Author Topic: Personalities of Uttarakhand/उत्तराखण्ड की प्रसिद्ध/महान विभूतियां  (Read 126558 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Uttarakhand, Himalayan Folk Literature
  Dr Shiv Dayal Joshi : Who wrote about Raptures in  Garhwali Folk Songs
                                                              Bhishma Kukreti
 Dr Shiv Dayal Joshi was born in village, Poni, Patti Basar of Tihri Garhwal . After completing his post graduation in Hindia he did research on Folk Songs of Garhwal.
He was awarded for his research oriented article “ Samajik Kala Shilip: Premchand” by Panjab Saurabh
  His notable work is on the raptures and emotions in Garhwali folk songs and he published his work as “ Lok gee ton men Ras Yojna” in 1985. This book is about various emotions and raptures in folk songs.
He also published more than thirty articles  on various aspects of Garhwali folk songs
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Great Garhwali Personalities
   Soldiers of Garhwal Rifle who took Part in First World War (1914-1918)
                           Presented by  Bhishma Kukreti
        The soldiers of Garhwal Rifles fought in many fronts on behalf of British in forst world war.
A brief list of Soldiers of Garhwal Rifle who fought in world war first (1914-1918) is as below:
                      Victoria Cross Holders
Name of Soldier                                Place               Battle Field and date
1- Nayak Darband Singh Negi        France                  Festuvert 23/24 November 1914
    1/39Garhwal Rifle)
2- Rifleman Gabar Singh                France                   New way Chapel  10/31915
      (2.39 GR)
                                      Military Cross
1- Subedar Dhan Singh (1/39GR)     France               Festuvert , 23-24/ Nov 1914
2- Subedar major Nain Singh             France               New Way Chapel , 10-12/3/15
3= Jamadar Pancham Singh Mahr     France                new way Chapel   10/3/15
                                   Order Of British India
1- Sub Baij singh Rawat                    France                Festuvert , 23-24/Nove.1914
  All below                                           France                New Chapel , 10-12 march 1915
2-Subedar Nain Singh                       
3- Sub Makar singh                           France
4- Jamadar Sangram Singh
5- Sub Jagat Pal Singh Rawat                                             New Chapel, 23-24 Nove 1914
                                             Indian Order of Merit
    All below in Festivert  France
1- Hav. Alam Singh                            24/11/1914                           
2- Hav, Bootha Singh  Negi                 10-12/March 1915
3-Rflman Dhan Singh                          23/11/14
4-Rflman   Ganesh Singh  Sajwan                     9/11/14
5- Rflman Chandu Rawat                          23/11/14
6- Nayak Jamman Singh Bisht                   10-12/march 1915
7-Rflman Kalamu Bisht                              24/11/14
8-Lansnayak  Shankaru Gusain                     24/11/14
                                         Indian Distinguish  Service Medal
All Below France New Chapel
1- Sepoy Bail Ram                              13/3/14
2- Lansnayk Dhangva  Ramoka      13/3/14
  3- Jamadar Guman Singh Negi        13/3/14
4- Rflman Jabar singh Negi                   13/3/14
5-  Sub Kedar singh Rawat                new Chapel 1-12 march 1915
6- hav Ranjeet singh pundir              New Chapel 9/11/1915
7- Hav Deewan Singh Pundsar          Flaindrs france 29-30 Nov 1914
Reference Dr Udaybeer Singh Panwar , 1990 Pratham Vishv Yudh me Garhwal Rifles kee Bhumika
     




 

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali prose maker-1
             Mohan Lal Negi :Great Garhwali Language Story teller
                                                          Bhishma Kukreti
              It is not possible to describe the history of Garhwali language story writing without mentioning the name of   Mohan Lal Negi. His contribution in Garhwali language modern story writing is remembered for accelerating the pace in Garhwali prose creation.
Born in 1930, Mohan lal Negi belongs to village Belgaon, Patti Athur of Tihri Garhwal. After graduation he completed L.L.b and started his practice as advocate in Tihri . He started to write in Hindi and published stories like ‘Tihri ke Ghataghar’ and ‘Naukar’ but after the influence of dr Mahaveer Gairola , he started to write in Garhwali .
      Mohan Lal Negi assisted Dr Mahaveer Gairola in editing, writing articles, publishing and distribution of ‘Naitiki’ magazine a quarterly magazine from Tihri.
  Mohan Negi  published his first collection of modern Garhwali language stories in 1967. Critics appreciated his work and called his work as mile stone in modern Garhwali language story world.  Negi  published his second modern story collection ‘ Burans ki Peed’. no doubt his stories are more of preaching and happy ending but there we find wit, reality and can see the historical happenings in Garhwal in his stories. ‘Dola Palaki’ is one example wherein he takes us the resistance shown by upper class against the Harijan using Dola Palki in their marriage procession. This story shows his capability to use reality and at the same time to hook the readers by his language, story telling style, creating tension because of conflicting situation or self interests of two individuals or classes , uses of common proverb for providing speed to story and common dialogues of his area.
The main specialty of Mohan Lal is to retain the dialects of Tihri area in his writing . He also wrote a novel ‘Jaumala’. He was influenced by Dr Mahaveer Gairola, therefore, the stories are having touch for dreaming  equality in the human society and at the same time shows the importance of spirituality too. Dr Mahaveer Gairola  is firm believer that if Communism should be deeply rooted in India communism should aquire Indian spirituality in its principles.
  Mohan Lal  was awarded for his writing by Jaishree Samman’ by Garhwali Bhasha Parishad , Dehradun. Jay Shri Samman and Navani Puruskar provided by private organizations but these two awards are equal to  Padma  award in Garhwali li literature.
  He also carved the pictures of Gandhi, Lenin, Radhakrishnan, Meerabai on copper plates an d was appreciated by art collectors and art lovers.
 Mohan Lal Negi will be remembered for his stories publication when there was a strong wave of creating poetries in Garhwali language specially in Delhi (in sixties to nineties Delhi was also capital of Garhwali language creativity) and for insisting regional dialects in Garhwali literature.
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Pahadi Chitrakala
Art of Himalaya
Garhwali Art and Artists (painters)
Artists of Garhwal and Kumaun
 Ajab Ram :Who Painted Kumvar Sudarshan Shah and Devi Singh ; and Fulvadi
                  Bhishma Kukreti
  World famous historian and expert of history of Garhwal Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral states that Ajab Ram was the contemporary of famous poet and fine painter Maula Ram (1743-1833) and must be disciple of Maula Ram . By reading his painting script , we may say that Ajab Ram used to live in the capital of Garhwal that is sShrinagar
  There are two paintings of Ajab Ram available now (Dr S P Dabral: Uttarakhand Ka itihas part-4 pp663) . Both the paintings are available in the Museum of Captain Shurbeer Singh Panwar Tihri Garhwal.
In one painting the price Sudarshan Shah and Price Devi Singh are hunting on horses with and bot the are having sword etc. .We may see the lions and other wild animals in the picture. The prices are in Mogul dresses
 In other painting of Ajab Ram, which is called Fulvadi; the queen is waiting for her love.
There are names of the artists on bot the paintings that is name of ajabram.
In Fulwadi, the script is as “ sn. 1858 ka jeth gate 20 dastkar ajabram vasinde Shrinagar’
 No doubt he paintings of Ajab Ram is not of that standard as his contemporaries were famous but his paintings tell that ajab Rm had class, talent and knew the fineness of colour, lining and shadow.
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Art of Himalaya
Art and artists of Garhwal and Kumaun, Uttarakhand
Garhwali Chitrkala
       Line  Drawing Artist and Painter    Bharat Singh Rautela
            Bhishma Kukreti
     There is no much detail available about birth and death of Bharat Singh Rautela. However, it is a known fact that Bharat Singh Rautela was contemporary of world famous drawing artist and painter Puran Chandra Badola of Badoli  Chaundkot, Pauri Garhwal . Bharat Singh Rautela spent his life in old Tihri till his death. He used to publish his drawings and paintings in famous magazines as Sarswati and Madhuri . Many of his paintings and line drawings are in Tihri Naresh Sangralaya Tihri.. Bhakt darshan praised his art and painting very much in many articles.
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Art of Himalaya
Himalayan Art and Artists
Art and Artists of Garhwal and Kumaun
Chaitu and Manku  : Who Painted  ‘Rape of the Yadav Women ‘ and ‘Krishna Tax  from a Gopi’
                                               Bhishma Kukreti
   
 ( Barrister Mukandi Lal is credited for popularizing the history of Garhwali ChitrKala or Garhwali art all over the globe. Dr Bhakt Darshan, Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral and dr Yashvant Singh Katoch, Dr shiv Prasad Naithani, Mohan Lal Babulkar, Dr Shiv Bahadur singh, Shri Budhi Ballabh Dyundi and Shrimati Durgavati Dyundi are praised for researches and popularizing  Garhwali art and its history )

    Chaitu and Manku brothers are famous artists of Garhwal, Himalaya . Though, there is no agreement among the historian for the village of Chaituand Manku and their life span, most of the historians and artists claim that Chaitu and Manku were contemporary artists of famous poet and artist Maularam (1743-1833)
 Chaitu and manku were born in village Rampur of Chalansyun Patti, Pauri Garhwal. Dr Katoch says that Chitram or Chaitu and Manak Ram or Manku were the last of Phadi Kala (Garhwali art) generation.
 Both lived in Shrinagar then the capital of Garhwal .
N C Mehta, Chakravatrti, Carl Khandlwala and Randhava did researches on Chaitu amnd Mankram .
 The paintings named ‘ Yadviyon ka haran or Rapes on Yadav Women’ and ‘krishn Dwara Kar Vasuli or Tax by Krishna’ are famous paintings of Chaitu and there are signatures of Chaitram on both the paintings.
 There is signature of ‘Chetaye te gher de‘ (From the house of Chaitu) ‘ on a painting ‘Rukmani Haran’ painting (is in Bharat Kala Sangrah)
 According to N C Mehta,   Manku is famous for  ‘ Geet Govind’ paintings
There is distinct effects of Kangada style on all the paintings of Chaitu and Manku.. Krishna is in the dress of Mughul style.
 
   
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Rajendra Prasad Dabral : The Expert of Water Colour and Portraits
                            Bhishma Kukreti
      Most of the drawing related migrated Uttarakhandi artists  have one exclusivity that most of the artists do not forget to paint/draw the natural beauty of Garhwal -Kumaun. Rajendra Prasad Dabral is such water colour painter and portraitist who never forget to draw some subject of Dabralsyun, Gangasalan , Pauri Garhwal , Hinwal river etc in his painting.
  Born on 5th July, 1950 in a village of Dabralsyun Gangasalan Pauri Garhwal, Rajendra Dabral completed his early schooling from  Matiyali Inter College, Sheela Patti.  Dabrals of Dabralsyun were famous for their studies in Sanskrit and it was said that the caws, buffalos and pets talk and interact in Sanskrit because there is one Sanskrit College in Timli Dabralsyun. However,  Rajendra had inclination towards art from his childhood. His relatives used to say that at the age of five or six child Rajendra used to draw pictures by wood coal and wherever the people used to find black picture, people of his village used to know that Rajendra spent some time there. Rajendra joined Lucknow College of arts and Crafts and got national diploma from there. After passing diploma , he completed his master degree in arts and Crafts from there. He worked for some time as designer with akhil Bhartiya Hast Shilp Mandal . He worked as designer in many documentary films as ‘Yudh xetra Me Jhansi  ki Rani and science related documentary films..later on Rajendra Dabral choose to teach art and craftsmanshipin Delhi.
   Rajnedra Dabral is expert of water colour and portraits . He exhibited his paintings and drawings  . Main exclusivity of Dabral is that Rajendra brings many images of rural Garhwal in his art. Once , he said to this author and Garhwali poet Vinod Uniyal that after so many years of migrating from his village,  he could not forget the beauty of Dabraksyun, the hills, the trees and specially river Hinwal.  This aspect forces him to bring images of Garhwal into his paintings and even in many portraits.
  He exhibited many times his paintings and portraits and got appreciations from national and international art critics. His paintings are in various national and international art museums.
  Kendriy Llit Kala  Acedemy and many organizations awarded Dabral for his devotion to art and paintings .
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Art Of Garhwal and Kumaun
 Artists, Art Critics of Uttarakhand
 Garhwali Chitrakala
   Puran Chandra Badola :
 Purna Chandra Badola : The Artist of Himalayan Images
  Purn Chandra Badola was the initiating artists who introduced Himalayan beauty, Garhwali community’s close relationship with environment to the international audience in forties . Badola was one of the artists who showed the differences between western and eastern art.
 Puran Chandra Badola was born on 1 December 1910 in Badoli village of Guradsyun Patti of Chaundlot region of Pauri Garhwal. Chaudkot region  Chaundkot region was very famous for his people taking social works very seriously and sacrificing their time, labour, earning for social causes as building schools, motor road, roads etc. it is said that British administration was sensitive about locals of Chaundkot for their social works intentions as the Raj would think such people would create adversaries for the Raj.
     After passing his middle school education from ekes war Puran Chandra Badola got training for Art from  Kala Vidyalaya. Lucknow ( then the  capital of United Province)  . Purn Chandra also got expertise in other art faculties and Photography. He is one of the founder members of Art faculty in Lucknow University. He used to exhibit his art to many places. He also exhibited his arts in Lainsdown ( 1938) and Kotdwar (1940). With famous artist and photographer, he traveled Badrinath, Kedarnath and other places of Himalayan range. He created many art and name the Himalayee -Chitravali or Himalayan Portraits . The artists and art critics  appraised his art talent and his Himalayan art attracted other artists to come to portrait Himalayan beauty.
       Badola used to exhibit his art here and there. However, his art got international recognition in Mysor Dashhar Art Exhibition in 1936 in Mysore. He gor appreciation and medals for his artistic works as ‘Sandhy Deep “ and Vismriti ka Pyala” . His best art painting work is ‘ Purb and Pashchim ki Sabhyata “
                   Puran Chandra Badola expired at  his young age of thirty three  only on  29 March 1943 in Hardwar. However, at that time he paved the ways for artists to pay attention on portraying Garhwal.
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KAILASH PANDEY/THET PAHADI

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नृत्यगुरू डॉ0 प्रो0 पूर्णिमा पाण्डे

उत्तराखण्ड की सांस्कृतिक नगरी अल्मोड़ा में जन्मी डा0 पूर्णिमा पाण्ड़े जी का नाम उन बहुचर्चित, बहुप्रशंसित, बहुलोकप्रिय कथक नृत्यांगनाओं में है जिन्होंने एक कुशल नृत्यांगना होने के साथ ही साथ एक कुशल प्रशासक के रूप में भी पर्याप्त ख्याति अर्जित की है। भारत के प्रतिष्ठित संगीत संस्थान भातखण्डे हिन्दुस्तानी संगीत महाविद्यालय लखनऊ की प्रथम महिला प्रधानाचार्य व भातखण्डे डीम्ड विश्वविद्यालय की प्रथम कुलपति होने का गौरव प्राप्त डा0 पाण्डे अपने आगामी सफर में एशिया के सर्वश्रेष्ठ संगीत एवं ललित कला प्रतिष्ठान इन्दिरा कला संगीत विश्वविद्यालय खैरागढ़ में कुलपति के पद पर रहीं। वर्तमान में आप अपनी जन्मभूमि उत्तराखण्ड की राजधानी देहरादून में संस्कृति विभाग के अन्तर्गत भातखण्डे हिन्दुस्तानी संगीत महाविद्यालय की सलाहकार के पद पर कार्यरत हैं।


Copyright@ Deepa Joshi, Nainital, Uttarakhand
Sabhar- Srujan se Patrika, Jan-March 2011

Bhishma Kukreti

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Artists and Art Critics of Himalaya
Artists of Garhwal and Kumaun
  Ray Sahib Ganga Singh Rana : A Botanical Artist and Portrait Artist
                       Bhishma Kukreti
      Ganga Singh Rana belonged to village Pakhola, Paukhal , Ajmer Patti , Gangasalan of Pauri Garhwal and was born in 1892
     Ganga Singh Rana started his career as Botanical artist in forest research Institute of Dehradun.  Ganga Sing was expert artist of plants and their inner organs . Ganga Singh went to London for study in art and he learnt there many finer points for professional work of botanical art.
    After leaving Forest research Institutes , Ganga Singh Rana  joined the Royal court of Mharaja of Patiyal and used to portrait court works as and when required. In patiyal, he became very famous artist and portrait artist . Rana also became famous among British royals in India and England.
 Viceroy Lord Linlithgo offered him to portrait many personal and official portraits . Lord Linlithgo was very much impressed by the artistic works of Rana. Britsh Raj honoured Ganga Singh Rana for his esteemed work on art   as  of ‘Ray Sahib”
 Ganga Singh Rana expired in 1969 in Dehradun
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