Author Topic: Exclusive Garhwali Language Stories -विशिष्ठ गढ़वाली कथाये!  (Read 49645 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Goda: A Sad, Tragic Garhwali Story of Soldier losing legs   
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -105
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories by Kusum Nautiyal - 1)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories
                                      Bhishma Kukreti
(Notes on Tragedy and sadness in stories; Tragedy and sadness in Garhwali stories; Tragedy and sadness in Uttarakhandi stories; Tragedy and sadness in Mid Himalayan stories; Tragedy and sadness in Himalayan stories; Tragedy and sadness in North Indian stories; Tragedy and sadness in Indian regional language stories; Tragedy and sadness in Indian subcontinent stories; Tragedy and sadness in South Asian stories; Tragedy and sadness in Asian stories; Tragedy and sadness in Oriental storie]
                Kusum Nautiyal, Puran Pant and Bhishma Kukreti are remembered in modern Garhwali fiction world for their fresh approach for subject and new tale telling style (Notes of Bahuguna and personal talk of author with Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna).
   Goda (Hilans, August, 1985) is a story of a soldier Ratan Singh a soldier losing his legs. His wife Goda takes the readers in past about agile life of Ratan Singh of last Indian village at China border, Mana. Goda did not feel pain of Ratan Singh losing his legs until she listens the self centered sentence of wife of a military officer. 
    Kusum provide new treatment to Garhwali story telling stylein terms of engaging readers and compelling them to be interested for next happening in the story. Kusum uses Garhwali phrase, symbols as snow, Snow Mountains, Ganga and sarswati rivers and Garhwali folk story for creating images.
  The flow is fast and there is dramatic conflict in the story.
    Kusum has been successful in characterization especially the character of Ratan Singh.  Kusum narrates the feeling of tragedy and sadness of Goda with perfection.   
References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga (For Sad, tragic Stories)
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara (For Sad, tragic Stories)
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri (For Sad, tragic Stories)
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan (For Sad, tragic Stories )
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal (For Sad, tragic Stories
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi (sad and tragic stories)
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi (For Sad, tragic Stories about Soldier losing legs)
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal (For Sad, tragic Stories)
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi (For Sad, tragic Stories )
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara (For Humorous and inspirational Stories)
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium (For Sad, tragic Stories)
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium (For Humorous and inspirational Stories)
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (For Sad, tragic Stories)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P. (For Sad, tragic Stories)
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites (For Sad, tragic Stories )
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue. (For Sad, tragic Stories)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 17/9/2012
Notes on Tragedy and sadness in stories; Tragedy and sadness in Garhwali stories; Tragedy and sadness in Uttarakhandi stories; Tragedy and sadness in Mid Himalayan stories; Tragedy and sadness in Himalayan stories; Tragedy and sadness in North Indian stories; Tragedy and sadness in Indian regional language stories; Tragedy and sadness in Indian subcontinent stories; Tragedy and sadness in South Asian stories; Tragedy and sadness in Asian stories; Tragedy and sadness in Oriental stories to be continued…
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Satpoli ka Dak Bangla: Sad and Tragic Story of Love Rivalry between two sisters
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -106
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories by Kali Prasad Ghildiyal - 1)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!
                                      Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on sad, tragic stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Garhwali stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Uttarakhandi stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Mid Himalayan stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Himalayan stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic North Indian stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Indian stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Indian sub continent stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Asian stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Oriental stories of love rivalry]
               Kali Prasad Ghildiyal is prominent figure in modern Garhwali story world. Garhwali stories by kali Prasad are published in various magazines.
    Satpoli ka Dak Bangla (Hilans, March 1985) by Ghildiyal is in memoir type technique. The writer visits Satpuli after fifteen years and describes the geographical situation and importance of Satpuli. However, there is a story of two sisters. The story ends by showing rivalry for love (ranger of Dak Bungalow). The story reveals many geographical aspects and images of Satpuli. At the same time the readers become shocked by the fate of love rivalry.   
   The story telling style is simple and story engages the interest of readers till end. The reader is always interested in knowing about the next incident. There are lesser dialogues and the story is in narrative from the writer’s point of view. Ghildiyal has been successful in creating images of Satpuli the famous place in Pauri Garhwal. The writer uses Garhwali and Hindi words for flow of story. The story is sad, tragic due to love rivalry.
References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi (sad and tragic stories of Love Rivalry)
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara (For Humorous and inspirational Stories of Love Rivalry)
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium (For Humorous and inspirational Stories)
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P. (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue. (For Sad, tragic Stories of Love Rivalry)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 18/9/2012
Notes on sad, tragic stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Garhwali stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Uttarakhandi stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Mid Himalayan stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Himalayan stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic North Indian stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Indian stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Indian sub continent stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Asian stories of love rivalry; sad, tragic Oriental stories of love rivalry to be continued…
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories to be continued -107
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories by Kali Prasad Ghildiyal to be continued- - 2

Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Har Har Gange: A Story on Remorse emotion
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -107
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories by Dr. Mahaveer Prasad Gairola - 1)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!
                                      Bhishma Kukreti
(Notes on stories on remorse emotion; Garhwali stories on remorse emotion; Uttarakhandi stories on remorse emotion; Mid Himalayan stories on remorse emotion; Himalayan stories on remorse emotion; North Indian stories on remorse emotion; Indian stories on remorse emotion; Indian subcontinent  stories on remorse emotion; South Asian stories on remorse emotion; Asian stories on remorse emotion; Oriental stories on remorse emotion, African stories on remorse emotion]
  Dr Mahaveer Gairola is famous for Spiritual communism. He completed his D.Lit in Spritual Communism at the age of 82. Dr Gairola is prominent figure in modern Garhwali story world. He is first novel writer (Pavati) of Garhwali language.
  Har har Gange (Hilans, April, 1985) is one of the finest stories of Dr, Gairola.
              Thaggu pundit is taking bath in Ganges. While taking bath he started staring a girl washing clothes. She saw him staring her with sinful eyes. She spited towards Thaggu. The same girl becomes his daughter in law. Now Thaggu has to take remorse act. He takes decision for remorse.
    The story is interesting and Gairola has been successful in engaging readers. The story investigates the inner voice of a man. The language is Tiryali. (Tihri dialects). There is no dialogue in the story. 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 19/9/2012
Notes on stories on remorse emotion; Garhwali stories on remorse emotion; Uttarakhandi stories on remorse emotion; Mid Himalayan stories on remorse emotion; Himalayan stories on remorse emotion; North Indian stories on remorse emotion; Indian stories on remorse emotion; Indian subcontinent  stories on remorse emotion; South Asian stories on remorse emotion; Asian stories on remorse emotion; Oriental stories on remorse emotion, African stories on remorse emotion to be continued…
                                 Appendix
                 A brief list of fiction related to Remorse subject
Remorse: The 14 Stories of Eric Morse by reporters Jones and Newman
Remorse, a Story of the Red Plague (film and drama 1917)
Without Remorse a novel by Tom Clancy (1994)
Right Stuff by Tom Wolfe, 2001(put lights on subject of remorse)
Talking with serial killers by Christopher Berry-Dee (2003) analyzes remorse too
Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahri (20080 investigates remorse emotion too.
Tarnished heroes.. .by L. Porter discusses remorse
Jail Sentences: Representing Prison in twentieth century French fiction by Andrew Sobanet (2008)   argues about remorse 
Compassion and remorse by Steven Tudor (2001)
Historical Romance fiction by L. Fletcher discusses about remorse
Lu Xun a Chinese writer wrote stories about remorse.
The readers find story about remorse emotion in Message from unknown Chinese mother by Xinran, 2011
Tales of the Otori by Lian Hearn has story about remorse emotion
The readers will find remorse subject in Cambodian old and modern literature
There is discussion on remorse emotion in African fiction in the book ‘Making Use of History in New South African Fiction by Sten Pultz Moslund (2003).
Keith Clark (2001) discusses remorse emotion in Contemporary Black men’s fiction and dramas.

Bhishma Kukreti

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   Jaunl Bagi: Story against ritual animal sacrifice
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -108
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Story Jaunl Bagi (Hilans, September, 1985) by Dharma Nand Uniyal - 1)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories
                               Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Garhwali stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Mid Himalayan stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Himalayan stories against ritual animal sacrifice; North Indian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Indian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Indian subcontinent stories against ritual animal sacrifice; South Asian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Asian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Oriental stories against ritual animal sacrifice]
                        The religious ritual animal sacrifice is common all over world and in Garhwal as well.  Dharma Nand Uniyal shows worries on animal sacrifices in religious rituals for so called benefits to human beings in ‘Jaunl Bagi’ story.  Vikram got appointment in army. The war starts.Subhaga the mother of Vikram takes oath about no loss to Vikram and she will sacrifice a pair of buffalos to deities.  She bought two buffalos Bhura and Kalu. At the time of ritual Bhura and Kalu revolt against human beings and jumped into Ganges.
   The story narration is in two parts-the narration about human activities and dialogues among human and narration about feeling of buffalos and dialogues between two buffalos.
  Uniyal is successful in characterization of main characters Subhaga and two buffalos- Bhura and Kalu. Uniyal narrates well in narrating the ritual atmosphere in the village. His narration creates perfect images. 
  The language of story ‘Jaunl Bagi’ is in Tiryali dialects. 
References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal (
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (For Sad, tragic Stories)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P.
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 20/9/2012
Notes on stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Garhwali stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Mid Himalayan stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Himalayan stories against ritual animal sacrifice; North Indian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Indian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Indian subcontinent stories against ritual animal sacrifice; South Asian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Asian stories against ritual animal sacrifice; Oriental stories against ritual animal sacrifice to be continued..
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Fans: A sad Story about injustice for girl (female) child birth
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -109
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Bhishma Kukreti - 4)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories
                              Review by:  Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on sad Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Garhwali Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Uttarakhandi Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Mid Himalayan Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Himalayan Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad North Indian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Indian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad South Asian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Asian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Oriental Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth]
  ‘Fans’ is a sad story about injustice for girl (female) child birth published in ‘Hilans’ (October, 1985) written by Bhishma Kukreti.
                        Bhishma Kukreti took the issue of injustice to girl (female) child birth from the society. Kalpa was very agile, active cooperative and friendly woman in the village. Kalpa was always positive for life. The old a, young and children of village liked Kalpa very much. However, she did suicide after giving birth to second girl (female) child in succession. The whole village was in shock. Only her friend Pavitra was aware about the real reason that the suicide of positive personality Kalpa was due to injustice to girl (female) child birth.
   From the beginning of story the reader is anxious to know the reason for suicidal ct of person as Kalpa. Bhishma Kukreti is successful in creating agile, responsive to help, cooperative and courageous character of Kalpa. Kukreti used folk songs for developing story and character of Kalpa. The story flow is very fast. The impact of story is clear not do injustice to girl (female) child birth.
                                Injustice for Girl (female) Child in this century
                  Females used to dominate the human society at initial stage of civilization. If we analyze properly the stories of Mahabharata the females were dominating for carrying the family name. Today, the perception is that male child is the carrier of a family. However, biologically, female is child is real carrier of genes.
  Sheryl WuDunn’s book “Half the Sky” discusses about women oppression and horror stories about injustice to girl (female) child birth.
PTI reported (May, 11, 2012) sad story about injustice to girl (female) child birth that a husband left his wife after she gave birth to two girl (female) children.
    CNN (14 June, 2012) reported another sad story about injustice to girl (female) child that an Indian father accused of killing baby for being a girl.
  Times of India (27 July, 2012) reports a sad story about injustice to girl (female)child birth that a 22 years old husband killed his 20 years old wife for giving birth to girl (female) child.
NDTV (27 July, 2012) reported a sad story about injustice to girl (female) child birth, “Woman killed for Giving birth to Girl”.
 Associated Press (30January, 2012) reported sad story about injustice to girl (female) child birth,”Afghan woman killed for giving birth to
  It is clear that today’s society is crueler to girl child birth.
References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal (
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (For Sad, tragic Stories)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P.
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 21/9/2012
Notes on sad Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Garhwali Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Uttarakhandi Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Mid Himalayan Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Himalayan Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad North Indian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Indian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad South Asian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Asian Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth; sad Oriental Stories about injustice for girl (female) child birth
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories to be continued …110
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Bhishma Kukreti to be continued… 5)

Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Bwari nai jamana ki: Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation

Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -110
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Balendu Badola - 1)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories
                              Review by:  Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Garhwali Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Mid Himalayan Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Himalayan Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; North Indian  Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Indian Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; South Asian Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Asian Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Oriental Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation] 
             Technology is changing fast and changes in human behavior or social changes are occurring dramatically. In every era there are changes in human behavior of society.  In every era there are new social norms. These new social norms are nothing but the result of changes in human behavior due to technical innovations or new types of education. Due to many factors, the family relationship norms are also changing in the society.
       The social change is evident in generation gap between old generation and new generation. There are apparent differences between the values of old generation and social values of new generation. The Garhwali Story ‘Bwari nai Jamana ki’ (Hilans, April, 1984) by famous Garhwali fiction writer Balendu Badola depicts the social changes, human behavior transformations and gaps of values between old and new generations.
  Reethu is in working in the city. In village, his mother is worried that Reethu did not post the letter for many months.  Reethu’s mother discusses the subject of not receiving letter from her son to everybody. Everybody shows sympathy before her but on the back everybody laughs at her and her behavior.  One day her daughter in law who is high school passed woman shows and reads her a postcard and says that this is Reethu’s letter.  In letter, Reethu asks his mother for extreme caring for his wife and not to bother his wife by any means. The letter content is against the nature of Reethu. Reethu’s mother has doubt that the post card does not have post office stamp. In night, Reethu’s mother comes to know the real secret of non post office stamps on postcard and also comes to the conspiracy.
    Balendu Badola is successful in showing the social changes and value changes in the new generation. There is total value transformation in new generation.
  Badola effectively shows the worries of a mother for not receiving timely letters from her migrated son. Badola uses the Cahundkoti regional language dialects. He changed various Hindi words into Garhwali or ‘Hindi ka Garhwalikaran’. The narration style is simple and there are fewer dialogues in the story.
References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P. (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue. (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)
18- Garhwali stories published in ‘Hilans’ Mumbai (Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 21/9/2012
Notes on Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Garhwali Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Mid Himalayan Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Himalayan Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; North Indian  Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Indian Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; South Asian Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Asian Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation; Oriental Story depicting of social changes and human behavior transformation to be continued..
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories to be continued …111
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Balendu Badola to be continued… 2)

Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Byakhanyau Bhulyun:  Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -111
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Jabar Singh Kaintura - 3)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories
                              Review by:  Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Uttarakhandi Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Mid Himalayan Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Himalayan Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; North Indian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Indian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; South Asian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Asian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Oriental Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother]
            Jabar Singh Kaintura (Ringoli, Lotsu, Tihri Garhwal, 1956) is one of most important signatures of Garhwali fiction world. Jabar Singh Kaintura, Kusum Nautiyal, Balendu Badola, Bhishma Kukreti, Mohan Lal Dhoundiyal brought freshness and new style to modern Garhwali fiction in eighties and nineties.
               ‘Byakhanyau Bhulyun’ (Hilans, Jan-Feb 1988) is one of the fine stories by Jabar Singh Kaintura. The story is about the only son neglecting his mother. The story depicts that when the son and his wife or new generation ignore, disregard, overlook, mistreat or neglect their old generation as old mother the old mother struggles physically and psychologically. Human being can sustain physical burden of old age but it is difficult to bear the psychological pain as the only son ignoring or neglecting his old age mother.
     In This story ‘Byakhanyau Bhulyun’, Kaintura focused only one point to show the pain of a neglected old mother. An old mother is separated from his son and his wife. The mother is ready with dough to cook Roti(brad) and the neglected old mother is waiting for ‘Shikar’ (Meat curry) from his son. However when son brings the meet container it is too late.
   Kaintura effectively describes the past and connect the past with future through flash back style. Kaintura is effective in attracting the attention of readers on the issue of physical struggle, human struggle and psychological struggle of a neglected old mother by his son and his wife. Surprisingly the story is stick to present but the wise narration style of story writer creates as if the events were changing. Jabar Singh could depict marvelously the meanness of young daughter in law abusing old generation or her mother in law. The readers enjoy the story of struggle by a neglected mother and become conscious about the consequences of new generation neglecting old generation. The dialects are of Lotsu region of Tihri Garhwal.
References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P(For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue. (For search on Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 23/9/2012
Notes on Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Garhwali Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Uttarakhandi Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Mid Himalayan Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Himalayan Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; North Indian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Indian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; South Asian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Asian Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother; Oriental Story of Human Struggles of a Neglected old Mother to be continued..
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories to be continued…112
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Jabar Singh Kaintura to be continued… 4)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories

Bhishma Kukreti

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Khatti Chhanch:  Story about Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich and Upper Class
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories -112
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories by Kali Prasad Ghildiyal - 2)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories!
                                      Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Garhwali stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Uttarakhandi stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Mid Himalayan stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Himalayan stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; North Indian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Indian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; South Asian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Asian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Oriental stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich]
         There are various types of exploitation and oppression of poor by rich and upper class- economical exploitation (organizational exploitation and structural exploitation); slavery or labor exploitation; *ual exploitation; human trafficking as exploiting medium; child labor exploitation; consumer exploitations. Exploitation is emotional exploitation.
 There are many types of oppressions as *ism oppression; cisgenderism oppression; classism oppression; racism oppression; colourism oppression; abelism oppression; L ookism oppression; nativism oppression; colonialism oppression; social oppression; (Tom Head in About.com); skill oppression; investment oppression etc.
                One of the great story Garhwali writers Kali Prasad Ghildiyal wrote stories on various subjects. A Garhwali story Khatti Chhanch (Hilans, December, 1985) by Ghildiyal is about rich and upper class exploiting and oppressing poor class. Bhola is a poor farmer and is very simple person. Pundit Lakshmi Dhar is rich from material and class point of view. In the hope of getting lavish food from Lakshmi Dhar, Bhola leaves his farming works and takes farm works of Lakshmi Dhar. After hard laborious work poor Bhola does not get Poori Prasad but rotten butter milk.
   Kali Prasad successfully shows the economical and exploitation and emotion exploitation. The story depicts the oppression methodology by rich and upper class too.
  Kali Prasad Ghildiyal creates memorable character by his effective characterization method. The narration style is simple and attractive. 

References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal(for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites (for searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue. (For searching stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 24/9/2012
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories to be continued…113
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Kali Prasad Ghildiyal to be continued… 3)
Notes on stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Garhwali stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Uttarakhandi stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Mid Himalayan stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Himalayan stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; North Indian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Indian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; South Asian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Asian stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich; Oriental stories of Exploitation and Oppression of Poor by Rich to be continued…
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali   Stories

Bhishma Kukreti

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गढ़वाळी ननि कथा-******पुछ्यरू ब्वाडा*****

        कथाकार-डॉ नरेन्द्र गौनियाल   

इनु कु जणद की कब क्य ह्वै जालु ? क्वी बि ना.फिरबि गाँव-गोठ मा पुछेरों की भरमार च.यख तक कि दिल्ली,देरादूण जना शहरों बिटि बि लोग पूछ करणो यख ऐ जन्दिन.कै तै कमर पीड़ हो,मुंडारु हो,पेट पीड़ हो,जैर-बुखार हो,चट पुछेरा मा.नौनु ठीक से नि पढ़दू,नौनि अणमणी रैंद,मर्द दरवल्य़ा ह्वै जांद,गौड़ी-भैंसी दूध ठीक से नि दीन्दी य हैंका पैण नि हून्दी त तब बि पुछेरा मा.नौना का ब्यो का बाद एक-द्वी साल मा ब्वारि हुण्या-खण्या नि हून्दी,बेटी-ब्वारि खांद-पींद बि सुकि-सुकि ऐ जांद,त चट पुछेरा मा.पुछेरू या पुछेरी कुछ ना कुछ बाटु दिखै दींद.अब ऊ रास्ता चै कुछ बि हो.कै पर परी,कै पर शैतान,कै पर अन्छरी लगि जांद त कैका घरभूत,कैको नरसिंह,देवी,कन्त्यूर,पूजा मंग्दीन.कै पर पुरण्या ल़गि जांद,कैकि कूड़ी मा बुजिनो निकळी जांद,..पैलि पूछ फिर पूजा.जनि पूछ,तनि पूजा.
            जड़ाऊखांद मा बि एक पुछ्यरू ब्वाडा रैंदु छौ.उनु त ये मुल्क मा हर गौं,बाजार मा पुछेरा-पुछेरी मिलि जन्दिन.ब्वाडा नौकरी बिटि रिटैर ह्वैकी जड़ाऊखांद ऐ गे छाया.घरवल़ी का दगड़ ठीक से नि पटदी छै.वा अपणा नौना का दगड़ भैर शहर मा रैंदी छै.ब्वाडा किराया का कमरा मा यखुली रैंदा छाया.रोज सुबेर-सुबेर पूछ करण वलोँ कि भीड़ लगि जांदी छै.जादातर ब्यटुलों कि भीड़ रैंदी छै.कै तै काल़ू धागु मंत्री कि दीन्दा,कै तै बभूत,कै तै कुछ.
               ब्वाडा रोज पांच बजी उठी जांद छाया.आज न त द्वार खुला अर न पूजा-पाती ह्वै..सुबेर-सुबेर दगड़ मा घूमणो जाण वल़ा रुपी काका ब्वाडा का कमरा मा गै.द्वर पर भट-भट करि,पण क्वी स्वीं न पटाग.न ब्वाडा उठू अर न द्वार खुला.रुपी काकन सोचि कि आज पुछ्यरू दादा कनि निंद सियूँ.वैन द्वर पर एक छेद बिटि भितर देखि कि ब्वाडा रस्वडा का समणि ट्वटगू हुयूं..रुपी काकन अगल-बगल मा लोगोँ तै बतै.लोग ऐनी.भितर बिटि चटगणि लगीं छै.वै तै तोड़ी कि द्वार खोली कि भितर गैनी त देखि कि ब्वाडा चुड्पट हुयूं.भितर ब्वाडा का प्राण राति जणि कब उडी गीं अर भैर पूछ कराण वलोँ कि भीड़ लगणि शुरू ह्वैगे.ब्वाडा का बारा मा सूणि त सब  हक्चक रैगीं.आज ब्वाडन काफी लोग विशेष पूजा का वास्त बुलयाँ छाया.
 
    डॉ नरेन्द्र गौनियाल ..सर्वाधिकार सुरक्षित ..narendragauniyal@gmail.com

Bhishma Kukreti

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Mauni: Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother in memoir form
Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories to be continued…113
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Virendra Datt Dangwal -1)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fictions!
                                       Review by Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Garhwali Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Uttarakhandi Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Mid Himalayan Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Himalayan Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; North Indian Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Indian Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Indian subcontinent Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Asian Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Oriental Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother]
            There are many stories about dreams of a mother about her son and mother’s sacrifice. Virendra Dangwal presents dreams of a poor mother and her sacrifice in a pictographic form ‘Mauni’ (Hilans, March, 1988). The story is a poor mother’s son wants to get higher studies. Since her husband is not alive it is difficult for mother to arrange fees, books for her son’s study.  There was an alternate that son Mauni takes job in city. However, the courageous mother takes another courageous root and Mauni goes to college for higher studies.
             The story is in memoir, rebus or pictographic form. The story goes smooth and readers make the required image as the writer wanted. The writer provides real names of school, college and region for readers attaching with the story.

References-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
(4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
5-Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
7- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Garhwali Katha Sansar, Sankalp, Delhi (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
8- Bhishma Kukreti, 2012 Kathaon ki Katha, Notes on Worldwide short  stories  in Shailvani weekly, Kotdwara, Garhwal(For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
9- Stories of ‘Katha Kumud’, Garhwali Prakashan, Janankpuri, Delhi (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
10-Mini short stories by Chinmay Sayar in Shailvani, Hilans Kotdwara (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
11-Mini short stories by Puran Pant Pathik (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
12- Mini short Stories by Bhishma Kukreti in internet medium (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
13- Minis and Short stories by Dr. Narendra Gauniyal on Internet medium (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
14-21st issue of Chitthi magazine, Dehradun (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
15- Garhwali Stories in Bugyal magazine, Noida, U.P. (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
16- Bhishma Kukreti, 2011, Adhunik Garhwali Katha Sansar in various Internet sites (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)
17 Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Garhwali Kahani, Hilans, May 1985 issue. (For search - Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 25/9/2012

Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories to be continued…114
(Critical Review of Modern Garhwali Stories written by Virendra Datt Dangwal l to be continued… 2)
Notes on Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Garhwali Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Uttarakhandi Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Mid Himalayan Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Himalayan Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; North Indian Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Indian Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Indian subcontinent Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Asian Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother; Oriental Story of Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother to be continued…
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!
   Appendix about Stories about Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother in the book
Stories about Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother in the book ‘ Yidishlands’ by    D.G Roskies (2008 )
Stories about Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother in the book ‘Teraa infirma’ by  Kamenetz  ( 2000)
Stories about Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother in the book ‘My Mother’s Dreams’ by   Lightle (2010 )
Stories about Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother in the book ‘Cinderella’s Dream’ by J. Stacey  (2011 )
Stories about Dreams of a Poor but Courageous Mother in the book ‘Beyond the Whiteness of Whiteness’ by J.Lazare (1997 )

 

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