Author Topic: Actresses Of Folk Songs - उत्तराखण्ड के लोक गीतों की नायिकायें  (Read 14191 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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सतपुळि बजार क्यों आंदि -- गढ़वाली लोक गीत
सतपुळि बजार क्यों आंदि
मेरि ब्वारी गौमती या ?मेरि ब्वारी गौमती या ?
सतपुळि बजारै आन्दु
मी तुमारा  बान या, मी तुमारा बान या
काटी च जमणि ये ब्वारि , काटी च जमणि ये ब्वारि
मी तै नि मिलणो ए ब्वारि ,
सबुकी समणि , या सतपुळि
तमाखू का कोया ए जिवरो, तमाखू का कोया ए जिवरो,
डौर छाई तुमतै त पैलि
केकु ज्वाड़  माया या
सतपुळि बजार क्यों आंदि
बामणु कि पोथी ए ब्वारि , बामणु कि पोथी ए ब्वारि ,
भली बिराज दींदि  ए ब्वारि
तेरी काळि धोति या
सतपुळि बजार क्यों आंदि
स्वैरि जाली सौँळि जिवरो ,  स्वैरि जाली सौँळि जिवरो ,
कन बिराज दींदि जिवरो ,
बुलबुलूं कि कौंळ या
सतपुळि बजार क्यों आंदि
मेरि ब्वारी गौमती या ?मेरि ब्वारी गौमती या ?
 
 Curtsey _ Shri Totaram Dhoundiyal Dhad magazine june 1990

Bhishma Kukreti

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सतपुळि  को सैण मेरि बौ सरैला
 
[एक गढवाली लोक गीत ]
बौ ए . नि जाणो नि जाणो 
मेरि बौ सरैला , ए  बौ सरैला
ए खाई जाला क्याळा
ए सतपुळि उर्युं च बौ ए
पंचमी कु म्याळा मेरि बौ सरैला
ए लूण भोरि दूण, भोरि दूण   
ए सतपुळि नि जाण बौ ए
झगड़ान हूण ,मेरि बौ सरैला
ए ढीबरा  का छौना , ए छौना
ए  सतपुळि  अयाँन बौ ए
तारा दत्ता  का नौना
मेरि बौ सरैला
ए बौ हारा जौ का झीस , बौ ए झीस
ए सतपुळि अयूं च बौ ए
त्यार द्यूर 'हरीश' , मेरि बौ सरैला
ए दूदा कि कटोरि , ए बौ कटोरि
ए सतपुळि ऐ गेन बौ ए
कानूं गो, पट्वरि ,  मेरि बौ सरैला
ए खाई जाली लौकि , बै ए लौकि
ए त्यारा बाना द्याख बौ ए
लैंसडौना  चौकि मेरि बौ सरैला
बौ ए . नि जाणो नि जाणो , मेरि बौ सरैला 

Bhishma Kukreti

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Goridhana: A Sad Poetic Folk Story about Brother-Sister Love   

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Haridwar, Uttarkahnd-56

 Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 3 

(The write up is dedicated to Prayag Joshi for his works on Kumaon-Garhwal Folk Literature)

                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti

             To have son is not the desire from parents in Central Himalayan society but the sisters too desire to have her brother. The custom of brothers taking gifts for their sisters in specific months in Garhwal and Kumaon also inspire married women to have brothers. There a brother sister folk love stories in each region of Kumaon and Garhwal. Gordhana folktale of Kumaon is one of the well sung folktales about sister –brother love. 
  The folk song is quite old related to ancient Nag Vasnhi community of Kumaon.
         In this story form folk song, initially there is prayer of various folk deities and goddesses. There are lines for illustrating seasons and nature images of Kumaon in this tale form folk poem. The story starts at later stage.
 
              कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ  -56       

               गढ़वाल , कुमाऊं ,  हरिद्वार, की मानवीय संवेदना आधारित  लोक गाथाएँ -3   

                     गोरीधना  लोक  गाथा
(: सन्दर्भ प्रयाग जोशी , कुमाऊँनी लोक गाथाएँ )

को रे बार मेंना मथि को रितु?
को रे मेंना जेठो होलो रितु ?
मैंना में को जेठो मेंना रितु,
राज में रंगीलो बैशाख रितु।
xxx     xxx
भितर पलंग गोरीधना रोलि रितु।
बास बास कफू चाड़ा म्यर मैत बास रितु।
बाबु सुणला भाया भेंट लाला रितु।
द्युराणि जेठानी का भै भेँट ऊँनन  रितु।
मै भयुं निराश बैना रितु।
न कोखी बालो न पीठि भायलो रितु।
को ऊंछ भेटुली  रितु।
आंसू पड़ी जून बाबुक घर रितु।
लाड़ली चेलिया भालाघर छेदन रितु।
मै बेचीं खायूं ये चौ गंगा पार रितु।

  The folk song starts by worshipping various folk village deities.
        Then there is a season description in this traditional poem.
       At the arrival of spring, lord Shiva asks,” Where does Raimasi flower bloom?” There is blossom in flowers in spring season. There are bees roaming around flower bunches. Nyoli and Kafu (Cuckoo) sing in valleys and hills. Ghughtee sing in our courtyard.
    At this time, Goridhana becomes sad. She speaks to Kafu,” O Kafu! Visit my mother’s village. Tell my father to send gifts of Bhentula month for me. “
                   Goridhana thinks that the bothers of her Jethani and Devrani (wives of husband’s brothers) had come here and brought gifts for their sisters. Nobody is there to bring gifts of Bhentuli month for Goridhana .Her elder brother is in army. Her younger brother is very young.
               One day, Basaldev the twelve year old younger brother of Gordhana went to grazing land at Yamuna bank for grazing animals.  His mates made fun of him as he did not have sister and did not allow him his cows mixing with their cows.
           Weeping, Basaldev reached to his mother and asked about his sister. His mother informed him that his elder sister Goridhana is married to Kalinag very far away from here.
  Basaldev told his mother that in coming Chait month he would go to his sister with lot of gifts.
     In Chait month, Basaldev took gifts in a basket, hung the basket on his back and started his journey to meet his sister. 
    After crossing various hills and rivers, Basaldev reached at the border of in law village of his sister. He sat on a platform under large Fig tree (pipal).
                    The sister in law of Goridhana informed that her brother is there under fig tree. Goridhana ran to see her brother. She hugged her brother.
  When Goridhana was hugging her brother the Kalinag snake came there. Kalinag suspected that his wife has relationship with other man. Kalinag cobra bites Basaldev. Poison started effecting   Basaldev. Basaldev crushed Kalinag. Both died there.
  Goridhana took both dead bodies in her each hand and died there only.


Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 13/06/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…57 
Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, , Human values, Human Sacrifices,  interpersonal bond  from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) –4 
   
                                  Curtsey and references
 
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and Folk dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwal ki Lok Kathayen, Alaknanda Prakashan
Bhishma Kukreti, Notes on History, Folk Literature of Haridwar
Xxx    xxx


Notes on Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Haridwar (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Pauri Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Chamoli Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Rudraprayag Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Tehri Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Uttarkashi Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Dehradun Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Pithoragarh Kumaon  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Almora Kumaon  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Nainital Kumaon  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Udham Singh Nagar, Kumaon  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Champawat Kumaon  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Bageshwar Kumaon  (Uttarakhand) to be continued…

Bhishma Kukreti

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                A Folk Song of Unknown female Character



Jeero Jhamko Gatha: A Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice for Good Rice Crop

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Haridwar, Uttarkahnd-57

 Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 4 

(The write up is dedicated to Dr Dinesh Baluni for his works on Kumaon-Garhwal Folk Literature)

                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti


                  Folktales/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice in Europe


              Sacrificing human life to gods and goddesses is not limited to Garhwal and Kumaon or India. The tradition of human life sacrifice for social cause or self interest has been a common phenomenon from ancient time all over world and in every society. Crucifying of Christ is one example of human life sacrifice for social cause.
             There are many folktales in Europe about human sacrifices to gods for social cause or self interest.
        There is a folk saying in Sweden that King Aun sacrificed his nine sons to Odin.
  There is another traditional song (Buried Alive, Buried Alive!)  in Sweden that tells the story that people buried a child live to save them from plague.
  There is another folktale for Northern Mythological story, Denmark that tells the story of burying a living child as sacrifice to god for protecting from epidemics.
 There is a folk story in Germany that when Hoxter was being fortified a small child was entombed in the wall as human sacrifice to ghost.
  There is folk story from Vestenberg, Germany that says the story of child was sealed in a seat of wall as human sacrifice to god or ghost. There are folk stories in Vilmnitz and Burgen in Germany that for uninterrupted work to build churches, people entombed children in both places as human sacrifices.
   There is a folk story from Wrangels, Germany that while building a castle the building used to collapse every night. People sacrificed a human life to stall castle.
  In Germany, there was folk belief that a virgin was sacrificed for stopping unruly water in the lake.
      There are many folktales/folk songs from England those suggest the custom of human life sacrifice for some social causes or bridge making or church building process.
  There is folktale/folk song in Turkey that a man killed other man’s wife for a bridge.

Jeero Jhamko Gatha: A Folktale Song about Human Life Sacrifice for Good Rice Crop 

 There is a famous folk song about Maletha kool that Madho Singh Bhandari sacrificed his son life for digging the canal.
  From the same region Badiyar, there is another folk song related to human sacrifice for constructing a water canal for good rice harvesting.  Jeero means Basmati rice and Jhamko means good crop.

         कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ  -57       
               गढ़वाल , कुमाऊं ,  हरिद्वार, की मानवीय संवेदना आधारित  लोक गाथाएँ -4   

                   तै  बड्यारी सेरा जीरो झमको
(सन्दर्भ: डा. दिनेश चन्द्र बलूनी , उत्तराखंड की लोक गाथाएँ )
(इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति एवं व्याख्या -भीष्म कुकरेती )

जीरो झमको तै बड्यारी सेरा जीरो झमको
जीरो झमको भै कूल नि औंदी जीरो झमको
लोखारी सेरी भै जीरो झमको
साणी ह्वै गैने बाणी जीरो झमको
हमारी ई सेरी जीरो झमको
कैको होय दोस  जीरो झमको
जा दौं मेरा हीत जीरो झमको
गौणि  ल्हौदो पूछी जीरो झमको
बोन्नो  क्या च मैन जीरो झमको
मनखी बली चैंद जीरो झमको
नैना का बाबा जि जीरो झमको
क्या बुद्द करुला जीरो झमको
बोल धौं मेरी मांजी जीरो झमको
बली कै जि  देउला जीरो झमको
बड़ो भैजी दे देउला जीरो झमको
राज सूनो होलो जीरो झमको
बाबा जी दे द्यूला जीरो झमको
कछ्डी सूनी होली जीरो झमको
त्वे दे द्यूँला मांजी जीरो झमको
चुल्लो सूनो होलो जीरो झमको
छुटि भूली दे द्यूँला जीरो झमको
दिसा सूनी ह्वेली जीरो झमको
छोटा भुला की ब्वारी जीरो झमको
तू मैत जाएदी जीरो झमको
ब्वे बाबू देख्यो दी जीरो झमको
भै -बैणि भैंट्या  जीरो झमको

            The water was not reaching to fertile rice field from canal.
         The field owner’s wife says that everybody has planted paddy baring their field. The water was not reaching to the rice field. They asked the future teller. The future teller advised for human life sacrifice for water coming from canal.
      They discussed about whom life to be sacrificed.
         There would be empty court after scarifying father’s life.
          Nobody would be there to cook food after scarifying mother’s life.
         Nobody would be there to rule after scarifying elder brother’s life.
        There won’t be any direction after scarifying sister’s life.
           It was decided that the wife of younger son to be sacrificed.
They told her to go her mother’s house and come back after meeting her parents, brothers, sisters and relatives.
   The daughter in law guessed that her in law wanted her sacrifice for deity.
 She goes to her mother’s house. While she was returning she asked her mother cook Kheer (a sweet rice pudding) for last time.
She asked her Bhabhi to do her make up for last time. Her mother was sad by listening inauspicious words from her daughter. 
Though knowing that her in law wanted to sacrifice her life, she returned from her mother’s house.
 They took sacrificed her life to deity. Now, water started reaching to paddy fields with flow.
Her sacrifice paid the result that there was good Rice Crop.
 




Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 14/06/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…58 
Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, , Human values, Human Sacrifices,  interpersonal bond  from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) –5 
   
                                  Curtsey and references
 
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and Folk dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwal ki Lok Kathayen, Alaknanda Prakashan
Bhishma Kukreti, Notes on History, Folk Literature of Haridwar
Xxx    xxx
Notes on Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Bdiyargarh, Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Maleth , Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Bhaldigaon , Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Dangchaunra , Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Ghandiyaldhar , Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Kalidhari, Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Tharti , Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Dharpayankot , Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from jakhand , Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Folktale/Folk Song about Human Life Sacrifice from Muyalgaon, Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand…

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Veer Vadhu Devki: Lyrical Folktale/Folklore about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Haridwar, Uttarkahnd-61

 Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 8 


(The write up is dedicated to Bhajan Singh ‘Singh’ for his extensive works on Kumaon-Garhwal Folk and Modern Literature)

                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti
               The present folklore is based on a true story and folk people added many dimensions as per regional needs.
  The event  happened in Rath region of Pauri Garhwal. 

कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ  -61       

               गढ़वाल , कुमाऊं ,  हरिद्वार, की मानवीय संवेदना आधारित  लोक गाथाएँ -8

        (सन्दर्भ : भजन सिंह 'सिंह' ' सिंहनाद )
          (इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति एवं व्याखा : भीष्म कुकरेती )

                वीर, पत्निव्रता  वधू -देवकी
(गाथा का आरम्भिक पद्य )

पैलि गढ़ देस त्वेकू नमस्कार छ।
तेरी हम पर दया-दृष्टि अपार छ।।
तेरी छाया मा हमकू बड़ी मौज छ।
वीर-पुत्र की तेरी फ़ौज खड़ी छ।।
पैलि उन्नीस सौ पन्द्र का लाम मा।
जर्मनी -फ़्रांस का घोर संग्राम मा।।
सात सागर तरी देश का काकू।
जाति का अर ब्वे बाबु का नाम कु।।
राठ मा गोठ गौं कु अमर सिंह छयो।
फ्रांस की लड़ाई मा भर्ती ह्वैकि गयो।।
ब्यो करी घर मू, लाम पर दौड़ी गे।
भार्या वे कि छे देवकी नाम की।।
वा सती छै बड़ी भक्त ही राम की।
सास  ससुरा की सेवा मा रांदी छई।
कैक मुख पर नजर नि लगांदी छई।।
स्वामी का नाम को व्रत लेंदी छई।
भूखा प्यासों तई भीख देंदी छई।
जब कभी स्वामी की याद आंदी छई।
रात दिन रुंदी बितांदी छई।।
   
           There was fierce war going on between France and German. Amar Singh of Goth village of Rath region of Garhwal enrolled in British army. After marriage he went to France for fighting for British in the war (1915). His wife Devki was with her in laws.
                  No news came of Amar Singh for many months. Devki used to remember her husband.
         After some time, news came that her husband is killed in the war.  Devki was now widow. She started passing her time as virtuous and religious widow.

 It was evening time. The villagers had come back to houses after works. Some women were busy cooking food, some were milking the cows.
                  In that time, a Heeng/asafetida seller Kabuliwala came in the village. He was fearful. Nobody gave him shelter. Devki offered him food too.
                 Devki’s house was far away from main village. Kind hearted Devki provided him a ground floor room for spending a night.
  Devki slept on first floor.
        At midnight, Devki heard that Kabuliwala was knocking doors and Kabuliwala was threatening that if she does not open door, he would kill her. Kabuliwala broke the door. Kabuliwala was with a knife. Kabuliwala wanted to rape her.
    It was ‘do and die situation’ for Devki. She took her sickle and beheaded Kabuliwala.   



Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 19/06/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…62 
Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, , Human values, Human Sacrifices,  interpersonal bond  from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) –9
   
                                  Curtsey and references
 
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and Folk dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwal ki Lok Kathayen, Alaknanda Prakashan
Bhishma Kukreti, Notes on History, Folk Literature of Haridwar
Xxx    xxx
Notes on Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Jakh, , Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Dhaundiyalsyun, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Vidolsyun. Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Kandarsyun, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from  Chopdakot, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Vali Kandarsyun Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Dhaijyuli, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Ghuddaudsyun, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Thalisain, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Bungidhar, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Khatsyun, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman; Lyrical Folktale/Folklore from Chauthan, Rath, Garhwal about Brave, Faithful, Virtuous Woman

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Mani-Kampasi Geet Gatha: A Sad folk Song from Johar, Kumaon arose by Pain of Separation 


Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Haridwar, Uttarkahnd-66

 Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Emotions, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values, Human Sacrifices, interpersonal bond from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 13 


(The write up is dedicated to Dr. Dineshchandra Baluni his extensive works on Kumaoni-Garhwal I Folk Literature)

                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti

               The present folklore is from Johar of Pithoragarh, Kumaon region. Bhotiya are tribal class living in valley of initial courses of the Kali and Gori Rivers bordering Tibet.
                Bhotiya are business class and used to travel a lot far away from Kumaon till Ladakh.
            The present lyrical folktale is about a Bhotiya going far away from his family for business and the pain of separation among all. The song and dance tone is Chanchari tone.
 
कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ  -66       

                            गढ़वाल , कुमाऊं ,  हरिद्वार, की मानवीय संवेदना आधारित  लोक गाथाएँ -13

                         (सन्दर्भ: डा.दिनेश चन्द्र बलूनी , उत्तराखंड की लोकगाथाएँ )
                               (इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति एवं व्याखा : भीष्म कुकरेती )

मानी  कंपासी गाथा

   (ताल -चांचरी )

घट पिसो माण मानी  कंपासी।
तू त गये चीन हुणी कंपासी।
मील कथ जाण मानी कंपासी।
खुंखरी को खोल मानी कंपासी।
त्योर बानु धरि  राखो कंपासी।
आज ऊँछै भोल मानी कंपासी।
डाल बासो काग मानी कंपासी।
जावा मानी भूली गो छे कंपासी।
सुरती को पाग मानी कंपासी  ........

                 Mani business man becomes ready for business going to Ladakh far away from Johar Kumaon. He goes to Joshi pundit to know auspicious date. The family members become sad about his going to Ladakh as Ladakh is far away from Johar.  However, Mani assured that he would come back very soon.
          His wife Kampasi also became sad and suspicious.  Kampasi asked her husband that he was going to Hun des. Where should she go? He assured his wife. He tells that his relatives are jealous so she has to be careful. He tells that in case he is delayed she should marry their daughter.
          The old mother of Kampasi weeps too. She is unaware about their life in his absence.
               Many decades have passed but Kampasi did not return. Kampasi spent her whole life in waiting for her husband.
             The said sad folk song draws attention on the struggle of Bhotiya communities.

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 24/06/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…67 
Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, , Human values, Human Sacrifices,  interpersonal bond  from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) –14
   
                                  Curtsey and references
 
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and Folk dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwal ki Lok Kathayen, Alaknanda Prakashan
Bhishma Kukreti, Notes on History, Folk Literature of Haridwar
Khima Nand Sharma, Veer Balak Haru Heet, Kumauni Sahitya Sadan, Delhi, 1980.
Xx                                             xx                                             xx
 Notes on Sad folk Song arose by pain of separation; Oriental Sad folk Song from Talla Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian Sad folk Song from Malla Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian SAARC countries Sad folk Song from Talla Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian Indian subcontinent Sad folk Song from Goriphat of Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian Indian Sad folk Song from Milam, Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian North Indian Sad folk Song from Milam, Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian Himalayan Sad folk Song from Lwan, Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian Central Himalayan Sad folk Song from Martoli, Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Sad folk Song from Ralam, Shumdu, Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation; Asian, Uttarakhandi Sad folk Song from Ganaghar Johar, Kumaon arose by pain of separation   

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 मान्यबर जी ये फुर्की सुर्की  सुर्की  छपना नाम के कोई भी नायकाये नही है हमरे पहाड़ के लोक गीतों के नायकाये  !  ये सब कैस्ट निर्माताओं के सोच  के उपज है ! कृपया इन्हे यहाँ से हटा दे तो कृपा होगी  !   पराशर गौर

Parashar Gaur

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मान्यबर जी ये फुर्की सुर्की  सुर्की  छपना नाम के कोई भी नायकाये नही है हमरे पहाड़ के लोक गीतों के नायकाये  !  ये सब कैस्ट निर्माताओं के सोच  के उपज है ! कृपया इन्हे यहाँ से हटा दे तो कृपा होगी  !   पराशर गौर

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