Author Topic: Our Culture & Tradition - हमारे रीति-रिवाज एवं संस्कृति  (Read 35820 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Nanda Raaj Jaat.

Nanda Raj Jat Yatra-New Millennium's Grand Festival   
 
 
Nanda Raj Yatra takes place every 12 years. The continuity of this tradition for five thousand years speaks of the tremendous faith that is widespread among the people of Kumaun and Garhwal
The Nanda Raj Jat Yatra is organized under the patronage of the descendants of the king of Garhwal. On the auspicious day of Basant Panchami a male descendant of the royal dynasty of Garhwal and resident of Chand Garhi visits Nauti village and worships the famous "Sri Yantra". It is widely believed that Sri Yantra is the breath of Divinity and the world is evolved from this breath. The worship is done with all the Tantric rites and rituals for emission of vital energy and invocation of the spirit of the Goddess Nanda to the gold idol. At this invocation ceremony Goddess Nanda is invited from her husband's Himalayan abode, Nanda Devi mountain, to visit her parental home at Nauti village. Meantime news is conveyed to the prince that a mysterious four horned ram is already born heralding the advent of Goddess Nanda in the village. The ram is brought to the prince's custody. He undertakes full responsibility for its upkeep. The animal is reared and fed with rich fodder for a period of six months when it grows up. Seventeen days before Bhadra Ashtami day in the month of August the adult ram is taken back to Nauti village once again along with a silver palanquin. Preparations are made for undergoing a 22 day long journey. Ornaments are prepared for adorning the ram and precooked food items for the journey.

After staying for six months at her parental home now comes the time for her return journey to her husband's place deep in the Himalayas. On the eve of her departure a huge gathering of pilgrims congregate at Nauti and many devotees participate in a dance called `Nanda Jat Jagar'. The village folk, mostly ladies attired in their traditional dress, and surrounded by a multitude of pilgrims converge in a circle around a fire. Suddenly, like a necromancer the jagaria (singer) slowly and with measured drum beats starts to invoke the spirit of Goddess Nanda. His singing is punctuated by drum beats and the shrill sound of thali. The crescendo builds up and drives the listeners into a trance. Abruptly, the spirit of the Goddess enters one of the ladies amongst the crowd and she breaks into an invocational song in the form of hymns of praise of the illustrious Goddess. In a fit of ecstasy she starts leaping, jumping and dancing and is completely transformed. The Goddess cannot stand the pangs of separation. With tears trickling down her cheeks she laments how poorer she will feel without her friends and relatives who had become part of her life. She will be missing their "sweet radiant faces, bright and glittering eyes and lively humour and sober nature" which used to give her strength to go through the ordeals of life. Not a moment will pass henceforth without their cherished memories. Broken hearted, her passionate expression of grief brings tears to the eyes of the assembled ladies who in their turn also start crying and their incessant sobbing remains unabated and they all feel that the cruel hand of Destiny is mercilessly snatching her away from them leaving them all.

The next day on ashtami (eighth day) the golden idol of the goddess Nanda sitting majestically on a throne is carried by the pilgrims in a silver palanquin. They are led by the mysterious four horned ram. The ram is worshipped as a symbol of the Goddess and is finely dressed and decorated with colorful bangles, ribbons, velvet saddle, jewellery and chunaris (scarves). A procession of men women and children in colorful costumes and glittering silver ornaments accompany the ram carrying huge red flags. They sing devotional songs and dance to the accompaniment of typical uttarakhandi instruments. This rare spectacle of pomp, pageantry and gaiety continues for 22 days traversing through a breathtaking panorama of misty mountainscapes, deep gorges, alpine meadows and dense forests and culminating at Hem Kund lake, at a height of 13200 feet .

There are 18 night halts for this yatra. At every village on the way a local fair is organized which reflects the cultural heritage and traditions of the local people. The local devatas (deities) sitting in cane palanquins are also carried to greet the principal deity, Goddess Nanda, covered under multicoloured umbrellas. At the final point of Hem Kund lake the devotees purify themselves by taking a holy dip in the ice cold water of the lake. A fire is lit in the hearth (Hawan Kund) popularly known as Dhuni. Hawan samagree ( ) consisting of dry fruits, sesame and barley seeds mixed with clarified butter is offered to the Goddess Nanda through the fire God. The deity is worshipped ceremoniously and her blessings are sought by smearing one's forehead with ash from the Dhuni. After paying obeisance to the goddess the four horned ram is worshipped and is asked to bid farewell to all and it walks away alone to the mystical vale -- to the abode of the Goddess and disappears.

The challenge of the elements and the spirit of adventure has attracted a large number of foreign tourists to accompany this yatra. They visit Nauti Village and mingle with the local people while participating in the festival. It is an awe inspiring and overwhelming moment to walk around the age old legendary Himalayan trek that has so much of traditional religious significance. The beauty of the trek is a picture perfect fusion of high mountain valleys, lakes, streams, glaciers and luminous dense green forests and it is a veritable paradise for trekkers. There is plenty to interest botanists and bird watchers and also anthropologists. And the above is merely an eye opener... The the Nand Raj Jat Yatra is a spectacular festival
 
This festivel is a part of Uttarkhandi culture.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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नवविवहिताओ का " काला महीना" मानने की प्रथा 

हमारे संस्कृति मे कही यह भी माना जाता है की जो नव विवाहिता होती है ! उसे सावन के महीने मे अपने माता पिता के घर ही ठहरना होता है! कहा जाता है की अपने पति की लम्बी आयु के लिए ये किया जाता है ! उत्तराखंड मे अलग-२ जगह यह प्रथा अलग -२ नाम से जाना जाता है !

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Even today, people call the son / grandson of old Padhan as Padhan Ji.  These people have still lands of Padhanchari.


पहले मे एक बहुत पुरानी प्रथा के बारे मे आपको बताना चाहूँगा !  वह है पधान चारी प्रथा !

प्रधानचारी प्रथा
___________

आप ने गावो मे लोगो को सुना होगा " पाधन राठ" मतलब पधान लोगो के community से!  अंग्रेजो के समय मे हर गाव मे जो मुखिया होता था उसे पधान कहते थे ! उसका काम था की जब भी अंग्रेज लोगो किसी गाव मे जाते थे तो वह उनके visit  की पूरी तैयारी करवाता था और लोगो को आवाज लगा कर कहता था कि आज ये साहब आ रहे है, सब दूध दही लाना !!  

इस प्रकार से गाव के लोग भी पधान को कुछ जमीन भी देते थे जो पधान चारी जमीन कहलाती है ! पधान के मरने में बाद उसका लड़का पधान चारी का उतराधिकारी होता था !

भारत देश के आजाद होने के बाद भी कुछ समय तक यह प्रथा रही बाद मे धीरे -२ यह विलुप्त हो गयी !  तो गाव मे पुराने पधान थे उनकी यह कहानी थी !


एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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 लोहाघाट के एक मेले मे पत्थर बरसाने के प्रथा

उत्तराखंड के लोहाघाट में एक स्थानीय मेले मे एक दुसरे पर पत्थर बरसाने के प्रथा है! दोनों पक्ष एक दुसरे पर जम के पत्थर बरसात है और बहुत से लोगो के माथे से खून निकलने लगता है ! मन्दिर का पुजारी तब तक इस युद्ध को ख़त्म होने का हुक्म नही देता जब तक की एक पशु बलि के बराबर खून जमीन पर नही निकल जाता ! इसके बाद लोग एक दुसरे के गले मिलते है !

यह प्रथा बरसो से चली आ रही है जिसमे लोगो की धार्मिक आस्था भी जुड़ी हुयी है !

खीमसिंह रावत

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पहले मे एक बहुत पुरानी प्रथा के बारे मे आपको बताना चाहूँगा !  वह है पधान चारी प्रथा !

प्रधानचारी प्रथा
___________

आप ने गावो मे लोगो को सुना होगा " पाधन राठ" मतलब पधान लोगो के community से!  अंग्रेजो के समय मे हर गाव मे जो मुखिया होता था उसे पधान कहते थे ! उसका काम था की जब भी अंग्रेज लोगो किसी गाव मे जाते थे तो वह उनके visit  की पूरी तैयारी करवाता था और लोगो को आवाज लगा कर कहता था कि आज ये साहब आ रहे है, सब दूध दही लाना !!  

इस प्रकार से गाव के लोग भी पधान को कुछ जमीन भी देते थे जो पधान चारी जमीन कहलाती है ! पधान के मरने में बाद उसका लड़का पधान चारी का उतराधिकारी होता था !

भारत देश के आजाद होने के बाद भी कुछ समय तक यह प्रथा रही बाद मे धीरे -२ यह विलुप्त हो गयी !  तो गाव मे पुराने पधान थे उनकी यह कहानी थी !


esgrk T;w
i/kkupkjh izFkk ij eq>s ;kn vk jgk gS fd tc cjkr nqYgu ds ?kj igqprh Fkh rks lcls igys i/kku dks gh 1 :I;k fiBkbZ yxkbZ tkrh Fkh rc gj cjkrh dks fiBkbZ yxkkus dk fjokt ugh FkkA
 

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Ye kundli font dikhayee nahi de raha hai.

gkW cjkr dh ckr ij ,d ;kn vk;k fd tc cjkr ?kj ls pyrh gS rks yky jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls lQsn jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA vkSj ?kj okilh ij lQsn jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls yky jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA

खीमसिंह रावत

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kripya ab bade size me dekhe ;D

esgrk T;w
i/kkupkjh izFkk ij eq>s ;kn vk jgk gS fd tc cjkr nqYgu ds ?kj igqprh Fkh rks lcls igys i/kku dks gh 1 :I;k fiBkbZ yxkbZ tkrh Fkh rc gj cjkrh dks fiBkbZ yxkkus dk fjokt ugh FkkA
 

[/quote]


खीमसिंह रावत

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kripya bade size me bhi dekhe  ;D

gkW cjkr dh ckr ij ,d ;kn vk;k fd tc cjkr ?kj ls pyrh gS rks yky jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls lQsn jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA vkSj ?kj okilh ij lQsn jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls yky jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA
[/size]

खीमसिंह रावत

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gkW cjkr dh ckr ij ,d ;kn vk;k fd tc cjkr ?kj ls pyrh gS rks yky jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls lQsn jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA vkSj ?kj okilh ij lQsn jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls yky jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Rawat Ji,

Font ka size nahi. Test hindi mae nahi deekhayee de raha hai.

Ise follow kar ke dekho please.

http://www.google.com/transliterate/indic


gkW cjkr dh ckr ij ,d ;kn vk;k fd tc cjkr ?kj ls pyrh gS rks yky jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls lQsn jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA vkSj ?kj okilh ij lQsn jax okyh fulk.k vkxs ls yky jax okyh fiNs gksrh gSA

 

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