Author Topic: Articles By Bhisma Kukreti - श्री भीष्म कुकरेती जी के लेख  (Read 561221 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali Poets-35
                                Sarvesh Juyal : A versatile personality in Garhwali Literature

                                                              Bhishma Kukreti

Sarvesh Juyal was born in 1905, village Sujgaon, Rawatsyun, Pauri Garhwal of Uttarakhand. His contribution to Garhwali language literature is of two ways in Delhi. Apart from creating literature he is famous for networking and creating organizations as Garhwal Sahityik Mandal and Himalaya Kala Sangam in Delhi. He was also connected to Gadh Bharati another Garhwali literature organization. Sarvesh Juyal till a couple of years back was very much active in calling meetings of Garhwali creative and helping them  in publishing Garhwali literature. Once, Delhi was called the literature capital of Garhwali language and Sarvesh was one of the factor for motivating Garhwal language creative for collective wisdom and for performing in collective way.
 He wrote more than fifty poems in Garhwali and tens of Hindi poems. He has also written  Garhwali prose published in Gad Myateki Ganga, Girish, Shailvani, Satyapath, Maulyar and other regional papers of Garhwal.
 
  His main contribution is appreciated by literature creative for organizing mini conferences of Garhwali creative of various field. At 94, he is still active and takes part in local social works in Delhi
Copyright@Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali Poet-36

Adityaram Dudhpudi : A Freedom Fighter, an Ideal  Teacher  and Great Garhwali Poet

                                                        Bhishma Kukreti

 Adityaram Dudhpudi will be remembered in Garhwali language literature for providing inspiring, neeti-gat, life on wise conducts, spiritual methodology, mythological subjects. In society, he was famous for as Gandhian but innovative and revolutionary freedom fighter, a simple person but stick on hs principle and a teacher.

Adityaram was in Sainj Malla, Sheela Patti of Pauri Garhwali in 1914
Political activist: he joined Congress for participating in freedom movement in 1930 and established Congress Committee of Dadamandi , Sheela patti. He was so active in Congress work that he was provided the responsibility of general secretary of Garhwal congress committee in 1938. He was prisioned by British government in 1941 and later on relesed. He came in contact with revolutionary wing member of congress and established “ Yudh Samiti Dadamandi’ at the time of Bharat Chhod aandolan. and became busy in distributing revolutionary literature and inspiring people to go on the pth of Bhagat Singh and company. In 1942, he was gains prisioned by Brish government with other activists as Paripurna nand Painuli, Bhairav dutt Dhulia, Chhwana Singh, Mayaram barthwal and many more and put in Bareli and Lucknow jail . We may get full knowledge of British official torturing him jail in his memoir book “ Jail ke sansmaran”
  After independence, he became busy in social work and assisted many works such as establishing Kanyapathshala Amarkhet, Laxman Jhula- Dugadda motor road, anti-alcohol movement, Harijnaodhar movement, Sirai Joli potable water wroks etc
                  He translated the work of Pandurang Shashtri and tatwgyan from Gujrati to hindi as tatwadeep
      In garhwali literature , his contribution is very innovative and memorable. He translated Geeta in Garhwali language as Garhgeeta. His translation of twenty four Upanishad is one of the mile stone in Garhwali literature. He is also famous for translating the stories of Panchatantra in Garhwali and also translated and published the stories of Ramayan and Mahbharat.  GarJagar a fortnightly magazine have been  republishing his works of translation of stories from Pancha tantra and Mahbharat to pay tribute Adityaram Dudpudi
  His work is innovative that when people were inclining towards materialism he inspire people not to forget spirituality.
He expired in 2003
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali literature  :54

                             Baldev Prasad Nautiyal: Philologist, Poet and Prose maker

                                                  Bhishma Kukreti

  Professor  Baldev Prasad Nautiyal is famous for his article writing, writing about aspects of philology of Garhwali , and creating poetry in Garhwali . He got fame in Sanskrit literature creation and  was  a writer of Hindi language too.
      Baldev Prasad Nautiyal was born in 1895, in Kadakot, Gagwadsyun of Pauri Garhwal. He passed M .A in Sanskrit from Lahor University , Lahor and started his career as Sanskrit lecturer in Lahor College.
  Very soon, Baldev Prasad Nautiyal  became expert of training to teachers, creating new style of Sanskrit study in schools and colleges,  and syllabus making for Sanskrit language in Lahor. Apart from publishing many books for college studies in Sanskrit language, his book “Dwitiya Pathy Pustakam’ in Sanskrit  became the most famous syllabus book for colleges.
       After partition, he spent some times in Chamoli as Principal in Eastmain . Later on he shifted to Delhi.
 He created a Garhwali dictionary in Lahor but was lost while escaping from Lahor to Delhi. He rewrote this dictionary in Delhi . This dictionary is more about finding the origin of Garhwali words than the meaning. However, as Kanhayalal Dandriyal could not publish his 45,000 words dictionary, Nautiyal could not publish his works of eminent . There is a sample of his work for Garhwali dictionary published by Garhwali Sahitya Parishad Lahor in 1942, titled as ‘Garhwali Shabd Bhandar’. By studying the sample, any body can guess that the work of Nautiyal is of high research and Nautiyal had deep knowledge of Sanskrit, Pali, Maghadi, Khadi Boli and Garhwali as well.
We have only left a published work in Garhwali language ’ Chhaya Ramayan’ a poetry collection and a novel in Garhwali- Byalmun-Byunral. Respectful researcher late Pitamber Dutt Devrani states that he published his memoir in Hindi and published many essays of philological subject of Garhwal language in Garhwali and Hindi as well.
Professor Baldev Prasad Nautiyal expired in Delhi at the age of eighty six  on 30 June, 1981.
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009

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Great Garhwali Personality: 28
                       Govind Ram Ghildiyal : First Garhwali Graduate
                                                       Bhishma Kukreti
     Govind Prasad ghildiyal has many distinctions in Garhwal and among Garhwalis. Govind Prasad was first Garhwali who passed Intermediate and Govind Prasad Ghildiyal is also first Garhwali who became Graduate .
  Rai Bahadur Govind Prasad Ghildiyal is the first Garhwali who became Deputy Collector .
Govind Ghildiyal was born in Dang , near Shrnagr , Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand on 24th May, 1870.
            Govind Ghildiyal was also first Garhwali personality who published  book in Garhwali and George Griyerson referred the work of Ghildiyal in famous his work in ‘Linguistic survey of India’ .
          Govind Ghildiyal is  the first Garhwali who published translation of Hitopadesh in Garhwali, which means he is the first person who initiated Garhwali language prose.
 Govind Ram Ghildiyal  published the translation of thwe works of Shakespeare (Othello) and Goldsmith (Hermit)  in Hindi. He also published a fine commentary book ‘ Garhwali Rajputon aur Brahmanon ki Sainik Seva’
Govind Ram Ghildiyal expired on 19th July, 1922 in Lansdowne.


Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali Poet::37
                              Rup Mohan Saklani
                                  Bhishma Kukreti
                There are many Garhwali creative who published books on Garhwali literature but they could not get recognition and now we cant get full information about them. One of Garhwali pets Rup Mohan Saklani is such poet who is unknown to my generation and new generation too
  Rup Mohan Saklani belongs to Tihri and his family migrated to a village near Tihri from Saklana the original village of Saklanis. Rup Mohan Saklani was a Sanskrit teacher in Pratap High School Tihri.
     Rup Mohan Saklani was Sanskrit scholar and was very much influenced by the poetries of Greatest Poet Kali Das. Saklani translated Meghdoot of Kalidas in Garhwali . Rup Mohan also wrote a book on great brave personality of Garhwal ‘Lodi Rikhola ‘ in poetic form.
His writing is in simple Garhwali and dialects are of Tihri area.
(Ref: Garhwali Chitra Shaili  Ke Unnayak : Barrister  Mukandi Lal edited by Bhakt Darshan)
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali  Poet
   Mal Chand Ramola : Who Collected Garhwali  Bajuband Kavya (Folk Love Poems )
                                                                        Bhishma Kukreti
   There have been  many Garhwali folk  literature lovers who collected, reviewed the Garhwali Folk Songs, Folk Stories, Folk Arts , Proverbs but the author is witness that there have been only on Garhwali folk poetry lover and his name  is Malchand Ramola. Ramola is also famous for creating Garhwali Dictionary,  creating modern Garhwali poetry, publishing articles in Garhwali in regional periodicals, reading commentary on various subjects and Garhwali folk poems in All India Radio (Akashvani)
     The literature of any language develops when its primitive literature is published and popularized among not only among its inhabitants but to other areas too. Malchand Ramola is credited to collect the primitive forms of Garhwali poetry ( which is still created in rural of Garhwal by its inhabitants) an dmaking it popular among Garhwalis and non-Garhwalis
   One of the true and dedicated Garhwali folk literature lovers Malchand Ramola was born on 19th November 1915 in village bangdwara, Patti Dharmandal of Tihri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India. After passing High School from Pratap Inter College Tihri, he joined Uttar Pradesh government Police services. He retired as Sub Inspector of Uttar Pradesh Police.
      As a cop man , Malchand Ramola had to travell various remote areas of Tihri Garhwal and used to come with various types of people and the Garhwali  literature lover Malchand took the opportunity for knowing various types of Garhwali folk literature, vocabulary of Garhwali  specially poetic verses. Most of the knowledgeable Garhwalis did not take much interest in knowing all about Gbajuband Kavya or Garhwali Folk verse. Ramola  took keen interest in Garhwali Bajuband poetries which is normally called  Garhwali Love poems. However, Ramola found that the Bajuband poems are not only limited to love poems but the Garhwali folks have been creating Bajuband verses in all fields of subject.
He was influenced by great poet Turudatt  who advocated folk poems in the following lines:
Absurd may be the tail I tell
It’ll suited to marching times
I love the lips from which it fell
So let it stand among my rhymes
  Malchand Ramola will always be remembered in Garhwali literature for collecting the folk poems called Bajuband kavita and publishing two hundred fifty one such poems and then distributing the book free of cost that people know that Garhwal had a treasure of  folk poems , which a re exclusive from common folk songs.
Bajuband poems are couplets and the first part does not have any relation to the second or last line. The last line has meaning in Bajuband verse.
Malchand Ramola not only collected folk poems of Garhwal but he reviewed each Bajuband verse by telling meaning of words and hidden meanings in Hindi,. He also compared each poem with poems of other languages.
Let the author shows one example of his work in reviewing the garhwali folk poems
 fulee jaai lai---taruni Javani ko saj maya deni laai
He explained the poetry, compared this poem with a Braj Poem that the poet spent four stanzas in explaining same emotion ,  similarity with   four lined verse of  Vidyapati Thakur (Maithali ) , a Couplet of Das of Hindi, correspondenced  with   ‘Shers or gazals’  of famous Urdu poets Ustad Jauk, and Ustad Shauki, paralleled  with the poem of English poet Lord Tennyson , evaluated with  the couplets of Kabeer das, and measured with the poems of Raskhan Khan Khana.
 The readers may understand the sound work of Malchand for reviewing each couplet of Garhwali Bajuband or Folk poem.
Though, now, Malchand Ramola is no more with us in this world but his contribution has been praised by eminent knowledgeable personalities of Garhwal as captain Shr Beer Singh brother of ex King of Garhwal , Dr Mahavver Prasad Gairola a prominent signature in Garhwali literature, Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna the top most literature creative of garhwali language, Arjun Singh Gusain the editor of Hilans, Ishwari Prasad Uniyal the editor of Garhwali daily paper  Gadhaina and many more. Bhishma Kukreti wrote a fine commentary on this book Bajuband Kavya in Gadhaina and Ramola wrote that Bhishma Kukreti understood the urge of Ramola for publishing such a fine book in the history of Garhwali literature
Coyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009





Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Himalayas Poet-38
         Lalit Keshwan : The Initiator of Neo Modernism in Garhwali Poetry
(Review of-- Garhwali Literature, Garhwali Poems, Garhwali folk Literature)
                                           Bhishma Kukreti
          The Garhwali, Uttarakhand , Himalayan poetry can not be described without description of Lalit Keshwan. He along with Kanhayalal Dandriyal and Jayanand Khuksal ‘Baulya’ brought new thinking, realism, new style, new form, sharp satire,
Lalit Keshwan - the Garhwali poet, prose maker and Hindi poet was born in  Sirali village, Idwalsyun Patti of Pauri Garhwal in 1940.
 After, completing High School from Garhwali, he came to Delhi and struggled to settle down in the capital of India. The struggle in getting suitable job till he got back office job in Ashok Hotel  made him poet. The new style of living in a five star hotel-Ashok Hotel  by guests inspired him to break the old pattern of poetry creation in Garhwali language. He broke all the orthodoxies of old modern Garhwali poetry creation. In breaking old pattern of Garhwali poetry, he never left the touch of attracting the audience and readers.  The readers may always, enjoy the rhymical , singing ability in his prose-poetry  , he also acted in Garhwali film Dhai.
Besides, Garhwali language poetry creation, he also created poetry and prose in Hindi language.
 He is still in demand in Garhwali Kavisammelan ( Reading poetry in conferences) because of his sharp satiric subject, lyrical pattern, contemporariness, freshness in the subject.
His publication details are as :
1-Khilda Phool, Hansda pat (Garhwali poetry collection)
2-Hari Hindwan a historical lyrical drama in Garhwali and Hindi languages
3-Dilhyan Din Tapyan Gham ( A Garhwali verses collection)
4- Jaga Hai desh (hindi poetry collection)
5- hamari ekta Jindbad (Hindi poetry collection)
6-Sabko Gale Lagate ( children poetry)
Udan tastary (stories for children)
 Dr Shivanad Nautiyal praised him for his modernity in Garhwali literature and for thrilling the readers. Parashar Gaud put Keshwan  among the top most  poets of world poetry. Bhajan Singh Singh the famous Garhwali poet appreciated his work for changing the scenario in Garhwali language poetry. Another signature in Garhwali poetry world, Shambhu Prasad Bahugna eulogizes him for realism in Garhwali poetry.
 He was reviewed well  by many famous Garhwali language critics as Rajendra Dhashmana, Swaroop Dhoundiyal, Prem lal Bhatt, Netra Singh Aswal and is awarded by Navani Puruskar anfd Uttar Pradesh government too
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009 

Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Uttarakhand, Himalayan literature
                      Bhagwati Prasad Chandola : Garhwali Drama Creative
                                                                   Bhishma Kukreti
  Bhagwati Prasad Chandola wrote poetries in Garhwali and Hindi languages by the nick name ‘Sukumar’. he is famous in Garhwali literature for his drama writing
  Bhagwati  prasad was born on 6th July 1911 in Dehrdun. He completed his higher secondary education from Dehradun. Chandola was brilliant student and was praised by his teachers. After passing completing  schooling from Dehradun, he went Shantniketan for higher studies.
 After completing studies from Shantiniketan, he returned back to Dehradun and became head of the department of Hindi in Doon School, the world famous school.
 He wrote a few stories in Garhwali and Hindi  but his Garhwali language drama ‘ Aj Also Chhod Dyava’ was praised by audience than other language creativity . This drama is inspirational with lot of wit and sharp words accusing lazy people.
 Bhagwati Prasad Chandola expired on 20th August 1983, in Dehradun.
 Garhwali language literature will rember for his drama ‘ Aj Also Chhod Dyava”
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai,India, 2009

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Garhwali, Uttarakhand , Himalayan literature
       Guna Nand Juyal : The Expert of Garhwali-Kumauni Phonology
                                                           Bhishma Kukreti
 Dr Bhawani Dutt Upreti , the profound expert of Kumauni Phonology and grammar writes about Dr Guna Nand Juyal, “ From the point of view of Kumauni language, the work of Dr Guna nand Juyal is the initiating  attempt in understanding the phonological aspects of Kumauni language and Garhwali language”.
  Dr Guna Nand Juyal was born on 8th May , 1905, in Jivai village, Patti- Bangarsyun  of Pauri Garhwali, Uttarakhand.
 After passing B.Sc, he joined Survey of India but he did not like the administrative works in Survey of India and while working in SOI, he started to study further . He passed M.A. in Sanskrit and passed M A in Hindi with highest distinction in the University. He left Survey of India and joined Bareli College, Bareli as professor.
 Dr Juyal is remembered for his notable work in phonological study of Garhwali and Kumauni languages. 
 He did research on “ Madhya Pahadi Bhasha (Garhwali-Kumauni) ka Anushilan aur uska Hindi se Sambandh’ He was awarded  Ph.D. degree on the said subject and he published the book by the same name in 1967.
 Dr Juyal explained many unresolved questions about Kumauni and Garhwali in the book “ Survey of Indian languages” by George Griarson.
Dr Guna Nand Juyal expired on 28th February, 1985 in Badyun
Today, the book, “ Madhya Pahadi (Garhwali and Kumauni) Bhasha ka Anushilan “ is referred by each researcher of Kumauni and Garhwali languages from phonological point of view.
Copyright: Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009


Bhishma Kukreti

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Garhwali, Uttarakhand, Himalayan Literature
 Sada Nand Jakhmola : Who proved the greatest poet Kalidas was from Garhwal
                                                            Bhishma Kukreti
Sada Nand Jakhmola created Garhwali literature by the nick name ‘ Santat’ .Sada Nand Jakhmola is also famous for his devotional work in proving that the all time Greatest poet Kalidas was  born in village, Kaviltha, Chamoli  Garhwal.
 Sada Nand Jakhmola was born on 10th July, 1900, in Chanda village, Sheela Patti of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand.
 He spent his life as teacher in Bhabhar, Kotdwara.
He published Garhwali poetry collection - Garhwali Guntyali and Raibar, he also wrote prose in Garhwali.
He translated Meghdoot with the name “Raibar’. Raibar means message in Garhwali.
 He put his logic that a person can not describe Himalaya unless he did not spent his childhood in Garhwal Himalaya. Sada Nand Jakhmola provided examples from Abhigyam Shakuntalam Kumar Sambhav and Meghdoot that Kalidas was born in Garhwal and spent his childhood in Garhwal before migrating to Dhara Nagari .
Sada nand Jakhmola wrote two books on Kalidas- Mahkavi Kalidas and Kabvashram ka Parichaya’ in Hindi
Sada Nand Jakhmola expired on 29th October, 1977, Motdhang, Bhabhar, Kotdwara, Pauri Garhwal.
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai, India, 2009


 

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