Author Topic: Personalities of Uttarakhand/उत्तराखण्ड की प्रसिद्ध/महान विभूतियां  (Read 126558 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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कुंदन जी. नमस्कार..

निर्मल पंडित को कौन भुला सकता है! उत्तराखंड राज्य निर्माण का क्रांतिवीर.. उनके बारे में आप यहाँ पर पड़ सकते है

nirmal pandit ko kya bhula diya....jitani kam umar main nirmal da ne jo kam karke dikhaya usko kya ham bhul jayen,  niraml da ne pahad ke liye apane pran tak de diya.... na to kisi ne esa kiya na hi koi karega..... nirmal da aj hote to apne pahad ki ijat in bhrasht netaon ke hath nahi lutati....


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मेहता जी
मेहता जी आप से एक निवेदन है कि कृपया कर के हो सके तो मुझे उत्तराखंड के महान विभूति व व्यक्तियो के नाम की लिस्ट जिनके कि जन्म दिवस व पुण्यतिथि मनायी जाती हो /
मैं आप का बड़ा आभारी रहूँगा
हेमंत सिंह गार्डिया

hemant ji aap yahan dekh sakte hai uttarakhand ki vibhutiyon ki poori list

Bhishma Kukreti

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Great Garhwali Personality-3
 Mahachand Padma : The First Garhwali Shilpkar  I A S
                                           Adaptation: Bhishma Kukreti
           Garhwalis will always remember  Late Mahachand Padma for his industriousness and his oath to provide a pride to Shilpkar  of Garhwal. By being first Garhwali shilpkar as I A S .
      Mahachand was born on 8th July , 1937, in village Oad Gaon (Arya Nagar) , patti-Piglapakha, British Garhwal  (Pauri Garhwal). His father’s name was Veer Singh and mother’s name was Raduli Devi. The family profession of Veer Singh was constructing the building (Oad).
   After passing fourth standard (on that time fourth standard was called primary) from Mahadev Sain,  Maha Chand Padma was sent to Jahri Khal (near Lainsdown) for further study and he was brilliant who passed middle standard (7th standard) by first class. Though the economical condition of veer Singh was not so strong but looking the brilliancy of bright boy Mahanchand, his parents sent him to Dehradun for further study and he took admission in Mission School Dehradun . The  economical adverse conditions did not become obstacle for Mahachand . He passed twelfth  (Intermediate) from Mission School Dehradun
  Young Mahachand was ambitious, industrious and futuristic too . He wanted to study further from D. A. V. College Dehradun but the family economic condition did not allow him to take admission in B A in D. A .V. College Dehradun
.   Mahachand  got job in Public Works Department as Upper division Clerk (UDC).
When D. A. V . College started morning classes for B A students, Mahachand took admission in B. A. in D .A.V.College and passed the degree.
  In 1960, he married to Sushila (daughter of Butha Singh), who was also High School pass Shilpkar girl. In 1960, a girl from Shilpkar family was rarest most incident.. His wife Sushila became inspirational force for him and he passed LLB after marriage.
     In 1964, he passed I. A. S . exam and became first Shilpkar I .A.S. officer of Garhwal.
He was selected for Himachal Cadre (H.A S). Mahachand worked as S.D.M, Upper Secretary, A.D.C and lastly as Director in Indian the government services.
  He expired on 2nd July 1979 as blood cancer patient at the mere age of forty-one only.
H e was simple and courtesies person and his colleagues and subordinates liked him very much
 We Garhwalis salute him for enhancing our pride and the self-esteem of Shilpkar worls of Garhwal
 Courtesy : Arya, Vinod, 2009,Uttarakhand ka Upekhshit Samaj aur Uska Sahitya, New Krishna printers, Lucknow, pp-10-13
@ Copyright: Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, May 2009

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Great Garhwali Personality: 28
                       Govind Ram Ghildiyal : First Garhwali Graduate
                                                       Bhishma Kukreti
     Govind Prasad Ghildiyal has many distinctions in Garhwal and among Garhwalis. Govind Prasad was first Garhwali who passed Intermediate and Govind Prasad Ghildiyal is also first Garhwali who became Graduate .
  Rai Bahadur Govind Prasad Ghildiyal is the first Garhwali who became Deputy Collector .
Govind Ghildiyal was born in Dang , near Shrinagr , Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand on 24th May, 1870.
            Govind Ghildiyal was also first Garhwali personality who published  book in Garhwali prose and George Griyerson referred the work of Ghildiyal in his famous  work in ‘Linguistic survey of India’ .
          Govind Ghildiyal is  the first Garhwali who published translation of Hitopadesh in Garhwali, which means he is the first person who initiated Garhwali language prose.
 Govind Ram Ghildiyal  published the translation of the works of Shakespeare (Othello) and Goldsmith (Hermit)  in Hindi. He also published a fine commentary book ‘ Garhwali Rajputon aur Brahmanon ki Sainik Seva’
Govind Ram Ghildiyal expired on 19th July, 1922 in Lansdowne.

Bhishma Kukreti

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Great Garhwali Personality:
            Allat Nath Bhatt ‘ Suri : First  Sanskrit Poet of Garhwal
                                                      Bhishma Kukreti
  Garhwal and Kumaun had been the regions where many Sanskrit scriptures , and modern languages books were created by creative.
 However, the past creative of India never mentioned their names in the scripture and historians find difficult to know about the whereabouts . However, the creative of  these scriptures have provided the historical references and glimpses of social structure of their time.
  Credit goes to eminent most historian of Uttarakhand , Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral for providing the details of first Garhwali  Sanskrit poet  Allat Nath Suri or Allad Nath Suri.(Refr-1)
  Alladnath was the son of an intellectual and knowledgeable Sanskrit Pundit Sidh Laxaman. His date of birth is unknown but it is sure that he created his verses in thirteenth century. By the names of both pundits, we may certainly guess that Nath sect was a prominent sect of Uttarakhand in thirteenth century. He was born in the time of  Ekchakra regime ruled by Chauhan dynasty or Bahban dynasty (Kane). 
Ekchakra kingdom seemed to be near Chakrata Dehradun , Ekchakranagari was capital and the kingdom was extended at the bank of  Yamuna. King Suryaman suggested  Allad Bhat Suri for  writing the history of  I.e ek Chakra regime ,  Allatnath Bhatt Suri was profound pundit of Vedas, logics, grammar, Smritis and Garhwali geography too
   Allatnath created a very remarkable book called ,’ Nirnayamrit’ in Sanskrit. It is proof that within short period of its creation, Nirnayamrit got immediate recognition and authentic book of ‘Dharmashastra or Neetishashtra (Kane). There are references of  Nirnayamrit in authentic scriptures of Dharmashashtra as Nirnanaysindhu, Daytatva, Teerthnirnaya, Kalnirnaya,  Nirnayadeepak, Shradhkriyakaumadi.
  There are stanzas in Nirnayamrit , which help for knowing the historical details of Garhwal of twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
The hand written  manuscript of Nirnayamrit is available at Bhandarkar Institute, Mumbai and it is published twice. One copy of the book is available in Berline museum (Professor Bavor)
  Allat Bhatt Suri created another book in Sanskrit ‘Sakalpuran sammuchaya’
Many knowledgeable Garhwalis as Sadanand Jakhmola, Lalita Prasad naithani, Rama Prasad Ghildiyal ‘Pahadi’ , Dr shiva Nand Nautiyal anda non Garhwali scholars Kamala Ratnam, Banarasi Das Chaturvedi  voiced that Kalidas was first Garhwali  Sanskrit  . However , there is no universal agreement about Kalidas being a Garhwali who was born in Kaviltha village of Chamoli Garhwali but there is no any disagreement about the authenticity that Allatnath Bhatt was first Garhwali Sanskrit poet .
1-Dabral, Shiv Prasad, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press Dogadda, Garhwal, India, pp94-95
2-Kane, Dharmashashtron ka Itihas
3-Bavar, Collected works of Bhandarkar-2,page 143
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009


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Great Garhwali Personality
 Satya Prasad Barthwal : A Horticultural Activist  who showed that Migration Could be Stopped
                                            Bhishma Kukreti
            Most of us discuss about stopping migration from hills of  Uttarakhand but we ourselves never act upon our own suggestions and thoughts. However, there are personalities who by their own acts showed us that there are opportunities and avenues in hills of Uttarakhand for reasonable earnings that we don’t require migration.
          Satya Prasad Barthwal is one of such activists who  by using horticulture as source of unheard  earning in villages of Talla Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal .
           Satya Prasad Barthwal was born in 1950 in village Khand , Talla Dhangu, Ganga Salan, Pauri Garhwal , Uttarakhand. His father’s name was Jagdish Prasad Barthwal and mother’s name’s Gadori devi . Khand village is situated at the slop of Ganga river and Ganga flows on north of Khand or it may be said that Khand is opposite of Chaukhambha shrines . Due to bank of Ganga, the high speedy air could be felt in Khand village.
   After passing middle or eighth class from Pulau Baund school, he came to Dehradun and entered in Shri Laxman Vidyalay Inter college Dehradun  and passed B Sc from shri guru Ram Rai college. He passed B.Ed from D A V college.
    This author was one of a room mates of Satya Prasad Barthwal in Shri Laxman Vidyalay hostel for a couple of years and he was one standard senior than me
  This author saw Satya Prasad closely in his student life. Satya Prasad Barthwal or Sati Bahiji for me was always innovative and creative thinker but always believe in our values.
  When he was in High School , he used to go Bikhot , Vyaschatti and would take ground nuts from Dehradun to sell . His father and cousin used to send money from Mumbai for his studies and he did not need money from that sales but he believed that earning for students is a must. It was his psychology to find avenues for earning in rural Garhwal .
  There was  his hereditary huge waste farm land just above his village. His forefathers used to do farming of maze or barley in that shady (Sill Pungad) land (ten or twelve Pungad) which, was less fertile due to shady area . Since his father, uncle and cousin started earning in Mumbai , his family and uncles etc left farming in that shady (Shill Pungad) farms as it required more labour than the crops.
    Sati Bhaiji used to talk about that waste land near to his village as it never happened that people left farming in nearby village area but due to shady place , that land became less  economical around fifties when alternate economical resources became available due to migration. He was conscious about waste farm land nearby village and used to think much about to make the land useful economically
 When he was going to his village after appearing high school exam, he bought lemon  plants (Kagaji Nimbu ki Paudh) in Dehradun and planted them in that waste farm land . For whole of summer he used to irrigate the planted  Kagaji Nimbu plants by taking water from village Pandera (water source) on head  . After summer , there was no need of irrigation as after summer rainy season would be there and in winter , either there would be infrequent rain or dew would be sufficient for lime trees to grow.
    Lemon  has a few specialty too. First the animals don’t eat the lime leaves or stem and need less  care too.Sati Bhaiji used to plant Kagaji Neembu in other waste land farm too
 After passing B. Ed, Satya  Prasad Barthwal joined a private school as teacher in rural Garhwal.
 His innovative idea brought the fruits and lemon  tree started fruiting . Initially he used to distribute the fruits to friends, relatives and village folks but when the crop became sizable , he used to take lime fruits on horses to nearby bus stop Singtali and from there , he used to take fruits to Rishikesh to sell them . Apart from selling lemon fruits, Satti Bhaiji started to make squash and sell the same in Dhangu area.
    As happened in hills of Uttarakhand , the people left farming but Khand area took new shape in agriculture and there are gardens of lemon in the said area
 Satti Bhaiji bought land from nearby villages to expand the lemon growing area. Now his lemon gardens are extended in tens of acres  The villagers of other village also learnt from him lemon plantation and if not more at least a family in nearby village has  two or three lemon trees
 Satya Prasad Barthwal was awarded by state government a Kisan Bandhu  or so for his innovation in agriculture industry in Talla Dhangu
 Satya Prasad Barthwal alias Satti Bhaiji showed us that horticulture is possible as alternate of conventional farming in Garhwal.
 If there is mass consciousness among migrated Pahadis of Uttarakhand they can come forward in starting  horticulture in their villages. Initially, there will be many hurdles specially awareness among villagers and migrated Pahadis but definitely cooperative horticulture in waste farm lands is useful, profitable for villagers and migrated ones too. The cooperative horticulture in villages of hills of Uttarakhand will also be a medium that migrated Pahadis will visit their villages on regular intervals.
My salute to Satti Bhaiji
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti,
   Jaya prakash Dabral to uttranchalkala., PauriGarhwal
show details 12:28 AM (4 hours ago)

I would like to add some things that I had learned from my association with Shri Satya Prasad Barthwal. Barthwalji's major contribution was his spirit of enterprise. When he started marketing his lemons not only would he take his produce to Rishikesh but would also sit on the roadside and sell it. Soon the boys of his village also learned the skills of selling. This spirit was very unique. Now the people of Khand and its nearby villages send their produce on mulebacks to Rishikesh and there is a rotation system that they have formed whereby each person stays there for a night or two only.
Another entrepreneurial trait of Barthwalji was that when the produce of his village increased he started value addition. He started making lemon pickles and squash which he sold in Rishikesh where due to his pure quality he had a ready market. he also started the cultivation of papaya also especially when the lemon trees were maturing. He would sell papaya and 'kathal' in Rishikesh too.
Once I had bought three kilo of seeds and distributed them in Tehri Garhwal in the Hinyul valley there. Barthwalji told me that later on he started selling seeds also which he would collect when he was making lemon squash.
I have not met Barthwalji for over 10 years now and am happy to hear that he has been honoured by Uttarakhand Government. He truly deserved it. My salutations to Barthwalji too.
JP Dabral

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Great Garhwali Personality -27
  Baldev Prasad Kukreti ‘Master Ji’ : User of practical means for teaching
       Today, the new generation and the generation of post independence will not understand the significance of private tutor before independence. Before independence, in Garhwal the primary schools were in scare and people were aware of consequences of education. In Dhangu region of Gangasalan of Pauri, the private tutors were a medium of providing basic education to the children in those  areas where schools were not there. The people of Malla Dhangu and Bichhla Dhangu says that Baldev Prasad Kukreti of Jaspur was one of the couple of tutors who started teaching privately to the children that those children would sit in the examination of forth standard (on that 4th standard was equal to today’s fifth standard).
   Baldev Prasad was the first son of Raghuvar Dutt Kukreti and Kunti Devi Kukreti of Jaspur and was born in 1903. Raghuvar Dutt Kukreti was a farmer but was also called a kind revolutionist of his time for a specific reason. He was the first person of Jaspur the original village of Kukreti  who initiated  to boycott the Punditai of Bahugunas of Jaspur for their discriminating attitude between the Kukreti of jaspur and Gweel villages.
   British opened primary school at Tankan (Malaa Dhangu) around early years of twentieth century . Therefore, there was awareness for sending children to schools for education in Malla Dhangu. The villagers of other areas used to send their children for primary education to their relatives in the  villages nearby of Tankan as Jaspur, Gweel, Bareth, Saud, Chhatinda .
  Baldev Prasad was a very promising and bright student of Tankan school and passed forth standard with distinction. He completed his primary education at the age of eleven  and on that time he was the fist student of his area who completed  primary education at such an early age. On that time, there was no middle school nearby Jaspur and Pauri , Lainsdown or Dugadda (all far away) were  the centers for higher education . Poor Raghubar Dutt was not having any resource for higher education for his brilliant son. Familiy members I.e his father and his Tau Ji Amba Dutt Kukreti sent Baldev Prasad  to Dehradun for earning and getting higher education through private means . There he got chance to teach children of  officers of forest department. One of the forest  officers offered  him the service in forest department but Baldev Prasad did choose the job of teaching.  By his earning , he could help his family in Jaspur. When he was married , he did not return to Dehradun and started private tuitions in Kandi village of Bichhala Dhangu where there was not any facilities for education. In the mean time, his wife and only son expired due to non availability of medical facilities in the area. He never remarried and spent his life as Brahmchari.
  The techniques of teaching of Baldev Prasad was so superb that within no time he became famous tutor  and Kandi became a private primary school where around thirty forty children from villages as Amola, Khand, Hatnud, Kuthar started taking basic education. The villagers used to send grains, agro-forest products to Jaspur in return of teaching of Baldev Prasad . Money was not there with villagers to provide his tuition fee. The students used to sit in the exams second,  third or forth standard in Tankan school or other schools. The government teachers were knowing the ability of Baldev Prasad and teachers p of Tankan used to take advice of Baldev Prasad alias ‘ Master Ji’.
Baldev Prasad taught in Kandi till 1951,  when his younger brother’s first son was born (this author) . Around that time, Indian government established two three primary schools in Bchhala Dhangu too.
  After returning to his village Baldev Prasad started to teach children in Jaspur only. The parents would prefer to send their children to Baldev Prasad than sending Tankan because his way of teaching was unique and practical that children used to pick up subject easily. Depending upon the their capability, the students used to sit in the exams of  second standard in Talkan school. There were exceptions for a couple of students who directly sat in the exams of third standard too. Ram Charan Kukreti and this author sat in the exam of third standard and both got distinctions too. For a couple of years, he taught in Kathud Bada of Malla Dhangu too.
 His way of teaching was practical. For example , he used to use leave for teaching division by first cutting leave into two parts, then three, then four and like that he used to teach division by cutting leave. For counting, multiplication, addition or subtraction , he used pebbles. For essay writing, Baldev  used to take children near to caw, bull, field and used to ask them describe the things as they are.
  His pupil never forgot his contribution for providing education when schools were not their areas. When the pupils used to get chance in coming Jaspur they used to pay visit to him. Many pupils used to send gifts when they used to come Garhwal from Desh.
  The people of  Bichhala Dhangu and Malla Dhangu will never forget the services of Baldev Prasad Kukreti ‘Master Ji’ for teaching on that time when education facilities was in scare. If this author is became a writer, it is because of the inspiration and teaching of late Baldev Prasad Kukreti’ Maser Ji’. There are many Dhangwals in Mumbai  ,who were his students  and meet  me.  they definitely talk about the contribution of Baldev Prasad Kukreti and his brilliant way of teaching.
Baldev Prasad was an Aryasamji and he expired in 1970

Bhishma Kukreti

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Great Garhwali Personalities-4
               Rajkumari Bisht : first female Garhwali stage artist and radio singer
                                                            By: Bhishma Kukreti
               History will always remember Rajkumari Bisht, born in Pauri Garhwali  as the first female who sang the song at Delhi and Lucknow Akashwani radio stations . She is the first female Garhwali who took part in many cultural music program and played many roles on the stage of such programs.
  She took part in Garhwali musical and cultural program in Agra (1946), Lucknow (1954 and 1962), Delhi (from 1963 to 1970), Mumbai (1966), Uttrakashi (197 and 1969) and Pauri (1965).
        Rajkumari Bisht is famous for taking lead for involvement of Garhwali women in cultural and stage program. She is very famous for playing effectively the role of Rami Baurani  in the famous Garhwali Nrityy Natika written by Baldev Prasad Sharma ‘Deen’ at various cultural program at various places of India. She got high praises from late Jag Mohan Singh Negi (former minister of Uttar Pradesh), Brigadier Juyal, and Dr. Kushala Nand Gairola. She got many prizes and appraisal from Garhwali social organizations across India.
        She became the inspirational institution for Garhwali females to come out for freely participation in cultural and drama Garhwali programs.
        She has been was always active Gadh-Kala Sangam Chandigarh to promote Garhwali culture, music and stage plays.
 Garhwalis are proud of a great migrated female Garhwali Rajkumari Bisht
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India11/3/2009

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Great Garhwali Personality-17
                       Kushum Bisht :The heroine of first Garhwali Movie
                                                                               Bhishma kukreti
                Delhi has provided many artists of different arts for Garhwali language . Kushum Bisht is one of the such artists who contributed a lot for Garhwali drama, plays, cultural activities, singing,  and Garhwali cinema  . She is credited for bringing many audio cassettes of Garhwali songs . She is also first Garhwali movie female performer of first Garhwali movies Jagwal of Pareshwar Gaur .
                 Born in 1963, in Gidratu village of Patwalsyun, Pauri Garhwal.  She had god gifted performing ability for performing in drama . She acted in famous Garhwali dramas- Ardh Grameshwar, Fondyanath, Jank Jod, Mangan, Patrol, Jeetu Bagdwal, Gharjawain, Banji Gaudi 

Kusum Bisht recording the playback song of first ever Garhwali movie Jagwal
(Courtesy : Parashar Gaud,

Courtesy :'s-songs-films/
She also acted in many Hindi stage plays as Apbhransh, Girgit, Nakab, Dhai Akshar Prem ka, Do Teer, Kalantar, , Kant Kala Kalakar , Kab Tak Jari Jaari Rahega, , Ek Pashani and Atithi.
She is not only a drama performer but is a very melodious singer too. She is first female singer of first Garhwal movie Jagwal. She had sung playback song for other films like Dhai and Rukma
Copyright: @Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, 2009

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Great Garhwali Personality 16:
                              Nand Kishor Nautiyal
                                     Bhishma Kukreti
    Most of the Uttrakhandis of Mumbai and elsewhere think that Nand Kishor Nautiyal has worked with Blitz only and his life was very easy. However, Nand Kishor Nautiyal passed through many  ups and down before becoming editor of Hindi Blitz and chairman of  Badrinath Kedarnath Mandir Samiti . Presently he is  chairman of hindi academy Maharashtra government and publishes a weekly Nutan Savera. He also supported late H N Bahuguna in his political convention of Congress For Democracy in Mumabi
   He was born in 1931, in Masan, Patti-Sitaunsyun, Pauri Garhwal.
  He came to Mumbai in 1950 and joined Lokmanya a Hindi daily as sub editor. He was transferred to Nagpur as deputy editor of a Hindi daily Lokamat a sister concern of  Lokmanya .
  The lifestyle of Nagpur did not attract young Nand Kishor and in 1951, Nautiyal joined the editorial board of Sarita a Hindi monthly magazine. The management of Delhi Publishing House (Sarita , Champak, etc) is always different  and its style of working is very different than other publications in India. Young Nautiyal left journalist profession and joined trade union movement in Delhi around 1951-52
 In Delhi, he became editor of  “Parvtiya Jan” and  Himalaya Times
In Delhi only, Nad Kishor took the editorial responsibilities of news letters of A I T U C and  Majdor Neta
  He reentered in journalism proffesion in 1960 when he joined ‘Nayoi Kahaniyan’ and later on joined ‘Hindi Times as sub editor.
 In 1962, he came back to Mumbai and joined Hindi weekly Blitz and in 1973, he became editor of the said weekly .
When Karanjiya stopped Blitz publication nautical started his own weekly by Nutan Savera
   He was an active member of Garhwal Bhratri Mandal (an oldest social organization) . He participates enthusiastically Uttrakhandi  social activities in Mumbai , he is always straightforward in putting his thought and does not believe in mincing the words.
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, 2009


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