Author Topic: Flora Of Uttarakhand - उत्तराखंड के फल, फूल एव वनस्पति  (Read 248528 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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महाभारत में उत्तराखंड संबंधी औषधीय वनस्पति
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Edible, Medical useful  and Economical Plants of Uttarakhand in Mahabharata epic
(महाभारत महाकाव्य  में उत्तराखंड मेडिकल टूरिज्म )

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उत्तराखंड में मेडिकल टूरिज्म विकास विपणन (पर्यटन इतिहास )  -16


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   Medical Tourism Development in Uttarakhand  (Medical Tourism History  )   -  16                 

  (Tourism and Hospitality Marketing Management in  Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar series--121 )   

      उत्तराखंड में पर्यटन व आतिथ्य विपणन प्रबंधन -भाग 121   

 
    लेखक : भीष्म कुकरेती  (विपणन व विक्री प्रबंधन विशेषज्ञ )
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     महाभारत  महाकाव्य  में कई चरित्र उत्तराखंड भ्रमण करते हैं या उत्तराखंडी मैंदानों में पर्यटन करते हैं।
  भाभर अथवा हरिद्वार (गंगा द्वार ) व कण्वाश्रम के जंगलों में बेल , आंक , खैर , कैथ व धव /बाकली वनस्पति वर्णन है और ग्रीष्म ऋतू में जहां बलुई मिटटी होती है कंटीली झाड़ी उगती है।  (आदिपर्व) , मालनी तट पर तून का उल्लेख है (आदिपर्व ) . जहां नदियों में पानी नहीं सूखता वहां घनघोर वनों का उल्लेख मिलता है।
     निम्न वनस्पति का उल्लेख महाभारत में मिलता है ( डबराल )-

                    खाद्य फल देने वाली वनस्पति
     

  अम्बाड़ा , अंजीर , अनार , आम , आंवला , इंगुद , कैथ , खजूर (छाकळ ), गम्भीरी , जामुन , ताल , तिन्दुक , नारिकेल (?), नीम्बू , पिंडी , भेदा , बरगद , बदरी , बेर बेल , भिलावा , केला आदि।


                       खाद्य न देने वाले वृक्ष


अम्लबेल , अशोक , कदम्ब , करौंदा , तमाल , देवदार , पाकड़ , परावत , पिप्पल , पीपल , मुंजातक , लकुच , शाल , सरल , शीशम , क्षौद्र आदि


                 फूल वनस्पति


      अशोक , इंदीवर , कनेर , कुटज , कुरवल , कोविदार , चम्पा , तिलक ,पारिजात , पुन्नाग , बकुल , मंदार , शेम , . कमल की अनेक जातियों का वर्णन मिलता है। कीचकबेणु का वर्णन कई बार मिलता है। फूलों के वनों का भी वर्णन महाभाऱत में मिलता है।  इन्द्रकील वन में अर्जुन पर फूलों की वर्षा होती है।

        बुग्याळों को कुबेर बातिकाएँ कहा गया है जो कि ऊँची नीची भूमि क्षेत्र में फैला हुआ उल्लेखित है। बुग्यालों पर देवता , गंधर्व , अप्सरायेँ मुग्ध रहतीं थीं।  गंधमादन की बुग्याळें मनुष्य ही नहीं वायुयान के लिए भी अगम्य थीं।

         कुछ वृक्ष अति काल्पनिक है जैसे कदली फल जो ताड़ वृष से भी ऊँचे वर्णित हैं।

           

          मेडिकल टूरिज्म के बीज

  उपरोक्त अधिकांश वनस्पतियां औषधि  निर्माण में आज भी प्रयोग की जाती हैं और उनका उल्लेख का चरक संहिता , सुश्रुता संहिता या निघंटुओं में भी मिलता है।  चरक संहिता का संकलन 3000 साल पहले हुआ होगा।  किन्तु औषधि , विभिन्न अवयवों के अनुपातिक मिश्रण से औषधि निर्माण विधि , औषधि प्रयोग तो हजारों साल से चल रहा था और वह श्रुति संचार विधि से सुरक्षित व प्रचारित होता था। महाभारत में वर्णित उत्तराखंड में मिलने वाली वनस्पतियों के उल्लेख से साफ़ जाहिर है कि इन वनस्पतियों का उपयोग गैर उत्तराखंडी भी करते थे।  व इनसे उत्तराखंड में या बाहर औषधि भी निर्मित होती थी।  उत्तराखंड में ऋषियों के आश्रम होने से अनुमान लगाना मुश्किल नहीं कि ये विद्वान औषधि विज्ञानं पर भी अन्वेषण करते थे व श्रुति संस्कृति से औषधि विज्ञानं को प्रसारित करते थे व सुरक्षित भी रखते थे। 


Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti  17 /2 //2018 


शिव प्रसाद डबराल , उत्तराखंड का इतिहास -२, 327 -328

Tourism and Hospitality Marketing Management  History for Garhwal, Kumaon and Hardwar series to be continued ...

उत्तराखंड में पर्यटन व आतिथ्य विपणन प्रबंधन श्रृंखला जारी …

                                    References

1 -भीष्म कुकरेती, 2006  -2007  , उत्तरांचल में  पर्यटन विपणन परिकल्पना , शैलवाणी (150  अंकों में ) , कोटद्वार , गढ़वाल
2 - भीष्म कुकरेती , 2013 उत्तराखंड में पर्यटन व आतिथ्य विपणन प्रबंधन , इंटरनेट श्रृंखला जारी
3- शिव प्रसाद डबराल , उत्तराखंड का इतिहास -2, p 327 -328
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  Medical Tourism History  Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History  Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History  Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;  Medical   Tourism History Tehri Garhwal , Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History Uttarkashi,  Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;  Medical Tourism History  Dehradun,  Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History  Haridwar , Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;  Medical Tourism History  Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;  Medical Tourism History Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   Medical Tourism History  Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India , South Asia;   


Bhishma Kukreti

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Myths, Religious Importance of Reetha, Soapberry in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 27
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name –Sapindus mukorossi
Local Name –Ritha, Reetha रीठा
Hindi Name –Ritha, Reetha रीठा
Sanskrit Name –Hrishtha, Rishtah
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- Used in producing medicines for cough, skin diseases, indigestion , inducing abortion, boils, scorpion bites, impotency medicines etc.
Household uses - Shampoo, washing and cleaning, for topping hair losses 
Furniture, Agriculture Instruments, wood etc.-fue
Used in children game as Gucchi  -
                   Myths, Religious Importance and Traditions
  Kanya Rashi and Hasta nakshatra are masters of Reetha or washnut. Therefore, astrologers use Reetha/Ritha/washnuts for satisfying Kanya rashi and hast nakshatra .
  In Sanatan Tantra rituals, priests uses Reetha, garlics, mustard  for Havna/homa  inShri Kartviryaarjun Mantra Prayog for desire attainment.
   

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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




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Myths and Religious Uses of Arandi, Castor  in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 28
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name –  Ricinus communis
Local Name – Arandi
Hindi Name – Arandi
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- Various parts are used in manufacturing medicines for Constipation, lever diseases, bacterial diseases
Many local medicinal uses
Used as insecticides for killing leaches
Food Uses – Food and rearing for larvae of silkworm and muga
 Seeds are used for making beads of neckless
In old days, as lubricating oil for automobiles
                   Myths, Religious Uses and Traditions

          Castor uses for Pacifying, Pleasing  Shukra Graha
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  Astrologers suggest using Castor (arandi) for rituals for pleasing or pacifying Shukra Graha.
  The roots are tied with other herbs in a very small white bag (emblem) and tied on upper  hands on Bharani nakshatra. Astrologers also suggest for castor oil  (emerged by putting castor seed dust on boiling water  ) on forehead by effected by Shukra
        Castor Use in Bhairav Tantra
    Tantrik suggest putting Poye (Puri cooked in mustard oil), Ak etc on leave plate of castor and put those on a crossroad on Saturday mid night for escaping bad luck.
       Bagai Dadi Regar Regar (De Sharpening of Tiger teeth) Ritual in Garhwal
       In old age, people used castor seeds for a ritual for protecting Tiger killing animals. People believed that the ritual de-sharpen the teeth of tigers. On Deepawali evening or on Tulsi Vivah evening (Igas), people used to put a couple of castor seeds and many times small stones and used to call “Bagai dadi regad , regad बागे  दाड़ी रेगड़, regad बागे  दाड़ी रेगड़
 Now that ritual performance is totally unseen in Garhwal.
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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




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Myths and Religious Uses of Vidhara, Elephant creeper    in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 29
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name – Argyreia nervosa
Local Name – Vidhara
Hindi Name – Vidhara, Ghav Bel, Samudrasok
Sanskrit Name – Murva, Samudrafalak, Samudrasosh
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- Widely used in neo muscular disorder, inflammatory conditions, hemorrhoids, urinary disorder, voice improvement, skin improvement and impotency too
                   Myths, Religious Uses and Traditions
  Hindu astrology relates Vidhara with Buddh Grah or Mercury planet. Astrologer suggest that  the person affected by  Mercury cursing or Buddh dosh , should tie Vidhara or elephant creeper root by green tag and cloth and tie the same on upper hand on Wednesday.

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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




Bhishma Kukreti

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Myths and Religious Uses of Kuchla, Poison Nut     in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) -
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name –Strychnos nux-vomica
Local Name – Kuchla
Hindi Name – Kuchala
Sanskrit Name – Kapilu
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- Recommended for upset stomach, vomiting, abdominal pain, hangover, depression etc
                   Myths, Religious Uses  and Traditions
  Kuchala is Ashwini Nakshatra tree and astrologers use Kuchla tree for rituals for pacifying any bad effects of Ashwini Nakshatra.

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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




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Myths and Religious Uses of Amla, Indian Gooseberry in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 32
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name – Phyllanthus emblica
Local Name – Aunla, Anvala
Hindi Name – Anvala, Amvala Amla
Sanskrit Name – Dhatri , Amalaka
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- In Ayurveda all parts are used for producing various types of medicines.
Furniture, Agriculture Instruments, wood etc.
Food Uses – Various items
                   Myths, Religious Uses and Traditions
  Hindus believe that Amla was originated from Amrit drop  at Samudra manthan.
    Hindus believe that Lord Vishnu dwells on Amla tree.
 The tree is worshipped on  Amla Navami ( November) . People take perform rituals and take food under Amla tree.
     Amla is also plant of Bharni rashi nad astrologers suggest to plant Amla on Amla Navami .
  Amavala is related toVrishchik Rashi . Therefore astrologers suggest the persons effected by Vrishchik rashi  for planting Amvala tree.
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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




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Myths and Religious Uses of Jamun, Java Plum    in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 33
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name – Syzygium cumini
Local Name –Falinda, Falindu , Jamin, Jamun
Hindi Name – Jamun
Sanskrit Name – Jambu
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- Parts used in Strengthening tooth and gum;  used in curing diabetes, diarrhea, indigestion etc. 
Furniture, Agriculture Instruments, wood etc.-Fuel
Food Uses – Edible Fruits

                   Myths, Religious Uses  and Traditions
 Java plum is related to Rohani Nakshatra and astrologers suggest for planting Jamun tree if the person is affected by Rohani  Rashicursing.
     In case the tenth house of birth place is weak of a person , Astrologers also suggest to put  Jamun root in a small bag and either tie on hand or neck on Sunday  at Jeshthya, Pushya or Revati  Nakshatra.

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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




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Myths and Religious Uses of Shisham, Indian Rosewood in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 34
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name – Dalbergia sisso
Common Name- Indian Rosewood
Local Name – Shisham
Hindi Name – Shisham
Sanskrit Name – Aguru
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- Used for Truth brushing and tongue cleaning. In Siddha medicine system, Shisham is used for skin disorder, gonorrhea, boils and stomach disorder, piles. Medicines prepared by Shisham tree parts are also used in improving seminal weakness.  Root is used as astringent
 As pesticides – extract of fruits are used for killing snails etc.
Furniture, Agriculture Instruments, wood etc.-Furniture and fuel
As per Samarangana Sutradhara, the plant juice is potential for wall plasters
 Planted for shading around tea gardens
Fodders for domestic animals
                   Myths, Religious Uses and Traditions
    According to Hindu Astrology, Shisham is a tree of Ardrdra Nakshatra and astrologers suggest the person affected by Adrdra Nakshatra for planting Shisham tree or perform rituals.

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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




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Myths and Religious Uses of Bhatkataiya, Yellow Berried Night Shade   in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 35
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name – Solanum xanthocarpum
Common name –Yellow Berried Night Shade
Local name-Syalak Kand (Fox Spikes )
Hindi Name – Bhatkataiya, Kanteli, OOnthkateli
Sanskrit Name –Kantkari, Kshudra
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- Plant parts are used  in fever,stomach and liver disorder as medicines
                   Myths, Religious Uses  and Traditions
  The astrologers suggest for worshipping or performing rituals with Yellow berried night shade plant for avoiding negative effects of Vishakha/Bishakha Nakshatra or pacifying the negative effects of Bishakha /Vishakha Nakshatra.

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Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




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Myths and Religious Uses of Pakar/Pakad, Mock Peepul Tree   in Uttarakhand
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Plant Myths, Religious Importance, and Traditions in Uttarakhand (Himalaya) - 36
By: Bhishma Kukreti, M.Sc. (Botany) (Mythology, Culture Research Scholar)
Botanical name – Ficus rumphii
English name -Mock Peepul Tree , Mock Buddha tree
Hindi Name –Gajanna, Pakar/Pakad
Sanskrit Name – Amlapatrka
                                           ---Economic benefits –--
Medical uses- used in preparing medicines for curing the diabetes, intermittent fever, psychiatric disorder
Furniture, Agriculture Instruments, wood etc. Fuel
Food Uses – Fruits and leaves for vegetables

                   Myths, Religious Uses and Traditions
  Astrologers suggest using plant parts for pacifying/avoiding effects of Uttara Flguni Nakshtra  though various rituals.

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai 2017
-
Plant Myths  , Religious Plants, Religious Importance, Traditions , Garhwal, Uttarakhand ; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, Himalaya; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, North India; Plant Myths , Religious Importance, Traditions , Uttarakhand, South Asia, Religious Plants Garhwal, Religious Plants Kumaon, Religious Plants Dehradun , Religious Plant Haridwar .वनस्पति ज्योतिष , वनस्पति तंत्र, वनस्पति मंत्र




 

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