Author Topic: Exclusive Garhwali Language Stories -विशिष्ठ गढ़वाली कथाये!  (Read 52586 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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पहाड़ एक ही था,
तुमने दो कर दिए,
सीधे-सादे पहाड़ के ऊपर तुमने
अपना पहाड़ खड़ा कर लिया,
हमारे पहाड़ के कपड़े उतारकर
तुमने अपने पहाड़ को पहना दिए,
तुम्हारा पहाड़ मोटा होता गया
हमारा पहाड़ सिर्फ हाड़ रह गया
तुम्हारे पहाड़ के बोझ से
हमारे पहाड़ ज़मीन में धंस रहा है
तुमने खूब मजे किए
हमारे पहाड़ की बेचैनी को रिकॉर्ड करके
तुमने खूब मोटी-मोटी किताबें लिखी
हमारे पहाड़ के आंसुओं पर

याद रखना
हमारा पहाड़ अभी मरा नहीं है
वो जिंदा है...
हमारा पहाड़ पलटकर तुम्हें जवाब देगा....
इंतज़ार करो...

(लेखक : विक्रम नेगी )

Bhishma Kukreti

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Bwari; Story for Respect to Daughter in law

(Review of Garhwali story Collection ‘Bwari’ by Durga Prasad Ghildiyal)
[Let us Celebrate Hundredth Year of modern Garhwali Fiction]
                                      Bhishma Kukreti
   Bwari has many subjects webbed with each other. There is importance of educating new generation, there is envy problem. However, there is main theme of ‘Bwari ‘story to respect daughter in laws as
" ब्यटा ! मि एक बात हौर बोललु कि जै कुटुम मा ब्वार्युं अलास, पलास, प्यार अर इज्जत होणी राली वो कुटुंब हमेशा फलदो फूलदो रालू अर फल -फोल बि मट्ठा निकळला ..."

Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5- Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 27/7/2012

Let us Celebrate Hundredth Year of modern Garhwali Fiction !

Bhishma Kukreti

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   Story Style of a Garhwali fiction writer Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
 [Let us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!]
                                                 Bhishma Kukreti

[Notes on Story style of fiction writer; Story style of Garhwali fiction writer; Story style of Uttarakhandi fiction writer; Story style of Mid Himalayan fiction writer; Story style of Himalayan fiction writer; Story style of North Indian regional language fiction writer; Story style of Indian regional language fiction writer; Story style of South Asian regional language fiction writer; Story style of Asian regional language fiction writer]

   Durga Prasad Ghildiyal published forty stories in three fiction collections –Gari, Mwari and Bwari .
 Story subject: all the subject of stories by Ghildiyal are the life and life style of Garhwalis. A few stories are based on folk style where moral teaching becomes more prominent than the story. Dr Dabral states that Ghildiyal is expert of issues of Garhwal. Ghildiyal wrote fine modern stories taking Garhwali theme.
Characters and Characterization: Durga Prasad takes both male and female characters in his varied topic stories. Males are of varied characters but females are invariably secular; religious; sensitive; courageous; hard worker and tolerant;   and the lover of society and nature. Ghildiyal establishes Garhwali women as idealistic women. Ghildiyal develops his characters very expertly. Characters are of varied nature.
Background and atmosphere: Durga Prasad Ghildiyal paid less attention on geographical environment of Garhwal or cities. Ghildiyal paid more attention on the human behavior or human psychology.
Language and style: Ghildiyal became successful in developing characters and their characterization but could not become successful in language. He describes the thought of characters than explicit them automatically. The emotions are not of high intensity due to descriptive style.
Motive or moral: Each story by Ghildiyal is aimed for a moral.
 Durga Prasad does not believe in creating extra ordinary characters and he focuses more on common characters of Garhwal and Garhwalis.
  Durga Prasad Ghildiyal has special position in modern Garhwali fiction for common characters; developing characters; subject of Garhwal; psychological description and descriptive style of story.

Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5- Notes of Prem Lal Bhatt on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 27/7/2012
Notes on Story style of fiction writer; Story style of Garhwali fiction writer; Story style of Uttarakhandi fiction writer; Story style of Mid Himalayan fiction writer; Story style of Himalayan fiction writer; Story style of North Indian regional language fiction writer; Story style of Indian regional language fiction writer; Story style of South Asian regional language fiction writer; Story style of Asian regional language fiction writer to be continued ..

Let us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Dhar maki Gaini: Criticizing Marriage by dowry to Girl Side

            [Let us Celebrate Hundredth year of Modern Fiction]


                            Bhishma Kukreti
          Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal wrote five Garhwali stories (Bahuguna, 1975).  Dhar maki Gaini is one of those stories by Dr Nautiyal. The story is about Jasuli . her father took three thousand bucks from father in law of Jasuli. Jasuli’s father in law Jethuva took one thousand bucks as loan from a rich man.  Jethuva dies. Jasuli’s husband Govind ran away from home for earning. Jasuli has to suffer a lot
 The story is unusual and that is the exclusivity of story. Dr Shiva Nand uses different story style than his contemporary Garhwali fiction writer.  The story has smooth flow. The story has pleasure for readers and motive too.
Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 29/7/2012

            Let us Celebrate Hundredth year of Modern Fiction

Bhishma Kukreti

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Ghundya Dyur: Struggle among Body, Social Norms and Individuality

(Review of Modern Garhwali Fiction by Rama Prasad Ghildiyal ‘Pahadi’)
       [Let us Celebrate Hundredth year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!]
                            Bhishma Kukreti
[Notes on Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms; Garhwali Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms; Uttarakhandi Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Mid Himalayan Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Himalayan Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  North Indian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Indian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  south Asian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Asian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms] 
             Rama Prasad Ghildiyal ‘Pahadi’ was famous left wing modern Hindi fiction writer. In his last days of his life he worked for promoting and preserving Garhwali oral and written literature. ‘Pahadi’ was famous for his writing letters to Garhwali creative. This author is fortunate to have communication with ‘Pahadi’.
   Rama Prasad Ghildiyal ‘Pahadi’ wrote two modern Garhwali stories- ‘Ghundya Dyur’ and Meri Moonga Kakh Holi
    ‘Pahadi’ published his story ‘Ghundya Dyur’ in Hilans (January 1980).
  ‘Ghundya Dyur’ deals with the old custom of Garhwal when younger brother law (Devar/Dyur) of young age used to marry his aged widow sister in law (Bhauj/bau). There were social reasons for accepting such custom. Main reason was various needs for widow specially body need and social security. 
   Hari Singh had to marry his aged widow sister in law due to economic compulsion.  People used to tease Hari Singh as ‘husband of old woman.” Hari Singh starts alcohol consumption.
    Hari Singh started dating with his Sali( sister of Bhauj) due to psychological pressure of young body . However, when Hari Singh meets his old school mate the life changes.
  The story deals with many dimensions of needs of widow woman, her need for social security and the psychological need of a young boy married to aged woman.
 Pahadi synthesized social mood, problems and psychology effective in modern Garhwali fiction ‘Ghundya Dyur’ effectively
Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Hilans (January, 1980)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 30/7/2012 

Notes on Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms; Garhwali Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms; Uttarakhandi Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Mid Himalayan Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Himalayan Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  North Indian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Indian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  south Asian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms;  Asian Fiction of Struggle- Individuality and social norms to be continued…
          Let us Celebrate Hundredth year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Meri Moonga Kakh Holi: Webbing Memoir into Story
Let us celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!

                          Bhishma Kukreti
           Ram Prasad Ghildiyal Pahadi wrote second story in Garhwali ‘Meri Moonga Kakh Holi’ published in Hilans. The story is definitely memoir of childhood and young age. However, Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal states that the story lacks a couple of aspects of story.  Dr Dabral states that the story has aspects of essay too. The ‘Meri Moonga Kakh Holi’ is also nearer to memoir.
 Since, there is no focus on one aspect the ‘Meri Moonga Kakh Holi’looses its capacity as story.

Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Hilans
7- Abodh Bandhu Bahguna, Garhwali Kahani, Garhwal ki Jeevit Vibhitiyan
8- Sandeep Rawat, Garhwali Kahani, Khabar sar,(2-15 June 2012 )
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 1/8/2012 
Let us celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!

Bhishma Kukreti

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  ‘Mulakat’:  Story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities

(Review of Garhwali Story Collection ‘Gaitri ki Bwe’(1985) by Sudama Prasad ‘Premi’

Let us celebrate Hundredth year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!
                            Bhishma Kukreti


[Notes on story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Garhwali story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Uttarakhandi story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Mid Himalayan story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Himalayan story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; North Indian story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Indian  story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Asian story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities]

        Sudama Prasad Dabral ‘Premi’ is one of the signatures of Garhwali Literature. Garhwali literature appreciates his contribution in Fiction and poetry both. He was one of the front runner Garhwali literature activists of Delhi before retiring in Garhwal.
     ‘Mulakat’ story is about a poet meeting a migrated Garhwali woman in a tour. She is unhappy about her mismatched marriage. Sudama Prasad takes the readers in the depressing, unsatisfactory world of urban life. The fiction writer brings various emotions loudly in the story. The story is intense and story structure supports the story theme.
Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi,
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 3/8/2012 
Notes on story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Garhwali story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Uttarakhandi story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Mid Himalayan story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Himalayan story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; North Indian story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Indian  story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities; Asian story about unsatisfactory Life in Cities to be continued…

Let us celebrate Hundredth year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!

Bhishma Kukreti

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  Havaldan: Story about losing love for native place
(Review of a Garhwali Story Collection ‘Gaitri k bwe’ (1985) by Sudama Prasad ‘Premi’

             Let us celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!
                                      Bhishma Kukreti

[Notes on story about losing love for native place; Garhwali story about losing love for native place; Uttarakhandi story about losing love for native place; Mid Himalayan story about losing love for native place; Himalayan story about losing love for native place; North Indian story about losing love for native place; Indian story about losing love for native place; Asian story about losing love for native place]
                    The person has tremendous love and attachment for his native place. However, when he has to migrate for his earning and settle elsewhere the situation changes.  He becomes uneasy after realizing that that he has been ignoring his native place. In this story there are many small events connected to each other and become part of story.  Sudama Prasad Premi shows many aspects related to the life of a migrated Garhwali as love for land and love for his sister. The end is unexpectedly shocking and philosophical for the reader.

Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi,
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 4/8/2012 
Notes on story about losing love for native place; Garhwali story about losing love for native place; Uttarakhandi story about losing love for native place; Mid Himalayan story about losing love for native place; Himalayan story about losing love for native place; North Indian story about losing love for native place; Indian story about losing love for native place; Asian story about losing love for native place

      Let us celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!

Bhishma Kukreti

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Gaitri bwe: Story about a tragic life of a widow
(Review of Garhwali Story Collection ‘Gaitri k bwe’(1985) by Sudama Prasad Premi
                               Bhishma Kukreti
  Gaytri’s father expired while she was child. Her mother left Gaytri   and remarried
   Ignorantly, Gaytri married with her cosine (fufera brother). Knowing this Gaytri’s mother did suicide.
The story deals with the state of mind of a widow for remarrying and leaving her child orphan. Later on the story deals with the regret of that widow.
Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Gaytri Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi,

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti5/8/2012

Bhishma Kukreti

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Kauthig: Story about Doubts on Wife

(Review of Garhwali story collection ‘Gaitri ki Bwe’ by Sudama Prasad Premi)
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!
                             Bhishma Kukreti
   Kauthig story of story collection ‘Gaitri ki Bwe’   is about notorious boys creating doubts for his wife in the mind of husband. The notorious boys create rumor about illicit relation between a woman and brother in law. When the husband comes to know the reality the situation becomes humorous. ‘Kauthig’ is an entertaining story.
Reference-
1-Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Myateki Ganga
2-Dr Anil Dabral, 2007 Garhwali Gady Parampara
3-Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal, articles on Durga Prasad Ghildiyal l in Chitthi Patri
4-Dr. Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, Garhwal Ki Divangat Vibhutiyan
5-Notes of Prem lal Bhatt on the Stories of Durga Prasad Ghildiyal
6- Gaytri ki Bwe, 1985 Gadh Bharati Sanstha, Delhi,

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 6/8/2012 
Let Us Celebrate Hundredth Year of Modern Garhwali Fiction!

 

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