Author Topic: Nainital - नैनीताल  (Read 42609 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Nainital - नैनीताल
« on: November 03, 2007, 10:07:50 AM »
दोस्तो, 

नैनीताल अपनी सुन्दरता के लिए सारी दुनिया मे प्रसिद्ध है ! अग्रेजों के समय मे नैनीताल उनका ग्रीष्म कालीन राजधानी हुआ करती थी ! इसे अलावा शिक्षा के दृष्टि से भी नैनीताल का नाम बहुत प्रसिद्ध है.!

आएये नैनीताल के बारे मे विस्तृत से जाने !

एम0 एस0 मेहता 

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #1 on: November 03, 2007, 10:09:41 AM »
नैनीताल में मनाये जाने वाले "नन्दा-सुनन्दा" महोत्सव की जानकारी के लिये निम्न लिंक देखें..
 
http://www.merapahadforum.com/religious-places-of-uttarakhand/nainital's-historic-nanda-sunanda-festival


नैनीताल "64 शक्ति पीठों" में से एक है।. यह मानना है कि माँ सती की बाँयी आँख (नयन) यहां पर गिरी थी, जिससे नैनीताल शहर का उदगम हुआ। यह भी कहा जाता है कि नैनी झील आँख के आकार में हैं। इस प्रकार  नैना और ताल से मिल कर नैनीताल नाम बना।
 




एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #2 on: November 03, 2007, 10:18:36 AM »
Nainital Lake 
 
 
The nucleus of Nainital’s exquisite beauty is beautiful lake .In the day ,mirrored in its waters stand seven proud hills,dotted with pretty cottages and villas . This reflection alone holds one spell bound. More beautiful than this however is the lake at night when the myriads of bulbs from the hill sides and quite a large number hanging near the lake’s edge stab their magic light into its waters.

The lake offers the holiday makers ample opportunity for yachting, boating or paddling the boat. Boating rates in conventional rowing boats ranges from Rs. 30/- to Rs. 50/- in peak season days from one end of lake to another end. Paddling boats are available on hourly rate from Rs. 50/- to Rs. 90/- depending on type of paddle boat and tourist rush. Rowing as well as paddling boats are available at both ends of lake.

The north end of lake is called Mallital while the southern one is called Tallital which have a bridge (Danth popularly named) having Gandhiji's statue and post office on its sides .It is the only Post Office on the lake bridge in whole of the world.There is Bus Station , Taxi stand and Railway reservation counter on the same lake bridge , both ends have well laid out shopping centres,with beautifully laid of marts ,stores and luxury shops.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #3 on: November 03, 2007, 10:26:06 AM »

Nainital in Mythology -  पौराणिक सम्बन्ध

It is believed that Nainital figures in some ancient myths of India. In the Manas Khand of the Skand Puranas, Nainital Lake is called Tri-Rishi-Sarovar, hinting at the story of three sages (or rishis), Atri, Pulastya and Pulaha, who, upon finding no water in Nainital, dig a large hole at the location of the present day lake (sarovar = lake) and fill it with water from the holy lake Manasarovar in Tibet. According to lore, a dip in Naini Lake, "the lesser Manasarovar," earns merit equal to a dip in the great lake.

It is also believed that Naini Lake is one of the 64 Shakti Peeths, or religious sites where parts of the charred body of Sati (Parvati) fell on earth while being carried by Lord Shiva. The spot where Sati's eyes (or Nain) fell, came to be called Nain-tal or [lake of the eye.] The goddess Shakti is worshipped at the Naina Devi Temple on the north shore of the present day lake.








एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #4 on: November 03, 2007, 10:30:27 AM »

British Period



St. John in the Wilderness, Nynee Tal, 1860The Kumaon Hills came under British rule after the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-16), but the hill station town of Naini Tal was founded only in 1841, with the construction of the first European house (Pilgrim Lodge) by P. Barron, a sugar trader from Shahjahanpur. In his memoir, he wrote: "It is by far the best site I have witnessed in the course of a 1,500 miles (2,414 kilometres) trek in the Himalayas."[3] In 1846, when a Captain Madden of the Bengal Artillery visited Naini Tal, he recorded that "houses were rapidly springing up in most parts of the settlement: some towards the crest of the limitary ranges were nearly 7,500 ft (2,286 m) above sea level: the rugged and woody Ayarpatta was being gradually planted and that the favourite sites were on the undulating tract of forest land which stretched back from the head of the lake to the base of China and Deopatta (Camel's Hump). The Church, St. John in the Wilderness, had been built, ..."[4] Soon, the town became a health resort favoured both by British soldiers and by colonial officials and their families trying to escape the heat of the plains. Later, the town also became the summer residence of the Governor of the United Provinces.




The Landslip of 1880

In September 1880 a landslide (the Landslip of 1880) occurred at the north end of the town, burying 151 people. The first known landslide had occurred in 1866, and in 1879 there was a larger one at the same spot, Alma Hill, but "the great slip occurred in the following year, on Saturday 18 September 1880."[4] "Two days preceding the slip there was heavy rain, ... 20 inches (508 millimetres) to 35 in (889 mm) fell during the 40 hours ending on Saturday morning, and the downpour still lasted and continued for hours after the slip. This heavy fall naturally brought down streams of water from the hill side, some endangering the Victoria Hotel, ... (which) was not the only building threatened ... Bell's shop, the Volunteer Orderly Room and the Hindu (Naina Devi) temple were scenes of labour with a view to diverting streams. At a quarter to two the landslip occurred burying those in and around the buildings mentioned above." The total number of dead and missing were 108 Indian and 43 British nationals. (See poem by Hannah Battersby on the page Literary references to Nainital.) The Assembly Rooms and the Naina Devi Temple were both destroyed in the disaster. A recreation area known as 'The Flats' was later built on the site and a new temple was also erected. To prevent further disasters, storm water drains were constructed and building bylaws were made stricter.





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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #5 on: November 03, 2007, 10:31:55 AM »
The Schools
 
Naini Tal, landslip in 1880In the latter half of the 19th century a number of "European" schools for boys and girls were founded in Nainital. During the Victorian and Edwardian eras, students in these schools consisted largely of children of British colonial officials or soldiers. In 1906, for example, there were over half a dozen such schools,[4] including the Diocesan Boys' School (later renamed Sherwood College) under the guidance of the Church of England; Philander Smith's College, maintained by an American; St. Joseph's College a Roman Catholic institution, Wellesley School an American institution; St. Mary's Convent High School, a Roman Catholic institution; All Saints Diocesan High School for Girls, under the Church of England, and Petersfield College for Girls.

In the 1920s and 30s, the schools began to admit more Indian students. This trend continued until independence, by which time the student bodies had become predominantly Indian, albeit in many cases greatly reduced in size. Later around 1983 another school called SAPS came up as a neighbour to Sherwoold college. SAPS which later came to be known as Amtuls achieved a remarkable place in the hierarchy of already well known schools of Nainital.

Transition

By the 1880s, a mere 40 years after its founding, Nainital had become something of an exclusive English preserve, with the Indian presence in the town confined largely to a behind-the-scenes labour and service industry, or to the occasional prince. This state of affairs lasted for much of the Victorian era. The first signs of change came early in the 20th century, when Indian bureaucrats and professionals began arriving in town as part of the annual migration of the state government of the United Provinces to Nainital every summer. The next big change came in 1925, when British civil servants began to receive subsidies for taking their annual vacations in England,[5] and, consequently, many stopped going to the hill stations in the summers. From then on until 1947 (excepting the war years), the British presence in Nainital (measured, for example, by home ownership) continued to decline and was gradually replaced by a burgeoning Indian presence.



Source... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nainital

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #6 on: November 03, 2007, 10:33:44 AM »

In and around Nainital

The Naina Devi Temple was destroyed by the landslip of 1880 and later rebuilt. It is located on the northern shore of Naini Lake. The presiding deity of the temple is Maa Naina Devi represented by two Netras or eyes. Flanking Naina Devi are the deities of Mata Kali and Lord Ganesha.

The church of St. John in the Wilderness was established in 1844 and is located on the north end of town (Mallital), about half a mile north-west of the Naina Devi temple. The church was so named by Daniel Wilson, the Bishop of Calcutta, who, after falling ill during a visit to Nainital in 1844 to lay the foundation of the church, was obliged to sleep in an unfinished house on the edge of the forest. (See excerpt from Josiah Bateman on the Literary references to Nainital page.) A brass plaque on the altar is inscribed with names of the victims of the Landslip of 1880.



Governor’s House also known Raj Bhavan and formerly, Government House was built in 1899 and designed in the Victorian Gothic domestic style (also called "domestic Gothic") by the architect F.W. Stevens. Originally built as the summer residence of the governor of the North West Province, it later became the summer residence for the Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces. Currently, Raj Bhavan is the official guest house for the governor of Uttarakhand and for visiting state guests. The complex consists of a two-storied mansion with 113 rooms, a large garden, a swimming pool, and golf links. Obtaining prior permission is must for visiting.

Snow View is situated at an altitude of 2,270 m (7,448 ft) and located atop the Sher-ka-danda Ridge (north by north-east of the town centre), is easily reachable by cable car. On a clear day, it offers spectacular views of the snowbound high Himalaya, including Nanda Devi, Trisul, and Nanda Kot. The best time of the year for viewing the mountains is late October and November. (See excerpts from Joseph Fayrer on the Literary references to Nainital page.)

Naina Peak also known as China or Cheena Peak. Naina peak is the highest peak in the town, with an altitude of 2,615 m (8,579 ft). and at a walking distance of 6 km (4 mi) from the north end of the town (Mallital). From atop the peak, one cannot only see a broad swath of the snow clad high Himalaya, but also obtain a panoramic view of Nainital town itself. The summit is an invigorating hike from Nainital town; in addition, for the less energetic visitors, ponies can be hired in Mallital or on Snow View.

Tiffin Top also known as Dorothy's Seat (Tiffin = light meal eaten during the day). This terraced hill top (2,292 m (7,520 ft)) on Ayarpatta hill is a 4 km (2 mi) hike from the town centre and commands a nice view of the neighbouring country side. Dorothy's Seat is a stonework picnic perch on Tiffin Top built as a memorial to an English artist, Dorothy Kellet, by her husband and admirers after her death in a plane crash.

The High Court of Uttarakhand formerly known as The Old Secretariat.

Gurney House is the former residence, of Jim Corbett, is located on Ayarpatta Hill. The house is now a museum of Corbett memorabilia. The surrounding hillside is rich with deodar, oak, pine and rhododendron.


High Court.


एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #7 on: November 03, 2007, 10:35:07 AM »

Hanumangarhi

Hanumangarhi, also known as Hanuman Garh, is located at an altitude 1,951 m (6,401 ft). The temple complex is about 3.5 km (2.2 mi) from the Tallital (South End) bus stop. The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Hanuman, the vanara god of the Ramayana, and he is depicted tearing open his chest to reveal Rama and Sita in his heart. Hanuman Garhi is also known for its spectacular views of the setting sun.




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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #8 on: November 03, 2007, 10:38:23 AM »

Educational and Research Institutions
The Schools
 
St. Joseph's College, Nainital viewed from Tiffin TopFor well over a century, Nainital has been known for its many schools. Four schools from the British period continue to exist today: Sherwood College[6], established 1869; All Saints' College[7], established 1869; St. Mary's Convent High School established 1878; and St. Joseph's College established 1888. In addition, a number of new schools have been established since independence: Birla Vidya Mandir, established 1947; Sanwal School, established in the 1940s in Mallital; Sainik School, established 1966; St. Amtuls Public School, established 1983; Parvati Sah Prema Jagati Saraswati Vihar, established 1983; and Oakwood School, established 1989.




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Re: नैनीताल - QUEEN OF HILL STATION
« Reply #9 on: November 03, 2007, 10:49:33 AM »

Sherwood College (Nainital)

Sherwood College established 1869, is a boarding school, established by the British in India to educate British boys and the Indian elite during the Raj. Today it is co-educational boarding school, with a smattering of girls to even things out.

It is located on Ayarpatta Hill in Nainital, Uttarakhand, nestled between the hills bordering the reserve forest and the Governor's golf links.

One of India's leading public schools, it offers an all-round education to children of wealthy parents who choose to send their children to boarding school. Quite often the parents are Old Sherwoodians themselves.

The school follows the ICSE system, and the school year runs from early March to early December with a 3 week summer break in June after Founders' Week (30th May-5th June).

At Sherwood, emphasis has always been placed on an all-round education, which means that apart from academics, it is mandatory for all students to participate in sports and extra-curricular cultural activities, such as theatre, music (both Indian and Western), fine arts, elocution, debating, and bi-annual group excursions out of town, etc.

Sherwood has long been known for the high quality of its football and cricket teams. The school is equipped with tennis, basketball, squash, and indoor badminton courts, as well as a swimming pool (dug by the students themselves in 1954!) and a large playground that doubles as sports field and venue for the annual school fête - much looked forward to by all!

The chapel (dedicated to Saint Barnabas) is situated on the front 'quad' or quadrangle, which faces an extraordinary panorama of the Kumaon hills descending into the Terai (the plains).


The School Song:

O Sherwood fair to thee we sing/ Our song of ardent praise/ May all the hills with echoes ring/ Until the end of days /

May Sherwood’s spirit stronger grow/ With each day’s rising sun/ May Sherwood’s flag victorious flow/ When each day’s battle’s done/

The days we spent within thy walls/ Our hearts with memories fill / And when we’re gone where duty calls / Those thoughts will linger still/

O Happy days of sterling worth/ May we thy greatness see/ The greatest days we have on earth/ O Sherwood are with thee/

O Evening star from out the deep/ Shine down upon us here/ Watch oe’r us while in peace se sleep/ Let Sherwood without fear/

And when the morning light breaks forth/ Ye sons of Sherwood rise/ And strive that Sherwood’s name and worth/ May mount unto the skies!

The School Colours

Sherwood was named after the Sherwood Rangers and the school flag borrowed from their colours - bottle green, maroon and silver. The houses are Allen-a-Dale or AD (Red) , Robin Hood RH(Green), Friar Tuck FT(Blue) and Little John LJ (Yellow), named after Robin Hood and his Merry Men.

Famous Alumni

Amitabh Bachchan, Kabir Bedi, movie star Vikram Chopra, Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, General V. N. Sharma, Major Somnath Sharma PVC (India's first Param Vir Chakra recipient), Virendra Dayal, Wing Commander Rohit Kumar Singh (Distinguished IAF Officer), Dalip Tahil, Jim Corbett, Marcus Murch, Col. Anshu Trivedi (Kargil Hero, C.O. 18'th Garhwal Rifles), Sir Kul Rattan Chadha ([1])

Website... http://www.sherwood.edu.in/