Author Topic: Mahabharat & Ramayan - उत्तराखंड में महाभारत एव रामायण से जुड़े स्थान एव तथ्य  (Read 57927 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Mori (Uttararkhasi)

Encircled by paddy fields, Mori is a small village positioned on the banks of Tons River in Uttarkashi District. A tourist place, it boasts thick forest including the tallest pine forest in Asia, a historic temple built by Pandavas at Tons Valley, and scenic Lunagad Creek that includes a narrow gorge and a pool with a small water fall.

 

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Bhim Bridge - Chamoli

Bheem Bridge is a natural bridge situated near Mana in Chamoli District. The bridge is over the Saraswati River and is made of a huge boulder. Legend has it that Bhim, one of the Pandava brothers, put it here.

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राम पादुका मन्दिर : कोट्यूड़ा-मासी (अल्मोड़ा)

देवभूमि उत्तराखंड का अपना खास धार्मिक महत्व है। यहां स्थान-स्थान पर असंख्य देवी-देवताओं के मंदिर स्थित हैं, जहां देवताओं की अलग-अलग विधियों से पूजा-अर्चना की जाती है। इनमें कई मंदिरों का अपना ऐतिहासिक व पौराणिक महत्व भी है। इन्हीं में एक है पन्याली के पास स्थित राम पादुका मंदिर। पौराणिक मान्यता के चलते यह स्थल आज भी अटूट श्रद्घा व विश्वास का केन्द्र बना है। वैशाखी के दिन यहां पवित्र स्नान व अनुष्ठान मेला लगता है। राम पादुका मंदिर समूह विकास खंड अंतर्गत रामगंगा नदी के पश्चिमी भाग में पन्याली से 1 किमी दूर कोट्यूड़ा-मासी ग्राम पंचायत में स्थित है। जहां भगवान रामचंद्र का प्राचीन पौराणिक मंदिर है। इस मंदिर के संबंध में कई मान्यताएं प्रचलित हैं। मान्यता है कि युग में मर्यादा भगवान रामचंद्र अपने अनुज लक्ष्मण व मुनि विश्वामित्र के साथ यहां पधारे। कहते हैं कि उन्होंने इस क्षेत्र में असुर राक्षस का वध किया था। इसलिए इस भू-भाग से लगी ऊंची चोटी को आज भी असुर गढ़ी के नाम से जाना जाता है। कहावत है कि तब राक्षस के वध के बाद इस स्थान पर बहुत बड़े यज्ञ का आयोजन हुआ। जिसमें रामचंद्र के आमंत्रण पर अनेक देवताओं सहित राजा इन्द्र कपिला गाय के साथ यहां पहुंचे।यहां रामगंगा नदी के पूर्वी तट पर कपिला गाय के पैर-खुर के चिन्ह आज भी विराजमान हैं। जबकि जहां यज्ञ हुआ वहां आज भी यज्ञ कुंड मौजूद है। वहीं भगवान राम के इस पौराणिक मंदिर में प्राचीन मूर्ति के साथ-साथ उनके चरण पादुका भी विद्यमान हैं। चूड़ा-कर्म व जनेऊ संस्कार संपन्न होते हैं। प्रतिवर्ष बैशाखी के दिन यहां पर पवित्र स्नान व अनुष्ठान मेला लगता है।

स्रोत: दैनिक जागरण

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 Relationship of Sitaunsyun , Pauri Garhwal with Ramayana


पट्टी सितौनस्युं , पौड़ी गढवाल के बारे में कथा है कि सीता माता यहीं धरती में समाई थी. और श्राप या बरदान दिया कि यहाँ पेड ना उगें

मैंने सुना था कि सितौनस्युं में पदों की लकड़ियों से अधिक घास आदि में खाना बनाया जाता है/था .

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महाभारत में भृगु ऋषि एवं गढ़वाल का वर्णन -1

Description of Garhwal in Mahabharata -1



Presented by Bhishma Kukreti


महाभारत में गढ़वाल के बारे में बहुत साहित्य मिलता है

महर्षि भृगु के बारे में कई जगह आख्यान मिलता है

१- तीर्थ व भूगोल पर्व में महर्षि भृगु के बारे में सन्दर्भ है कि

भृगु ऋषि के भृगु श्रिंग में आश्रम है जो गंगाद्वार (हरद्वार) के निकट है

आज भी गंगा सलाण में यमकेश्वर ब्लौक में उदयपुर पट्टी में भृगु खाल का अपना महत्व है

भ्रिगुखाल हरिद्वार के निकट है

२- वनपर्व ९०/२३ में लिखा है कि-

भ्रिगुर्यत्र तपस्तेते महर्षि गां सेविते

राजन ! स आश्रम: ख्यातो भ्रिगुतुंगो महागिरी



Refrence Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, History of Uttarakhand (in Hindi) .

Bhishma Kukreti

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     Uttarakhand Branding -4       
 
                  King Bharat Was Born as Garhwali and Shakuntala was Garhwali

                             
Notes on Uttarakhand Branding in historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding)

                                        Bhishma Kukreti


              Bharat is one of the greatest legends of India. Jamboodweep (now India) was named Bharat after the glory of king Bharat.
    Bharat was son of king Dushyant and Shakuntala.
   Shakuntala was daughter of great sage Vishwamitra and nymph Menka. Neither menka nor Vishwamitra were ready to take responsibility of their girl child. Mahrshi Kanva took Shakuntala to his Ashram Kavashram which is in Bhabhar /Kotwara at the bank of Malini. There are ample of proofs that Kanvashram was in Bhabhar. Knavshram is below the Shivalik shrines as stated in Mahabharat . When king Dusyant visited Bhabhar and met Shakuntala in Kanvashram he fell in love with her so she too.
           Bharat was born in Kanvashram, Bhabhar and studies there. Under the guidance of Maharshi Kanva .
   Later on Dushyant accepted Bharat as his successor or crowned king and named him Bharat. King Bharat won many battles and ruled all over Jamboodweep including Cambodia, Burma, Vietnam and Thailand. Bharat was called Chakrvarti samrat or who won all the corners.
 There is description about Vishwamitra, Kanvashram, Dusyant, and king Bharat in Mahabharata in Adiparv- 68 to 74/140
A couple of examples about the Greatest King of all time Bharat and Himalayan shrine – Malini etc : 
त्वां रितेअपी दुस्य्न्त ! शैलराजवर्तसकाम
चतुरंतमिमां उर्वी पुत्रो में पालयिष्यति - आदिपर्व ७४/१०८
(आदिपर्व-74/108)
  भरताद् भारती कीर्तिर्येनेदं भारत कुलम्
अपरे ये च पूर्वे वै भारता इति विश्रुता:
(आदिपर्व ७४/१३१)
There is good details of Bhabhar, malni bank, Kanvashram, Dusyant, Shakuntala and Bharat in Shatpath Brahman too.
For historical details, please refer ‘Uttarakhand ka Itihas part-3 ‘ by Dr.Shiv Prasad Dabral
 
Notes on Uttarakhand Branding in historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding) to be continued….

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Uttarakhand Branding – 5
War Guru Dronacharya: a Brand Enhancer  for Garhwal Uttarakhand Brand in Mahabharata Era

Notes on Uttarakhand Branding in Historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding)


                                                             Bhishma Kukreti


                      Place branding depends on many factors for its glowing effects on outsiders. The famous person born in any place provides a sense of strong branding for that particular place brand. Due to birth place of many legendary figures of Mahabharata time, Uttarakhand was a prominent place brand at the time of Mahabharata era.
                       Great War guru of all times was Guru of Pandavas and Kauravas in Mahabharata. Great war Guru of all time Dronacharya was very famous personality of Mahabharata era. Connection with any place with Great War guru of all time Dronacharya would had been appositive point for such place.
                    Sage Maharshi Bhardwaj was from Uttarakhand and most of Garhwalis have Bhardwaj gotra in the name of great personality of Garhwal – Mahrshi Bhardwaj.
                       Adiparv (129/33-38) of Mahabharata describes details of birth of guru Dronacharya. guru Dronacharya and his sister was religious son and daughter respectively of Mahrshi Bhardwaj (taking birth through Kalas). However, it is also afact that Drona and Droni were from Dron (today’s Dehradun) 
                  There is following Shloka in Bhadrmitra coin found from Dehradun in Shunga era script.
 भद्रमित्रस्य द्रोणीघाटे
                 It is sure that due to war guru Dronachary’s connection with Garhwal Uttarakhand, Garhwal Uttarakhand brand would have definitely benefitted for many ways.

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This author requests readers to refer ‘Uttarakhand ka Itihas part-3 by Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral for history
Notes on Uttarakhand Branding in Historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding) to be continued……



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Uttarakhand Branding -6
           Hunting and Tapsya by Pandu and Birth Place of Pandavas in Garhwal, Uttarakhand
Notes on India branding in Historical perspective, Himalaya branding in Historical perspective Uttarakhand Branding in Historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding in historical perspective) to be continued….
           
                                           Bhishma Kukreti
                 
                  When Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru the prime minister of Indian used to visit Kashmir for holidaying, Kashmir used to get prominent news and ultimately the visit of Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru enhanced the tourist image of Kashmir.
                  When Rajeev Gandhi chose dense forest of Madhya Pradesh as spot for holidaying, the news became attractive factor of Madhya Pradesh tourism industry.
                   The ex-prime minister Atal Vihari Vajpai went Himachal Pradesh for holidaying Himachal Pradesh Tourism got extra mileage.
                The visit of prominent or famous personality to a place is always image enhancer factor for destination branding.
                                            Hunting by Pandu in Bhabhar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand
      At the time of Pandu and Dhristrashtra , Garhwal was having a very attractive image for hunting and Tapsya too.
              Pandu the king of Hastinapur used to visit Bhabhar Garhwal, Uttarakhand. There is a place called ‘Panduvalasot’ in Bhabhar , Garhwal, Uttarakhand that reminds us that King Pandu used to visit dense  Shal /Sal forest  in plains of Garhwal.  Mahabharata describes about Garhwal plains as hunting ground for king Pandu as:
सचरन दक्षिणं पार्श्व रम्यं हिमवतो गिरे:
उवास गिरिपृष्ठेषु माहाशाल्वनेषु च
(Mahabharata आदिपर्व ; ११३/८ Adiparv :113/8 )

                                            Tapsya by Pandu in Garhwal, Uttarakhand
      When Pandu had to repent and had to do Tapasya (penance) , Pandu visited Chaitrarath, Kalkoot (Kalsi), Gandhmadhan, Badrikashram, Kedar shrines and did penance in Pandukeshwar and Agystmuni (Mahabharata, Adiparv, आदिपर्व, 118/2-47, 118/48-50, 124/3-4,125/29.
                               Birth Place of Pandvas
  The sons of Pandu were called Pandvas and they were five brothers Yudhisthar, Bhim, Arjun, Nakul and Sahdev. Adiparv of Mahabharata states that Agystmuni was the birth place of Pandavas (Mahabharata, Adiparv, आदिपर्व, 122/123).
                       The above information direct us that Garhwal, Uttarakhand was a famous a famous and useful place at the time of Mahabharata era.
          The visit of a famous personality becomes the platform for public awareness for the place and a factor of enhancing the place image for place branding.
                            The birth place of famous personalities is also appositive factor for place branding.
         In a write up ‘Destination Branding for Small Cities’, a small city brand expert Bill Baker suggests for taking advantage of famous personality visit to the place in place branding.
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Notes on India branding in Historical perspective, Himalaya branding in Historical perspective Uttarakhand Branding in Historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding in historical perspective) to be continued….


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 Uttarakhand Branding-7
                 Ghatotkachh son of Bhima and Irwan son of Arjun were Garhwali, Uttarakhand
Notes on India branding in Historical perspective, Himalaya branding in Historical perspective Uttarakhand Branding in Historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding in historical perspective) to be continued….

                                                    Bhishma Kukreti

                 In the Mahabharata Era, Garhwal had importance with the King, Prince, princesses and administrative heads of Hastinapur or Bharat nation with Garhwal, Uttarakhand.
                                     Son of Arjun   Irwan’s Mother was Garhwali
                     It is a common knowledge that in Mahbharata era,  Pandavas had a common wife Draupadi too . There was ruling that when Draupadi is with a Pandava brother other Pandava will not enter into room.  If anybody breaks the rule he had to go out for twelve years as repent. Once Arjun broke the rule and as repent remedy Arjun had to leave Indraprashth and pass the living in forest.
                 Arjun reached Gangadwar (Haridwar area). There Arjun met Ulipi a princessesof Nagraj Kauravya. Ulipi fell in love with Arjun. Both married there through Gandharva ways of marriage. They had ason Irwan. Irwan fought Kurukshetra battle and as killed for protecting Pandavas.
(Adiparv, Mahabharat, 123)
                                                        Winning Uttarakhand by Arjun
   Yudhisthar organized a Rajsuya Yagya(A battle Yagyaa for winning territories) . Arjun won the territory of uttarakhnad.
पूर्व कुलुन्द् विषये बशे चक्रे महीपतीन्
धन्न्जयो महाबाहुर्नातितीव्रेण कर्मण :
महाभारत, आदिपर्व 26, -३-
आनार्तान कलूटानश्च कुलिन्दाश्च विजित्य स:
सुमंडल च विजित कृत्वान श सैनिकम
महभारत . आदिपर्व २६, ४
 The kings of Uttarakhand region used to pay taxes to Indraprashth led by Yudhishthar

   This is one example of link of Uttarakhand brand with history and historical importance of place brand.

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Notes on India branding in Historical perspective, Himalaya branding in Historical perspective Uttarakhand Branding in Historical perspective, Kumaun Branding in historical perspective, Garhwal Branding in historical perspective (Place Branding in historical perspective) to be continued….



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Uttarakhand Branding -8
             Gifts from Uttarakhand for Yudhisthar in Mahabharata Era
Notes on History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding India, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding north India, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Himalayan region, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Uttarakhand, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Garhwal, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Kumaun   

                                          Bhishma Kukreti

                History of a Place Creates Sense of Place in Province or State Branding

                  History affects on the place branding, country or nation branding, region branding, province branding or State Branding.  In a research article ‘How the History of Scotland creates a sense of place’, Alastair Durie, Yeoman, U.McMahon –Beattie (2006) describes that history of Scotland definitely creates a sense of place or appeal for Scotland in the mind of prospective. Another place branding researcher Janez Damjan (2005) in his article ‘Development of Slovenian Brands: Oldest are the Best’ provided the importance of history of Slovenia in creating Slovenia as place brand. W.Olines(2002) also support the importance of history (old or and new)for  the place branding, country or nation branding, region branding, province branding or State Branding.
     History of Uttarakhand is one of the Pillars for Uttarakhand Branding (Place branding)
                      The history of Uttarakhand is an essential component for Uttarakhand branding i.e. for place branding concept.  The history of Uttarakhand in context of Mahabharata is a positive factor for place branding concept to increase the state image.
  Gifts from Uttarakhand for Yudhisthar in Mahabharata Era
       When Pandavas were given a barren land Indrprashth as portion from division of Kuru kingdom, they transformed the land from barren to golden land. Yudhisthar the eldest Pandavas called rajsuya Yagya and invited the kings from all over Bharat/India.   
              In Sabhaparva of Mahabharata , the narrator narrates the exclusive gifts than other kings from many  kings of   Uttarakhand region as Sumukh or Subahu of Kulind territory brought a exclusive ‘Shankha’ embroidered  by gems and precious stones . By donating food the Shankha used to blow itself.
          In Sabhaparv of Mahabharata the narrator describes the details Castes and Kings visited to raj suya Yagya .
  Sabhaparv describes the importance of Gangajal or Ganga water in Mahbharata era
(Mahabharata -Sabhaparv – 28/6, 49-51, Sabhaparv51/7, Sabhaparv52/2-4,   Sabhaparv 52/5-7)
                   Requirement of Writer’s contribution in Uttarakhand Branding
                The writers of Uttarakhand should provide the references of Mahabharata about the references of Uttarakhand in Mahabharata that the prospective know about the existence of Uttarakhand and its importance in Mahabharata era.
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Notes on History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding India, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding north India, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Himalayan region, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Uttarakhand, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Garhwal, History of a Place Creates Sense of Place with context to Branding Kumaun to be continued…..

 

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