Author Topic: History of Kumaon (1000-1790AD) -कुमाऊं का इतिहास (1000 - 1790 ई. )  (Read 68334 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Sadhuvardev Katyuri (1184-1191) King in Context Himalayan History

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 129
 
    Himalayan Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) - 10
          (Himalayan Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti

           The inscription date of Sadhuvardev Katyuri is 1184. It is assumed that Sadhuvardev Katyuri ruled from 1184-1191AD.
            There was more disintegration of great Katyuri kingdom at the Sadhuvardev Katyuri period. There was no strong rule over the regional chieftains from Sadhuvardev Katyuri. There was loose administration everywhere in Uttarakhand.
  Taking benefits of weak administration and infighting, the Baitadi-Doti chieftain Ashokchall captured most of territories of Mansabhumi (Kumaon) Kedarkhand (Garhwal).
 There is no record that Ashokchall killed Sadhuvardev Katyuri or Sadhuvardev Katyuri accepted the rule of Ashokchall.
 There are inscriptions of successors of Sadhuvardev Katyuri –Indradev, Vijaypaldev, Mahipaldev and Lakshmanpaldev.




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 27/8/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued… Part -130
 Himalayan Medieval Age History of Baijnath/Baidyanath Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)
Xx                 xxx                xxxx
Notes on Himalayan History; Himalayan History of Kumaon; Himalayan History of Dwarhat Kumaon; Himalayan History of Askot Kumaon; Himalayan History of Baijnath Kumaon; Himalayan History of Jageshwar Kumaon; Himalayan History of Bageshwar Kumaon; Himalayan History of Almora Kumaon; Himalayan History of Nainital Kumaon; Himalayan History of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon; Himalayan History of Pali Kumaon; Himalayan History of Karvipur Kumaon; Himalayan History of Domkot Kumaon; Himalayan History of Ganai Kumaon; Himalayan History of Charal Kumaon; Himalayan History of Champawat Kumaon;                   


Bhishma Kukreti

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Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over Uttarakhand in context Indian Himalayan History

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 130
 
     Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) - 11
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti

  Ashok Challa was born in Bataidi Nepal. His title in Gopeshwar Trident inscription is ‘Bairath-kul Tilak’. There are inscriptions available about Ashokchalla-
1-Bodhgaya, Rock inscription by Ashokchalla
2-Bodhgaya, rock inscription by Sahanpal
3- Bodhgaya, rock inscription by Purushotttam Singh
4-Gopeshwar, Trident inscription by Ashokchalla
5-Gopeshwar, Trident inscription by Ashokchalla
6-Barahat, Trident inscription by Ashok Challa
7- Nala, Vijay Stambh or Pillar inscription by Ashokchalla
8- Jageshwar , metal sculpture of Ashok Challa
         First, the Khasa brave man Ashokchalla captured Doti that was under Katyuir rule.  Next step was for him to conquer Katyuri. Ashokchalla conquered Katyuri kingdom. Around 1160, Ashokchalla captured Kali Kumaon.  After winning Kali Kumaon, Ashokchalla returned to doti and handed over administration to his chief Jaytung Singh. It seems, Jaytung and his son Kamdev Singh ruled Kumaon tfrom 1160-1170. Purushotta, Singh ruled Kumaon or Kali Ganga valley 1170-1210.   
           Title for Khasa King Ashokchalla is ‘Param Bhandarak Maharajadhiraj’ in Gopeshwar inscription.  Ahokchalla helped Purushottam Sing for building Gandhkuti  in Bodhgaya.
             Ashok Challa built a palace in Gopeshwar. He called the defeated regional chieftains by him for a conference in Gopeshwar and officially declared them as his regional representatives. Ashok Challa appointed his regional representatives those were regional representatives or chieftains either under Katyuri or were freed chieftains.
  He handed over the administrations to his regional chieftains (Mandlik) and returned to Doti, Nepal.
Ashok Challa visited Barahat (Uttarkashi) in 1209 and engraved his name on Guha trident. 
              Ashok Challa was attacker on Uttarakhand but Ashokchalla is honored as one of the great rulers of Uttarakhand. There is much record whether he also ruled on south Pauri Garhwal, Dehradun and Haridwar or not.
                           Pilgrimage Value of Haridwar in 1200
 Haridwar was one of the most visited Indian pilgrimage places. For example, King Shalivahana of Jaisalmer visited Haridwar,

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 29/8/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India ) to be continued… Part -131
 Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Baijnath/Baidyanath Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)
Xx                 xxx                xxxx
Notes on Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Askot, Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Johar, Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Gangolhat Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over Dharchula Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Pithoragarh Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Jageshwar Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Bageshwar Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Nala, Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Barahat Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) on Gopeshwar Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over Chamoli Garhwal Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over Almora  Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over  Champawat Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over  Nainital Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over  Udham Singh nagar Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History; Rule of Ashok Challa (1191-1209) over  Charal Patti Uttarakhand in context Indian, Himalayan History;

 



 
 
 


 




Bhishma Kukreti

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Chauhans in Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 131
 
     Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) - 12
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti

            Chauhan Soldiers Entering into Garhwal and Haridwar (1151-1200)

   The history experts have record that in Uttarakhand the Katyuri rule was disintegrating, their regional governors were getting them free and establishing their own rule around 100-1200 and at this juncture Ashok Challa of Bairat Nepal took over rule of some part of Uttarakhand. 
   While in Indian scene many new historical events were emerging.
            In 1151, Beesaldev defeated Tomar King and captured Delhi kingdom. The regional army chefs or chieftains Chauhan started ruling in Haryana and Punjab.
         The Chauhan officers replaced Tomar officers for Chauhan officers. The Chauhan army men also started encroaching in South Garhwal –especially Ganga Salan.
  When Muhammad Ghauri defeted Prithvi Raj Chauhan and captured Delhi, the Chauhan soldiers started taking shelters into Himachal and Garhwal.
   Chauhan captured Garhis of Garhwal from 1160-1192. Chauhan captured Garhis of Gangasalan (South Pauri Garhwal, north of Bhabhar/Bijnor and east of Haridwar). These Garhi were Mavakot, Garkot, Bhairon Garh, Ghughti Garh and Dhang Garh. This region was called Ajmeer and Udaypur region. Chauhan also captured Sapad Laksh or Shivalik region of Uttarakhand. Initially the name of this region was Ajymeru and now Ajmeer.
  Chauhan captured parts of Mandakini valley too.
   Dr. Dabral states that there are possibilities that Ashok Challa had many regional Chauhan chieftains under his rule.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 30/8/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -132
 Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)
Xx                 xxx                xxxx
History Notes  on Chauhan in Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; on Chauhan in Ajmir, Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age;  Chauhan in Udaipur Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Mavgarh, Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Ajmergarh Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; on Chauhan in Bhairon Garh Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Gadhkot/Gatkot, Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Naugarh -Dhangu, Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Dhang Garh Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Ghughti Garh Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Mandakiti valley Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on Chauhan in Shivalik , Dehradun and Haridwar  in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age;  History Notes  on Chauhan in Garhwal in Ashok Challa Period of Indian Himalayan Medieval History Age; History Notes  on History of Kumaon

 




 
 

 




Bhishma Kukreti

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जब इतिहासकार डा.  शिव प्रसाद डबराल को "कुमाऊं का  इतिहास" प्रकाशन हेतु  भूमि बेचनी पड़ी



                  भीष्म कुकरेती

आज स्वतन्त्रता दिवस है तो आज हमारे मनीषियों के योगदान -बलिदान स्मरण होना भी आवश्यक है।
अपनी जन्म भूमि के आत्माभिमान के लिए त्याग भी स्वतंत्रता आन्दोलन जैसा ही ही है। अपने इतिहास को अक्षुण रखना भी एक सामजिक उत्तरदायित्व है । डा शिव प्रसाद डबराल का उत्तराखंड के इतिहास को लिखने में अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण योगदान है ।
 डा शिव प्रसाद डबराल ने उत्तराखंड के सभी क्षेत्रों का इतिहास पर अन्वेषण किया और उसे लिपिबद्ध  किया । इन कार्यों के लिए उन्हें कई कष्ट भी सहने पड़े ।

कुमाऊँ का  इतिहास (1000 -1790 ई ) की भूमिका में डा शिव प्रसाद डबराल इस प्रकार लिखते हैं -
 " छै वर्षों तक सूरदास बने रहने के कारण लेखन कार्य रुक गया था ।प्रकाशन कार्य में निरंतर घाटा पड़ने से प्रेस (वीर गाथा प्रेस ) बेच देना पड़ा ।ओप्रेसन से ज्योति पुन: आने पर  चला कि दरजनो फाइलें , जिसमें महत्वपूर्ण नोट्स थे , शायद रद्दी कागजों के साथ फेंक दी गईं हैं । कुमाऊँ का इतिहास भी गढ़वाल के इतिहास के समान ही छै सौ पृष्ठों में छपने वाला था ।इस बीच कागज़ का मूल्य  छै गुना और छपाई का व्यय १६ गुना बढ़ गया था ।छै सौ पृष्ठों का ग्रन्थ छपने के लिए 35000 रुपयों की आवश्यकता थी ।इतनी अधिक राशि जुटाना सम्भव नही था । 76 की आयु में मनुष्य को जो भी करना हो तुरंत कर लेना चाहिए ।दो ही साधन थे ।भूमि बेच देना और पांडू लिपि को संक्षिप्त करना ।अस्तु मैंने कुछ राशि भूमि बेचकर जुटाई तथा कलम कुठार लेकर पांडुलिपि के बक्कल उतारते उतारते उसे आधा , भीतरी , 'टोर' मात्र बना दिया । किसी 'चिपको वाले 'मित्र ने मुझे इस क्रूर कार्य से नही रोका ! "
डा शिव प्रसाद डबराल की  'कुमाऊँ का इतिहास '  (1987 ) पुस्तक में कुल 272 पृष्ठ हैं और पुनीत प्रेस मेरठ से मुद्रित  हुयी है
डा डबराल को कोटि कोटि नमन


Bhishma Kukreti

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Medieval Indian, Himalayan History Features of Purushottam Singh the King of Kamadesh (Kali Kumaon)


History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 131
 
     Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) – 12
            (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790)
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti


                    Purushottam Singh (1170-1210); a Strong King of Singh Dynasty

                         Purushottam Singh was son of Kamdev Singh and grandson of Jaytung Singh who ruled over Kaliganga valley. Purushottam Singh ruled Kaliganga valley under the super rule of Ashok Challa. Dr. Dabral suggested the rule of Jaytung Singh from 1160 AD and the rule of Kamdev Singh till 1170.Purushottam ruled Kali Kumaon from 1170-1210.
There are inscriptions available about Ashok Challa and Purushottam Singh-
1-Bodhgaya, Rock inscription by Ashokchalla
2-Bodhgaya, rock inscription by Sahanpal
3- Bodhgaya, rock inscription by Purushotttam Singh
4-Gopeshwar, Trident inscription by Ashokchalla
5-Gopeshwar, Trident inscription by Ashokchalla
6-Barahat, Trident inscription by Ashok Challa
7- Nala, Vijay Stambh or Pillar inscription by Ashokchalla
8- Jageshwar , metal sculpture of Ashok Challa

                    Capital of Kamadesh of Purushottam Singh (1170-1210);
   The Bodhgaya inscriptions of Purushottam Singh state that he ruled on Kamadesh. His capital was ‘Chakraval’.  Dr Dabral suggested this place as present Charal Patti east of present Champawat.

                 Gandhkuti construction in Bodhgaya by Purushottam Singh
                   Manikya Singh the grandson (daughter’s son) of Purushottam Singh expired in his early age. For paying ribute to his grandson, Purushottam Singh built a very beautiful Kuti in Bodhgaya. Mahadhiraj of Purushottam Singh -Ashok Challa and Chinda King helped Purushottam Singh in building Gandhkuti.  Rajguru and religious priest Yati the court scholar of Kamadesh was there to look after the construction of Gandhkuti. The construction of Gandhkuti at Bodhgaya was started in 1205 and was completed in 1209. Purushottam Singh established Buddha idol there. Purushottam Singh appointed a beautiful singer and dancers for singing and dancing before Buddha sculpture in morning, afternoon and evening. 
   Purushottam Singh arranged daily food for needy ones in Gadhkuti at Bodhgaya.  The scholars and religious pundits used to stay in Gadhkuti.

                  Respect for Scholars

          Purushottam Singh was believer on Buddhism. In low numbers, but Buddhism was still alive there in Uttarakhand.
          Purushottam Singh had great respects for scholars, art and artists. His Rajguru Yati was great scholar. The Sanskrit poet Manju Nandi created sholkas for Bodhgya inscriptions. Jeev Nag the father of Manju Nandi and Vasudev the grandfather of Manju Nandi were scholars. A scholar Indra Nandi was record keeper.
                      Territory of Purushottam Singh Rule

               Kamdesh or Kalikumaon was the territory of Purushottam Singh. Purushottam Singh  was ruler and Ashok Challa was over ruling King.
Jay Singh and Khang Singh were successors of Purushottam Singh.

  Purushottam Singh was founder of Singh dynasty in Kumaon.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 30/8/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -132
 Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)
Xx                 xxx                xxxx
Notes on Indian, Himalayan Medieval History; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Doti Nepal; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Pithoragarh; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Nainital; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Almora; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Bageshwar; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Udham Singh Nagar; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Lohaghat Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Charal Patti Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Tanakpur Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Bajkot Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Sela Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Lepra Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Kali Valley Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Dhunaghat Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Sukhidhang Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Dayuri Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Devidhura Champawat; Indian, Himalayan Medieval History of Uttarakhand;

नवीन जोशी

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महोदय, बहुत उपयोगी जानकारी लगती है, पर अगर हिंदी में होती तो हमारी मोटी समझ में भी कुछ आ जाती…

Bhishma Kukreti

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Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Indian Himalayan History


History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 132
 
     Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) – 13
            (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790)
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti

                      Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in 1191 onwards

           Due to many reasons, Katyuri Kingdom was disintegrated. Ashok Challa of Doti Nepal became strong ruler of Uttarakhand. However, there was revival of Katyuri kingdom in Kumaon region after 1191.
                                                  Indra Dev Katyuri (1191-1202)
 
                               There is inscription of 1202 AD of Indra Dev available. It seems that Indra Dev Katyuri was successor of Sadhu Var Dev. By guessing and logical analysis of historical aspects, Dr Dabral states that Indra Dev Katyuri got crown ship after defeat of Sadhu Var Dev from Ashok Challa and returning of Ashok Challa from Uttarakhand.  Till date historian did not find clear relationship of Indra Dev with Sadhu Var Dev.
                    It seems that the family of Tribhuwanpla Katyuri (that ruled from 1100-191) was different Katyuri family than Indra Dev Katyuri family. The Indra Dev Katyuri family ruled from 1191-1230AD.


                   The ruling time of Indra Dev Katyuri would be from 1191-1202. Around this time to 2130, the regional chieftains became free or they took shelters under stronger rulers and became governors of those rulers.
       Indra Dev started strengthening Katyuri kingdom after return of Ashok Challa from Uttarakhand. After ten years (1291), his was position became stronger than past. He and his successors built temples.
  The successor of Indra Dev Katyuri of Baijnath was Vijay Pal Dev (1202-1214). Vijay Pal Dev built a temple in 1214.
            Mahipal Dev was successor of Indra Dev who ruled from 1214-1215
  Lakshaman Pal Dev was successor of Mahipal Dev (read about Lakshaman Pal Dev on next chapter).


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 1/9/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -133
 Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)
Xx                 xxx                xxxx
Notes on Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in Baijnath context Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in Kumaon context Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Uttarakhand History;  Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Asian History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval North Indian Himalayan History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Central Himalayan History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Oriental History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval South Asian History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Garhwal, Indian Himalayan History; Revival of Katyuri Kingdom in context Medieval Haridwar, Indian Himalayan History;     

Bhishma Kukreti

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Indian Himalayan Medieval History Accounts of Lakshaman Pal in Katyuri Kingdom Resurgence 

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 133
 
     Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) – 15
            (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790)
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti
               Tripathi states that Lakshaman Pal Dev was son of Indra Pal Dev. However, the broken rock inscription of Baijnath state that the title of Lakshaman pal Dev was ‘Prambhattarak Mahadhiraj ‘. In that inscription, Mahipal Dev is engraved before Lakshaman Pal Dev. Mahipal Dev coming before proofs that Lakshaman Pal Dev was successor of Mahipal Dev.
     The title‘Prambhattarak Mahadhiraj’ indicates that Lakshaman Pal Dev strengthen his power after Ashok Challa. Lakshaman Pal Dev got support of regional ruler (mandalik) and became stronger.

                          Rebellious Regional Chieftains 
           
                         There was jealousy among regional chieftains for re-up rising of Katyuri Kingdom. The chieftains of Eastern Manaskhand (Kumaon) were happy for name sake over rule of Ashok Challa as virtually the regional chieftains were real kings.   

     The Domkot, Sor, Seera, Sonpatti regional chieftains preferred over rule of Ashok Challa of  Doti king far away from them.  Charal-Champawat‘s Sing regional chieftains flourished because of help from Ashok Challa.  The existence of Jay Singh of Charal-Champawat depended soley on Ashok Challa or his successors.     
                                            Thapuva Raut (1219)
             The Goril temple inscription of Ganai state that a Khasa chieftain Thauva Raut became very strong.  He or his son Jahal revolted against Katyuri king Baichhal Dev of ganai that Katyuri king Baichhal ran away from his kingdom in 1220 AD. Baichhal Dev took shelter in Sui.

                                Attack by Krachalla

         When Lakshaman Pal Dev declared his title as ‘Prambhattarak Mahadhiraj in 1222 or 1223, and refused to pay tax to Challa king , Krachalla the successor of Ashok Challa attacked Mansabhumi )Kumaon) in 1223.   
  There was draught and famine in Nepal at this period. Therefore, Krachalla got soldiers for looting in Mansbhumi in numbers. Thorchandra from plains also supported Krachalla in attacking Mansasbhumi.
  When Krachalla crossed Kaliganga the traitors of Lakshaman Pal Dev – two Raut chieftains, three Khsa Gadhpati Jay Singh of Singh dynasty joined hands with Krachalla. Krachalla rewarded them by providing them high post in his court.
                  Krachalla speeded his army and supporters towards capital of Lakshaman Pal Dev Katyuri and defeated Lakshaman pal Dev. Krachulla destroyed Karvipur (Kirtipur) the capital of Katyuri. Lakshaman Pla and his supporters ran towards west. Krachalla handed over the rule to his supporters who supported him to defeat Lakshaman Pal Dev.

           Copper Inscriptions of Krachalla

   Around 900 AD, Katyuri king Deshat Dev engraved a inscription in Baleshwar temple of Champawat. After three hundred years, Krachalla added his declaration on December 1223.
   Krachalla donated land for temple management to the temple priest a Bangaj Brahmin Bhatt Narayan.
There are names of his governors on this inscription- 
Shri hariraj Raut Raj
Shri Aniladitya Raut Raj
Shri Jahaddev Mandlik (regional chieftain)
Shri Chandra Dev Mandlik (regional chieftain)
Shri Vinay Chandra Mandlik (regional chieftain )
Shri Vadya Chandra Mandlik (regional chieftain)
Shri Jay Singh Mandlik (regional chieftain)
 Shri Jeehaldev Mandlik (regional chieftain)
Shri Ballaldev Mandlik (regional chieftain)
Shri Musadev Mandlik (regional chieftain)

  After handing over his captured territory to his governors, Krachalla returned to Nepal. The inscription shows that he did not move to Kedarbhumi (Garhwal).
   
              Winning Doti , Nepal by Lakshaman Pal Dev
       
                     After Krachalla returned to Doti, Lakshaman Pal Dev strengthen his position (his rule on west part was there). Lakshaman Pal recaptured his capital Krirtipur. Lakshaman Pal Dev established new capital near Kritipur. Lakshaman Pal used materials from Kirtipur for constructing new capital.
   Baring rebellious leaders, Lakshaman Pal Dev pardoned all Mandlik who accepted rule of Krachalla. Krachalla did not attack on Lakshaman Pal Dev again.
   Lakshaman Pal Dev attacked on Doti most probably after death of Krachalla. Lakshaman Pal captured Doti.
 However, it seems that there was rule of Krachalla successors on the territories as Jumla, Vyans, Daikhal, Chaudasof Manskhand (Kumaon). The attack period would be 1225 AD
 There are folk songs in contrast that Lakshaman capture Doti.
  Dham Dev took over Katyuri rule after death of Lakshaman Pal Dev.
                     Ruins of Karvir pur or Kartikeypur
  There are ruins of capital Baidyanath  Kartikeypur or Karvir pur in Tailihat, Baijnath , Kot.
             
                                 






Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 2/9/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -134
 Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 135
 
     Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) – 17
            (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790)
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti

                Multiple views for Dham Dev Katyuri Ruler
   There are many views about Dham Dev Katyuri ruler of Karvipur.
                 Folklore describes that Dham Dev Katyuri won Doti.
                The List of Katyuris of Doti state that Tribhuwanpal Dev was son of Brahma Dev and grandson of Dham Dev Katyuri. However, there is no inscription for supporting this view.
       The historian as Dr Dabral suggests that Dham Dev got kingdom from Lakshaman Pal Dev and his rule began from 1230AD.
 There is no name of Lakshaman Pal Dev in Askot and Doti Katyuri list. This suggests that Dhamdev was not direct descendent of Lakshaman Pal Dev Katyuri. There are two possibilities either Lakshaman Pal Dev declared Dhamdev as his successor or Dham Dev captured the rule from Lakshaman Pal Dev.
              There is third folklore too that Dham Dev killed his father Pritam Dev and took the kingdom. The famous Uttarakhand folklore Rajula Malu Shahi is connected to Dhamshahi. It is said that Malushahi was son of Dhamshahi. Malushahi kidnapped Rajula the daughter of Shunpati.
                        Shri Chandra Dev Katyuri

 There is name of Chandra Dev as Mandlik (regional chieftain) in Krachalla inscriptions. There is no folklore about Chandra Dev. It is sure that Chandra Dev was a Katyuri soldier and took shelter under Krachalla after Krachalla destroyed Kartipur. It might be possible that after Lakshaman Pal Dev re took his kingdom; Lakshaman Pal might discharge Chandra Dev.

          Shri Ballal Dev
          It seems Ballal Dev Katyuri was regional army chief of Ganai . He might be Baichhal Dev. Baichhal Dev ran could not stop rebellion acts of Jahal the son of Thapuva Raut. Baichhal Dev took shelter in Sui fort.



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 2/9/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -136
 Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)
Xx                 xxx                xxxx
Notes on Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri of Karvipur; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Askot Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Bageshwar Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Champawat Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Dwarhat Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Kapkot Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Gangolihat Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Khagmara KotKumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Bishaud Kot Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Syunara Kot  Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Faldakot Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period; Medieval Indian Himalayan History of Sui Kumaon around Ruler Dham Dev Katyuri period;   

Bhishma Kukreti

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    Ruling Period of Karvipur Katyuri Kings and Mandlik in Medieval Indian Himalayan History

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 136
 
     Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Katyuri Imperialism of Karvipur (Uttarakhand, India) – 18
            (History of Kumaon from 1000-1790)
          (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))- (740-1300 AD)

                                              By: Bhishma Kukreti
 Dr Dabral Provided Approximate time period of Karvipur Katyuri Kings and Mandliks

                 Katyuri Kings of Karvipur -1

Kings ------------------------------Base ------------------------------------Time
Nar (Jay) Singh Dev -----------------------------------------------------1000AD
Anijaldev to Ijkath Dev ------------------------------------------------1080
Kattarmal Dev-------------------------Inscriptions --------------------1080-1090
Veer (veeram) Dev --------------------Inscription------------------------1090-1100

                   Katyuri Kings of Karvipur -2

Tribhuvan Pal Dev-----------------------Inscription---------------------------1100
Vamnad Dev to Ijkath Dev -----------------Inscription----------------------1152
Uday Pal Dev-------------------------Inscription of 1158---------------------1152-1165
Vassan Pal Dev , Bali Nakul Pal Dev------------------------------------------1165-1180
Anant Pal Dev--------------------------Inscription 1181-----------------------1180-1184
Sadhurdev------------------------------Inscription 1184------------------------1184-1191

               Singh Dynasty of Kamdesh

Singh Dynasty of Kamdesh --------------------Inscription 1205-1206------------------1160-1233-40

                               Challa Dynasty of Baitadi-Dullu
Ashok Challa Dev --------------------Various Inscriptions-----------------------------1160-1209
Krachalla Dev-------------------------------Inscriptions-------------------------------------1208-1223

                    Katyuri of Karvipur (Baidyanath) after 1191

Indra dev -------------------Insc----------------------------------------1191-1202
Vijay Pal dev i----------------Insc---------------------------------------1202-1214
Mahipal Dev ----------------Inscription-----------------------------1214-1215
Lakshaman Pal Dev --------Insc -----------------------------------1215-1230
Shri Chandra Dev Mandlik of Krachala ---Insc--------------------1223-1224
Dhamdev –Brahm Dev -------------------------------------------------1230-1250
Trilok Pal Dev -------------------------------------------------------------1250-1275
Niranjan Dev Founder of Doti branch)-------------------------------1275-1300
Abhaypal Dev—(Founder of Askot branch)--------------------------1279-1300
Baichhal (Ballal )Dev (founder of Sui branch)  Inscription-----------1220-1230

                  Successors of Trilok Pal Dev
 
      After Lakshaman Pal Dev recaptured Doti (today’s Nepal), the regional chieftains who supported Krachalla as super ruler they came again under Katyuri kingdom.
 Till fifteenth century, Seera, Sor, Johar, Askot and Darma regions were under Katyuris of Doti .
       It seems that Baidnath Katyuri were having following regional head quarters
Region (mandal/Thakurai) ----------------- Head Quarter
Mandal Pali Pachhaun -------------------------------------Dwarhat
Mandal Danpur ----------------------------------------------Kapkot
Mandal Gangoli ---------------------------------------------Gangolihat
Mandal Baramandal
Thakurai Khagmara ------------------------------------------Khagmara Kot
Thakurai Vishaud --------------------------------------------Vishaud Kot
Thakurai Syunara --------------------------------------------Syunara Kot
Thakurai Faldakot --------------------------------------------Faldakot
 The Katyuri King Gurjar dev built a temple in Dwarhat.
Ram Chandra dev build a Naula (water reservoir) and started temple construction in Gangoli.
Veer Singh Dev built a temple in Vishaud around thirteenth century.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 2/9/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
   
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -136
 Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Karvipur Katyuri to be continued…
  (Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1300 AD to be continued…)
Xx                 xxx                xxxx
Notes on Katyuri Kings and Mandliks in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Doti (Nepal) Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Baijnath Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Dwarhat Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Almora Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Baitadi (Nepal) Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Kapkpt Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Gangolihat Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Khagmara Kot Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Vishaud Kot Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Falda Kot Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Askot Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Sui Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Seera Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Sor Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Johar Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Darma Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History; Katyuri Kings and Mandlik of Kumaun in Medieval Indian Himalayan History..

 

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