Author Topic: Pithoragarh: Kashmir Of Uttarakhand - पिथौरागढ़: उत्तराखण्ड का कश्मीर  (Read 128724 times)

हेम पन्त

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जै हो गुरना माता की... मान्यता है कि गुरना माता पहाडी रास्तों पर वाहनों की दुर्घटना से रक्षा करती हैं, और लोगों को सुरक्षित उनके गंतव्य स्थान तक पहुँचाती हैं....


हेम पन्त

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पिथौरागढ पहुँचने का रास्ता सुगम नहीं है...लेकिन इन रास्तों से होकर जब आप पिथौरागढ पहुँचेंगे तो वहाँ की सुन्दरता में खो जायेंगे...


sanjupahari

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waaah ke picture lagai reeen maharaaj...ekdam dil kain chu geen hoo...jai hoo tumeri

हेम पन्त

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विदेशी पर्यटकों को भाने लगा है सीमांत जिला पिथौरागढ़Feb 02, 02:12 am

पिथौरागढ़। विदेशी पर्यटकों को भी अब सीमांत जिला पिथौरागढ़ भाने लगा है। हर वर्ष जिले में आने वाले विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या में इजाफा हो रहा है। पिछले एक वर्ष के दौरान जिले में डेढ़ हजार से अधिक विदेशी पर्यटक पहुंच चुके है। पर्यटन विशेषज्ञ विदेशी पर्यटकों की बढ़ती तादात को जनपद में पर्यटन व्यवसाय के लिए अच्छा संकेत मान रहे है।

उल्लेखनीय है कि सीमांत जिले में कुछ वर्ष पूर्व तक विदेशी पर्यटक नहीं के बराबर आते थे। विदेशी पर्यटकों के सीमांत जिले में नहीं पहुंचने का सबसे बड़ा कारण यहां के पर्यटन स्थलों के समुचित प्रचार-प्रसार की कमी को माना जाता था। पर्यटन सुविधाओं की कमी भी इसका एक कारण रही। इधर हाल के कुछ वर्षो में सीमांत जिले के पर्यटन स्थलों का निजी और सरकारी स्तर पर हुए प्रचार का असर अब जनपद में नजर आने लगा है। इसकी पुष्टि इसी बात से हो जाती है कि पिछले एक वर्ष के दौरान जिले में आने वाले विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या डेढ़ हजार का आंकड़ा पार कर गयी है, यह पहली बार है। पर्यटन कार्यालय के मुताबिक जनपद में आने वाले अधिकांश पर्यटक सीमांत तहसील मुनस्यारी पहुंचे। एक वर्ष के दौरान यहां अमेरिका, इंग्लैण्ड, हालैण्ड, फ्रांस और जर्मनी से पर्यटक आये। इन पर्यटकों ने विश्व प्रसिद्ध मिलम ग्लेशियर की ट्रैकिंग को सबसे अधिक तवज्जाो दी। पर्यटन विभाग के मुताबिक इस वर्ष पिछले वर्ष की तुलना में पांच सौ विदेशी पर्यटक अधिक आये है। पर्यटन विभाग का मानना है कि यह बढ़ोत्तरी सरकारी और गैर सरकारी स्तर पर हुए व्यापक प्रचार प्रसार का असर है। जनपद की सड़कों की हालत में हुए सुधार और अच्छे होटलों के निर्माण और परिवहन के लिए वाहनों की सहज उपलब्धता भी इसके पीछे प्रमुख कारण है।

पर्यटन विशेषज्ञ विदेशी सैलानियों की संख्या में बढ़ोत्तरी को जनपद के पर्यटन व्यवसाय के लिए अच्छा संकेत मानते है। लम्बे समय से पर्यटन व्यवसाय और साहसिक खेल प्रशिक्षक के रूप में कार्य कर रहे बासू पाण्डेय का कहना है कि विदेशी पर्यटकों के यहां आने से जिले को विदेशों में अच्छा प्रचार मिलेगा और विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या में और इजाफा होगा।

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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TOURISM POINT OF VIEW THIS IS GOOD NEWS.


विदेशी पर्यटकों को भाने लगा है सीमांत जिला पिथौरागढ़Feb 02, 02:12 am

पिथौरागढ़। विदेशी पर्यटकों को भी अब सीमांत जिला पिथौरागढ़ भाने लगा है। हर वर्ष जिले में आने वाले विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या में इजाफा हो रहा है। पिछले एक वर्ष के दौरान जिले में डेढ़ हजार से अधिक विदेशी पर्यटक पहुंच चुके है। पर्यटन विशेषज्ञ विदेशी पर्यटकों की बढ़ती तादात को जनपद में पर्यटन व्यवसाय के लिए अच्छा संकेत मान रहे है।

उल्लेखनीय है कि सीमांत जिले में कुछ वर्ष पूर्व तक विदेशी पर्यटक नहीं के बराबर आते थे। विदेशी पर्यटकों के सीमांत जिले में नहीं पहुंचने का सबसे बड़ा कारण यहां के पर्यटन स्थलों के समुचित प्रचार-प्रसार की कमी को माना जाता था। पर्यटन सुविधाओं की कमी भी इसका एक कारण रही। इधर हाल के कुछ वर्षो में सीमांत जिले के पर्यटन स्थलों का निजी और सरकारी स्तर पर हुए प्रचार का असर अब जनपद में नजर आने लगा है। इसकी पुष्टि इसी बात से हो जाती है कि पिछले एक वर्ष के दौरान जिले में आने वाले विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या डेढ़ हजार का आंकड़ा पार कर गयी है, यह पहली बार है। पर्यटन कार्यालय के मुताबिक जनपद में आने वाले अधिकांश पर्यटक सीमांत तहसील मुनस्यारी पहुंचे। एक वर्ष के दौरान यहां अमेरिका, इंग्लैण्ड, हालैण्ड, फ्रांस और जर्मनी से पर्यटक आये। इन पर्यटकों ने विश्व प्रसिद्ध मिलम ग्लेशियर की ट्रैकिंग को सबसे अधिक तवज्जाो दी। पर्यटन विभाग के मुताबिक इस वर्ष पिछले वर्ष की तुलना में पांच सौ विदेशी पर्यटक अधिक आये है। पर्यटन विभाग का मानना है कि यह बढ़ोत्तरी सरकारी और गैर सरकारी स्तर पर हुए व्यापक प्रचार प्रसार का असर है। जनपद की सड़कों की हालत में हुए सुधार और अच्छे होटलों के निर्माण और परिवहन के लिए वाहनों की सहज उपलब्धता भी इसके पीछे प्रमुख कारण है।

पर्यटन विशेषज्ञ विदेशी सैलानियों की संख्या में बढ़ोत्तरी को जनपद के पर्यटन व्यवसाय के लिए अच्छा संकेत मानते है। लम्बे समय से पर्यटन व्यवसाय और साहसिक खेल प्रशिक्षक के रूप में कार्य कर रहे बासू पाण्डेय का कहना है कि विदेशी पर्यटकों के यहां आने से जिले को विदेशों में अच्छा प्रचार मिलेगा और विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या में और इजाफा होगा।


Risky Pathak

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PLACES OF INTEREST in Pithoragarh District



Askot (pargana Askot, tahsil Didihat)

The name, Askot, is said to be a corruption of ‘Assikot’ meaning eighty forts. A large village, it was the seat of the Rajwars, the former owners of pargana Askot, who followed the rule of primogeniture. The ruling family is said to have been a branch of the old royal house of Katyur. On the break up of the Katyuri kingdom one branch of the family led by Abhai Pal settled in Askot about 1273 A.D. He established a small principality which remained under his uccessors almost till about the beginning of the present century.
The village is surrounded by hills and the ridges fringing the Kali river are clothed with fine stretches of pine, shisham, sal, khair and oak forests.


Berinag (pargana Gangoli, tahsil Didihat)

The place derives its name from the temple of Bering (a local deity) which is said to be as old as the village itself. At a small distance lies the village of Garaun where there is a 46 m. high waterfall.
An expert committee was appointed (1827) to investigate the possibility of the successful cultivation of tea in Kumaon and a tea estate was set up here in the fifties of the last century. The manager of the Berinag tea company happened to discover the secret of manufacture of Chinese brick tea and his tea was considered to be far superior to the Chinese variety. In 1907, he disposed of about 54 quintals of it but gradually the business declined and by 1960 only a small tea garden had survived.
Berinag is also a popular market where, people from neighboring villages, come to purchase articles of daily use. Two fairs are held here in Sravana (July-August), one on Amavasya and the other on Naga Panchmi day.


Dharchula (pargana Askot, tahsil Dharchula)

The tahsil headquarters (of the same name) is said to have derived its name from dhar which in local dialect means peak and chula (cooking fire). Tradition has it that Vyasa, the famous sage, cooked his food here.
Making of hand woven and handspun woolen clothes by local inhabitants is the main industry. The industries department has started a centre here which prepares a variety of refined woolen articles. The place developed into a township after the formation of the district of Pithoragarh in 1960. The sub divisional magistrate’s residence and court were built in 1965-66. During winter, most of the residents of the upper Byans migrate to this place.


Didihat (pargana Sira, tahsil Didihat)

Didihat has been the headquarters since 1960, of the tahsil of the same name.
Before the formation of the district the place was known as Digtar which was simply a halting place on the way to Kailash. The name Didihat appears to have been derived from the illages Digtar and Hat.
Near the place are also found the remains of a fort, Sherakot, which is said to have been built by a Gorkha king, who ruled here and who was later conquered by Puru Pant. Being on the top of a hill, Sherakot presents a wide and beautiful view of the Himalayas. Adjacent to the fort
there is an old and renowned temple of Malayanath, dedicated to Siva, which is visited by persons from places far and near. Fairs, attended by about 1,000 persons, are held at the temple on the occasions of Rakshabandhan and Sivaratri when goats are sometimes sacrificed.
About 8 km. from the place, there is Narain Nagar, a small but attractive locality, by one Narain Swami. It has a temple, dedicated to the deity of Narayana.


Gangolihat (pargana Gangoli, tahsil Pithoragarh)

The village derives its name from Gangoli, the name of the pargana and Hat, a name by which the place is locally called. It has a temple of Mahakali, which is said to be of great antiquity and is situated in the midst of a dense deodar forest. It is alleged that during the reign of the Chand rajas, human beings were, at times, offered in sacrifice at this temple, but the practice was stopped in the last century. Goats and buffaloes still continue to be sacrificed, particularly during the Navaratris of Chaitra and Asvina. The place also has the remains of a small fort built by a regent of the Chand rajas. In patti Bherang, about 8 km. from the village, there is an ancient temple of Patal Bhubaneshvar, dedicated to Siva, which is located inside a long and dark tunnel and attracts a large number of devotees.

Jarajibli (pargana Askot, tahsil Dharchula)

The name Jarajibli (commonly known as Jauljibi) is said to have been derived from two words—jaul (confluence) and, jibi (tongue), a narrow strip of land, resembling a tongue, in between the two rivers, the Gori and the Kali.
A little above the confluence stands the temple of Mahadeva in a thick grove of mango and other trees. Opposite the temple is a dharamsala (constructed by the rani of Askot in 1944) from where there is a fine view of the confluence of these two rivers.
The place is famous for its ringal and woodwork (called nigala) and has a spinning and weaving centre. A commercial fair (attended by about 10,000 persons) is held at Jarajibli at the time of Brischik Sankranti in November, the practice being said to have been started by the Rajwars of Askot.


Milam (pargana Johar, tahsil Munsyari)

Milam is a village which lies in a region covered by lofty snow mountains where the rocks are of varied colors. Waterfalls are numerous and many of them are of great beauty.
Some distance up the glen of the Gori river, above Milam, is the Shangchu Kund, a small sheet of greenish water held in great repute as a place of pilgrimage.
Milam is inhabited from June to October and entirely deserted during the rest of the year due to sever cold. In the past it was the biggest migratory village in these parts and a central place for Malla Johar.


Munsyari (pragana Johar, tahsil Munsyari)

Munsyari, the tahsil headquarters, stands on the right bank of the Gori river. Formerly it was also known as Ranthi, the sub divisional and tahsil headquarters being situated at a place called Tiksen. It is cold in winter but very pleasant in summer.
Munsyari is one of the most important manufacturing centers for thulmas (large rugs), sheep rearing being the chief occupation of the people.


Pithoragarh (pargana Shor, Tahsil Pithoragarh)

During the period of the Chand rajas, Piru, alias, Prithvi Gosain constructed a fort which came to be called Pithoragarh and is said to have given its name to the town and later to the district. The town had two forts one of which has been demolished, its place being taken by the Government Girls’ Intermediate College building. The building of the other fort houses the treasury and the tahsil.
Pithoragarh is a small town, which gives its name to the district. It lies in the centre of the western half of the Shor valley which resembles the Kashmir valley on a miniature scale. It is prettily dotted with villages, generally placed on eminences. The view from Pithoragarh is very fine as all the peaks of Panch Chulhi, Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot are visible from high spots in the town.
About 5 km. from the place there is a small and beautiful place named Chandag which houses an asylum for lepers. It is said that a goddess killed two devils, Chand and Mund, at this place. The episode gave the place the name Chandghat, Chandag appearing to be its corrupt form.

हेम पन्त

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पिथौरागढ पहुंचने के लिये एक महत्वपूर्ण जंक्शन की तरह है 'घाट' नामक यह जगह... यहां से पिथौरागढ की दुरी 30 किमी. है.


हलिया

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District Pithoragarh : Profile
Pithoragarh  District  having  its entire northern and eastern boundaries being international, assumes a  great strategic significance  and,  obviously,   is a politically sensitive district along the  northern frontier of India. Being the last  district  adjoining Tibbet, it has tremendous strategic importance  as the passes of Lipulekh, Kungribingri, Lampia Dhura, Lawe  Dhura,  Belcha  and  Keo,  open out  to  Tibbet.  The breath taking beauty of Pithoragarh -  Himalayas, wide expenses  of grassy meadow, perennial streams roaring  down the zig-zag course, a stupendous variety of flora and fauna, above
all, pure nature yet unsullied, seem to beckon the beholder into their folds, into  a charmed world of virgin beauty.
It was  in  the wake of  the Chinese aggression  that on  the  24th Feb. 1960, a sizeable section of Almora district was carved   into   Pithoragarh  district  containing  extreme border areas with its head quarters  in Pithoragarh town. On 15th  September 1997,  the Champawat Tehsil, hitherto under Pithoragarh, was carved into Champawat district.
The Pithoragarh town  is  located  at  a height of  1645 meters above sea level.The district lies between 29.4°  to  30.3°  North latitude and  80°  to  81°  East longitude along the eastern and southern part of  the central Himalayas with Indo- Tibbetan   watershed divide in the north and the Kali river forming a continuous border with Nepal  in  the  east. The Pithoragarh district   is surrounded by the national  boundaries  of   Almora, Champawat, Bageshwar and Chamoli districts and extends over  an area of  7,169  sq. Kms.  The details of  the land utilization are given as below :
 
S.N.   Particulars   Area (in lakhs hac)
1.   Land Utilization area   4.61
2.   Land under Forest   2.15
3.   Permanent pasture   0.54
4.   Dry Land Area   0.53
5.   Fallow Land   0.128
6.    Total Cropped Area   0.793
7.   Net Area Sown   0.50
8.   Irrigated Area   0.05
9.    Area Sown more than once            0.35
10.   Kharif Area   0.468
11.   Rabi Area   0.380
There   are  numerous  gay  spots to which the  prospective  tourist  may  plan  excursions   like   Chandak ,  Thal Kedar,  Gangolihat  (77 kms)  famous for its kali temple, Patal  Bhuvneshwar (99 kms) , Berinag  (Tea Garden  of  Chaukori  - 11 km away  from  Berinag), idihat,Munsyari (base camp for traks to Milam,Ralam and Namik Glacier),  Dharchula  (base camp for Kailas Mansarover Yatra,   Adi Kailash Yatra , Narayan Swami Ashram) and Jauljibi.

Administrative set up:
The  district  has  been  divided   into  five  tehsils  viz. Munsyari, Dharchula,   Didihat, Gangolihat    and Pithoragarh having  its      head    quarter   at    Pithoragarh   and  the Commissionery head quarter  at  Nainital. There are  8  Development Blocks,  3 Towns,  64 Nyaya Panchayats   and  651 Gram  Sabhas  in  the   district.  There  are 1635  villages out of which 1568 are inhabited. As per 1991 census, total population  of   the  district    is   4,16,647 out   of  which   2,09,177  are   males and  2,07470 females. Also the Total  literacy rate of the district at present is 61.4.

S.No.   Name of Tehsil   Name of Blocks
1.   Munsyari   Munsyari
2.   Dharchula   Dharchula
3.   Didihat   Berinag, Didihat, Kanalichina
4.   Gangolihat   Gangolihat
5.   Pithoragarh   Bin, Munakote
 


हलिया

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                          Rivers, Water Sources and Lakes

The district abounds in rivers some of which originate within the fold of  the district and,assuming a peripheral course along the borderline, enter  the Garhwal region and eventually merges into the Ganga and have thus been geographically grouped under the rivers of the Ganga system. These are:
Girthi : This river has a short course in the extreme NW of Pithoragarh and, moving along Kungribingri range in a west and south west course, finally enters in the Garhwal region.

Keogad :  To  the north of Girthi and alike having  a  short course  in  Pithoragarh  the Keogad river moving along the inner enclosures of the district enters the Garhwal region.

Then again, there are rivers  so  gigantic and dominating that they have, infact, become a way of life. They thunder through the district, determine  geographical borders with  the neighbouring country, nourish cultures along their course and cause economic boom or  recession according  as they are kind or playful.

Kali : The river Kali originating from trans Himalayan zone forms  the continuous border  with Nepal all through  its course from  Kalapani  to Tanakpur  where terminating its serpentine hilly course it finally enters plains and is then called Sharda.  Along its vast catchment in the  entire northern and eastern parts of   Pithoragarh, the Kali  is almost  a human presence, masterful yet benign.The Kali  river possesses  an  immense  potential   for  irrigation and hydro electric generation and a project  for the construction of a massive dam at Pancheswar is pending under political negotiations with Nepal.
 
                                                           
Gori : Originating from a dual source in a   glacier near south of  Untadhura ridge feeding the eastern branch, and another  glacier near Milam feeding the western branch, the Gori river joins the Kali at Jauljibi.


 

Dhauli : Dhauli is, infact, a combination of two head  waters namely  Dharamganga and Lassar  with  the glacier close to  Darma pass  as their source and,  taking a south eastern course, finally joins Kali and serves as its important tributary.

Kutiyangti : This river originates from a small glacier along the southern base of Lumpiyadhura Pass and is a tributary of Kali.
Sarju : Originating from the extreme south of  adjacent  Almora  district,  the  river Sarju makes the south west boundary between Pithoragarh and Almora and, finally,  at a point at Pancheswar, it  joins Kali along with Panar river.
Ram Ganga : Forming the boundary between   Almora and Pithoragarh  districts  the  Ram Ganga  originates from   the  Namik glacier. The river  is  fed  by  numerous small  and  big  rivers  and  finally  joins  Sarju  at Rameshwar. 
 
scriptual  evidences  which  bearout   that  the great sage Vasistha also performed penance here and that the river Sarju originating from the feet of Lord Vishnu has journeyed to  the  ashram of Vasistha. The  river  is  held  in great  reverence and is traditionally  associated  by  the  Hindu  population of  the district with the belief that it is gifted with the power  of condoning their sins and hence is a preferred spot for cremation.

हलिया

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Average annual surface flow of the rivers of district Pithoragarh :

Rivers   Av. Annual flowMilliard m³   Dischargerecorded at   Source region
Dhauli   2.6   Nyu   Greater Himalaya
Gori   3.8   Bangapani   Greater Himalaya
Ram Ganga (E)   3.1   Thal   Greater Himalaya
Sarju   5.8   Shera   Greater Himalaya
Kali   23.2   Pancheshwar   Greater Himalaya

 

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