Author Topic: गढ़वाल का इतिहास 1223-1804 AD- History of Garhwal Region from 1223-1804 AD  (Read 131700 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -92     
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -337 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

 At the initial eight years of Shahajpal rule in Garhwal, there was Sher Shah Suri dynasty rule in Delhi.  Islam Shah the capable son of Sher Shah expired in 1553.
 Muhammad Shah Badali ruled till 1557. Humayun captured Delhi just before the death of Abdali. The heirs and succssors of Sher Shah had fierce infighting among themselves.
At this time whole of North India suffered many adverseries as drought, loss in agro produces etc. There were social disturbances too. There was crucial famine too and it is said that human ate human flesh.
 Humayun died on 24th January 1556. His son Akbar was a teen young of fourteen years old. Akbar did manage rule well with the help of his Guardian Bairam Khan. Akbar was wise in recognizing the talented person. He was not hard core religious Muslim ruler but was secular.   



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 10/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -338
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued

XX
History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Garhwal; History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Haridwar Garhwal; History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Dehradun Garhwal; History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Tehri Garhwal; History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Chamoli Garhwal; History Review of North India in Garhwal King Sahajpal and his Heirs Period in context History of Pauri Garhwal;

Bhishma Kukreti

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History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar
 
History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -92     
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -337 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            Garhwal Kingdom was extended till east of Ganges plains of Haridwar, Chandighat, Nazibabad, Bijnor, Afjalgarh. Akbar rule was over Haridwar especially today’s Western Haridwar district and Saharanpur. Akbar had rule over Bhabar of Kumaon too. Akbar used to call Ganga water from Haridwar. Akbar used to take Ganga water on daily basis as Akbar was fussy about drinking water. He had stationed servants at Haridwar to send Ganga water in sealed barrel.
 In the time of Akbar, Haridwar was famous as also sated by Abul Fazal ‘Maya vulgo Haridwar on the Ganges”.
Akbar used Basmati rice of Dehradun too.
             Though, Akbar also won Tibet and logic suggests that Akbar could have won Garhwal too. However, the writings of Akbar period witness that Shrinagar Garhwal was a sovereign Kingdom at the time of Akbar.  Garhwal King did not pay any tax or tribute to Akbar as subordinate ruler of Akbar. Rupchand of Kumaon had to accept overriding rule of Akbar.
       Folklore suggests that Garhwal was under Akbar and the Garhwal King told a proverb that Garhwal is as the back of camel and Akbar did not levy any tax on Garhwal. However, there is no historical evidence that Garhwal was under Akbar.
  The evidences suggest that Garhwal King Sahajpal had cordial relation with Akbar.




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 10/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -338
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued

XX
History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Pauri Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Chandighat Haridwar, Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Nazibabad old Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Afzalgarh old Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Chamoli Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Tehri Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Dehradun Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Jaunsar Bhabhar Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Ravain Garhwal;


Bhishma Kukreti

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  History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Coin Mint in Haridwar

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -93       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -339 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                             Akbar Coinage Mint at Haridwar and Saharanpur

               Present Haridwar district of Garhwal region was under Akbar at the time of Garhwal King Sahajpal.
 Akbar had two copper coin mints at Saharanpur and Haridwar.
            The present city of Haridwar was laid down by Raja Mansingh the minister of Akbar. After the death of Raja Mansingh Singh, the ashes of Raja Mansingh Singh were submerged in Ganges at Haridwar by order of Akbar. The last rites of Man Singh were performed in Haridwar.
               Manmohan  Sharma (1979) describes about Man Singh Chhatri (Canapy of Mansingh) that it constructed in Mogul style.
         Raja Man Singh renovated Har-ki –Faidi. Raja Man Singh also built a couple of temples in Haridwar.
       The copper for coins was bought from Garhwal for Akbar Coinage Mint of Haridwar and Saharanpur.
                   History Review of Mogul Coins found in Garhwal
  Dr Dabral offered the details of Mogul cons found in Garhwal-
1-Kuntani (Dabralsyun, Pauri Garhwal) -Around 1945, labor found a vessel (Gagar) with coins while digging foundation for Kuntani primary school (border of Khaman). Dr. Dabral could only got two damdi coins and two adheli coins.
2- Kainti Gaon (Dugadda , Salan, Pauri Garhwal)-Dr. Dabral found two silver coins of Mogul period in Kainti village.
3-Sald Mahadev (Salan, Pauri Garhwal)- Dr Dabral found two Shah Alam copper coins in Sald Mahadev excavation.
4-Dr. Dabral found a couple of coins from lal Dhang
    It seems that the coins of mogul period were commonly used in Garhwal as exchange medium.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 140/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -340
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued

XX
History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Chandighat Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Hari-ki-Paidi Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Rurkee, Haridwar, Garhwal;  History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Jwalapur, Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Bhagwanpur, Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Sakurada, Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Telpura, Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Jhabarera Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Manglaur, Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Sultanpur Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Laksar, Haridwar, Garhwal; History Review: Mogul Emperor Akbar Copper Mint in Haridwar with context History of Landhaur, Haridwar, Garhwal;                                


Bhishma Kukreti

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History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -94       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -340 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

 Demand of Garhwal Products in other Indian Territories including Akbar Kingdom
 Garhwal was famous for following produces in other parts of India in Sahajpal Period-
Sword etc- Khukhari, Chhuri(knife), Khande etc.
Minerals and precious metal-Borax, Gold dust, copper
Dress materials- Woolen products, wool, leather, Hemp fiber etc
Forest and herbal produces- Herbal medicines and herbs, bamboo, bamboo products etc
Spices etc- Hemp, Dal chini
Animals- Tiger, horses were supplied to Akbar. There was demand for deer, rabbits etc especially from Bhabhar. Chanvar Gay was in demand.
The exclusive products  of Tibet border were also in demand.
Ganga water- Ganga water was exported from Garhwal.






Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 15/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -341
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Haridwar Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Dehradun Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Tehri Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Chamoli Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Pauri Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Bhabhar Garhwal;
 

Bhishma Kukreti

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Attack by Akbar Aide Hussain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: A History Review 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -96       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -342 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

          Akbar had cordial relation with Garhwal King Sahajpal and Kumaon King Rudrachand. However, Akbar’s regional commander Hussain Khan Tukadiya was fanatic Muslim soldier. Akbar’s regional commander Husain Khan Tukadiya a fanatic Muslim Commander attacked on East of Kali River that is Kumaon, Gangasalan (Ajmer, Langur, Shila, Dhangu, Udaypaur Pattis of Pauri Garhwal), Dehradun, Sirmaur region of Himachal Pradesh.  The fanatic Muslim commander of Akbar looted brutally Kumaon, Gangasalan (Ajmer, Langur, Shila, Dabralsyun, Dhangu, Udaypaur Pattis of Pauri Garhwal), Dehradun, Sirmaur region of Himachal Pradesh.
                 

             Attack on Ajmer (Today’s Gangasalan) by Akbar Aide Husain Khan Tukadiya
 
                Hussain Khan invaded Kumaon twice. Hussain Khan was annoyed by Akbar’s decision. Hussain Khan heard that there are gold and silver bricked temples, gold silver mines in Sivalik hills (Kumaon-Garhwal). Hussain Khan heard lot of prosperity in Kumaon and Garhwal.
    He captured or looted whole of plains of Kumaon and Bhabhar Garhwal including Ajemr region (today’s Gangasalan- Ajmer, Shila, Langur, Dabralsyun,Dhangu, Udayapur Pattis). Usually, hill men used not to resist the invaders in plains and used to ran away on hills and then used to slip stones on the enemy soldiers.
 Hussain Khan broke many sculptures, destroyed worshipping places in Garhwal.
       

          Attack on Vasantpur (Today’s Dehradun?) by Akbar Aide Husain Khan Tukadiya
 
Around 1575, rebellion of Akbar Husain Khan Tukadiya destroyed looted, Kumaon Bhabhar, Garhwal Bhabhar (Gangasalan) and Vasantpur (Dehradun). In Vasantpur he lost many his soldiers and he returned to Gadh Mukteshwar. Akbar ordered to capture Hussain Khan. Hussain Khan died in 1575.

   

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 18/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -343
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Bhabhar Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Sheela Patti, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Talla Langur, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Malla Langur Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Malla Dhangu Patti,  Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Talla Dhangu Patti, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Bichhla Dhangu Patti, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Dabralsyun Patti, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Malla Udaipur Patti, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Talla Udaipur Patti, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Walla Udaipur Patti, Garhwal; Attack by Akbar Aid Husain Khan Tukadiya on Garhwal: History Review of Dehradun, Garhwal;


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 History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -96       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -342 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

               Ruling Period of Garhwal King Sahajpal
 
             There is Devprayag inscription of Sahajpal of 1548. The inscription period clearly suggests that the crowning date of Garhwal King Sahajpal would not be after 1548. It means the King Sahajpal was crowned before 1548. There is mention of a Garhwal King as Ram Shah in Akbarnama (1581). Ram Shah is identified as Balbhadra Shah or Balram Shah. That means Sahajpal was not ruling Garhwal in 1581. Raturi suggests Ruling period of Sahajpal up to 1575.

                        Praiseworthy King Sahajpal

                Manodayakavya by Bharat poet (1/5-11); describes Sahjapl as brave and strong king. His subject was happy. King Sahajpal was wise king and knew strategies.
  Garhwal King was stronger than his enemies. The looter Hussain Khan was wounded in Sahajpal time.
 Garhwal King Sahajpal used to offer shelters to scholars. Sahajpal used to offer donation to Brahmins.
 Garhwal King was worshipper of Lord Shiva.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 18/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -343
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Garhwal; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Chamoli Garhwal, Himalaya; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Tehri Garhwal, India; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Uttarkashi Garhwal, South Asia; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Dehradun Garhwal, Asia; History Analysis of Characteristics of Garhwal King Sahajpal in context History of Haridwar Garhwal, Oriental territory;
 

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              History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -97       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -343 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

              History Review of Name for Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah

             Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah is named as Balram Shah, Vijay Shah, Bahadur Shah. In Akbarnama, this king is supposed to be named as Ramshah. This king was contemporary to Kumaon Chand King Rudra Chand.

        Culture of Adding ‘Shah’ in the name end of Garhwal King

                Prior to Balbhadra Shah, all Garhwal king of Ajeypal dynasty had names ending with ‘Pal’. Balbhadra is the first Garhwal king whose name ends with ‘Shah’.
 There are folk stories about adding ‘Shah’ with Garhwal King name-
1-In 1483, Bahalol Lodi visited Garhwal for health improvement. Bhalol Lodi was pleased to get welcome of Balbhadra Shah and offered him ‘Shah’ title.
2-Aurangzeb offered Shah title to Garhwal King after Garhwal king handing over son of Dara Sikoh  Suleman Sikoh.
3- Garhwal King sent a Bartwal his representative (from Sateda gaon of Talla Nagpur) to Delhi. Bartwal told the exact illness of a wife of Delhi court minister by a tag tied on the hand of that women. Bartwal demanded Shah title for his king.
4-Akbar had come to Bhabhar near Nazibabad. Garhwal King was also accompanying Akbar. Garhwal king saved Akbar from the lion attack. Garhwal king also pacified the disturbances by many regional Thoakdar against Akbar in Nazibabad region. Akbar offered ‘Shah’ title to Garhwal King.
5- According to Bahuguna Vanshavali, Buddhi Vilas Bahuguna got title Shah for Garhwal King Vijay Pal from Delhi court in 1589. Vijay Pal was then called as Vijay Shah (Balbhadra Shah). Vijaypal offered Badrinath Dharmadhyaksha position for Bahuguna. The last Bahuguna Dharmadhyaksha was late Devi Prasad Bahguna of Pokhari.
6-Another folk story of Bahguna caste states that Bharat Kavi got ‘Shah title for Garhwal King Manpal from Badshah Pashah.
However, there is no historical logic and proofs behind folk stories of Bahuguna caste history.
   It seems that Hindu Kings of India started ad Shah at the end of their names in or before Akbar period.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 20/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -345
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Haridwar Garhwal context; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Dehradun Garhwal context; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Tehri Garhwal context;  History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Pauri Garhwal context; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Uttarkashi Garhwal context; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Garhwal context; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Chamoli Garhwal context; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Rudraprayag Garhwal context; History Review of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Bhabhar Garhwal context; 
 

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History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -99       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -345 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                  Kumaon Rulers the contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah

          Akbarnama and Aiene –e-Mulk state the names of Kumaon Chieftains as Ramshah, Mukutsen and Karan. After analysis of history literature, Dr Dabral states that at the time of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah, Rudra Chand was Chand King in Kumaon and Deep Prakash was ruling in Sirmaur (Himachal).
 The name Ram Shah mentioned in Akbarnama etc is perhaps Balbhadra Shah or Balram Shah.
 There were small sovereign chieftains (Thakurai) in Kumaon other than Chand Kings. A couple of Katyuri Chieftain Rulers in a couple of territories were not under Chand dynasty rule in Kumaon at the time of Balbhadra Shah. Doti was ruled by Katyuri till 1790.  It is definite that Rup Chandra of Kumaon and Balbhadra Shah of Garhwal territories had rule over Bhabhar of their respective territories.
                  Rup Chand Meeting Akbar

          The local commanders of Akbar used to attack on Bhabhar of Kumaon. Kumaon King met Akbar in Lahore and got assurance from Akbar. Kumaon King fought Nagaur Battle along with Akbar army from the side of Akbar.
   Pleased by the bravery of Kumaon army and King, Akbar gifted back the Bhabhar –Tarai regions to Kumaon King.
 Now, Kumaon King attacked on Seera the Katyuri chieftains with the help of Pursu Pant. Rudra Chand captured Katyuri territory Seera under Chand Kingdom and later on captured Katyuri territories of Askot, Darma and Johar too.
 


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 21/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -346
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
Notes on History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Bhabhar Garhwal context; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Pauri Garhwal context; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Rudraprayag Garhwal context; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Chamoli Garhwal context; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Tehri Garhwal context; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Uttarkashi Garhwal context; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Dehradun Garhwal context; History Review of Kumaon Chieftains, Sirmaur Chieftains contemporary of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in History of Haridwar Garhwal context;   

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History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -100       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -346 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

         Friendly Relation between Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah and Katyuri (Kumaon) Chieftain Sukhaldev: History Review

             At the time of Rudrachandra as Chand dynasty King of part of Kumaon, Katyuri kingdom also existed in parts of Kumaon. Katyuri rule was not under Chand Kingdom and was a sovereign Kingdom. When Chand Kings became ambitious in extending their territories, Garhwal rulers started having amicable relationship with Katyuri Chiefs. By in large, Katyuri rulers were peaceful kings and were favorable to the people of their own territory and territory of other rulers too.  Still as on 2014, people of both regions (Garhwal and Kumaon) sing folk songs in praise of Katyuri Kings. Garhwali and Kumaon worship a couple of Katyuri Kings as deities.
            Chand King Rudrachandra captured Seera territory of a Katyuri rules territory. Sukhaldev another ruler of a Katyuri territory (Baijnath) adjacent to Garhwal was aware that Rudrachandra would also try capturing his Katyuri territory. Sukhaldev had a friendly treaty with Garhwal King.
       Garhwal king Balbhadra Shah departed his army to Gwaldam and Ganai in Katyuri territory to stop the invasion of Rudrachandra.
   Rudrachandra army led by Purushottam Pant or Pursu Pnat had to come to Garhwal by crossing Katyuri territory (Baijnath). When Purushottam Pant  with his army entered Sukhaldev territory, Sukhaldev cut the supply of food etc for Purushottam and his army.
                      Gwaldam Battle


             There was fierce fight between Garhwal Kingdom army and Chand army led by Purushottam Pant. A Padyar commander was leading Garhwal army. Garhwal King declared a reward that whoever brings head of Purushottam Pant he would get all villages from battle field to Shrinagar. A Padyar threw spear towards Pursu Pant and Purushottam Pant died instantly. The Padyar commander brought the head of Purushottam Pant to Shrinagar. Garhwal King rewarded villages around rod from Gwaldam to Shrinagar
                       Killing of Sukhaldev
                   After defeat at Gwaldam, Rudrachandra attacked on Sukhaldev and around 1590-91-or 92, Sukhaldev was killed by Chand Kingdom army.

                 Date of Gwaldam Battle

  It seems the Gwaldam battle was fought between 1590-1991


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -347
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Haridwar Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Dehradun Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Uttarkashi Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Tehri Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Rudraprayag Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Chamoli Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Pauri Garhwal History;


Bhishma Kukreti

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History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -101       
   
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -347 
 
                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

             Balbhadra Not Helping Katyuri Ruler Sukhaldev

         When Kumaon Chand King was engaged in attacking Garhwal, Katyuri ruler of Baijnath helped Garhwal King. However, when Chand king attacked on Katyur Kingdom, Balbhadra Shah did not help or if helped not much is known.
                                   Strong Man

        Health wise, Balbhadra Shah was strong man. He was brave. Once , he displaced the whole heavy palace door single handedly.
                      Ruling period of Balbhadra Shah

  It is difficult to guess the ruling period of Balbhadra Shah and Sahajpal. It seems that the ruling period of Sahajpal and Balbhadra Shah was 1548-1591.
It seems Balbhadra Shah ruled from 1581-1591.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 23/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -348
   
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter    
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah; History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in context – History of Pauri Garhwal; History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in context – History of Haridwar Garhwal; History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in context – History of Dehradun Garhwal; History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in context – History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in context – History of Tehri Garhwal; History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in context – History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Review of Characteristics of Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah in context – History of Chamoli Garhwal;


 

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