola.
  Harikrishna Daurgidatti Rudola was born in Sharinagar , Garhwal of Himalaya region in 1855. Rudola was Sanskrit teacher and taught in the schools of Tihri and Srinagar (Garhwal -Himalaya) . Rudola also taught students privately after his retirement. Rudola was Karmkandi Brahmin too and this profession provided him chance to understand the difference between the social structures in British Garhwal and Tihri Riyasat ( a small Himalayan kingdom) and this social knowledge helped Harikrishna for creating poetries of social values.
Harikrishna Daurgidatti Rudola created literature in Sanskrit and his three books in Sanskrit were praised by professor Maxmullar .
  Harikrishna ia one the poets of Garhwali language who initiated to write in Garhwali,  publish them and at the same time popularize the modern Garhwali poetries among educated Garhwalis and students. All his Garhwali poems are published in ‘Garhwali Kavitavali’ a collection of Garhwali poetries by many poets. The poetries of Rudola are sophisticated , having inspirational subjects, with Garhwali symbols and imagery and have lyrical influences of Garhwali folk songs
 Harikrishna Daurgidatti Rudola expired in 1892 in Shrinagar , Garhwal, Himalaya .
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
 Yogendra Krishna Daurgadatti Rudola : A Poet and Prose maker of Initial Stage
                                                      Bhishma Kukreti
      Yogendra Krishna Rudola is one of the Garhwali  (Himalayan ) language literature creator who created poetry and wrote prose to develop the culture of creating Garhwali literature. The hardship of Himalayan village life, the legendary brevity of Garhwalis (Himalayan) is reflected in the poems and prose of Yogendra Krishna Rudola
  Yogendra Krishna Daurgadatti Rudola was born in Shrinagar, Pauri Garhwal of Himalaya in 1897.
   Yogendra was a leaned scholar of Sanskrit, Hindia and Garhwali. Rudola was a teacher  of Sanskrit. Yogendra Rudola wrote many inspirational prose in Garhwali and created poetry on the subject of legends of Garhwal, Himalaya.
Tilu Rauteli’ is famous poetry book of Yogendra Rudola in Garhwali and ‘Narendra Vansh Mahahakavya  ‘ is a Sanskrit poetry book in his credit. Yogendra Daurgadatti Rudola  published two  Hindi poetry books are ‘ Bhavani Vilap’and ‘Tillotama’
  Yogendra Krishna  Daurgadatti Rudola expired in Kotdwara  , Garhwal, Himalaya in 1977
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Garhwali, Kumaoni, Himalayan Literature
Vishvambar Dutt Uniyal: Playwright and Publisher
 Vishvambar Dutt Uniyal is one of the playwrights of modern Garhwali, Himalayan  drama and he work for initiating the Garhwali, Himalayan literature writing and publishing-popularizing the written Garhwali language works. He also published the Garhwali, Himalayan  literature .
  Vishvamber Datt Uniyal was born in a Himalayan village Uniyalgaon, Saklana of Tihri Riyasat in 1904. Vishvamber Datt was first Indian citizen who became the member of Mossorie municipal corporation.
Uniyal  was a social worker and was very sensitive on the bad customs of the society. Vishvamber Datt Uniyal experienced the pain of woman who had mismatch marriages. There was a common custom to marry young daughters to older person or widow males by getting sizable money from the males.  Uniyal wrote a play in Garhwali, ‘Vasanti’ related to mismatched marriage . Uniyal  published ‘Vasanti’ drama in 1932 from Uttarakhand Press, Dehradun, Himalaya. Vishvamaber Uniyal was able to show the physical, psychological and social pain of a young female married to an old aged male . ‘Vasanti’ drama is capable to provide experiences of shattering of  the dream of a teen aged girl, frustration , adjustment problems with old aged husband, frustration of physical and psychological pain, not having *ual and physical delight from old aged husband.  Viashvamber Datt Uniyal attacked the ‘Nauni Bichanai’ bad custom ver effectively in Vasanti drama. 
Vishvamber Datt was successful in portraying the situation of rural Garhwali, Himalayan  society of his time and the play ‘Vasanti ’ is effective on attacking the bad customs of Garhwal, Himalaya of his time.
This play was staged many times in Dehradun and other towns of Garhwal, Himalaya and was praised liked by Garhwali , Himalayan audiences.
 Vishvamber Datt Uniyal also edited and published the Garhwali, Himalayan poetry collection of Satya Sharan Raturi by name - Satya Kusumanjali.
Viahsvamber Datt Uniyal expired at the age of forty one in October, 1945, in Mossorie , Dehradun a famous hill station of Himalaya.
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

 

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