Author Topic: Jagar: Calling Of God - जागर: देवताओं का पवित्र आह्वान  (Read 208838 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Dufraa kee Naubat : a Garhwali Folk dance-Song performed by Aujees in Chait

(Notes on Garhwali Traditional Dance –Song, Uttarakhandi Traditional Dance –Song, Himalayan Traditional Dance –Song, Indian Traditional Dance –Song, Traditional Culture of Uttarakhand )

                                         Bhishm Kukreti
                 Chait month is the cultural month of Uttarakhand. Aujees play drums (Dhol Damau) three times on the courtyard of their respective Thakurs.  Performances of Aujees have been there from Khas time (before first B.C.) in Garhwal. There are nine ‘patan’ and twenty two ‘padtalen’. Nine ‘patan’ represent nine ‘nidhi’ and twenty ‘padtal’ represent eight ‘siddhi’ and fourteen ‘ bhuvan’’ There is mention of ‘Naubat’ in the folk story of Rajula Malu shahi of Khairagarh when Bijula Nayak performed  ‘Naubat’ at ‘Melchaunri’ and the princess Kamsena (sister in law of’ Malushahi’)  fell in love with Bijula Nayak.   
              Aujees sing the following types of song and play. There is same traditional song in Vietnam called ‘Quan Ho’. The tradition was started from Ly dynasty (1009-12250. The Quan song is to praise the king.
             Daragyala in Tibet is also of similar type of song. Dragyala is about ‘Song of Praise to King and queen of Tibet’. There are many folk songs in Jewish culture as the following Garhwali ‘Naubat ‘songs.
चैत माह में दोपहर समय औजियों द्वारा बजाया जाने वाला चैती नृत्य गीत

दान्युं मा को दानी
स्थाई चरण - इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी
सूरिजा बंशी राजा हरीचंदा जी ..
सहायक चरण - जैका छाया सूना का छतर
छाया वैका चांदी का पतर जी . इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी
जैका छाया मोत्यूं का ख्ल्याण
छाया जैका हीरों का डिसाण जी. इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी.
जैका पास छई नौऊ निधि
चरणु मा जैकी अष्ट सिद्धि जी . इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी
छायो जै को पराणी उमैलो
आज वैको सरैला धुमैलो जी . इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी
बलूरी आज वै की छन फ़ैली
धुंवां ला आँखी वे की मैली जी .इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी
विधना की कनी या ठकुरी
राजा लायो ध्यूंरा की चाकरी . इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी
दान्युं मा को दानी
इजू ! छायो दान्यूं मांग को दानी
गीत मूल स्रोत्र - केशव अनुरागी , नाद नंदनी
सन्दर्भ- डा शिवानन्द नौटियाल

    The song is figurative and is for praising the Thakur/Master  in the form of great donor king Harishchandra. 
   Aujees sing another song related to great donor King Bali too

 Copyright@ Bhishm Kukreti, Mumbai, India

Notes on Garhwali Folk l Dance –Song, Uttarakhandi Folk Dance –Song, Himalayan Folk Dance –Song, Indian Folk Dance –Song, Folk Culture of Uttarakhand to be continued….

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Draupadi Baja Nrity-Geet, Jagar :  A  very Interesting Folk Song for Pando Dance 

                              Bhishma Kukreti

      Pandon dance is performed everywhere in Kumaun and Garhwal and nobody can describe Garhwal-Kumaun culture leaving Pando dance-song
 The style of wordings dialects, song and dance of Pando nach-gan vary from village to village. However, the following characteristics are main characteristics of Pando dance :
1-Mandan- The plain place where the Pando dance-song  is performed.
2- Ag /fire ; mostly fire is burnt in the centre of dancing circle and Aujis also perform rituals before fire before initiating playing the drums and singing the Jagar (Now fire is slowly going out of scene)
3-Saraun- The sword dance is performed at the time of Bhim and Arjun Bjaj dance and at the time of Draupadi-k Chaundo’
4- Draupadi ko chaundo- In this dance sequence, the dance is as if devi jagar dance is there because Draupadi becomes Chandi in the story. In ravain region, women also dance as ‘Chausath kaliyan’ (64 kalis) and women dance with swords in their hand
5- Varta- the story sung by Aujess about Pandavas

                 Psychological Aspect in Draupadi Dance-Song

   The following song is for Draupadi dance (but not Draupadi chandon). When the song is analyzed the readers will find that the creator created song with full of knowledge of psychology. Drupad the father of Draupadi is motivating his daughter Draupadi  for choosing her bride-groom from brave people (mall )
Draupad uses word ‘Drupadi’, thereafter he uses word ‘Beti’, in next stanza Drupad uses word’ Kwanri (unmarried) ’ and at last he uses ‘bala (daughter/girl of teen age) for calling Draupadi. The wordings and their uses in a particular step show the knowledge of folk song creators who were not educated in any school but they were knowledgeable and knew psychology of motivation.
द्रौपदी बाजा नृत्य -गीत

द्रुपद--- बोल बोल दुरपदी कै माल बरदी 
      तू बोल बेटी कै माल बरदी
द्रौपदी --- मीन जाण बुबा जी वै माल कुणि
       जु माल बेद मच्छी को आँखों ब्यादलो
द्रुपद -- दुरमा गढ़ मा मालू का थावेड़ा
       तू बोल क्वांरी  कै माल बरदी
द्रौपदी--- छाती का बाळओंन जी किवाड़ खोलल़ो
       जो नौ पोल लिम्बू मोछुं मा थामलो
द्रुपद--- बड़ा बड़ा बीर स्वयम्बरा मा छन
     तू बोल बोल बाळी कै माल बरदी
द्रौपदी- डांडा जनि हत्थी भुज्जों मा राखला
     जैकी गरजाणि सुणी की दिगपाल कांपला
     धर्म हवालो जैको गद्दी का जग्वळया
     अर कर्म हवालो जैको भूमि को रख्वळया

  The song is about Swayambar for Draupadi that she would choose her groom from Braver the most from braver (mal) . Draupad the father of Draupadi informs her about who are joining the Swayambar and Draupadi says what type of person she would choose.


   मूल स्रोत्र ; स्व.केशव अनुरागी , नाद नंदिनी
    सन्दर्भ : डा.शिवा नन्द नौटियाळ
Copyright @ Bhishm Kukreti
Notes on Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Haridwar Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Chamoli Garhwal Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Rudraprayag Garhwal Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Uttarkashi Garhwal Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Pauri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Nainital Kumaon Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Almora Kumaon Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Bageshwar Kumaon Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Pithoragarh Kumaon Uttarakhand; Religious Folk Songs-dances/ Religious ballads from Dwarhat Kumaon Uttarakhand;

Bhishma Kukreti

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Pando Jagar Nach ma Kunti Gainda Katha : A story of Rhinoceros in Pando Folk dance

(Garhwali folk Dance Songs, Uttarakhandi Folk Dance- Songs, Himalayan Folk dance-Songs)

                          Bhishm Kukreti
    There are tens of story sung at the time of Pando Folk Dance of Garhwal and Kumaun regions by Aujees.
There is one very peculiar story of Gainda or rhinoceros in Pando folk dance-song of Kumaun and Garhwal.
 Kunti, the mother of Pandavas sees a dream that instruct her to bring the skin of rhinoceros for the annual Shradh performance of her husband King Pandu .
Kunti orders five Pandavas to bring the skin of rhinoceros. Pnadavas become ready for bringing the skin of rhinoceros.
In the mean time, Draupadi the wife of all Pandvas also become ready with them to help them in case of
hunger, thirst, rough roads etc. However, Pandavas tell her that since, she does not have dress and ornaments as a queen should have she should not company her.
 When Pandvas come to Hariyali tal forest, they sees a Sitarami rhinoceros. The rhinoceros was a female rhinoceros and she tells them that her husband is in Gagal forest. Pandavas goes to Gagal forest and they kill the rhinoceros and bring skin of rhinoceros for the ritual of Shradh of thei father Pandu as instructed by mother Kunti.
  There is contrast in the story that queen Draupadi becomes ready to share the pain of her husbands Pnadvas  and the wife of rhinoceros Sitarami tells the secret of her husband’ whereabouts. Here, in the story, there is no mention that Pandavas threatened  Sitarami .
 The songs have various emotions woven into it. There is curiosity for audience whether Pandavas would be successful or not. The sacrifice of Draupadi and the deceptive nature of female rhinoceros bring different emotions.
  The folk song is proof that folk song creator were master of psychology besides being master of form of poetries.

पंडो नृत्य मा कुंती माता अर गैंडा क कथा

कोंती माता सुपिनो ह्व़े गे , ताछुम ताछुम
पांडु का सराध कु चैन्द गैंडो , ताछुम ताछुम
ओड़ू आवा नेडू आवा मेरा पांच पंडाउ, ताछुम ताछुम
तुम जावा पंडउ गैंडा कि खोज, ताछुम ताछुम
सरध क चैन्द पंडो गैंडा की खाल , ताछुम ताछुम
तब पैट्या , पंडो , गैंडो की खाल ,ताछुम ताछुम
नारी दुरपता तप कना बैन बोदा, ताछुम ताछुम
मी बि मेरा स्वामी स्न्ग्मांग औंदु , ताछुम ताछुम
भूक लागलि मै भोजन ह्व़े जौलू , ताछुम ताछुम
तीस लगली मी पाणि ह्व़े जौलू , ताछुम ताछुम
उकाळ लगली मै लाठी बणी जौलो, ताछुम ताछुम
पसीना होलू मै साफा ह्व़े जौलू , ताछुम ताछुम
सेज की बगत मै नारी ह्व़े जौलू, ताछुम ताछुम
जुद्ध लगलो मै कालिका ह्व़े जौलू ,ताछुम ताछुम
त्वेकू होलू मेरी नारी , भूषण बिस्तर ,ताछुम ताछुम
तू घर रैली बैठीं दुरपता . ताछुम ताछुम
तब घुमदा गें पंडाउ गैंडा की खोज, ताछुम ताछुम
ऐ गेन पंडौ हरियाली की ताल, ताछुम ताछुम
वख देखी तौंन सीतारामी गैंडो, ताछुम ताछुम
मै छऊँ पंडो , जनानी जात ,ताछुम ताछुम
में मारिक काम नि होण क्वी , ताछुम ताछुम
तुम जावा पंडो , गागळी का बौण , ताछुम ताछुम
मेरा स्वामी रैन्दो , वख स्वामिपाल, ताछुम ताछुम
तब गैन पंडो गागळी क बण, ताछुम ताछुम ,
गैंडा का ग्वेर छयो नागार्जुन , ताछुम ताछुम
माल़ू ग्वीराळ म्यारो गैंडा नि खांदो, ताछुम ताछुम
पीली छंचरी मेरो गैंडा को चैन्दो , ताछुम ताछुम
तब मारे पंडो न स्वामीपाल गैंडो , ताछुम ताछुम
तब गडी पंडो न गैंडो की खगोती ,ताछुम ताछुम

Source Dr Goivind Chatak and Dr.Shiva Nand Nautiyal
Garhwali folk Dance Songs, Uttarakhandi Folk Dance- Songs, Himalayan Folk dance-Songs to be continued in next page……

Copyright @ Bhishm Kukreti
Notes on Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads from Uttarakhand; Notes on Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads from Haridwar Uttarakhand; Notes on Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads from Kumaon Uttarakhand; Notes on Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads from Garhwal Uttarakhand; Notes on North Indian regional Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads; Indian regional Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads; Indian subcontinent regional Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads; SAARC countries regional Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads; South Asian regional Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads; Asian regional Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads; Oriental regional Religious, Folk Rituals, spiritual Folk Ballads

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Ghantakarn or Ghandyal Divta: The powerful deity for prosperity
[Notes on Garhwali culture and religion; Kumauni culture and religion; culture and religion of Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Hardwar; culture and religion of Dehradun, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Jaunsar Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Ravain, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Gangotri-Yamnotri , Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Tihri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Pauri Garhwal,  Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Haldwani, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Ranikhet, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Nainital, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Almora, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Bageshwar, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Champawat, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Dwarhat, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, Mid Himalaya; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, Himalaya; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, India; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, Asia; Oriental culture and religion of Uttarakhand]
                                         Bhishma Kukreti
  Ghantakarn or Ghandyal deity is famous deity of Garhwal. The deity Ghandyal or Ghantakarn is very powerful and prosperity provider. There are temples of Ghantkarn or Ghandyal in Garhwali villages. There is Ghantakarn temple in Badrinath. The place ‘Dev dekhani or Dev Darshani is atemple of Ghantakarn or Ghandyal. Before worshiping Badrinath shri, the devotees worship Ghandyal or Ghantakarn deity.
   In the Doodhatoli shrine, there is a village Bhamsar (there is government horticulture garden). In this horticulture park, there is very beautiful temple of Ghandyal or Ghantkarn just near to Panjikkhal. This deity Ghatkarn or Ghandyal is also the Khetrpal deity of Bali Kandarsyun, Kandarsyun, Chopdakot and Dhaijyuli Pattis. Ghantkarn is family deity of Kaproli village (Chopdakot) and Ghulet village (Bali Kandarsyun).  There is tour of Ghandyal divta (Jat) as there is tour of Raj Rajeshwari Nanda Devi. The village people of this region take flags (Dhwaj or Nisan) to all villages in the Ghandyal tour (jat). There are figures of flag, colorful flags,coconiut, various figures, and ornaments on the main Dhwaj. The hight of Dhwaj varies from twenty one feet to fifty one feet. At the top of flag or Dhwaj, there is Chanvar.
   The deity Ghandyal is famous for blessing (parchari divta) to devotees with ease. The deity Ghandyal or Ghantakarn is the deity of protecting to the region. That is why all the people of the said region participate in the Ghandyal Jat and provide gifts for the deity. The people with Dhwaj go to each village and sing the song of Ghandyal. The Pashwa dances with the Jat and blesses to people on behalf of deity Ghandyal.
       The Ghandyal jat or Deity March is celebrated for a month. On the last day, the people dance and sing whole night. People provide gifts to deity. There are jagars of Ghandyal divta or Ghantakarn deity .
The Ghandyal divta is prior to Kantyura era and it means the deity was worshipped at the time of Khas era and Kanait era (before 3000 years back). There is full mention of Yaksh deity in mahabharat and Harivansh Puran.
  In every deity worshipping, the Jagri first worships or calls the Khestrapal or Ghantkarn. Historian Dr. Dabral mentions that in past, in most of the village, villagers used to have Ghadyal temple (symbolic) on top of village hill to protect them.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 26/12/2012
References:  books of Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal and Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral
Commentary  on Garhwali culture and religion; Kumauni culture and religion; culture and religion of Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Hardwar; culture and religion of Dehradun, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Jaunsar Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Ravain, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Gangotri-Yamnotri , Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Tihri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Pauri Garhwal,  Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Haldwani, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Ranikhet, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Nainital, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Almora, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Bageshwar, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Champawat, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Dwarhat, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, Mid Himalaya; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, Himalaya; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, India; culture and religion of Uttarakhand, Asia; Oriental culture and religion of Uttarakhand to be continued…

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Hari Kunjo Jagar: a Garhwali Folk songs respecting Kunaj an auspicious and aromatic plant
            (Review of Garhwali folk Songs and Traditional Literature)

                  Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on folk songs about Aromatic plants; Garhwali folk songs about Aromatic plants; Uttarakhandi  folk songs about Aromatic plants; Mid Himalayan folk songs about Aromatic plants; Himalayan folk songs about Aromatic plants; north Indian folk songs about Aromatic plants; Indian folk songs about Aromatic plants; Asian folk songs about Aromatic plants]
[लोक गीत; सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी लोक गीत; सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी गढ़वाली लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी उत्तराखंडी लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी मध्य हिमालयी लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी हिमालयी लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी उत्तर भारतीय लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी भारतीय लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी दक्षिण एशियाई लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी एशियाई लोक गीत लेखमाला]
               Kunaj is an auspicious plant for Garhwalis and Kumaunis. The small plant is aromatic and is anti insects too. The leaves of Kunaj are used in worshiping rituals. The plant is an essential ingredient for Pooja .
 The following folk song is respecting the Kunaj plant
          हरि कुणजो

हरि कुणजो कै मैना फूललो ? हरि कुणजो कै मैना फूललो ?
हरि कुणजो मौ मैना मौळलो .हरि कुणजो मौ मैना मौळलो
हरि कुणजो मौळण लगि गे ,हरि कुणजो मौळण लगि गे
हरि कुणजो मौळण लगि गे ,हरि कुणजो मौळण लगि गे
हरि कुणजो चैत मा फूललो,हरि कुणजो कै मैना फूललो
हरि कुणजो चैत मा फूललो,हरि कुणजो कै मैना फूललो
हरि कुणजो फूलण लगि गे, हरि कुणजो फूलण लगि गे
हरि कुणजो फूलण लगि गे, हरि कुणजो फूलण लगि गे
हरि कुणजो कै मैना फूललो ? हरि कुणजो कै मैना फूललो ?
हरि कुणजो मौ मैना मौळलो .हरि कुणजो मौ मैना मौळलो
xxxx
जाति- झोड़ा
(तोताराम ढौंडियाल संकलित , गढवाली गीत संग्र , धाद प्रकाशन , देहरादून से साभार)

The meaning of Hari kunaj folk song is –

When will the auspicious kunaj blossom?
Hari kunaj will bud in mau month
When will the auspicious kunaj bud?
The auspicious Kunaj started budding.
The auspicious Kunaj will blossom in Chait month


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 27/7/2012
Notes on folk songs about Aromatic plants; Garhwali folk songs about Aromatic plants; Uttarakhandi  folk songs about Aromatic plants; Mid Himalayan folk songs about Aromatic plants; Himalayan folk songs about Aromatic plants; north Indian folk songs about Aromatic plants; Indian folk songs about Aromatic plants; Asian folk songs about Aromatic plants to be continued..
. लोक गीत; सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी लोक गीत; सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी गढ़वाली लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी उत्तराखंडी लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी मध्य हिमालयी लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी हिमालयी लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी उत्तर भारतीय लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी भारतीय लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी दक्षिण एशियाई लोक गीत;सुगन्धित पौधा सम्बन्धी एशियाई लोक गीत लेखमाला जारी

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      Kunti  Baja Nrity-Geet: A Garhwali Folk Song for Pandau Dance
Garhwali folk Dance Songs, Uttarakhandi Folk Dance- Songs, Himalayan Folk dance-Songs)

                          Bhishm Kukreti

         There are many stories sung in Pandau Nrity geet by Aujees the Dhol-Damau (music instruments) players. One of the stories is very popular about the mother of Pandavas –Kunti in Pandau dance sequences.
       The story here about  Kunti  Baja song is very  sad as in the song,  the story is either about remembering King Pandu, lakshagrih or death of Abhimnayu  .
  The following folk song is about awakening the ‘Pashva’ of Kunti (on whose body the spirit of Kunti enters). The music is very slow ‘Gija-Gijadi’….. The dancer in the form of Kunti spirit, dances very slow and is mostly in pathetic rapture
              कुंती बाजा नृत्य गीत

            प्रगट ह्व़े जान, प्रगट ह्व़े जान
             प्रगट ह्व़े जान , पांच भाई पंडों
              ००० ००० ०००
           प्रगट ह्व़े जान , कुंती माता
            कुंती माता होली पंडो की माता
             ००० ००० ०००
           कोंती माता सूपीनो ह्व़े गए ताछुम ताछुम
           पांडू क सराधु कु चैन्द गैंडो ताछुम ताछुम
            ००० ००० ००००
            ओड़ू आवा नेड़ू मेरा पांच पंडऊँ ताछुम ताछुम
              तुम जावा पंडऊँ गैंडा की खोज ताछुम ताछुम

Source:
1-Puskar Singh Kandari
2-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal
Garhwali folk Dance Songs, Uttarakhandi Folk Dance- Songs, Himalayan Folk dance-Songs series to be continued….
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Mahabharat Judh k  Jad Chaam k Dali Nach –Gan:  The Garhwali Folk song Specifying Reason of Mahabharat Battle

(Folk Dance -Song of Garhwal, Traditional Dance Songs from Uttarakhand, Himalayan Folk Dance-Songs)

                              Bhishm Kukreti
                    Mahabharata has influenced Garhwal well before Mahabharata was actually created because the stories of Mahabharata were there in the form of folk literature in Garhwal too.
  There is one folk dance-song of Ravain region about the reasoning of great battle Mahabharata between Pandavas and Kauravas. This old song states that the reason of greatest of great battles –Mahabharata between Pandavas and Kauravas was a tree ‘Cham’. The story is very interesting and tells us that most of the time the conflict begins by petty matter than very important matters as song states:
    महाभारत युद्ध का करण बतलाता लोक गीत


            डाळी बडी स्वरीग नैगी, डाळी बडी स्वरिग नैगी
             कौरों बोद डाळी हमारि , कौरों बोद डाळी हमारि
            पंडो बोद डाळी हमारि , पंडो बोद डाळी हमारि
             कौरों पंडो को झगड़ा लैगी, कौरों पंडो को झगड़ा लैगी
            डाळी होली कौरों की, खून लग्या धारी
            डाळी होली पंडो की, दूध भर्याँ पारी
            डाळी दूखु लैगीं तोणण, डाळी दूखु लैगीं तोणण
            डाळी लेगी दूध की धारी , डाळी लेगी दूध की धारी
            पंडो बोद डाळी हमारि , पंडो बोद डाळी हमारि
            कौरों -पंडो को जुद्ध लैगी , कौरों -पंडो को जुद्ध लैगी
 The Cham tree is touching the high sky. Kaurav claims that the tree belongs to them. Pandavas claim that Cham tree is their property.  Kaurav and Pandavas started fighting.  It was decided that if the Cham tree belongs to Kauravas , it will  ooze blood and tree belongs to Pandavas , the Cham tree will ooze milk.  Both started plucking leaves of Cham tree. The Cham tree started oozing milk. On the oozing milk, Pandavas claimed about tree Cham but Kauravas started claiming about Cham tree and the battle between Pandavas and Kauravas started battling.

Source: Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal ; Garhwal ke Lok Nrity-Geet
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti
Himalayan Folk Dance-Songs, Folk Dance -Song of Garhwal, Traditional Dance Songs from Uttarakhand, series to be continued in next part
Copyright @ Bhishm Kukreti, Mumbai
Notes on Folk Dance -Song of Garhwal about Reasons for Mahabharata Battle, Folk Traditional Dance Songs from Kumaon Uttarakhand for reasoning Mahabharata Battle, Himalayan Folk Dance-Songs for reasons of Mahabharata Battle; folk Dance Songs from for reason of Mahabharata Battle; Folk Dance Songs from Haridwar, Uttarakhand about reasons for Mahabharata Battle; Dance Songs from Kumaon, Uttarakhand about Mahabharata Battle; North Indian folk Dance Songs reason of Mahabharata Battle; Indian folk Dance Songs from for reason of Mahabharata Battle; Asian folk Dance Songs for reason of Mahabharata Battle; folk Dance Songs from oriental country for reason of Mahabharata Battle

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Garhwali folk Song Describing Birth of Lord Krishna
Garhwali Nagarja Jagar

(Garhwali Folk Dance-Songs, Folk Literature of Uttarakhand Himalayan Folk  Dance Songs)


                    Bhishma Kukreti 

                Nagraja jagar Nach is very popular in Garhwal and Kumaun. Nagraja is the incarnation of Krishna.  Nagraja is the symbol of Domestic animal wealth. When a caw/buffalo gives birth to kids, the milk is offered first at Nagraja temple and then only the milk is used by people.

           There are many songs pertaining to Krishna for Nagraja dance (Nagraja–k-Ghadyal). It is believed inGarhwal that Krishna settled after leaving Dwarika ar Seem-Mukheem in Garhwal.
 The following song is about Krishna birth

 

नागराजा जागर : गढ़वाली लोक गीतों में श्री कृष्ण जन्म
( गढवाली लोक गीत, उत्तराखंडी लोक गीत , हिमालयी लोक गीत, भारतीय लोक गीत )

जमुना पार होलू कंसु को कंस कोट
जमुना पार होलू गोकुल बैराट
कंसकोट होलू राजा उग्रसेन
तौंकी राणी होली राणी पवनरेखा
बांयीं कोखी पैदा पापी हरिणा कंश
दांयी कोखी पैदा देवतुली देवकी
ओ मदु बामण लगन भेददा
आठों गर्भ को होलू कंसु को छेदक
हो बासुदेव को जायो प्रभो , जसोदा को बोलो
देवकी नंदन प्रभो , द्वारिका नरेश
भूपति-भूपाल प्रभो , नौछमी नारेणा
भगत वत्सल प्रभो , कृष्ण भगवान्
हो परगट ह्व़े जाण प्रभो, मृत्यु लोक मांज
घर मेरा भगवान अब , धर्म को अवतार
सी ल़ोल़ा कंसन व्हेने , मारी अत्याचारी
तै पापी कंसु को प्रभो कर छत्यानाश
हो देवकी माता का तैंन सात गर्भ ढेने
अष्टम गर्भ को दें , क्या जाल रचीने
अब लगी देबकी तैं फिलो दूजो मॉस
तौं पापी कंस को प्रभो, खुब्सात मची गे
हो क्वी विचार कौरो चुचां , क्वी ब्यूँत बथाओ
जै बुधि ईं देवकी को गर्भ गिरी आज
सौ मण ताम्बा की तौन गागर बणाई
नौ मण शीसा को बणेइ गागर की ड्युलो
हो अब जान्दो देवकी जमुना को छाल
मुंड मा शीसा को ड्युलो अर तामे की गागर
रुँदैड़ा लगान्द पौंछे , जमुना का छाल
जसोदा न सुणीयाले देवकी को रोणो
हो कू छयी क्या छई , जमुना को रुन्देड
केकु रूणी छई चूची , जमुना की पन्दयारी
मैं छौं हे दीदी , अभागी देवकी
मेरा अष्टम गर्भ को अब होंदो खेवापार
हो वल्या छाल देवकी , पल्या छाल जसोदा
द्वी बैणियूँ रोणोन जमुना गूजीगे
मथुरा गोकुल मा किब्लाट पोड़ी गे
तौं पापी कंस को प्रभो , च्याळआ पोड़ी गे
हो अब ह्वेगे कंस खूंण अब अष्टम गर्भ तैयार
अष्टम गर्भ होलो कंस को विणास
अब लगी देवकी तैं तीजो चौथो मॉस
सगर बगर ह्व़े गे तौं पापी कंस को
हो त्रिभुवन प्रभो मेरा तिरलोकी नारेण
गर्भ का भीतर बिटेन धावडी लगौन्द
हे - माता मातेस्वरी जल भोरी लेदी
तेरी गागर बणे द्योलू फूल का समान
हो देवकी माता न अब शारो बांधे याले
जमुना का जल माथ गागर धौरयाले
सरी जमुना ऐगे प्रभो गागर का पेट
गागर उठी गे प्रभो , बीच स्युन्दी माथ
हो पौंची गे देवकी कंसु का दरबार
अब बिसाई देवा भैजी पाणी को गागर
जौन त्वेमा उठै होला उंई बिसाई द्योला
गागर बिसांद दें कंस बौगी गेन
अब लगे देवकी तैं पांचो छठो मास
तौं पापी कंस को हाय टापि मचीगे
हो- अब लागी गे देवकी तैं सतों आठों मॉस
भूक तीस बंद ह्व़े गे तौं पापी कंस की
हो उनि सौंण की स्वाति , उनि भादों की राती
अब लगे देवकी तैं नवों-दसों मास
नेडू धोरा ऐगे बाला , तेरा जनम को बगत
अब कन कंसु न तेरो जिन्दगी को ग्यान
हो! पापी कंस न प्रभो , इं ब्युन्त सोच्याले
देवकी बासुदेव तौंन जेल मा धौरेन
हाथुं मा हथकड़ी लेने , पैरूँ लेने बेडी
जेल का फाटक पर संतरी लगे देने
हो उनि भादों को मैना उनि अँधेरी रात
बिजली की कडक भैर बरखा का थीड़ा
अब ह्वेगे मेरा प्रभो ठीक अद्धा रात
हो , हाथुं की हथकड़ी टूटी , टूटी पैरों की बेडी
जेल का फाटक खुले धरती कांपी गे
अष्टम गर्भ ह्व़ेगी कंस को काल
जन्मी गे भगवान् प्रभो , कंसु की छेदनी

सन्दर्भ डा. शिवा नन्द नौटियाल , गढ़वाल के लोक नृत्यगीत
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Payali :  A Garhwali Folk Song in Pandav Nrity Geet

( Himalayan Traditional Dance-Song, Folk Dance-Songs of Uttarakhand, Garhwali Folk Dance and Folk Songs)
                             Bhishm Kukreti
     Pandav Nrity-Geet/Pandaun Dance-Song is very popular dance-song sequence for all Garhwalis and Kumauni. In Pandau nrity-geet , the story narrators (Aujees) sing the stories of Pandavas of Mahabharata and dancers (Pashwa) dance on the music and song.
   The main musicians and singers of Pnadau/Pandav nrity-geet , Pandoli nach-gan/Pandav Dance-Song are Aujees who play Dhol and Damau (drums) and Aujee sing song for Pandav nrity too.
  When there is dance-song going on , in between the dancers take rest for the time being. At the such interval, a Pandouli (who dance or is part) comes to the Das/Aujees and request for a new Pandav story or new music of Pandav Nrity-Geet.  The request maker keeps one hand on his ear and by one hand the request maker does performance by indicating the hands to Aujees and sing the following type of song.
The requesting song is in figurative language and with exaggerating words
               पयाळी : एक पंडौ गीत

                   मै छयो मेरा दामी निंदरा भुल्युं
                   अर म्यारो दामी, मै छयो सियूँ -
                   झलाकार्या बिस्तरा , घुंघराळयाँ चारपाई
                   अब मेरा दामी , त्वेन लगाए मैं पराज
                    ढोल का शब्द , नगाड़ू की गूंज
                    मै आयूँ यख , धारु रड़ीक, गाडू बौगीक
                     अमर रयाँ भुला , तेरी पंदर पच्चीसी
                     आज मेरा दामी , तू मैकू
                     फूल सी   खिलै दे -भौंर सा उडै दे

O! Dami (who plays drum)! I was in deep sleep and had forgotten everything.
I was sleeping on a fine bed sheet and the bed with small bells. In deep sleep I was senseless or unconscious.
My Dami (music player) ! The words of Dhol and music of Damau reminded me  Pandau song.
I came from hill trembling from hills, came crossing the rivers.
My younger brother! You be always young (age of fifteen-twenty five ).
Hey my dami!
You make me happy as bloomed flower and as bee flies (by singing and playing new music.)
In Payali, the requesting person sings the song and Aujees play Dhol-Damau in slow rhythm   .


Source: Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrity Geet.
Garhwali Folk Dance and Folk Songs, Himalayan Traditional Dance-Song, Folk Dance-Songs of Uttarakhand to be continued……
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Prabhati: A Folk Song sung in morning by Auji on the first day of Chait month in Garhwal
(Notes on Indian Folk Culture, Himalayan Folk Culture, Uttarakhandi Folk Culture, Kumauni Folk Culture Garhwali Folk Culture)
                                                Bhishm Kukreti
                                 Chait is a Cultural Month for rural Uttarakhand. Due to heavy migration the cultural activities may be less in numbers or might have changed as per need of time, place and class. However, broadly there were following main cultural activities in rural Garhwal around seventies.
1-Chaiti by Aujee’s
2-Other activities by Aujee’s
3- Putting flowers on corners of doorsills by unmarried girls from Fulsangrand to Baisakhi (first day of Chait to first day or Baisakh – 14th March to 14th April)   
4- Dance and song programs in the night in village council courtyard. This is the reason that Uttarakhandi call Chait as Nachno or Gano maina.
5- Lang by Badis after twelve years in the village.

                                         Cultural Activities by Aujees

                       Aujees mean who play Dhol-Damau in all auspicious occasions. The Aujees are very much family members or village members in all the occasions.
   On the first day of Chait, Aujees play Dhol-Damau in morning, afternoon and evening. Aujees play different tone at each time.
Prabhati: A folk Song sung in morning by Auji on the first day of Chait month in Garhwal
                     In morning, Aujees play 39 matraon ki tal called Prabhati. The tal and song are initiated by prayers of Bhumpal Khsetrpal, Kuldevtaa, Panchnam deities (Dhunyel Tal).
  With playing Dhol-Damau, Aujees also sing folk song as the following song is prayer of lord Ram-Seeta Ji -

                     प्रभाती


स्थाई चरण - रबी भानूं कांठी चढ़ी ऐ गेना , देवी सीता जी
सहायक चरण - ब्यूजी गैना पंचनाम देवा ये देवी सीता जी
            सस्ना बन्द चकवे की दुरो मंद तारा सीता जी
            गौं की गुलबंद खुची , पंथी पंथूं को चली सीता जी
            पूरब उज्याळी पंछी बोल्दीं देवी सीता जी
           गंगा जाल भरि ला दे गागरी देवी सीता जी
           राम जी को नयेण की ये बेला देवी सीता जी
           राम जी को लादे धोती पीताम्बरी देवी सीता जी
रबी भानूं कांठी चढ़ी ऐ गेना , देवी सीता जी


गीत मूल स्रोत्र - केशव अनुरागी , नाद नंदनी
सन्दर्भ - डा शिवा नन्द नौटियाल

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Notes on Folk Song informing first day of month; Folk Song from Uttarakhand informing first day of New Year  ; Folk Song from Haridwar Uttarakhand informing first day of New Year;  Religious Folk Song from Chamoli  Garhwal informing first day of New Year; Religious Folk Song from Rudraprayag Garhwal informing first day of New Year ; Religious Folk Song from Uttarkashi Garhwal informing first day of New Year ; Religious Folk Song from Tehri Garhwal informing first day of New Year ; Religious Folk Song from Dehradun Garhwal informing first day of New Year; Religious Folk Song from Pauri Garhwal informing first day of New Year ; Religious Folk Song from Pithoragarh Kumaon informing first day of New Year; Religious Folk Song from Kumaon informing first day of New Year ; Religious Folk Song from Bageshwar Kumaon informing first day of New Year ; Religious Folk Song from Almora Kumaon informing first day of month; Religious Folk Song from Champawat Kumaon informing first day of New Year; Religious Folk Song from Kumaon informing first day of New Year; Religious Folk Song from Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon informing first day of New Year; Religious Folk Song from Nainital Kumaon informing first day of New Year   

 

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