Author Topic: How To Change Tough Agriculture Methodology - पहाडो की कठिन खेती  (Read 75520 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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I have just flashed a mail on many gropus.

We have invited a lot people on this subject. Hope views from others will come.

Let us see.

to my belief cultivation of high altitude plants like organic crops or medicinal plants or ayurvedic plants would serve the purpose ....need more educational and technical awareness among inhabitants ,,,,may be it can be done if we ourself take the initiatives ,,

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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See this photo....

A total of three people are required on this progress. Two more people for giving fan.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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See some more photos...

Agriculture is practised in the river valleys of Uttarakhand (a small 10-15% of the total land area). Over hundreds of years, many of the slopes have been cut into field terraces, a common characteristic of mountain agriculture throughout the world. The region's farmers have also developed advanced manure, crop rotation, and intercropping systems. Most land on the slopes is unirrigated. Three types of agriculture can be found in most river valleys. Each is particularly suited to the type of land. The three are:

Katil - forest edge land
hoe cultivation, with a standard rotation of 3 crops in 5 years
major crop(s): a millet - "mandua/khoda" (Eleusine coracana), another millet - "jhangora" (Oplismenus frumentaceus), an amaranth - "marsa/chua/chaulai" (Amaranthus polygamous, Amaranthus blitum)
Upraon - hillside land
permanently terraced, but unirrigated
major crop(s): mandua, jhangora, chaulai
Talaon - valley bottom land
paddy cultivation, low-lying, irrigated, double cropped
major crop(s): wheat, rice, sugarcane, etc.
sub-region Altitude
(m) Chief Crops
Lower Dun, Terai 300-600 wheat, rice, sugarcane
Upper Dun, Bhabar, lower Shivaliks 600-1,200 wheat, rice, mandua, jhangora, chaulai, maize
Middle Garhwal-Kumaon 1,200-1,800 wheat, rice mandua, jhangora, "cheena" (Panicum miliaceum), potato, barley
Upper Garhwal-Kumaon 1,800-2,400 wheat, barley, potato, chaulai, cheena, "phaphra" (Fagopyum tataricum)
Cold Zone 2,400-3,600 SUMMER- wheat, barley, potato, phaphra, chaulai, "kauni", "ogal", "kodo" (Fagopyum esculentum), "uva" (Hoycleum himalayanse)

Various pulses (e.g., "Masur" - Ervum lens; "Kulat" - Dolichos biflorus) are grown intercropped during the two harvest seasons - early winter after the rainy season (millet) and midsummer before the hot dry season (barley-wheat). Dry and wet rice, taro, pumpkins, beans, corn, ginger, chili, cucumbers, leafy vegetables, and tobacco are also grown. Potatoes have become an important cash crop, growing in areas unsuitable for other plants (Berreman, 1963).

First 1.

Tough fields..

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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what kinds of changes would you suggest ..


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Mehta ji,

Mechanized farming can only be done if we can come with village groups. As for individuals it would be almost impossible to bear the initial investment, running & maintenence cost.

1) I feel that due to the rising population, the individual landing holding is decreasing day by day.
Most of our young brothers/sisters are coming to plains for their survival, so we no more take farming as a profession.

2) Currently in hills the type of crops we grow are not even able to feed our farmers family forget about  taking any profit out of it. An awareness about the various cash crops needs be created among the farmers. 

3) Small groups within the villages has to be made so that a large chunk of land can be available. A co-operative scheme can be introduced  & contributing farmers shall be offered the shares on the basis of their land holding.

4) We should approach the agriculture universities, We already have  GBPUAT in our own state since 1960 but I dout that  the farmers of our state has taken any benefit from there. So some ground works needs to be done so that a specific module(from crop selection to taking it directly to the market) suits to our climate & terrains can be prepared. I feel that Organic farming can become our USP as its on a high now a days.

I am sure that with a little bit of guidence  our hard working people can have the ability to make it happen.

Good luck!!



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Dear Manoj ji, wonderful thoughts, true i am more impressed with point 4. its really true our people havnt explored the benefit of GBPUAT, thats the world level agricultural university and cultivating thousands of Agricultural Engineers for years, still its native is lacking the technology and real growth. Interestingly  in my recent visit i saw Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Kendra has put up some small technological/experimental nurseries at various places. I dunno much about the progress but i did see some nice boards erected road side. May be it will take some time, moreover to adopt the technology either our inhabitants must be trained/educated or let the time teach us the necessity of going back and work for our own MITTI.

tumar dagaru

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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nice to see some topic close to me and my profision..
  as we are discussing the uttaranchal agricultur that is basically the hill agriculture we are talking of.
Land consolidation: the biggest problem in the uttaranchal farming is the consolidation of the land. there is no laws till date and not implemented something also. because of that every one has a hali (a unit of land measurement in kumaun hills).even one person has some land which are at different locations so thatone can not all well and so no control on the tresspassers be animals or others. and e can not think of doing the volume business.
Marketing: other thing frds, marketing even you cangrow some important crops there which is not going to fech you more because of the connuctivity with the city or the consumption hub.
Production Cooperatives: as you will find the land holding very small the individual farmer can not bring the produce to the market hub, nither he can attract the buyer. so need to promote the cooperative ma  be 2-3 villages with atleast 1/2 of their land for the prticular crop and will commonly market the produce.
No Mandi Sameti or Mandi: from kumaun hills we have to come to haldwani mandi to sell produce which mans a impossile thing for a farmer sitting at the pithoragarh almora, champawat bageshwar that is the another factor which can be considared
now crops: fds conventional crops can give us competitive advantage, if u start producing rice & wheat in hills compare to plain areas than obviously plains will have edge on that so adoption or selection of the crops fruits vegetables lowers is the mostimportant thing, for that farmers need money....
small scale industries.
the brand uttarakhand or uttarakumaun sth can be ...
frdshope i have written a lot and hardly any one will read so many stopping here still there are a lot many things hich can be discussed but its very easy to discuss adn give idea but the mst important thing is "IMPLEMENTATION"
Have a nice time
(Munsiyari) Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand

M S Mehta <> wrote:
As you are aware, a lot of changes have come in living standard in hill areas with the speed of modernization. However, I feel the system of doing agriculture has not changed at all. New generation find it hard to work on field now-a-days. This is somewhere resulting in migration from pahad. People put a lot of hardwork and but a little of it.
There is need to introduce some kind of  technique in our way of doing agriculture (Kheti) like portable tractor etc. We have posted some photos of it on forum. A new thread has sbeen started on this issue and we would like to invite you for your suggestions / comments.
 Kindly view of following link and give your views after logging-in :,63.0.html
For any views, kindly log-in the Forum:

 Jai  Bhart, Jai Uttarkahand. M S Mehta


एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Post from Upreti Ji.

After a long time a topic emerges courtesy Mehta ji
which is always dear to my heart and helps me earn my
bread and butter.
Mr.Farswan ,I agree on many points which you have
BUT,BUT , the problem is this KHETI business is still
not been a top priority ,as people,politicians just
get carried away by high sounding ventures to improve
economy and in the process the humble agriculture
suffers as there is no snob value attached to it.


European vegetables and Temperate berries and fruits
are the IN thing in all star hotels /food mall and
niche restaurants.European
vegetables-Broccoli,RED/Yellow Capsicum
cabbage,brussel's sprout,herbs,cherry tomato,snow
peas,snap peas ,ltalian herbs etc.

Who is producing this?

Every hill zone in the country who understood where
the money lies(Himachal,Upper tracts of Maharastra ,
Ooty etc.)
Some traders from metros are contract growing in our
very UK as well.
Only those hilly areas where tempeartures dont go
above 32 degree are the best for these crops.Now, What
better than UK.

What is required?

--Change of crop pattern from regular vegetables to
European vegetables.
--Proper seed source to be identified.
--To start with 25% of land holding to convert to
european vegetables.
--Small cooperatives to have common mini tractors and
packaging facility.
--Collection centre in hills only ,end users will
flock to these areas themselves as this is a seller's
--Can you believe Kilmora berries , a common feature
in the hills is imported @1200/=kg from Australia.
Similarly,Hisaloo and other hill berries have immense
market .
Can somebody help me in listing out various types of
berry fruits in hills and in which specific region are
they growing (wildly as well)

I can go endlessly on this topic but then again it may
not appeal to many and may become boring.


एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Dear Dr.Darvind Dajew,,,,as usual m alway uncompromising fan of yours…luv 2 read all ur articles/mails n never get bores too…so plz plz do share the things spec related to agricultural cultivation etc. I knw there you have immense ground experience….Jai Hoo Upreti logoon ki…n ur NANO concept is awesome ,,,, lets circulate a mail in all Uttarakhandi groups that its not been taken from the nano (10^-9^) rather frm our native slang…ek bar fir se Upreti Jew ki Jai hooo.

Totally impressed with Farswan ji as well, you people are expert in the field and its our privilege and honor to have your high impact thoughts, plz keep sharing such valuable words.
Infact Mehta Ji has zeroxed your mail in Mera Pahad forum as well, thnx to him too.,63.0.html

Ab miku jyadaa ke patt nhaa hoo maharaaj,,,,usi to mi THULI DHOTI waal baman bhoi per haan agar tum loog kwe project suru karla to mi HAU lai bai dune hoo,,ekdam se-zhatttt kaibe

I am also looking for someone who can suggest me the best crop possible at my village, we have got plenty of space and excellent irrigation/transportation facilities as well….Upreti jew/Farswan jew may help me out….i can provide you the geographic details.
Tumar dagaru

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Ashok ji,
This is interesting to know that already some people
are working in this direction.
Well, can you suggest me some specific areas where
such activities are happeneing so that next time when
I visit pahar ,I can specifically go to these areas
and see for myself.
In fact, I am fully into production and channelising
marketing for these european vegetables and
strawberries etc. and was looking desperately for some
leads in UK where I can share my input.
I have personaaly seen how change in cropping pattern
has helped a no. of self help groups in other parts of
the country and would like to initiate the same
process in hills rather than reinventing the wheel.
When you specifically focus on crops which is in short
supply, you just grow and spread the word,traders
themselves will flock to field level to pick them .
Hospitality industry and shopping malls are in very
short supply of all these vegetables and in the
process the traders are minting money like anything.



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