Author Topic: प्रसिद्ध उत्तराखंडी महिलाये एवम उनकी उपलब्धिया !!! FAMOUS UTTARAKHANDI WOMEN !!!  (Read 56853 times)

पंकज सिंह महर

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श्रीमती तारा मिश्र

्कोटद्वार की एक समाज सेविका महिला तारा मिश्र बहुत सक्रिय रहीं, भूमिहीन किसान आन्दोलन के समय उन्होंने जिला बिजनौर में भूमिहीनों के हित में भूमि पर कब्जा किया, जिसके लिये उन्हें कारावास की सजा भी भुगतनी पड़ी।
आज की जीवन पद्धति, सभ्यता, संस्कृति तथा आर्थिक ढ़ांचे ने अंतराष्ट्रीय, राष्ट्रीय, प्रादेशिक, क्षेत्रीय तथा ग्रामीण जीवन तक को स्पर्श और उद्धेलित किया है। अतः स्वाभाविक रुप से इसकी बयार हिमालयी महिलाओं तक भी पहुंची है।

पंकज सिंह महर

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डा० वन्दना शिवा

पर्यावरणविद डा० वन्दना शिवा ने ’इकोफेमिनिज्म’ जैसे सिद्धान्त का सृजन कर पुरुषों की इस मानसिकता को नकार दिया है कि स्त्रियां पर्यावरण जैसे गूढ और जटिल विषय को नहीं जानतीं। उनका मत है कि पर्यावरण संरक्षण और नारी स्वतंत्रता एक दूसरे के अविभाज्य अंग हैं।
डा० वन्दना शिवा को पर्यावरण की समस्यायें और समाधान में महिलाओं के विशेष योगदान के लिये विश्वस्तर पर कार्य करने हेतु राइट लाइब्ली हुड पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया गया है। नीदरलैंड के राजघराने द्वारा स्थापित यह पुरस्कार नोबल पुरस्कार के समकक्ष मान्य है। कुछ समय पहले यह पुरस्कार नर्मदा बचाओ आन्दोलन की प्रणेता मेधा पाटेकर को दिया गया है।
चिपको आन्दोलन की विश्व विख्यात नेत्री गौरा देवी तथा अन्य जागरुक महिलाऒं की सक्रिय भूमिका को देखते हुये डा० वन्दना ने ’स्टेईंग अलाइव विमेन एण्ड इकोलाजी पुस्तक लिखी। इसी पुस्तक के आधार पर एक अंतराल के बाद ’इकोफेमिनिज्म’ का सिद्धान्त निकला। डा० वन्दना का मत है कि प्रकृति की जैविक विविधता की रक्षा तथा उनकी समृद्धि में महिलायें सक्षम हैं। पर्यावरण और नारी मुक्ति की उनकी विचारधारा आज पर्यावरण संरक्षण के लिये बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है।

पंकज सिंह महर

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श्रीमती विनय लक्ष्मी सुमन

अमर शहीद श्रीदेव सुमन की पत्नी विनयलक्ष्मी सुमन एक भोली-भाली पर्वतीय नारी थीं, जिनकी प्रारम्भिक शिक्षा गुरुकुल कांगड़ी, हरिद्वार में हुई थी। वे साबरमती आश्रम में भी रही, उन्होंने वर्ष १९६२ के आम चुनाव में कांग्रेस की ओर से देवप्रयाग विधान सभा क्षेत्र से चुनाव लड़ा और जीतीं। श्रीमती सुमन ने अपने क्षेत्र का दौरा कर वहां के लोगों से सीधा संपर्क साधकर उनकी कठिनाइयों को स्मझा और सरकार के सामने रखा। वे अति निर्धन व्यक्ति की भी सुनती, समझती और उसकी सहायता हेतु पूर्ण प्रयत्न करती थीं। जनता की समस्याओं को वे लखनऊ जाकर सरकार के समक्ष प्रस्तुत कर जो भी प्रगति होती, उसे जनता तक भी पहुंचाती, उन्होंने श्रमदान के जरिये भी अनेक कार्य करवाये।
विनयलक्ष्मी सुमन में विधानसभा में अपनी बातों को सदैव जोरदार ढंग से रखा तथा महिलाओं की स्वास्थ्य समस्या जैसे मामलों में सरकारी कार्रवाई की मांग की, बिजली की समस्या निपटाने तथा गृह उद्योगों की जरुरत जैसे मसले भी वे विधान सभा में उठाती रहीं।
श्रीमती सुमन ने तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री पं० जवाहरलाल नेहरु के एक वकत्व्य की ओर बार-बार जनता का ध्यान आकर्षित कर, सार्वजनिक निर्माण विभाग के असावधानी से किये गये कार्यों पर टिप्पणी करते हुये इस बात पर ज्यादा जोर दिया कि हमें राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा की दृष्टि से अपनी निर्माण व्यवस्था सड़कें, पुल आदि के निर्माण में प्रगति और शीघ्रता करना आवश्यक है। उन्होंने महिलाओं के लिये सैनिक ट्रेनिंग की व्यवस्था करने की बात पर भी बल दिया। वे पहाड़ के गांवों में पेयजल संकट को दूर करने
के लिये प्रयत्नशील रहीं। उन्होंने अशिक्षा निवारण हेतु स्कूल खोलने के प्रयास भी किये, श्रीमती सुमन महिलाओं को हमेशा प्रोत्साहित करती थी कि वे देश के लिये समय पड़ने पर तलवार तक उठा सकती हैं।
वे महिलाओं को वीरांगना तीलू रौतेली का स्मरण कराया करती थी। १९६२ के चीनी आक्रमन से देश चिंतित था, तब उन्होंने महिलाओं को देश रक्षा के लिये तत्पर रहने के लिये कहा। वे जीवन पर्यन्त समाज के लिये कार्य करती रही, १९९२ मेम उनका निधन हो गया।
   

Barthwal

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सभी उत्तराखंडी भै बैणु कुण म्यार नमस्कार्!!!
बौत अच्छू लग ये लिन्क मा पढीक। महिलाऊ क योगदान कै भी लिहाज़ से कम नी च। खुशी हूंदी कि पुरुष प्रधान देश मा हम अपर उत्ताराखंडी महिलाओ न भी अपर राज्य/देशा कू नाम रोशन करी/करणा छन अर  साथ साथ देश कू भी प्रतिनिधित्व करणा छन। आशा ही न बलिक विश्वास च कि हम कैसे भी कम नी छवां जख इन महिलाउ क योगदान ह्वालू।
आप लुखो न अपर लेख क द्वारा यू हस्तियो ते मिलाई एक वास्ता आप धन्यवाद क पात्र छन।
शुभकामनाये!!!
प्रतिबिम्ब बड्थ्वाल
अबु धाबी, यूएई

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Shivani  Gaura Pant
=====

Gaura Pant 'Shivani' (October 17, 1923[1]– 21 March 2003) (Hindi: गौरा पंत 'शिवानी'), better known as Shivani, was one of the most popular Hindi authors of the 20th century and a pioneer in writing Indian women based fiction. She was awarded the Padma Shri for her contribution to Hindi literature in 1982[2].

She achieved a large following in the pre-television times of the 60s and 70s, as her works like her most famous novel, 'Krishnakali', were serialised in Hindi magazines like Dharmayug and Saptahik Hindustan, leading to her cult status as a Hindi novelist[3]. Through her writings, she also made the culture of Kumaon, popular with Hindi-speaking Indians across the country. Her novel 'Kariye Chima' was made into a film, while her other novels including 'Surangma', 'Rativilaap', 'Mera Beta', and 'Teesra Beta' have been turned into Television serials[4]

Upon her death in 2003, Government of India released in a press note described her contributions to Hindi literature as, "...in the death of Shivani the Hindi literature world has lost a popular and eminent novelist and the void is difficult to fill"[5].


हेम पन्त

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Mighty women of the Himalayas, turn into guardians of the mountains
« Reply #55 on: April 12, 2010, 12:38:53 PM »
By Dinesh Pant
Source : OneIndia.in

Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), April 8 (ANI): Though the issue of 'Women Empowerment' has become a buzzword in elite circles and among various political parties, the actual plight of the women in rural parts of the country seems yet to be thoroughly understood.

A visit to Uttarakhand's Pithoragarh district would indicate the status of women in the social life of rural India and the myriad roles that women perform. They protect not only their families ut also the community and the environment


The difficult mountain terrain and the cold climate mean a harsh life for its people.

To take an example, meet Gaura Devi, an illiterate woman from Ranai village in Garhwal. In 1973, she began spreading the message of saving forests by visiting virtually every house of her and neighbouring villages.

During her visit she would tell: "We will survive if the forest is saved, and the forest is saved only when we are united. Forest is our employment, our 'Mayeka' or, mother's home, our life." Gaura Devi's impassioned plea had an effect. It not only flowered into the famous 'Chipko Andolan', a movement in which women would hug trees to prevent their felling by contractors commissioned by the government.

Not only did they stop this mindless destruction of forests, women undertook reforestation in areas, which were denuded. Garhwal has since seen a large number of Mahila Mangal Dal who have taken up this cause. Thalisaind, Dabsoli, Tangsa, Khula to name a few. ne of these groups comprising women of Bacher village under Chamoli district came into direct confrontation with local mafia that was involved in illegal felling of trees.

Trucks loaded with wood were waylaid by these women emboldened enough to question the contractors directly.

"This forest belongs to us. Who are you to take the wood?" remained their refrain.

The stellar work of Mahila Mangal Dal was recognized by the government and it was presented with the 'Indira Priyadarshini Vruksha Mitra' award in 1984 by the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.

Yet it is not accolades or prizes which drive these women but a fundamental belief in sustaining and augmenting the natural resources which they view as integral to a life of peace and plenty.

Prema Devi of Upradi village, Uttarkashi, could not bear to see the surrounding forests being denuded. She began a one-woman crusade, which gradually gained momentum. Today these women have the motivation and resilience to take on the forest mafia operating in the region. n village Tangsa, in the same Janpad, it was quite different. Here, unlike Bacher village, there were no trees to protect. The land was denuded, barren and life was difficult.

Women here decided to begin a movement to plant fruit trees outside the village. In a few years the area went through a transformation with abundant greenery and an end to the problems of fuel and fodder. Today the fruit-bearing trees provide economic sustainability to many. Here in Tangsa village, through collective action, the women had effectively become protectors of their land, water and forests.

The spirit of these women seems to resound across the mountainous region. And the issues they have taken on, are critical to the region i.e. mining.

In 1977, women of Kheerakot, Almora have raised a powerful cry against the mining for soapstone that was reducing their entire village to a dust-bowl. A powerful lobby that these women were pitted against, they were threatened, coerced and alternately offered incentives or 'baits' to make them quit. Yet all this came to naught in the face of an unflinching belief, which united these women. Finally, in 1982, the government was forced to shut down mining activities that was a triumph of the indomitable spirit these women showed.

According to Charkha Features, all over Uttarakhand, such movements have spontaneously risen but in a sense they go beyond being location-specific events. They reflect an underlying belief running like a common thread through the women in the region. Their efforts, at individual levels and through collective action are really attempts to bring back into society, into the environment, the harmony and respect for natural resources which is a crying need today not only in this mountainous region but across the country.

These women living in villages, near forests, in tiny hamlets all over the hilly terrain are far from being tutored formally in principles of science, ecology, economy or social behaviour. Yet they represent a voice of reason, sanity and harmony in the region.

Whatever they are doing today in the public space reflects a wisdom, an understanding of core principles on which a society can live in harmony with the environment. This is what needs to e respected and nurtured and tuned to the benefit of not only the entire community but also the environment, which if we will protect, will protect and nourish us. By Dinesh Pant (ANI)

हेम पन्त

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आज टिंचरी माई की पुण्यतिथि के अवसर पर हम उन्हें सादर नमन करते हैं.


TINCHARI MAI

Tinchari Mai started her life as Deepa Nautiyal in the village of Majyur in Thailsain. Her early years were marked by greater sorrow than even most hill women. Orphaned at an early age by both parents, an uncle raised her until she was married off at the age of 7 to an army man. Although a child bride, her married years were happy ones, as she grew up in the home of her new family. However, at 19, her husband fell in battle. Widowed at such a young age, she was ill-treated as widows often are in backward and superstitious villages. She eventually left to become a sannyasin, travelling to Lahore and then Haridwar, where she began speaking out against the corruption of monks and ascetics.

Icchagiri Mai as she came to be known, returned to the hills to work for their social and economic uplift. She even sat in dharna outside the Prime Minister's house, and succeeded in getting Nehru's ear and having water supplied to her adopted village near Kotdwar. She would also champion education and fight the evils of alcoholism, earning her the title Tinchari Mai in the process. Until she passed away in 1992, she campaigned tirelessly for the welfare of Uttarakhandis.



हेम पन्त

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आज टिंचरी माई की पुण्यतिथि के अवसर पर हम उन्हें सादर नमन करते हैं.


TINCHARI MAI

Tinchari Mai started her life as Deepa Nautiyal in the village of Majyur in Thailsain. Her early years were marked by greater sorrow than even most hill women. Orphaned at an early age by both parents, an uncle raised her until she was married off at the age of 7 to an army man. Although a child bride, her married years were happy ones, as she grew up in the home of her new family. However, at 19, her husband fell in battle. Widowed at such a young age, she was ill-treated as widows often are in backward and superstitious villages. She eventually left to become a sannyasin, travelling to Lahore and then Haridwar, where she began speaking out against the corruption of monks and ascetics.

Icchagiri Mai as she came to be known, returned to the hills to work for their social and economic uplift. She even sat in dharna outside the Prime Minister's house, and succeeded in getting Nehru's ear and having water supplied to her adopted village near Kotdwar. She would also champion education and fight the evils of alcoholism, earning her the title Tinchari Mai in the process. Until she passed away in 1992, she campaigned tirelessly for the welfare of Uttarakhandis.



हेम पन्त

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श्रीमती देविका चौहान पूरे जौनसार बावर क्षेत्र की प्रथम महिला थी जिन्होंने विज्ञान में स्नातक की डिग्री प्राप्त की थी. इसके बाद यह राजकीय सेवा में आयी और महिला उत्थान और बालविकास के लिये इन्होंने कई महत्वपूर्ण काम किये. एक समाजसेविका के रूप में इनके अनुकरणीय कामों को देखते हुए राज्य व केन्द्र सरकार ने इन्हें कई बार सम्मानित किया.

हेम पन्त

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At 68, Chandraprabha Aitwal is Still Climbing Mountains
More than her 38 years into mountaineering, during which she and two others became the only women in the world to ascend Nanda Devi—one of the Himalayas’ most feared peaks—Chandra Prabha Aitwal’s singular achievement is the fact that she is still climbing mountains. India’s oldest active woman mountaineer, now 68, will receive the Tenzing Norgay Adventure Award for Lifetime Achievement on Sunday, four days after leading an expedition to Jaonli (6,632m).
Last year, Aitwal astonished the mountaineering community by summiting Srikanta (6,133m). In 2002, she had climbed an unnamed virgin peak of 5,705m, which was subsequently named Aitwal Manglachu by the Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF).

Yet, in the country’s climbing fraternity, “Chandradidi” evokes as much sympathy as admiration. Despite a career that saw her notch up ascents of giants such as Kamet (7,756m), Abhigamin (7,354m), Satopanth (7,075m), Kedar Dome (6,830m), Bhrigupanth (6,772m), Bhagirathi II (6,512m), Nanda Kot (6,861m), Gangotri I (6,672m) and Jogin III (6,116m)—besides the prestigious Nanda Devi—she still regrets missing out on Everest.
In 1984, when the IMF launched an expedition with the aim of putting an Indian woman atop Everest, Aitwal made it to the summit camp as part of the team. Along with her was another great Indian mountaineer, Prem Chand, revered as the first Indian to climb the most difficult and dangerous peak in the Indian Himalayas: Kangchenjunga, (8,586m). Aitwal refuses to speak about what transpired at the summit camp but Prem Chand is said to have confessed to a friend that “standing within reach of the summit of Everest, I had a change of heart; I felt I should give up Everest and enable others to have it”. Since summit parties are generally made up of pairs, Aitwal was forced into this “sacrifice”.
The story is often retold in mountaineering circles and one version adds that Aitwal “cried so much she became dehydrated”.
 
A more pragmatic version comes from Rita Gombu Marwah, another member of the team who herself missed the summit by just about 200m. “We felt so sorry for her. They decided to send the younger ones to attempt the final climb instead of her,” she says. But Marwah’s uncle, Dorjee Lhatoo, one of the expedition summiteers who also helped in Bachendri Pal’s final push to the summit, is emphatic that Aitwal would have made it.
“She was fit and still young enough. That was her one real chance to climb Everest,” he says. Nearly a decade later, as deputy leader of the 1993 Indo-Nepal Women’s Expedition to Everest, Marwah tried to persuade a Sherpa sardar to take Aitwal to the summit. She recalls that the man refused bluntly, saying, “She’s too old.” By then, she probably was.
Yet, it was in pursuit of her Everest dream that Aitwal became part of the finest hour of women’s mountaineering in India. In 1981, while preparing for the world’s highest peak, the team that eventually headed to Everest in 1984 attempted Nanda Devi (7,816m). Considered the most difficult peak in India after Kangchenjunga, Nanda Devi had never been climbed by women until Rekha Sharma, Harshwanti Bisht and Aitwal made it to the summit.
“We took 25 hours from the summit camp to the top and back to the camp. We needed crampons because there was a lot of hard ice but there were also rocky patches and crossing them while wearing crampons was very hard,” recalls Aitwal. She and her partner Sonam Paljor even slipped and plunged down a slope before managing to dig their ice axes into the snow and coming to a halt, a hair’s breadth from a cliff edge. But, she says, “It was the most technically satisfying climb of my life.” In the 29 years since 19 September 1981, no other woman has climbed Nanda Devi.
Over a lifetime that saw her remain unmarried, Aitwal has been officer on special duty, adventure, to the Uttarakhand government and has won the Padma Shri, Arjuna Award, National Adventure Award and IMF gold medal.
But she is most emotional when she talks about her introduction to mountaineering. “I was a teacher in a government school in Pithoragarh. In 1969, there was a circular about a mountaineering course at the Nehru Institute of Mountaineering in Uttarkashi. I applied. Two years later, I did the course.”
And the crow’s feet crinkle further: “I was a simple village girl from Kumaon and I was thrilled to see Garhwal and the Ganga. But the joy I felt during the course cannot be described.”

 

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