Author Topic: Personalities of Uttarakhand/उत्तराखण्ड की प्रसिद्ध/महान विभूतियां  (Read 126558 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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                 Bhavani Datt Thapliyal: First Modern Garhwali Playwright
              Garhwali Dramatists/Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists -2 
                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti
 
          Bhavani Datt Thapliyal is first Modern Playwright of Garhwali Language. Bhavani Datt Thapliyal wrote two major Modern Stage Plays in Garhwali Language.
  Bhavani Datt Thapliyal was born in Khaid village, Mawalsyun of Pauri Garhwal in 1867.  The first Modern Garhwali dramatist Bhawani Datt Thapliyal expired on 29th April 1932. His grandson Urmil Thapliyal is famous Dramatist of Hindi and Garhwali.
  Bhawani Datt Thapliyal worked with state service in District Board of British Raj. Bhawani Datt Thapliyal started Hindi poetry in his literature career but later on shifted to Garhwali language literature.   Bhawani Datt Thapliyal published a few Garhwali poems too.
      Bhawani Datt Thapliyal wrote Garhwali Language Jay Vijay Drama in 1911.  However, he wrote Bhakta Prahlad in 1913 before jay Vijay. Since, Bhakt Prahlad was first published in 1930 that is why ‘Bhakta Prahlad’ play is called first Modern Garhwali Stage Play. In reality Jay Vijay is first written second Garhwali Stage Play.
 There are other plays are as part of Bhakt Prahlad as Baba ji Ki kapal Kriya, Faundar ki Kachhedi.
 Bhawani Datt used the epic as base for his dramas. The playwright was capable of showing the corrupt methods in British Raj. There are many social, cultural, administrative, educational ills shown in the dramas and surprisingly, the dramas are still relevant. The theme did not lose its relevancy at all. It might be said that the subject are evergreen in the dramas of Bhavani Datt Thapliyal.
 The characters are named in such way that the dramas become interesting. Many characters as Murkhanand, Ghimnadu, Durachari Durmati, Jimindar Ji  are symbolic characters and are still relevant in the society.
 The dialogues clear the situation very effectively as –
Bin pani Banji Sar, Beej bhi Khaigaun Kismatmaar.
Gothan Goru Gay Gothyar, Mai Jimindar Ji Jimindaar Ji
 Characterization is perfect in his dramas. The dialogues are effective in exposing psychological aspects of the character.
Durmati- Jhatpat Utha Danda aur Jaldi Lhau Gunda, Bhukunda
Doot- A ! kya bolde -khund balinda? Hajur ! tana Hukm na deva abinda, jabki kakhi ni rayo Jangal ka Jhinda ! Khan ni Milda falinda, Jaganu ni Milda Sirkanda, Ghasau ni milda Binda, Tab bol daun mi kakhai lhaun Khunda Balinda?
 The dialogues are the central points of Dramas by Thapliyal. The dialogues are sharp, satirical with lot of humor. Thapliyal also offered songs to speed up dramas or for creating the atmosphere as required. The prose dialogues are also in poetic design and having flow.
        The place of Bhawani Datt Thapliyal in World Drama is as of Russian Playwrights Alexander Ablesimov, Leonid Andreyev, German Playwrights as August W Iffland,  Bertolt Brecht, Horvath,  Goethe;  French Playwrights as  Antonin Artaud, Ionesco,  Zola, Sartre; UK English Playwrights as  William Shakespeare, Arthur Miller, Denmark Henrick Ibsen etc.  in the world drama.   
     
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 12/4 2015
                                 References
Garhwal Chitrashaili ke Unnayak Barrister Mukandi Lal
Dr Anil Dabral, Garhwali Gadya ki Parampara
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Matyeki Ganga
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Dramas
Marjorie Boulton, The Anatomy of Drama
Eugene Vale, The Technique of Screenplay Writing
Xx
Notes on Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Dehradun Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Haridwar Garhwal;




Bhishma Kukreti

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Ishwari Datt Juyal: A Garhwali Playwright of Social Theme

Garhwali Dramatists/ Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists -8 
                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti
               Less is known about Ishwari Datt Juyal ‘Sharma’. Ishwari Datt Juyal was born in village Khettu of Khatali Patti, district Pauri Garhwal. Ishwari Datt Juyal joined Indian railway in Karachi (now Pakistan). Ishwari Datt Juyal was also a social worker in Karachi. He took active part in Pravasi Garhwali Organization of Karachi.
 Ishwari Datt Juyal wrote, published a Garhwali stage Play ‘Parivartan’ in 1934. The play was also staged in Karachi in the same year.
             Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna remarked about the drama by Juyal,” The dialogues, language and screenplay are marvelous in this social drama- Parivartan”.  The dialogues are mixture of Hindi and Garhwali and are the source of bringing involvement of the audience.
         The following is an example of dialogues in the drama Parivartan by Ishwari Datt Juyal –
A-Mausa Ji! Hamku ayan bhaut din huya hain. Tu to badaa aadim hai hamkun thai milne ko bhi nai ayaa
B- Aajkal bhai Ji Karachi ma fukafat machyan hai
             Garhwali literature creator Hari Datt Bhatt appreciated the sharpness of language. The play shows that past and present are wound around each other.
               The story is about the migrated Garhwalis and Garhwali village. Due to migration, the changes were taking place in Garhwal not only in physical dimensions but in the thought processes of migrated Garhwalis and Garhwalis in the village too. The drama writer Ishwari Datt Juyal was able to show these changes and the struggle or conflicts happenings because of changes.
     Ishwari Datt Juyal was able to mirror the society of his time in Parivartan drama.
 Ishwari Datt Juyal wrote other Literature genre as Poetry in Garhwali and Hindi. However, while he was returning from Karachi he lost all his writings. After independence, Juyal had to shift to Saharanpur.
            Ishwari Datt Juyal expired on 18th April 1969 in Saharanpur.
 Ishwari Datt Juyal is always remembered for social dramas in Garhwali Dramas. The critics place Ishwari Datt Juyal as playwright as they place Diane Samuels;  Chayale Ash in world theatre. 

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai India 14/4/15
                                 References
Garhwal Chitrashaili ke Unnayak Barrister Mukandi Lal
Dr Anil Dabral, Garhwali Gadya ki Parampara
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Matyeki Ganga
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Dramas
Marjorie Boulton, The Anatomy of Drama
Eugene Vale, The Technique of Screenplay Writing
XX
 Notes on World’s Great Playwrights, Great Asian Playwrights; South Asian Great Playwrights; Great Indian Playwrights, Great North Indian Playwrights; Great Himalayan Playwrights, Great Mid Himalayan Playwrights; Great Uttarakhandi Playwrights, Great Garhwali Playwrights to be continued.. Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Dehradun Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Haridwar Garhwal;,  to be continued



Bhishma Kukreti

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Long Poetry Poet Vishnudas: A Prominent Braj Language Poet of Gurkha/Gorkha Period in Garhwal

Disregard for Garhwali Scholars in Garhwal in Gurkha /Gorkha Period -2

History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 32
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -97   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -616
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

             Gurkha /Gorkha Administration disregarded the scholars of Garhwal and did not offer shelters any type of scholars.
 However, creative scholars were busy in creating literature of different kinds by their own.
           One of prominent scholars was Braj Long Poetry Poet Vishnudas. Barrister Mukandilal brought Braj Poet Vishnudas of Garhwal in lime light. The manuscript of Long Braj Poetry ‘Rukmani Mangal ‘ by  Poet Vishnu Das was found with the manuscripts of Maularam with heirs of Maularam. The drawing artists as Maularam drew arts on the basis of poetries by Vishnudas in ‘Rukmani Mangal’. That is why historians as Dr S.P Dabral state that Braj Poet Vishnudas was contemporary to Maularam.
   Vishnudas was great Braj poet but could not get fame as Gorkha Administrators were not interested at all for offering situation to Literature Creators and Scholars becoming Famous in Garhwal and out of Garhwal.
            The emotions, the raptures, the style of Long Braj Poetry of ‘Rukmani Mangal’ are remarkable and prove that Vishnudas was one of great Braj Language Poets.
            Mukandilal got the part of ‘Rukmani Mangal’ manuscript from cosine of Balakram (heir of Maularam) of Shrinagar. Barrister Mukandilal handed over the manuscript to Dr Joshi the director of Lucknow Museum. However, now, nobody knows whereabouts of that valuable manuscript.


*Dr Dabral had offered chronological accounts of various manuscripts of Maularam including Vishnudas in Memorial book on Mukandilal edited by Bhaktdarshan.
** History, Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal...Remaining part, read in next chapter

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 21/4//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -617
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

                           


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Vasvanand Bahuguna: The Great Astrologer of Garhwal of Gurkha Period
Disregard for Garhwali Scholars in Garhwal in Gurkha /Gorkha Period -3

History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 33
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -98   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -617
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
              Gurkha administration never supported scholars of Garhwal in their regime. However, individually, tens of scholars were famous scholars at that time too.
 Vasvanand /Vasva Nand Bahuguna was one of such Astrologers of Garhwal in Gurkha Period who was also famous in Punjab of Ran Singh.
    Himalaye Swargsamanbhumau prakhyat bahugun-viprashyh
Tapodhanh suryasmanteja shrivasvanand dwijo babhuv
             (In collection of Shridharanand Bahuguna, Reference; Prem Datt Chamoli, Sanskrit ko Garhwal ki Den, page 239-241)
               There is no knowledge of birth place of Astrologer Vasvanand Bahuguna) (Dr Dabral wrote Bhardwaj instead of Bahuguna).   Dr Dabral stated that Ramdatt Jyotirvid of Kumaon brought ‘Prashnasindhu’ by great astrologer Vasvanand in lime light. Dr Prem Datt Chamoli states that Nirnay Sagar Press published ‘Prashnasindhu’ in 1896. Venkateshwar Press Mumbai published ‘Prashnasindhu’ in 1905.
 In ‘Prashnasindhu’, Vasvanand offered his introduction that his grandfather was Guna Nand and father name was Lilanand. Vasvanand mention that while living in prosperous western country, at Sujanpur, he completed ‘Prashnasindhu’ on Sanvat Shake 1739, (29th January 1818) Friday. His father Lilanand was Court Astrologer of Garhwal King. Vasvanand was also Court Astrologer for Garhwali Shah King. That means that he was born before 1790 and expired around 1830 (Bhakta Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangat Vibhutiyan).
 Vasvanand travelled Mayakoti, Kimaota, Saudi, Matargaon etc.
 When British rule started he ran away from Shrinagar or his native place (Kuthar or Pokhri) and travelled to Dhangu, Udaipur Garhwal, Nazibabad, Punjab and Indore. King Ranjit Singh was impressed by knowledge of Vasvanand.
               Prashnasindhu an Astrology Book   
        Vasvanand Bahuguna wrote more than three books but ‘Prashnasindhu’ is available now (Dr. Prem Datt Chamoli).  in the introduction of 
In the introduction of ‘Singh Makarsth Guru Meemansa’, Pundit Vasvanand Khanduri mentions a book ‘Muhart Sar’ by Vasvanand Bahuguna
           Prashna Sindhu starts by prayers of Shripati, Ganesh, Shiva, and Parvati. There are solutions for various problems and questions through various Signs (Chinh).
  Vasvanand Bahuguna divided ‘Prashnasindhu’ into ‘Taranga’ and not Adhyaya or Chapters. There are following Tarangas in ‘Prashnasindhu’ by Astrologer Vasvanand –
1-Shubhashubhnamk
2-Gamagmashya
3-Jayajayashya
4-Chaurvidhanashya
5-Mishrakashya
6-Doshabhidhan:
7-Jalabhidhan
8-Vanshobhidhan
   Great Astrologer Vasvanand explained and describes the signs of auspicious and non auspicious signs and their respective results.  As the sound of Shanka, Mridang, Veena, Hathi , Hans, gau, Ghoda are auspicious signs and Gadha , Bhains are non auspicious Signs.
 In Gamagmanshya, Great Astrologer Vasvanand discusses about travel, arrivals reaching etc.
                    Mishrakashya Taranga
   Mishrakashya Tarang is largest one having 25 Poems.
In Mishrakashya Taranga, Great Astrologer Vasvanand talks about miscellaneous subjects as –
Colors of Navgrahas and Akar (form descriptions)
Mansi Chitta Vichar (Psychological questions and conclusions for astrology)
Paraspar Prem Prashna (Love Dialogues between questioners)
Santati me Kanya-Putra Labh (Astrological conclusions about daughter and Son birth)
Vivah (Marriages)
Dhanlabh( Profits)
Stricharitra (Characteristics of Women)
Saras aur Neeras( Pleasure and Non Pleasure Aspects)
Bhojanprapti (Aspects of Food)
Swapna (Dreams and their meanings)
Sidhi (Accomplishments)
               Doshabhidhan Taranga
 Doshabhidhan Taranga is also important. There are importances of following aspects in recovering a patient –
Gram devta or village deity
Kul devta (Family Deity)
Narsingh deity
Pitar (forefathers)
Pretbhaya (Fear from deceased Souls)
Vat, Pit and Kaf descriptions their effects and curing
 Same way, Astrologer offers various aspects of Astrology in other Taranga of ‘Prashnasindhu’. 
 The language and style of ‘Prashnasindhu’ is simple and easy to follow too. Vasvanand mentions his name at the end of each Taranga.
 
 
** History, Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal...Remaining part, read in next chapter

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/4//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -618
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

XXX
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ks kumson psr Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal, Uttarakhand;कुमाऊं , उत्तराखंड का इतिहास ; गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड का इतिहास ; डोटी , पूर्व उत्तराखंड का इतिहास ;गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का कुमाऊं पर अधिकार इतिहास ; गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का गढ़वाल पर अधिकार इतिहास ; गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का हिमाचल पर अधिकार इतिहास ; गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का  इतिहास ; नेपाल इतिहास
Xx
History Astrology and Astrologers in Garhwal; History Astrology and Astrologers in Pauri Garhwal; History Astrology and Astrologers in Chamoli Garhwal; History Astrology and Astrologers in Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Astrology and Astrologers in Tehri Garhwal; History Astrology and Astrologers in Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Astrology and Astrologers in Dehradun Garhwal; History Astrology and Astrologers in Haridwar Garhwal; Sanskrit Scholars of Garhwal; Sanskrit Scholars of Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Sanskrit Scholars of Garhwal, Himalaya ; Sanskrit Scholars of Garhwal, North India; Sanskrit Scholars of Garhwal, South Asia;
                  ::: ====स्वच्छ भारत!  स्वच्छ भारत ! बुद्धिमान भारत====:::



Bhishma Kukreti

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                                                                                                                              SBK
Acharya Shridhar Prasad Baluni: Great Sanskrit Scholar of Garhwal                                                                                                       
          History of Sanskrit Literature Development in Garhwal Series
History of Sanskrit Literature Development in Garhwal part-1

                        Internet Presentation- Bhishma Kukreti

    Acharya Shridhar Baluni is famous for creating Sanskrit Epic, Stotram Kavya (Prayer Poetry) and Life Sketches.
            Acharya Shridhar Baluni was born in village Bagi, Patti Ajmer, Pauri Garhwal on 12th January 1941. His grandfather Baijram Baluni and father Shrikrishna Baluni were famous Karmkandi Brahmin and famous astrologers.  His mother‘s name was Dhanwanti Devi .His wife Arpana Devi is granddaughter of great Sanskrit Scholar Sada Nanad Dabral and daughter of Vidya Datt Dabral of Timli, Dabralsyun, Pauri Garhwal.
  Acharya Shridhar Baluni published following Sanskrit Literature –
1-Epic Dashmesh Charitam with Hindi translation
2- Badreesh Stotram
3-Kedarnath Stotram
4- Gururam Rai Charitamritam
Acharya Shridhar Baluni published articles in various magazines too.
  Acharya Shridhar Baluni got primary education from Bagi . He got his Uttar Madhyama degree from Adarsh Sanskrit Pathshala’, Timli, Dabralsyun, Pauri Garhwal. He passed Shastri and Acharya degree from Sampurna Nand Sanskrit University, Banaras.
 Acharya Shridhar Baluni taught first in Timli Sanskrit Viadyalay from 1957-58, Then Acharya Shridhar Baluni taught in Janta Inter College, Khirsu, Pauri Garhwal from 1963-1966. Acharya Shridhar Baluni then shifted to Delhi. Acharya Shridhar Baluni taught there as lecturer from 1966-1990. Acharya Shridhar Baluni retired as Principal.
Acharya Shridhar Baluni is also a social workers and is connected to Delhi Sanskrit Academy, Akhil Bhartiy Sanskrit Sammelan and Sanatan Dharm Sabha Delhi.



Copyright@ Alright Reserved
Presented by Bhishma Kukreti 28/4/2105
History of Sanskrit Literature Development in Garhwal to be continued in next part

                        Main Sources
1-Dr Prem Datt Chamoli, Garhwal Ki Sanskrit Sahitya ko Den, Dehradun, India
2- Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas (12 Khand), Dogadda, Garhwal, India
3- Dr Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
Xx
Sanskrit Literature Development by Scholars from Garhwal; Contribution of Sanskrit Literature Development by Scholars from Pauri Garhwal; Contribution of Sanskrit Literature Development by Scholars from Chamoli Garhwal;  Sanskrit Literature Development by Scholars from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Sanskrit Literature Development by Scholars from Tehri Garhwal; Sanskrit Literature Development by Scholars from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Sanskrit Literature Development by Scholars from Dehradun Garhwal;




Bhishma Kukreti

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            अमाड़ी (उदयपुर ) के प्रसिद्ध संस्कृत विद्वान आचार्य बुद्धिबल्लभ
               (गंगासलाण के प्रसिद्ध संस्कृत विद्वान शश्रृंखला )
        इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति - भीष्म कुकरेती
आचार्य बुद्धिबल्लभ का नाम संस्कृत साहित्य में आदर के साथ लिया जाता है।  आचार्य बुद्धिबल्लभ  को उनके मुक्तक संस्कृत काव्य 'रसकलसी' के कारण जाना जाता है। रसकलसी काव्य में प्रारम्भ में शृंगार की अधिकता है किन्तु बाद के खंड में कब्बाली , समस्यापूर्ति , प्रहेलिका संबंधित कविताओं ने नवीनता प्रधान की है। यह एक प्रयोग सफल प्रयोग कहा जाता है।
    आचार्य बुद्धिवल्ल्भ का जन्म अमाड़ी , तल्ला उदयपुर , पौड़ी गढ़वाल में 15 जून 1936 ई को क्षेत्र के प्रसिद्ध ज्योतिषी पंडित रविदत्त के घर हुआ।  उनकी माता का नाम शाखादेवी था।  बुद्धिवल्ल्भ के प्रपितामह पंडित खिमानन्द भी ज्योतिषी व वैद्य थे।  उनके पितामह  बालदत्त था जो यशवान वैद थे।  बुद्धिवल्ल्भ के अन्य भाइयों में कुमुद प्रसाद आचार्य -शिक्षक थे  , भास्कर प्रसाद ज्योतिषी हुए तो वेणी प्रसाद व्याकरणाचार्य हुए।
  आचार्य वुद्धिवल्ल्भ की प्रारम्भिक शिक्षा गाँव में ही हुयी व फिर शिक्षा हरिद्वार में ऋषिकुल ब्रह्मचर्य आश्रम में हुयी।  1958 -59 को उन्होंने व्याकरणाचार्य की परीक्षा पास की व 1964 में विद्यावाचस्पति। 
ऋषिकुल ब्रम्ह्चर्य आश्रम में वे अध्यापक  रहे व 1960 -1964 तक सप्तर्षि आश्रम में प्रधानाचार्य रहे।
    उनके निम्न स्कस्कृत काव्य हैं -
रसकलसी
उद्धवशतक
हिंदी में उनका काव्य संग्रह 'जागो वीर जवानो जागो ' प्रसिद्ध हुआ ।
आचार्य बुद्धिवल्ल्भ  कई सामजिक कार्यों में सदा सलग्न रहे जैसे प्रादेशिक संस्कृत विद्यालय अध्यपक संघटन के वे संस्थापक सदस्यों में से एक हैं।  १९७९ में उन्होंने उर्दू को द्वितीय राजभाषा बनाने का विरोध आंदोलन में भाग लिया और 1967 में गौहत्या विरोधी आंदोलन में एक महीना कारवास भी भोगा। वे अखिल भारतीय जागरण समिति में भी हमेशा क्रियाशील रहे।
उनके दो पुत्र -द्विजेन्द्र वल्ल्भ व महेंद्र वल्ल्भ हैं।
उनका वर्तमान निवास हरिकला , हरिद्वार है।




Bhishma Kukreti

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      तिमली डबरालस्यूं के प्रसिद्ध संस्कृत विद्वान डा अशोक कुमार डबराल

             (गंगासलाण के प्रसिद्ध संस्कृत विद्वान शश्रृंखला -2 )
        इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति - भीष्म कुकरेती
 तिमली  ( डबरालस्यूं )ने संस्कृत , हिंदी व गढ़वाली साहित्य को कई प्रख्यात साहित्यकार दिए हैं। इनमे से एक हैं डा अशोक कुमार डबराल।
डा अशोक कुमार डबराल संस्कृत के सिद्ध कवि पंडित सदानंद डबराल के पौत्र , दार्शनिक , कवि , विद्वान श्री विद्यादत्त के पुत्र याने डा पार्थ सारथि डबराल व डा श्री विलास डबराल के चचेरे भाई हैं।
डा अशोक डबराल का जन्म तिमली , डबरालस्यूं , पौड़ी गढ़वाल , उत्तराखंड में 14  अप्रैल सन 1943 को हुआ। 
इन्होने देवीखेत में आधारिक शिक्षा पाई व तिमली संस्कृत पाठशाला से मध्यमा की शिक्षा ग्रहण की।  , कशी से साहित्य शास्त्री , आगरा वि वि से 1968 म एमए (संस्कृत ) , 1974 में मेरठ वि वि से एमए हिंदी व चरण सिंह वि वि से 1999 में पीएचडी डिग्री हासिल की।
1962 से 2001 तक अध्यापन कार्य किया और साहित्य सेवा की।
इनके निम्न पुस्तकें छप चुकी हैं
देवात्मा हिमालय -संस्कृत महाकव्य (2004 )
धुक्षते हा धरती - संस्कृत महाकाव्य (2005 )
चन्द्रसिंघस्य गर्जितम् - संस्कृत लघुनाटक प्रकाशित
दायाद्यम् - संस्कृत नाटकम् प्रकाशित
प्रतिज्ञानम् - संस्कृत नाटकम् प्रकाशित
निम्न साहित्य अप्रकाशित है
अथ इति -हिंदी महाकव्य
लिप्टस - हिंदी कहानी संग्रह
मधुमास -हिंदी काव्य संग्रह
एक हमाम में सब नंगे - हिंदी ललित निबंध
  डा अशोक डबराल की धर्मपत्नी डा सुशीला ढौंडियाल डबराल भी साहित्यकार हैं और डा सुशीला ने डा अशोक के महाकाव्यों का हिंदी में अनुवाद किया है।
डा डबराल ने काव्य में नई विधाओं का समिश्रण किया है और उनके साहित्य की भुरु भूरि प्रशसा हुयी है।

 
 **** डा प्रेम दत्त चमोली की गढ़वाल की संस्कृत साहित्य को देन से साभार
  स्वच्छ भारत ! स्वच्छ भारत ! बुद्धिमान भारत ! 
 

Bhishma Kukreti

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तिमली डबराल स्यूं की बहू संस्कृत -हिंदी विदुषी - सुशीला ढौंडियाल डबराल

     (गंगासलाण के प्रसिद्ध संस्कृत विद्वान शश्रृंखला -3  )
        इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति - भीष्म कुकरेती
 सुशीला ढौंडियाल का संस्कृत साहित्य प्रसार में योगदान अभिन्न है।
सुशीला ढौंडियाल डबराल का जन्म डुमलोट , ढौंडियालस्यूं , पौड़ी गढ़वाल में १५ अगस्त १९४७ को हुया।    सुशीला ढौंडियाल के पिता का नाम महेशचंद्र व माता का नाम रामप्यारी था।
प्राथमिक शिक्षा गाँव में हुयी और हाइ स्कूल पौड़ी से। इनका विवाह तिमली के डा अशोक डबराल से साथ हुआ।  विवाह बाद ही सुशीला ने एमए हिंदी व एमए संस्कृत में किया।  १९७५ तक सुशीला ने कई जगह अध्यापकी की।
सुशीला ढौंडियाल डबराल का योगदान संस्कृत प्रसार में महत्वपूर्ण है . सुशीला ने निम्न दो संस्कृत महाकाव्यों का अनुवाद हिंदी में किया
देवात्मा -हिमालयः
धुक्षते धरती
दोनों महाकाव्य के रचयिता डा अशोक डबराल हैं।
सुशीला का योगदान योगविद्या प्रचार में भी महत्वपूर्ण है


 **** डा प्रेम दत्त चमोली की गढ़वाल की संस्कृत साहित्य को देन से साभार
--
 
 
  स्वच्छ भारत ! स्वच्छ भारत ! बुद्धिमान भारत !

Bhishma Kukreti

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डबरालस्यूं के ललिता प्रसाद डबराल : प्राचीन संस्कृत सहित्य के संपादक

    (गंगासलाण के प्रसिद्ध संस्कृत विद्वान श्रृंखला -4   )
        इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति - भीष्म कुकरेती

 श्री ललिता प्रसाद डबराल के बारे में अधिक जानकारी नही मिल सकी है। केवल यही जानकारी हासिल है कि ललिता प्रसाद डबराल ने स्वतंत्रता नन्द नाथ विचरित 'मातृकाचक्र विवेक ' कुशल सम्पादन किया है।
संस्कृत साहित्य के प्रसिद्ध इतिहासकार डा प्रेम दत्त चमोली लिखते हैं कि 'मातृकाचक्र विवेक' का संपादन , संशोधन एवं 13 पृष्ठों में संस्कृत भाषा में विद्वतापूर्ण भूमिका का लेखन ललिता प्रसाद डबराल ने किया है।
'मातृकाचक्र विवेक '  तांत्रिक परम्परायुक्त है।  भूमिका में संपादक ने तांत्रिक दृष्टिकोण स्पष्ट किया है।  ग्रन्थ के संपादित स्वरूप को शुद्धि पत्रादि विवरण के साथ भूमिका में बीजों एवं तत्वों का स्पष्ट विवेचन भूमिका में दी गयी है।
भूमिका में ग्रन्थ का परिचय संसक्षिप्त रूप में हुआ है और ललिता प्रसाद डबराल ने  कठिनाईयों का चित्रण भी किया है जिनके कारण ग्रन्थ शुद्धि का कार्य कठिन हुआ है।
संपादकत्व की दृष्टि से ग्रन्थ उत्तम है।
1977 में ग्रन्थ नागरी प्रचारणी सभा , विशेस्वर गंज , वाराणसी में उपलब्ध था।



 **** डा प्रेम दत्त चमोली की गढ़वाल की संस्कृत साहित्य को देन से साभार

Bhishma Kukreti

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 Viddya  Datt Dabral :  Sanskrit Scholar and Vyas
तिमली , डबराल स्यूं के विद्यादत्त डबराल : संस्कृत हिंदी टीकाकार

  (गंगासलाण के प्रसिद्ध संस्कृत विद्वान श्रृंखला -6   )
        इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति - भीष्म कुकरेती

     सदानंद डबराल कृत 'रासविलास' का हिंदी टीका स्व विद्यादत्त डबराल ने लिखी है।
विद्यादत्त डबराल का जन्म संस्कृत के प्रकांड विद्वान श्री सदानंद डबराल हुआ।  विद्या दत्त डबराल का जन्म 1 जनवरी 1919 को तिमली , डबरालस्यूं , पौड़ी गढ़वाल में हुआ।  उनका प्राथमिक शिक्षण तिमली में हुआ , माउन्ट आबू में फिर पुराण आदि की शिक्षा ग्रहण की।  1939 से 1969 तक विद्यादत्त डबराल तिमली संस्कृत पाठशाला के अध्यापक व वाद में प्रधानाचार्य रहे। 1952 में वनारस से शास्त्री की डिग्री हासिल की।  1937 में विद्यादत्त का विवाह ख्याड़ा , उदयपुर के ज्योतिषी भवानी दत्त कुकरेती की सुपुत्री सौ सत्यभामा से हुआ। विद्यादत्त की हस्तलेखनी इतनी सुंदर थी कि रुड़की से सरकारी नौकरी की नियुक्ति पत्र ही इसलिए मिला कि विद्याद्त की लेखनी सुंदर थी।  श्री सदानंद ने सरकारी नौकरी करने की अनुमति नही दी।
संस्कृत साहित्य की दृष्टि से 'रासविलास'की टीका एक महत्वपूर्ण ग्रन्थ है।  विद्यादत्त ने प्रत्येक पद्य का अन्वय सहित व्याख्या की और यथार्थ भाव को ध्यान में रख शब्दार्थ को महत्व दिया।
विद्याद्त अपने समय के प्रख्यात व्यास थे और लोग पुराण कथा सुनने मीलों दूर से आते थे। हाँ खाने -पीने -घूमने के सदा शौक़ीन थे।
1993 विद्याद्त डबराल ब्रह्मलीन हुए।


 **** डा प्रेम दत्त चमोली की गढ़वाल की संस्कृत साहित्य को देन से साभार
* डा नन्द किशोर ढौंडियाल , गढ़वाल की दिवंगत विभूतियाँ से साभार
x
Viddya Datt Dabral a Sanskrit Scholar from Timli, Viddya Datt Dabral a Sanskrit Scholar from Dabralsyun; Viddya Datt Dabral a Sanskrit Scholar from Pauri Garhwal; Sanskrit  Scholars from Garhwal; Sanskrit Scholars from Pauri Garhwal;Sanskrit Scholars from Chamoli Garhwal; Sanskrit Scholars from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Sanskrit Scholars from Tehri Garhwal;Sanskrit Scholars from Uttarkashi Garhwal;Sanskrit Scholars from Dehradun Garhwal;Sanskrit Scholars from Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Sanskrit Scholars from Garhwal, North India
स्वच्छ भारत ! स्वच्छ भारत ! बुद्धिमान भारत !

 

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