Author Topic: Folk Songs Of Uttarakhand : उत्तराखण्ड के लोक गीत  (Read 46469 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Jagar of Kumaon-Garhwal –Haridwar (Uttarakhand) -35

 Chivalry, Gallantry, Graciousness Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Ballads of Bravery of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Uttarakhand –20 

                                         Bhishma Kukreti
            Madho Singh Bhandari had been a great personality of Garhwal, Uttarakhand. Madho Singh Bhandari was a great army chief. Madho Singh Bhandari was great social welfare activist. Madho Singh Bhandari was also a great lover of his second wife Rukma.  There are many folktales versions about great army chief and social welfare activist who sacrificed his son Gajendra Bhandari for bring canal to his village , Maletha (Today’s Tehsil-Kirtinagar, Tehri Garhwal).
  The following lines are from long Jagar about the life of great brave man Bhad Madho Singh Bhandari
                      कुमाऊं और गढ़वाल की लोक गाथाएँ/जागर  -35   

वीर भड़ माधो सिंह भंडारी लोक गाथा वीर-वीरंगनाएं  गाथा : भडौ , कटकू, भड़वळि  या पांवड़ा, जागर 

(सन्दर्भ : डा गोविन्द चातक )


कैसो छ भंडारी तेरो मलेथा ? ऐ  जाणो रुकमा मेरा मलेथा   
 भैंसों का खर्क मेरा मलेथा , घांड्यों कु घमणाट मेरा मलेथा
बाखारियों का तांद मेरा मलेथा , ऐ  जाणो रुकमा मेरा मलेथा   
कैसो छ भंडारी तेरो मलेथा ?देखणो को भलो मेरा मलेथा   
फुल्दा फूल मेरा मलेथा  , गौंमुड़े को सेरो मेरा मलेथा 
गौं मथे पंद्यारो मेरा मलेथा, ऐ  जाणो रुकमा मेरा मलेथा   
ल्यासण की क्यारि मेरा मलेथा, बांदू की लसक मेरा मलेथा       
बैखू की ठसकमेरा मलेथा , ऐ  जाणो रुकमा मेरा मलेथा   

                       Madho Singh Bhandari as Brave Army Chief

      Great Bhad Madho Singh was army chief of Garhwal Kingdom, Shrinagar at the time of Mahipat Shah (1629-1646)
                  At this time there was chaos in upper Garhwal at the border of Tibet by Tibetan terrorists. The king started campaign himself to calm down the terrorist activities of Tibetans at Niti region. His army chief was another great Bhad Lodi Rikhola and Bhad Madho Singh was his deputy. All reached to Niti valley. It was unbearable cold there at Niti valley. The old custom was that Brahmins and Rajput had to cook food and take by putting of the upper garment. The King Mahipat Shah made new custom that people should cook and eat brad (Roti) and Vegetable (Bhuji) with putting on dress. The King regulated another new custom that people can take Roti-Bhuji from kitchen (Faud or Ruswad) to other places too. 
                 Garhwalis won the war with Tibetans and King appointed two Bartwal generals for Niti valley to check the encroachment from Tibet. Both Bartwal generals could check down the Tibetan encroachment.
                 After sad demise of great Bhad Lodi Rikhola, great Bhad became the army chief og Garhwal kingdom. The Garhwal King provided the responsibility of permanent solution for checking Tibetan attacks on Garhwal by drawing a border line among two countries.
       Great Bhad Madho Singh Bhandari attacked to Tibetan kingdom. The Tibetan King agreed upon peace. Madho Singh Bhandari constructed platforms at the borders of Tibet and Garhwal. In British time, British included the line of control between Indian and Tibet laid by great Bhad Madho Singh and Tibetan king into McMahon line.
          At the time of fixing the border line, Madho Singh reached to Tibetan China (chhota Chine). Due to sever cold and continuous fight with Tibetans, Madho Singh fell ill. He understood that he would not live for long. Madho Singh Bhandari advised his commanders not to leak his death information to Tibetans. He asked his commanders to put his body into oil soaked cloth. Madho Singh advised that when peace is restored they should take his body to Shrinagar and cremate at Haridwar.   
            Madho Singh Bhandari died in China. No information was leaked about his death. After some time, his dead body was taken to Shrinagar the capital of Garhwal Kingdom.

                    Maletha canal construction by Madho Singh Bhandari   
 
                There is another folk story connected to great Madho Singh Bhandari. Madho Singh Bhandari constructed a tunnel on a difficult hill for constructing canal from one are to his village Maletha. According to folktale, when water did not come Madho Singh Bhandari offered the head of his son Gajendra Bhandari to Devi goddess.

 There is another famous folk song sung everywhere related to great brave man Madho Singh Bhandari   
एक सिंग रंदु बौण , एक सिंग गाय का
एक सिंग  माधो सिंग, हौर सिंग काहे का
 The great brave man story had been influencing Garhwalis for many centuries. That is why modern literature creator as Rup Saklani, Jit Singh Negi, Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Baldev Rana and many more created various literature in Garhwali.
Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 25/5/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…36 

Chivalry, Gallantry, gracious Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued…21   
Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Notes on Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born in Maletha, Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal; Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born near Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal; Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born near Jakhand, Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal; Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born near Kafna, Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal; Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born near Kharikhal, Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal; Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born near Badiyargarh,  Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal; Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born near Ghandyaldhar, Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal; Madho Singh Bhandari: A Great Army Chief and Great Social Welfare Activist born near Kalidhari,  Kirtingar, Tehri Garhwal;







Bhishma Kukreti

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 Ranu Raut Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betrayal, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman 

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Jagar of Kumaon-Garhwal –Haridwar (Uttarakhand) -36

 Chivalry, Gallantry, Graciousness Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Ballads of Bravery of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Uttarakhand –20 

                                         Bhishma Kukreti
             The Ranu Raut Jagar states that there was Pritam Shah King. However, Pritam Shah was never a Garhwali King. The time of Ranu Raut might be from 1803-1814.
    In Garhwal, people worship Ghosts, Bhoot by several ways and means. One way is to worship Brave family legends or community legends by arranging Mandan. In Mandan the Das play drums and sing the Jagar of particular Brave Soul or legends and Pashwas or people dance according to rhythm and song contents
  Ranu Raut is very famous Legendary Song of Rawat Community. As poem, the poem contains all raptures except Abhorrence in full sense. The readers will enjoy the figures of speeches, proverbs, and many old -new phrases
 The folk poem (Jagar) is as under -

कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ/जागर  -36   
रणूरौत जागर  लोक गाथा वीर-वीरंगनाएं  गाथा : भडौ , कटकू, भड़वळि  या पांवड़ा, जागर 
    (सन्दर्भ - डा हरिदत्त भट्ट  शैलेश  )                     
सिरीनगर रंद छयो राजा प्रीतामसाही
कुलावली कोट मा रंद रौतु औलाद
हिंवां रौत को छयो भिंवा  रौत
 भिंवा रौत को छयो रणु रौत 
रणु रौत होलू मालू मा को माल
जैको डबराळया माथो छ , खंखराल्य़ा जोंखा
घूंडों पौंछदी  भुजा छन जोधा की
मुन्गर्याळी फीलि छन मेरा मरदो
माल मा दूण   रांजड़ा ऐन
तौन कांगली सिरीनगर भेज्याली
रूखा रुखा बोल लेख्या तीखा लेख्या स्वाल 
बोला बोला मेरा कछडि का ज्वानू
मेरा राज पर कैन त यो धावा बोले
मेरा गढवाल मा कु इनु माल होलू
 जु भैर का मालू तै जीतिक लालू
तबरेक उठीक    बोलदू छीलू     भिम्ल्या
यी तरैं     को माल होलू कुलवाली कोट
हिंवां रौत न तलवार    मारे
रणु रौत मी तलवार मारलो
रणु रौत होलू तलवार्या जवान
जैका मारख्वल्य़ा   छन बेला
जैका चौसिंग्या खाडू होला, खोळया होला कुत्ता
कुलवाली कोट को वो रणुरौत 
मेरो भाणजा      मालू साधिक लालो
प्रीतम साही मराज तब कांगली लेखद
हे बुबा रणु रौत तू होल्यु बांको भड़                                                                             
  भात खाई तख हात धोई यख   
जामो पैरी तख तणि बाँधी यख   
कागली पौंचीगे रौत का पास
तब बांचद कांगली रौत
शेर  जसा मोछ   छ्या रौत का
तैका    मणि का मान धड़कन लै गेन
तैकू हात की मुसळी बबल़ाण लै गेन
कंड़ीळ  बंश का    कांडो जजराँद
 निरकुलो पाणि    डाली सि हिरांद
तब धाई लगान्द रणु राणी भिमला
मै त जान्दो राणी सैणि   माल दूण     
मेरा वास्ता पकौ निरपाणि    खीर
 राणी भिमला तब कुमजुल्या ह्व़े गे
नई नई मया छे ऊंकी जवानी की ,
नयो नयो ब्यो छो
राणी  भीमला ड़ाळी सि अळस्येगे
छोड़दी पयणा नेतर रांग सा बुंद
मै जोडिक स्वामी तुम जुद्ध को  पैटयां
सुमरदो तब रौत देवी झाली माली
ढेबरा लुक्दा बखरा लुक्दा
मर्द कबि नि रुकदा शेर कबि नि डरदा
लुवा  जंगी जामा पैरण लैग्या
सैणा  सिरीनगर ऐ गे रणु
जैदेऊ माल्यान गरदनी मालिक
हे रौर आज जैदेऊ त्वेक च  बुबा
तू छे  मेरा रणु मालू मा को माल
त्वेन मारणान  ल्वे चटा माल
राजा क आज्ञा लेक रौत चलीगे
माल को दूण कुई माल बोदा
ये t ऐ चखुनी  चूंडला आंगुळी मारला
तब छेत्रो को हंकार चढ़े रौत
मारे तैंन मछुली   सी उफाट
छोड़े उडाल तलवार
तैंन मुंडू का चौंरा लगै न
तैंन  खूनन घट रिंगेन मरदो
तै माई मरदु  का चेलान मरदो
सि  केल़ा सि कचेन गिदुडु सि फाडिन 
बैरी को नौ रखे ऋणना 
             Pritam Shah was Shrinagar King. Raut pair used to live in Kulavalikot. Hinva Raut had son named Bhinva Raut.  Bhinva Raut had son Ranu. Ranu Raut was the bravest among braves. A few brave men came to Doon ki Mal and wanted capturing the kingdom. The king of Doon ki Mal requested to Pritam Shah for sending brave men. Pritam Shah became worried. Chhilu Jhimlya advised Pritam Shah for taking help of Ranu Raut.
   King Pritam Shah sent message to Ranu Raut. Taking blessing of Jhali-Mali goddess and informing his wife, Ranu Raut reached to Shrinagar. From Srinagar, Ranu Raut reached to Doon ki Mal. Ranu Raut killed all brave men those wanted Doon ki Mall kingdom.
           Chhilu Jhimlya was maternal uncle of Ranu Raut. His son was Jhankru. Jhankru the son of Jhimlya was bad man. Jhankru reached to Bhimla the wife of Ranu Raut. Jhankru told a lie to Bhimla that Ranu Raut is killed by brave men in Doon ki Mal. Jhankru put an advice for marrying queen Bhimla. Bhimla had to get ready. 
   Due to Jhali Mali goddess, Ranu Raut knew the conspiracy of Jhankru in dream. Ranu Raut reached his home. Jhankaru saw Ranu and asked Bhimla to help him for hiding. Bhimla hid Jhankaru into a box. Ranu called his wife from outside,” I am hungry for nine days. Cook Kheer (milk-rice pudding).”  Since, Jhankaru took whole milk, Bhimla cooked rice in buttermilk (chhanchhera). Seeing chhanchhera, Ranu Raut became angry, he took out his sword. By this, Jhankru was afraid and by his shivering the box started sounding. Ranu Raut asked his wife Bhimla, ”What is there inside box?”  Bhimla replied that there were kittens inside box. Ranu Raut hit the box. Jhankru ran to queen Amravati (mother of Ranu Raut). Queen Amravati hid Jhankaru. Ranu came to his mother and asked who was there. Queen Amravati told a lie. Queen Amravati told to Ranu that his father engaged him with Syunsla but Meghu Kaluni was marrying her. Ranu Raut became angry and vowed to kill Meghu Kaluni. He started journey for Diyalikhal with Jhankru to kill Meghu Kaluni. There was marriage procession of Meghu was ready at Diyalikhal. Ranu Raut killed all guests. Meghu hid into bush. Ranu Raut and Jhankru were taking rest. Meghu threw arrows on Ranu Raut and Jhankru and killed them.
             Meghu denied marrying Syunsla. Syunsla burned her with pyre of Ranu Raut.       

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 25/5/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…37 

Chivalry, Gallantry, gracious Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued…22   
Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from Uttarakhand; Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from Uttarkashi, Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from  Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from Dehradun, Uttarakhand; Jagar Gatha: a Folktale of Bravery, Envy, Betray al, Conspiracy, Love for other’s Woman from Uttarakhand;       

Bhishma Kukreti

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Teelu Rauteli: A Courageous Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature     

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Jagar of Kumaon-Garhwal –Haridwar (Uttarakhand) -37

 Chivalry, Gallantry, Graciousness Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Ballads of Bravery of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Uttarakhand –21 

                                         Bhishma Kukreti

                     The folk song related to great woman warrior Teelu Rauteli of Garhwal if very famous. There is confusion among cultural historians about the period of Teelu Rauteli. A few cultural historians suggest her time around 1380AD. A few cultural historians advocate her time around eighteenth century. 


                  कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ/जागर  -37   

                  तीलू रौतेली रण भूत जागर लोक गाथा वीर-वीरंगनाएं  गाथा : भडौ , कटकू, भड़वळि  या पांवड़ा, जागर 
         डा शिवानन्द नौटियाल के अनुसार , "   वीरांगना  तीलू रौतेली गढवाल कि झांसी कि राणी कहलायी जाती है . तीलू कि याद में रण भूत नचाया जाता है . जब तीलू रौतेली नचाई जाती है तो अन्य बीरों  के रण भूत /पश्वा जैसे शिब्बू पोखरियाल, घिमंडू हुडक्या, बेलु -पत्तू सखियाँ , नेगी सरदार आदि के पश्वाओं को भी नचाया जाता है . सबके सब पश्वा मंडांण   में युद्ध नृत्य के साथ नाचते हैं"



                   ओ कांडा का कौथिग उर्यो
                   ओ तिलु कौथिग बोला
                   धका धै धै    तिलु रौतेली  धका धै धै 
                  द्वी बीर मेरा रणशूर ह्वेन
                   भगतु पत्ता को बदला लेक कौतिक खेलला
                 धका धै धै  तिलु रौतेली धका धै धै
                 अहो रणशूर बाजा बजी गेन रौतेली धका धै धै
                बोइयों का दूध तुम रणखेतु बतावा  धका धै धै
                तीलु रौतेली ब्वादा रणसाज सजावा धका धै धै
                इजा मैणा यूं बीरूं टीका लगावा , साज सजावा ,धका धै धै
                 मै तीलु  बोदू जौंका भाई होला , जोंकी बैणि होली
                                                 ओ रणखेत जाला धका धै धै
                 बल्लू प्रहरी टु मुलक जाइक धाई लगै दे धका धै धै
                                           बीरों के भृकुटी तण गे धका धै धै
                                           तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै
                ओ अब बूड़ी सलाण नाचण लागे धका धै धै
                 अब नई जवानी आइगे धका धै धै
                 बेलू देबकी द्वी सखी संग चली गे धका धै धै
                 ओ खैरा गढ़ मा जुद्ध लगी गे धका धै धै
                  खड़कु रौत तखी मोरी गे  धका धै धै
                                       तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै
                   ओ काण्ड को कौतिक उर्यो गे धका धै धै
                   तीलु रौतेली तुम पुराणा हथ्यार पुजावा धका धै धै
                   अपणि ढाल कटार तलवार सजावा धका धै धै
                   घिमंडू की हुडकी बाजण लगे धका धै धै
                  ओ रणशूर साज सजीक ऐगे तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै
                   दीवा को अष्टांग करी याल धका धै धै
                    रण जीति घर आइक गाडुल़ो छतर रे धका धै धै
                    धका धे धे तीलु रौतेली  धका धै धै
                   पौंची गे तीलु रौतेली टकोली भौन धका धै धै
                    यख बिद्वा कैंत्युरो मारियाले धका धै धै
                   तब तीलु पौंची गे सल्ड मादेव धका धै धै
                     ओ सिंगनी शार्दूला  धका धै धै
                   धका धे धे तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै
                   येख वख मारी कैकी बौडी गे चौखाटिया देघाट धका धे धे
                     बिजय मीले पण तीलु घिरेगे धका धै धै
                    बेल्लू देबकी रणखेतुं मा इखी काम ऐन
                   इथगा मा शिब्बू पोखरियाल मदद लेक आइगे धका धै धै
                   अब शार्दूला लड़द पौंची कालिंकाखाळ
                सराइंखेत आइगे घमासान जुद्ध ह्व़े धका धै धै
                शार्दूला की मार से कैंत्युरा रण छोडि भाजी गेन धका धै धै
                रण भूत पितरां कल तर्पण दिंऊला  धका धै धै
                यख शिब्बू पोखरियाल तर्पण देण लग्ये  धका धै धै
                सराईखेत  नाम तभी से पड़े धका धै धै
                यख  कौतिक तलवारियों को होलो  धका धै धै
                ये तें खेलला मरदाना मस्ताना रणवांकुर जवान धका धै धै
                सरदार चला तुम रणखेत चला तुम धका धै धै
                धका धै धै  तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै
                ओ रणसिंग्या रणभेरी नगाड़ा बजीगे  धका धै धै
                ओ शिब्बू ब्वाडा तर्पण करण खैरागढ़ धका धै धै
                अब शार्दूला पौंची गे खैरागढ़ धका धै धै 
                यख जीतू कैंत्युरा मारी , राजुला जै रौतेली अगने बढी गे धका धै धै
                 रण जीति सिंगनी दुबाटा मा नाण लगे धका धै धै
                  राजुलात रणचंडी छयी अपणो काम करी नाम धरे गे धका धै धै
                  कौतिका जाइक खेलणो छयो खेली याला
                   याद तौंकी जुग जुग रहली धका धै धै
                   तू साक्षी रैली खाटली के देवी धका धै धै
                   तू साक्षी रैली स्ल्ड का मादेव धका धै धै
Xxx                  xxx
                   ओ तू साक्षी रैली पंच पाल देव
                    कालिका की देवी लंगडिया भैरों
                    ताडासर देव , अमर तीलु, सिंगनी शार्दूला  धका धै धै
                    जब तक भूमि , सूरज आसमान
                     तीलु रौतेली की तब तक याद रैली
                     धका धे धे तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै  तीलु रौतेली धका धै धै


           Tilu Rauteli was daughter of Thokdar Bhup Singh Goral of Chaundkot. Tilu Rautela had two twin brothers Bhagtu and Patwa. Her father engaged Teelu Rauteli at early age. However, the enemies killed her would be husband before marriage.
        At that time, the Katyuri king Dham Shahi attacked on Khairagarh king Manshahi. Manshahi fought bravely but had to escape from the battle. Manshahi took assylam in Chaundkot Garhi.   Bhup singh and his two sons fought with the army of Dhamshahi. The attackers killed Bhup Singh and his sons in the battle.
  There was Kanda fair after winter. Teelu Rauteli showed to her mother for her interest for visiting fair. When tilu Rauteli was ready to start her mother remembered her husband and her two sons. She said to daughter Teelu,” had there been my sons alive they would have taken revenge with Dham Shahi. They would have offered blood for Tarpan of deceased sons and my husband”
  Teelu rauteli took the vow to take revenge of death of her brave father and two twin valiant brothers.
     Teelu Rauteli informed the area people that they would not celebrate fair but would destroy Katyuri. All fighters of the area became ready.
  Teelu put on the warrior dress with sword. She rode on her black horse. Her bold female friends Bellu and Rakki also went with her. The family Hudkya (A type of drum player) Ghemdu was with her with sword. She went to family and village temples for blessing.
  The Army of Teelu Rauteli started their campaign from Khairagarh. Teelu Rauteli and her army freed Khairagarh from Katyuri army.
       At later stage, she freed Bhaun (Idiyakot), Salt Mahadev, Bhilan, Bhaun, Jadalyun, Chaukhatiya, Saraikeht and Kalikakhal from enemies.
Tilu took rest for days at Bironkhal.
        Teelu Rauteli was on her camping in Kandagarh region. The army was taking rest. Teelu was taking bath into Nayar River. An enemy soldier Rajwar killed her by deceptive method. Teelu rautlei was twenty two years old when she became martyr. Teelu Rauteli fought with enemy army for seven years. 


Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 27/5/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…38 

Chivalry, Gallantry, gracious Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued…22   
Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Notes on Teelu Rauteli: Brave Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature; Teelu Rauteli: valiant Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Pauri Garhwal; Teelu Rauteli: daring Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Tehri Garhwal; Teelu Rauteli: Brave Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Rudraprayag; Teelu Rauteli: Brave Woman soldier of Garhwali Folk literature from Chamoli Garhwal; Teelu Rauteli: heroic Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Uttarkashi; Teelu Rauteli: courageous Woman fighter of Garhwali Folk literature from Chaundkot; Teelu Rauteli: daring Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Badalpur; Teelu Rauteli: fearless Woman combatant of Garhwali Folk literature from Syunsi Baijaron; Teelu Rauteli: Brave Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Paino; Teelu Rauteli: dauntless Woman Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Khatli; Teelu Rauteli: Gallant  female Warrior of Garhwali Folk literature from Savli         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         

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 Asha and Hari Hindwan Jagar Gatha: Folktale/ Folksongs about Two Brave Bothers of Medieval Era


Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Jagar of Kumaon-Garhwal –Haridwar (Uttarakhand) -38

 Chivalry, Gallantry, Graciousness Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Ballads of Bravery of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Uttarakhand –22 

                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti
 There had been hundreds of Bhad (Brave men) in medieval in Haridwar, Kumaon and Garhwal regions.  The present chivalry story is about two brave brothers Asha and Hari Hindwan.  The present folktale tells the name of King Manshahi. That means the period is from 1591-1610 of Asha and Hari Hindwan.


               कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ/जागर  -38     
                      हरिद्वार, गढ़वाल , कुमाऊं की वीर गाथाएँ -22
आशा और हरी हिंडवाण  जागर लोक गाथा वीर-वीरंगनाएं  गाथा : भडौ , कटकू, भड़वळि  या पांवड़ा, जागर 
अब देखा सिरीमौर राज, लग्युं च वो गोड़ी रागस
मेरो भैजी आधा राजपाट , मेरा माल रागस न खाये
अब माल सिरीमौर को  , मेरा मन सोच करद
मेरा भैजि को जोड़ साधलो, अब भैजी  ए गोड़ी रागस
तब जैन लेख्याले कागजी , अब भैजी सैण सिरीनगर
अब तई सैण सिरीनगर पर रैंद राजा मानशाही
xxx             xxx                    xxx
अब होंद भेंटाभेँट पड़गैने खुदेंदी करड़ी अंग्वाल्ठी
दुय्ये फुंकरा फुंकरी कै रोणा छन खुसी का मोती
हैंसदा -ज्युंदाल सी दुबल्या मा छन खतेणा भैरे
अब दुय्ये जोधौंन मेरा माल अगनै देख्यो न पिछनै
करि याले माई का बच्चौन राजा की सेना को कूर्च मुंडेऊ
तहेगैने ओ सुरक्षा रौतेलो मानशाही का सिरिनगर
अब पौंछ्या ओ रज्जा का पास ............
.....................
अब मेरा माल हिंडवाणी कोट तब मेरा माल बाजिने -बढाई

               There was terror of Gaudi demon in Sirmour Kingdom, Himachal Pradesh.  Gaudi demon ate half of the population of Sirmour, Himachal. The Sirmaur, Himachal King started thinking about friends who can help him for diminishing Gaudi demon. Man Shah was ruling Garhwal from Srinagar. The King of Sirmaur, Himachal sent message to Garhwal King. The Garhwal King read the letter of Sirmour (Himachal) King. The Sirmaur King requested the Garhwal king for sending brave men to kill Gaudi demon. Sirmaur King also promised that the killer of Gaudi demon would be offered half of the kingdom as a Jagir (land to rule).  The Sirmour King also promised for marrying his daughter Surkesha to the winning courageous man.
           Garhwal king though thoroughly and remembered Hindwankot.  There were two brave brothers under Hindwankot chieftain.  One daring brother was Asha and other valiant was Hari Hindwan. Garhwal King sent message.
  The messenger reached to house of fearless Hindwan brothers. Asha Hindwan was there at home. Asha Hindwan read the letter and started being ready. In the mean time, Hari Hindwan also reached there. Heroic Hari Hindwan requested his brother that he (Hari) would go to kill demon. Asha agreed to send Hari Hindwan to Sirmaur. Hari Hindwan took the blessing of goddesses and deities.
        Hari Hindwan reached Srinagar via Tehri, Gadhmolya, Paukhal, and Haintakhal. He salted the Srinagar King. Garhwali king told Hari that he should return by killing devil. Hari Hindwan filled his pockets by four tons of roasted Soya beans as parched grains.
                Hari Hindwan started journey for Sirmour (Himachal).  On the way to Sirmaur, Hari Hindwan met Dhakris (those visit markets for their needs). They were cooking Dhungali (a type of thick bread on hot stone) and vegetables.  Hari Hindwan wished to eat Dhungali. Hari Hindwan started playing flute. There was magic in his flute playing. The Dhakris lost in the music and walked away leaving Dhunglis and vegetable.  Hari Hindwan ate Dhungli and vegetable.
   Hari Hindwan reached to Sirmour and introduced him to Sirmaur King.  Hari Hindwan reached to place of Gaudi demon. Brave Hari Hindwan challenged Gaudi demon. They fought for nine days and nine nights. At the end daring Hari Hindwan killed the demon.
    Hari Hindwan sent the message of demon killing to Sirmaur King. Hari Hindwan was now taking rest there. 
               Sirmour King became happy to know the demon killing. However, now, the Sirmaur king became greedy about his offering half the Kingdom and his daughter to Hari Hindwan.  In greed, Sirmaur King id conspiracy. Sirmour King sent his brave men and those brave men tied Hari Hindwan and threw him into a pond.
             Asha saw a dream that his brother is thrown into pond. Asha Hindwan reached to Srinagar and told the story to the king.  Asha Hindwan started journey for Sirmour. Asha reached to the pond. The horse of Hari Hindwan was restless there.  Asha threw a machine into pond and took out unconscious boy of his brother Hari Hindwan.  After some time, Hari Hindwan became conscious. Both the brothers reached Sirmaur and they killed here and there. At last, they killed Sirmaur King.
  Both brothers with wealth and Surkesha reached to Srinagar.  Srinagar King offered whole Sirmaur Kingdom to brave brothers. Garhwal King also offered brave brothers the Jagir of Hindwaniikot.
 They all reached to Hindwanikot where joy and happiness were waiting for them. All were congratulating two brave brothers.

   

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 28/5/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…39 
   
Chivalry, Gallantry, gracious Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued…23   
Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 


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            Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Kumaon

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Jagar of Kumaon-Garhwal –Haridwar (Uttarakhand) -39

 Chivalry, Gallantry, Graciousness Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Ballads of Bravery of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Uttarakhand –23 

                                         By: Bhishma Kukreti
                     
             Usually, Rajput had been brave fighters in Uttarakhand. However, Purukh Pant was a Brahmin Bhad (brave man).
               Bhuwas Pant fathered two sons –Maha Pant and Purukh Pant. Purukh Pant was brought in his maternal uncle home in his childhood. His forehead was wide and ear were as ‘Soop’. There in the village of his maternal uncle, Purukh Pant used to look after herds of animals in Nimathi forest. There he used to lay with his friends who used to build small houses by stones and mud. Purukh Pant used to take buffalo milk directly from buffalo.

                 Chand King was the ruler of between Kali Ganga and Ram Ganga Rivers. The kingdom was big. Kafaliya of Hat used to pluck ‘Kafal’ fruits for the king. Dahlila people used to make baskets. Bhandaris were store keepers. Kanyal used to clean spikes. Mahar used to look after domestic animals.

       The King Narchand was a cruel king. To enter the court, a person had to salute the court dog. Nobody was allowed for performing the deity rituals and Pitar Shradh.   

         One day, Purukh Pant took his caws to Sundhunga forest.  Purukh Pant came back home without ‘Gajali’ caw. Purukh pant went back to forest for searching the lost caw. Purukh saw that the Dotiyal soldiers of the king taken the caw and tied there. Those soldiers too Purukh Pant to the king. The king ordered to cut the ‘Choti’ of Purukh and blacken the face. The king also ordered to cut the caw tail.

  Hopelessly, Purukh came back from the court. Purukh Pant was very angry on the king.  Purukh Pant took the vow to finish the king and kingdom.

   Purukh Pant collected Akoti, Gaida, Mahar, Kafaliya communities and founded an army. There were seven hundred army men with Purukh Pant.  The army of Purukh Pant made hard sticks by Ghingara, Clubs by Katauj. They took axes and Basula.  Lead by Purukh Pant, the army marched in night.

         They all took blessing from Malaynath temple. The surrounded the Rajkot hills. The army burnt the houses of Dotiyal soldiers. The dog of king started barking. The king ordered his army to slip big stones from top of Rajkot hill. Army did so. Purukh and his army had to flee. The King ordered to capture Purukh pant and also declared reward on the head of Purukh Pant. Nobody could find Purukh Pant.
  Purukh Pant changed his dressing and became as Jogi. In the form of Jogi, Purukh started campaign against the rule of King.

   Purukh went to his maternal uncle village. Purukh met his grandmother.  His grandmother did not recognize him but offered Kheer to Jogi on ‘pattal’ (leave plate). Purukh started taking kheer but Kheer came out from ‘pattal’.  His grandmother told “You don’t know to take Kheer and Purukh Pant does not know winning Seerakot.”
              Purukh Pant asked the technique of winning Seerakot. His grandmother told that Purukh Pant should capture water source that armed forces die by thirst.
  Purukh Pant went to the capital Seerakot in jogi (sage) form. His fame was reached to the king. The king called Purukh Pant (Jogi). The king asked Purukh Pant (Jogi) to get something from him. Jogi form Purukh demanded water from water source for his Sandhya.  The king accepted the demand thinking that it would be only a liter or so.
   When the army went to take water from water source, the Jogi told that now, he was the owner of water source. Jogi asked money for water. Due to fear of cursing by Jogi, the king started paying money for water to Purukh Pant. This way Purukh Pant got money and again he built his huge army by that money from king.
  Now, the king understood that Jogi was Purukh Pant.

  Purukh pant attacked to king Narchand. Purukh pant won the war and became king.
  After some time, Purukh Pant went to Kedarnath temple. There, Bhotiya women cook were cooking meal for him. Purukh Pant insulted Bhotiya women.
F While returning from Kedarnath, for some reason Purukh Pant was alone. The widows of Chand king army men of Seerakot battle killed Purukh Pant by drawing him into pond.

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 29/5/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…40 
   
Chivalry, Gallantry, gracious Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued…24   
Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Notes on Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Kumaon; Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Pithoragarh, Kumaon; Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Askot, Kumaon; Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Bageshwar, Kumaon; Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Champawat, Kumaon; Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Almora, Kumaon; Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Nainital, Kumaon; Purukh Pant: Folktale of a Courageous, Brave, Valiant Legend of Udham Singh Nagar, Kumaon

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                   Lodi Rikhola: Great Folk Hero of Garhwal 

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Jagar of Kumaon-Garhwal –Haridwar (Uttarakhand) -40

 Chivalry, Gallantry, Graciousness Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths, Ballads of Bravery of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Uttarakhand –24 

                                           By: Bhishma Kukreti


                         Characteristics of Folk Hero

    Graham Seal (2001, Encyclopedia of Folk Heroes) states, “Those activities that generally confer heroism upon individuals may, singly or in various in various combinations include following characteristics”

1-Physical Power 2-Cunning
2-Persistance
3-Helping Others
4-Luck
5- Cleverness
6-Magic
7-Magic
8-Wisdom
9-Righteousness
10-Skillful ability
11-Power
12-Laying
13-Stupidity 

                                    Lodi Rikhola: Great Folk Hero of Garhwal 

                Lodi Rikhola was one of the great generals of Garhwal Kingdom. Madho Singh Bhandari became army chief after the death of great general Lodi Rikhola.
              Lodi Rikhola was born in Bayali village of Malla Badalpur of Pauri Garhwal. He belonged to a Thokdar (like Chieftain) family. Once, in his childhood, a marriage party had come in the village from Maudadsyun. There was a big vessel at water source. Many people could pick not pick up that big vassal. Lodi Rikhola picked up the vassal and took up the vassal to marriage party far away from water source. Everybody praised the strength of young Lodi Rikhola.
     Lodi Rikhola was married to a Thokdar daughter from Khairasain near Satpuli. 
          Due to his courageous and wise character, Garhwal King Mahipat Shah appointed Lodi Rikhola his army chief. 
   Mahipat Shah sent general Lodi Rikhola for calm downing the peace at border of Sirmour. Lodi started his journey for Sirmour border but he felt inauspicious signs. Rikhola came back from a distance. His mother criticized him. Lodi Rikhola went to Sirmour border via Srinagar.

           Lodi Rikhola brought peace by his power and wise diplomacy at the border of Sirmour. The king welcomed him at Srinagar and rewarded Jagir.   
  King started appreciating Lodi Rikhola. The enemies of Lodi within court started complaining to the king that Lodi Rikhola wanted to become King. King killed Lodi Rikhola by conspiracy. Mother of Lodi Rikhola cursed the king.
  The king came to know the real conspiracy of enemies of Lodi after his death. The king awarded Jagir of Badalpur and Paino to heirs of Lodi Rikhola.         
   

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 30/5/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…41 
   
Chivalry, Gallantry, gracious Folklores, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued…25   
Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Bhishma Kukreti Notes on Haridwar Folk heroes
This chapter contains Great Folk Hero of Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Uttarkashi Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Chamoli Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Pauri Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Rudraprayag, Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Dehradun, Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Badalpur, Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Paino, Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Malla Badalpur, Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Lansdowne tehsil, Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Dehradun, Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Nayar valley Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Eastern Nayar Valley , Garhwal; Great Folk Hero of Satpuli region, Garhwal                           

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Char Bhai Masoo; Four Folk Deities of Ravain/Rawaeen Region, Garhwal

Folk Literature of Ravain/Rawaeen, Yamuna-Tons Valley Region, Garhwal -13

Jagar Gatha (Prose Folk Ritual Tales) from Ravain/Rawaeen, Yamuna -Tons Valley, Garhwal Region-6

            Song collection by late Dr. Jagdish Prasad ‘Jaggu’ Naudiyal 

                 Translation, Interpretation by: Bhishma Kukreti

  Every territory has its own folk deities. Due to new religious sects, these deities might not be worshipped but their stories are always attracting the communities.
 The following folk poem is about four forms of Masoo a local folk deity of Ravain/Rawaeen region
वांइ गढ़वाल क्षेत्र का प्रचलित   लोक गीत- 13

रवांइ क्षेत्र से लोक जागर व धार्मिक अनुष्ठान के लोक गीत -6 
 
   
(मूल -डा जगदीश 'जग्गू' नौडियाल,)
(इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति  एवं अतिरिक्त व्याखा - भीष्म कुकरेती )

         चार भाई मासू देवो की व्याख्या

चार: भाई मासूए रे मामा  चार: भाई मासू ए।
चाल्दा मासू जैठड़ो भाई चालदा मासू ए।
गोठा मासू शान्ति देव रौ भाई -भाई मासू ए।
पवासी  मासू छोटड़ी भाई झट सुणदो मासू ए।
चार: भाई मासूए रे मामा वासीक मासू  मासू ए।
 चार: भाई मासूए रे देव मासू देव मासू ए।

Masoo deities are four brothers.
Chalda Masu is eldest one.
Gotha Masoo is peaceful deity.
Pavasee deity is younger one. Pavasi deity listens immediately.
Out of four Masoo deities, Basik Masoo is another deity.




Copyright for interpretation @ Bhishma Kukreti 8/6/2013

     References:
Dr Jagdish Prasad Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar  (Ravain Kshetra ke lok sahitya kaa Sanskritik Adhyayan
Folk Literature of Ravain, Yamuna -Tons Valley Region, Garhwal to be continued…14
Jagar Gatha (Prose Folk Ritual Tales) from Ravain, Yamuna-Tons Valley, Garhwal Region to be continued…7
Notes on Four Folk Deities of Ravain/Rawaeen, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Lewari, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Rari, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Jakhol, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Osla, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Hari-ki-Dun Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Yamnotri, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Kharsali, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Naitwar, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Salra, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Kulni, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Barkot, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Asna, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Rajgarhi, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Samaul, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Naugaon, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Gainchwan, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Naini, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Purola, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Kuwa, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Dewar, Ravain/Rawaeen, Uttarkashi, Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Tyuni/Tiuni, Ravain/Rawaeen, , Garhwal; Four Folk Deities of Lakhamandal, Ravain/Rawaeen,  Garhwal. 

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Kailu Bir Jagar Gatha: Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain
Folk Literature of Ravain/Rawaeen, Yamuna-Tons Valley Region, Garhwal -14

Jagar Gatha (Prose Folk Ritual Tales) from Ravain/Rawaeen, Yamuna -Tons Valley, Garhwal Region-7

            Song collection by late Dr. Jagdish Prasad ‘Jaggu’ Naudiyal 

                 Translation, Interpretation by: Bhishma Kukreti

   In Rawain/Rawaeen, Garhwal region, Uttarakhand, there are four specific local deities Chalda Masu, Gotha Masu, Pavasi Masu, and Basik Masu. Every Masu deity has his own brave man.
 There is calling of specific brave man Kailu of Gotha Masu as follows -   

            रवांइ गढ़वाल क्षेत्र का प्रचलित   लोक गीत- 14

          रवांइ क्षेत्र से लोक जागर व धार्मिक अनुष्ठान के लोक गीत -7 
 
   
                    (मूल -डा जगदीश 'जग्गू' नौडियाल)

                ( इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति  एवं अतिरिक्त व्याखा - भीष्म कुकरेती )

         गोठा मासु देव का कैलू बीर


गोठा मासू को रौ बीर  कैलू बीर कैलू बीर।
को निशाण संगनलू कैलू बीर कैलू बीर।
कर,तामी को ठगालू  कैलू बीर कैलू-बीर। 
कैलू बीर  एक बीर रौयो बीर कैलू-बीर। 
गोठा मासू को रौ बीर  कैलू बीर कैलू बीर।
कर तामी उगै लालू कैलू बीर कैलू-बीर।
Brave Man Kailu is chief assistant of Gotha Masu deity.
Brave man Kailu goes with Flag (of Gotha Masu).
Who shall collect the ‘Tami’ tax?
The Brave man Kailu the chief assistant of Gotha Masu will collect ‘Tami’ tax. 



Copyright for interpretation @ Bhishma Kukreti 8/6/2013

     References:
Dr Jagdish Prasad Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar  (Ravain Kshetra ke lok sahitya kaa Sanskritik Adhyayan
Folk Literature of Ravain/Rawaeen, Yamuna -Tons Valley Region, Garhwal to be continued…15
Jagar Gatha (Prose Folk Ritual Tales) from Ravain, Yamuna-Tons Valley, Garhwal Region to be continued…8
Notes on Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Uttarakhandi Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Garhwali Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Central Himalayan Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Himalayan Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; North Indian Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Indian Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Indian subcontinent Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; SAARC countries Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; South Asian Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Asian Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain; Oriental Folk Song Illustrating the Chief Assistant Brave Men of Folk Deity of Ravain 

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Gangnath –Bhana Prem Jagar Gatha: A Love Folk Story in Folk Song Form

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Haridwar, Uttarkahnd-53

Love Folklore, Folktales, Love Ballads, Folk Stories of Love, Adoring, Affection, Fondness, friendliness, Liking from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 9 
The write up is dedicated to Dr. Trilochan Pandey who brought the hidden Folklores of Garhwal and Kumaon and analyzed them)

                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti

               The folk society of Kumaon and Garhwal took each event as it is too. Gangnath is worshipped as deity. However, the society also talks about his extra marital affair (Parkiya Prem) and in this Jagar (folk song), the deity got severe punishment too for his wrong doing.

          कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ  -53       
                    गढ़वाल , कुमाऊं ,  हरिद्वार, की प्रणय  लोक गाथाएँ -9   
             गंगनाथ देव और भाना की परकीया प्रेम कथा
 (सन्दर्भ: डा. त्रिलोचन पांडे , कुमाउनी  और उसका साहित्य )


एरे गांगु डोटी को रौताग छीये,
छै पालिया दीवान छीये,
बाबू भवैचना को कुंवर छीये,
बुबू केसरी चना छन
गांगू कि उदेख बैराग लागो त्वींकै ।
डोटी गढ़ में गाँगु तेरी पूर्वा जनम कि
बैरी निकली भाना बामणी।
दन्या कुड़कौली बटी दुल जोशी की चेलि
भाना जोश्याण भान बामणी
स्वैणी स्वप्न में ऐगे डोटीगढ़ में।
भूली डोटीगढ़ रौ छीये , खाट तुला सेर छीये
गांगू काटी हानी रवीण आब,
कुमूँ कुम्याण ऐ गे भाना जोश्याण
ज्यूण मैय को च्योलो होलै,
म्वार ध्वाका आये दन्या कुड़कौली मैय
दुल जोशी की चेलि छूं मैं।
मरि मैय को च्यलो होलै त
डोटी में पडि रये भुली ---- 

                 Maharaja Bhavaichand the king of Dotigarh was prosperous king. For many years he did not father the child. He goes to Haridwar. Then Fyunli queen becomes pregnant. When she delivered a son there was sudden darkness that was sign of auspicious child.
 The queen advised the king to know from astrologer about the future of child. The astrologer told that the child had exclusive stars. Astrologer told that the child would rule for twelve years but later on some odds would happen. The child was Gangnath.
     Gangnath was flirt too. His father received complaints of his son flirting.

            One day, Gangnath was sleeping. In dream, the daughter of Bhavani Pant and wife of Kishan Bhana come in his dream. Bhana put a blood written letter below his pillow. Gangnath awoke and saw the letter. After reading letter, Gangnath became restless. Gangnath started playing his nine tone flute. The first one reached to Indra in heaven, the second tone reached to the hell and third tone reached into palace. His mother asked the reason to Gangnath for his flute play in that dark night.

  Gangnath told that Bhana came in his dream. Fyunli queen became worried and asked his son that she would bring seven wives for Gangnath. She cautioned Gangnath not to visit Joshikhola where Bhana was there. Fyunli cautioned her son that there were twenty two brothers of Bhana who would kill him.
   Gangnath took the gold from palace and asked the gold smith to make ornaments for a monk. The goldsmith requested Gangnath not to renounce. However, Gangnath did not listen the goldsmith. In monk dress and ornaments, Gangnath went to Sitavani. There he bowed before his Guru.  Gangnath took renouncement.
  Gangnath went towards Joshikhola. On the way, plough man Jhakruva met him who informed that husband of Bhana Kishan Joshi had gone to Haridwar.   
           Gangnath reached to Joshikhola and visit Bhana’s house. Bhana offered tasty food to Gangnath. Gangnath lived there for months. 
  Joshi brothers came to know that Gangnath was hiding inside house with Bhana. Joshi brothers threw stones. Gangnath ran from there. Joshi brothers ran after him. They killed him by stones in Vishwanathghat. Joshi brothers killed Jhakuruva too. They brought out the child inside Bhana. They killed the embryonic child.
   It is said that on third day, Gangnath took rebirth along with the child. The child took rebirth as Barmi. As soon as they took rebirth there was earthquake and much unrest in Joshikhola.
 Later on Joshis bowed down before Gangnath. Gangnath became deity. 


Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 10/06/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…54 
Love Folklore, Folktales, Folk Stories of Love, Adoring, Affection, Fondness, friendliness, Liking from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon ( Uttarakhand ) to be continued…10 
   
                                  Curtsey and references
 
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and Folk dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwal ki Lok Kathayen, Alaknanda Prakashan
Bhishma Kukreti, Notes on History, Folk Literature of Haridwar

Bhishma Kukreti

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        Radhika: Poetic Folktale about Suspecting, Murdering and Telling Lies

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Haridwar, Uttarkahnd-54

 Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 1 
The write up is dedicated to Dr. Trilochan Pandey who brought the hidden Folklores of Garhwal and Kumaon and analyzed them)

                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti
 

          There are poetic folk stories in Garhwal and Kumaon those are related to human relationship and human psychology. The following sad folk song in story form depicts many cultural aspects of Uttarakhand and a bitter aspect of human psychology that is to suspecting, murdering and then telling a lie. 

                कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ  -54     
   
                    गढ़वाल , कुमाऊं ,  हरिद्वार, की मानवीय संवेदनाओं की   लोक गाथाएँ -1   
                   
                                राधिका:बहू हत्या सम्बंधी लोक गीत

(सन्दर्भ: डा. त्रिलोचन पांडे , कुमाउनी  और उसका साहित्य )

सब की छ्यौड़ि मैत अगेन,
मेरो राधिका दुखि  छ कि सुखी।
भोल ऐ गेर हरियाली त्यार
राधिका बौज्यू राधिका बोलै दे।
राधिका इजू घाल लगड़
पैली को पुआ नील है गे छ।
मेरो राधिका दुखि  छ कि सुखी,
सल्लक रूख बासी छ कावा।
बरस दिन भेंट है रे छ,
बस समदी छक तमाकू।
जब बतोले मेरी राधिका,
तब छकौल तेर तमाकू।
टी राधिका घास जा रे छ,
बस समदी छक तमाकू।
सब घास ली बेर घर ऐ गेन,
मेरी राधिका कथ गे हुनली .
बाड़ा धनियाँ धनियाँ बोठ,
बोजि को खोड़ा कुट्यालि को चोट।
पापी नै इजु बोजि कै मारो,
खाजा कुटरी मैल बुकायो।
घिया कुमाइ मैल लुकाई,
 पापीनै इजु बौजी कें मारी।
साग लगो छ घुम्म करेली,
दादु जै रौ छ तल्ली बरेली।
 

             The Chait month (13th March to 14th April) is the month gifting something to married daughters, family drum players (Auji), family dramatists (Badi/Hudkya).
 Father of Radhika is worried that all other daughters of village came to their mother’s house from in law’s house and Radhika did not come to ‘Mayka’ (mother’s house) from in law village. They are unaware whether Radhika is in distress or joyful. Tomorrow is Hariyali festival. Radhika’s mother sent her husband to take Radhika from her in law village.
          Radhika’s mother prepares various eating articles. She cooks ‘Puris’ those became blue. She was worried as it was inauspicious sign.
         Radhika’s father went to Radhika’s in law village with gifts.
There, Radhika’s father asked to Radhika’s father in law,” Where is Radhika? It is many months that he will meet his daughter Radhika.”
       Radhika’s father in law states that she had gone for grass in the forest and would come very soon. Radhika’s father in law offers Hukka to Radhika’s father. Radhika’s father effused to smoke or anything till he sees his daughter.
  All the village women came back from forest with grass. Radhika was nowhere. Radhika’s father became suspicious.
  Radhika’s sister in law (husband’s sister) told the secrete that my mother suspected extra that Radhika did black magic to her husband and now Radhika’s husband is under total control of Radhika.. Her mother in law killed her daughter in law Radhika. Radhika’s mother in law hid dead of Radhika in cowshed.
  Radhika’s father became sad and started weeping loudly. Radhika’s father threw all gifts for Radhika into descending hill side. Knowing the murder of her daughter, Radhika’s mother started weeping loudly.
 


Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 11/06/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…55 
Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, , Human values,  interpersonal bond  from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 2 
   
                                  Curtsey and references
 
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and Folk dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Ramesh Matiyani ‘Shailesh’ 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas
N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet
E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore
M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal
Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley
Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana
Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle
Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150
Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen
Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwal ki Lok Kathayen, Alaknanda Prakashan
Bhishma Kukreti, Notes on History, Folk Literature of Haridwar

Notes on Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from Haridwar (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Champawat (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from Bageshwar  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Almora (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Nainital (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Udham Singh Nagar (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from Uttarkashi  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from Tehri Garhwal  (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Chamoli Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Rudraprayag Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Pauri Garhwal (Uttarakhand); Folklore, Folktales, Folk Ballads, Folk Stories of Human Behavior, Human Relationship, Human Psychology, Human Sensitivity, Human values  interpersonal bond  from  Dehradun Garhwal (Uttarakhand)  to be continued…           
 


 

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