Author Topic: History of Garhwal Rifles - गढ़वाल रायफल का इतिहास  (Read 40559 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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1971 War
Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

During the 1971 war with Pakistan, 11th Garhwal was in the Eastern theatre with the 6th Mountain Division under Maj. Gen P.C. Reddy. 2nd Garhwal Rifles was with 2nd Mountain Division and was allotted to 101 Comn Z for thust upon Dhaka itself. 12th Battalion was in the Bengal area for support.[23] All the units performed all the tasks satisfactorily.

The 5th Garhwal Rifles was tasked in the Battle of Hilli. In the third phase of the battle, 5 Garhwal Rifles, were given a very difficult task of capturing several small villages of Basudevpur, Hakimpur and Rangapara. Each attack had to be separately organised, with adequate mortar and artillery fire. The Garhwalis emerged victorious.[24]
[edit] Post 1971

Established as a single class regiment, the Garhwal Rifles remained so until 1984. Following a national policy review, the 18th Garhwal Joint Battalion was constituted in 1985 along with the merger of companies of Jat, Dogra and Maratha regiments.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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The Kargil Operations in 1999
Main article: Kargil War

The Garhwal Rifles had the proud privilege of playing a decisive role in dislodging Pakistani forces and recapturing Tiger Hill during the Kargil conflict of 1999. The Chief of Army Staff made a special immediate award of a "Unit Citation"[25] to 18th Battalion, The Garhwal Rifles, for their meritorious and gallant performance during the battles of Point 5140 on the night of 19/20 June and Point 4700 on the night of 27/28 June 1999, in Dras Sector. This award was received by their commanding officer, Col. Anshu Trivedi.

Capt. Jintu Gogoi,17th Garhwal Rifles was lost in heavy artillery exchange with the enemy in the Batalik Sector. Not to be outdone the 17th Garhwal Rifles and the 10th Garhwal Rifles performed above all expectations during the Kargil War.

With so many families in the hills of Garhwal and Kumaon who have sons (and daughters) in the military, the conflict in Kashmir has taken a heavy toll. The Garhwal Rifles, as well as other Himalayan regiments (the Gurkha Rifles, Ladakh Scouts, Naga Regiment, and Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry) were all entrusted with operations in Kargil in 1999. They joined their Sikh, Rajasthani, Mahar, and Bihari brothers as a multicultural and multi-faith force on the frontlines, suffering the brunt of casualties in defence of the state.
[edit] Operation Sarp Vinash 2003

The Indian Army's Northern Command conducted a complex militant camp-busting operation called Sarp Vinash with skill and precision, easily one of the landmark counter-terrorism operations in Jammu & Kashmir–Hillkaka area. Hillkaka was no Kargil in its strategic importance but merely a staging post for Pakistani Muslim militants. Operation Sarp Vinash was a division-size operation involving seven battalions and two brigade headquarters. Spearheaded by 9 Para Special Forces, six other units of 163 Infantry Brigade and 12 RR sector took part. These were 2/4 Gorkha Rifles, 15 Garhwal Rifles, 4 Garhwal Rifles, 16 and 20 Rashtriya Rifles. It was estimated that up to 100 militants were in and around the Hillkaka hideout spread out in the forest when Special Forces struck in the initial raid. They killed 13 Pakistani militants and captured two of whom one died later. In subsequent combing operations which lasted 10 days, 4 Garhwal Rifles ambushed seven militants near Haripur while they were attempting to cross over into Srinagar. Altogether, 45 Muslim militants were killed against a loss of four soldiers killed and two wounded. Substantial recoveries were made. Approximately 60 caches and hideouts were busted yielding 20 AK 47 rifles, 5 PIKA guns, two sniper rifles and unspecified quantities of grenade launchers, self loading rifles and 45 kg of plastic explosives. In addition substantial quantities of radio sets, and other communication equipment was also recovered besides rations enough to feed 500 men for two weeks.[26]

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Units

    * 1st Battalion (Converted to 6 Mech Inf)
    * 2nd Battalion
    * 3rd Battalion
    * 4th Battalion
    * 5th Battalion
    * 6th Battalion
    * 7th Battalion
    * 8th Battalion
    * 9th Battalion
    * 10th Battalion
    * 11th Battalion
    * 12th Battalion
    * 13th Battalion
    * 14th Battalion
    * 15th Battalion
    * 16th Battalion
    * 17th Battalion
    * 18th Battalion
    * 19th Battalion

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Honours
[edit] Battle honours

So far the Regiment has earned 30 battle honours. Of these, five have been awarded in the post-Independence period. The Regiment has also won the following theatre honours: Jammu & Kashmir — 1947–48, Ladakh — 1962, Punjab — 1965, Rajasthan — 1965, East Pakistan — 1971, Kargil — 1999.

Battle Honours Pre Independence

    * Punjab Frontier 1897-1898
    * La Bassee 1914
    * Armentiers 1914
    * Festubert 1914-1915
    * Neuve Chapelle 1915
    * Aubers 1915
    * France and Flanders 1914-1915
    * Egypt 1915-1916
    * Macedonia 1918
    * Khan Baghdadi 1918
    * Sharqat 1918
    * Macepotamia 1917-1918
    * Gallabat 1940
    * Barentu 1941
    * Keren 1941
    * Massawa 1941
    * Amba Alagi 1941
    * Kuantan 1942
    * Yenangyaung 1942
    * Monywa 1942
    * Citta Di Castello 1944
    * North Arakan 1944
    * Ngakyedauk Pass 1944
    * Ramree 1944
    * Taungup 1945

Battle Honours Post Independence[28]

    * Tithwal 1947-48
    * J&K 1947-48
    * Ladakh 1962
    * Nuranang 1965
    * Buttar Dograndi 1965
    * Gadra Road 1965
    * Punjab 1965
    * Rajasthan 1965
    * Hilli 1971
    * East Pakistan 1971.

[edit] Theatre Honour Second World War

    * North Africa (1940–43)
    * Malaya (1941–42)
    * Burma (1942–45)
    * Italy (1943–45)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Decorations (Pre Independence)

Victoria Cross Recipients

    * Naik Darwan Singh Negi - First World War, Festubert-France, 1914
    * Rifleman Gabbar Singh (posthumous) - First World War, Neuve Chapelle, 1915
    * Lt. William David Kenny (posthumous) - Waziristan Campaign, 1920

Soldiers from the Garhwal Regiment were among the first Indian soldiers to receive the Victoria Cross — which was, at the time, the highest decoration a soldier in the British or Commonwealth Forces could receive for gallantry — with two soldiers receiving this honour for their actions during the First World War.[29] A British officer of the 4th/39th Garhwal Rifles, also received a Victoria Cross during the Waziristan Campaign in 1920.[30]
[edit] Decorations (Post Independence)

Ashok Chakra Recipient:

    * Naik Bhavani Datt Joshi (posthumous), June 1984, Operation Blue Star, Amritsar, India[31] for his actions during the operation against Sikh separatists

Mahavir Chakra Recipient:

    * Lieutenant-Colonel Kaman Singh, Indo-Pakistan War, 1948.
    * Lieutenant-Colonel B.M Bhattacharya, Sino-Indian war, 1962
    * Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat (posthumous), Sino-Indian war, 1962
    * Captain Chandranarayan Singh, Indo-Pakistan war, 1965

Of the other Gallantry award winners the following are of particular note -

    * During the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, Rifleman Makar Singh Negi of 6 Garhwal Rifles received the Vir Chakra for exceptional bravery & valour, during the Battle of Nawanpind.
    * In 1989, Rifleman Kuldeep Singh Bhandari of 5 Garhwal Rifles received the Vir Chakra for his bravery, leadership qualities and dedication to duty.[32]
    * In 2003, Captain Vivek Mishra of 16 Garhwal Rifles received the Shaurya Chakra for his bravery, leadership qualities and dedication to duty.[33]
    * Major Ajay Kothiyal received Kirti Chakra in 2004.[34] He also led the mission which made military history and record as the first military to use ski in a mountaineering expedition. He used ski to come down the mountain - Mt. Trisul (7120 m)[35]
    * Capt Vishal Bhandral (posthumous) Kirti Chakra in September 2006 near Bandipura in Baramulla district, J&K.[36]

[edit] Reunion 2004

The 12th Reunion of the Garhwal Rifles was organized at its Regimental Centre in Lansdowne in June 2004. The highlight of the two-day celebrations was the special sainik sammelan presided over by Maj Gen MC Bhandari, the Colonel of Garhwal Rifles and Garhwal Scouts.
[edit] The Quasqui Centennial (125 yrs) Celebrations
A
Official Logo of the Garhwal Rifles Quasqui Centennial Celebrations

The regiment shall be celebrating completion of its 125 years of valour laden history during Oct-Nov 2012. The occasion will be celebrated as a mega event spread over five days from 28 Oct to 01 Nov. 28-29 Oct are being dedicated to the Biennial Conference while the balance of the days till 01 Nov will be the days for celebrating the Quasqui Centennial of the Garhwal Rifles. Guests would be able to leave by afternoon of 01 Nov 2012.

As per the directions of the Colonel of The Regiment, an open invitation has been sent to all officers (retired and serving). Confirmations have been received from some while more are pouring in. Final program and formal invitation is being forwarded to those who have confirmed.

In case you have not received an invitation that could be due to a faulty address or any other communication problem. Please feel free to write to GRRC, Lansdowne for details.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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The Regimental Centre — Lansdowne

Lansdowne, at a height of 5,800 ft (1,800 m) above sea level, is the recruitment centre of the Garhwal Rifles. On October 1, 1921 the regimental centre celebrated its first founder's day. Now October 1 is celebrated as the raising day of the battalion. After Independence, the name of the centre was changed to Garhwal Rifles Regimental Centre. The rigorous drills during the training helps to infuse a sense of discipline in every recruit. Special emphasis is laid on physical fitness, mental toughness and weapon handling. After successful completion of the 34-week training course, a Garhwali youth is turned into a soldier. The soldier is then trained for two more weeks in counter-insurgency operations.
[edit] Colonels of the Garhwal Rifles and Scouts

    * Maj. Gen. G. Bharat Singh, MC
    * Maj. Gen. Hira Lal Atal
    * Maj. Gen. H.N. Shingal PVSM, AVSM
    * Lt. Gen. K. Mahendra Singh, PVSM (1979–1987)
    * Lt. Gen. R.V. Kulkarni, PVSM, UYSM
    * Maj. Gen. SPS Kanwar
    * Brig. Abinash Dhillon
    * Brig. Jagmohan Rawat
    * Maj. Gen. Satish Sondhi
    * Maj. Gen. Anil Walter Ranbhise
    * Lt Gen Dr Mohan Chandra Bhandari,PVSM, AVSM*
    * Lt. Gen. Paramjit Singh, PVSM, AVSM, VSM
    * Lt Gen B.K. Chengappa, AVSM
    * Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM**

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Garhwal Rifles

Garhwal Rifles is a well known combat arm of the Indian Army. During the World Wars and the wars fought after Independence, the regiment not only showed exemplary courage but also maintained its unique identity. Mainly comprising the Garhwali soldiers, this regiment fought with great valour during the Kargil conflict. More than 25,000 soldiers of this regiment are at present engaged in the task of safeguarding the motherland.

Soldiers recruited into the Garhwal Rifles are from the Garhwal Hills, one of the most beautiful areas of the Himalayas and are known for their hardiness, simplicity and upright manner. Garhwal consists almost entirely of rugged mountain ranges running in all directions, and separated by narrow valleys which in some cases become deep gorges or ravines. The only level portion of the district is a narrow strip of waterless forest between the southern slopes of the hills and the fertile plains of Rohilkhand.

Millions of Uttar Pradesh boys have left their mountain villages of Uttarakhand in search of good fortune or a better life than in the hills. Brave Uttarakhandi soldiers of the bygone era were originally bhagoras (deserters) of their village. Since time immemorial, the running away of village boys from the hills in search of wonderland has been a common practice. In fact it has become a tradition in Uttarakhand, which still continues unabated. The sole source of solace for the hills has been the Indian army. Most appropriately, it is the only institution that has somehow been able to check the migration of village youth. Paharis ["Of the mountains"] have always played a formidable role in defending the frontiers of India. Twenty-three battalions of Garhwal Rifles and nineteen battalions of the Kumaon Regiment clearly reflects the participation of hill people in the defence forces.

"Garhwal" is the the land of many 'Garhs' meaning forts. This region was made up of many small forts which were ruled by chieftains. Garhwal originally consisted of 52 petty chieftainships, each chief with his own independent fortress (garh). The rulers of Garhwal remained independent and repeatedly expelled the attacks of the Mughal rulers of Delhi. During the 19th century, the Gurkhas attacked Garhwal and drove the rulers of Garhwal down to the plains. Thereafter the rulers of Garhwal took the help of the British forces in India and regained their kingdom. The rulers of Garhwal gave away 60% of their kingdom for the support the British gave them in driving back the Gurhkas.

Lansdowne is the most notable, albeit small, hill station in the north Indian state of Uttaranchal. It is situated 45 km from Kotdwar en route Kotdwar-Pauri road in the Pauri Garhwal district. The famous Garhwal Rifles of the Indian Army has its command office here. They have maintained the old-world charm of the 19th century and the place is still an ideal getaway. It was founded by Lord Lansdowne in 1887 AD thus being named after him.

Prior to 1887, there was no separate battalion of the Garhwali soldiers. They used to be recruited in the Gorkha battalion, Bengal Infantry and Punjab Frontier. Impressed by their honesty, courage and dedication, the British government decided to form a separate battalion for Garhwali soldiers. The Garhwal Rifles was raised in 1887 to give the Garhwali Hillmen their own regiment. This was propagated by Field Marshal Sir FS Roberts VC, who realised that many Garhwalis had served in Gurkha regiments, and a large proportion of the early awards to Gurkha regiments were actually won by Garhwalis.

On May 5, 1887 the first battalion was constituted under the command of Lt Col EP Mainwaring at Almora. On November 4, same year, this battalion reached Kalundanda in Garhwal. In 1890, Kalundanda was renamed as Lansdowne after the then Viceroy of India. In the First World War, the Garhwal Rifles had one of the finest fighting records of any regiment in the Indian army. During the first World War, Nk Darban Singh and Rfn Gabbar Singh were awarded Victoria Cross. As a result of their outstanding bravery in France and Flanders, the Garhwal Rifles was the only Indian Infantry regiment given the title of Royal [The Fifth Royal Gurkhas also earned such a title]. During the Kotkai war in 1920, Lt WD Kenny of the Garhwal Regiment won the third Victoria Cross.

The regiment fell into disfavor with the British because a detachment of Garhwali troops employed at Peshawar refused to open fire on unarmed civilians. In April 1930 at Peshawar, a part of a battalion of The Royal Garhwal Rifles mutinied and did not open fire against nationalist satyagrahis who were were protesting for the unlawful arrest of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan. The soldiers of the 2/18 Garhwal Rifles under the leadership of Chandra Singh Garhwali refused to fire upon the non-violent Pathan demonstrators, in spite of the communal instigation by their British officers. A total of 67 soldiers and others were punished, some receiving life imprisonment. A court martial found 17 Garhwali troops guilty and these were sentenced to various terms of transportation for life and lesser forms of imprisonment. This incident galvanised the entire freedom movement.

While 721 soldiers of the regiment laid down their lives during the first World War, 349 soldiers made the supreme sacrifice during the second World War.

After the formation of India in 1947 and the subsequent merger of the various states in India at the time, the Garhwal Rifles was merged in with the Indian Army. Soldiers from this unit were among the first to receive the Victoria Cross - the highest decoration for a soldier in the British Army.

So far the regiment has won 30 battle honours of which five were awarded in the post-Independence period. The regiment has participated in all the wars fought after Independence. The regiment has won one Ashok Chakra, four Mahavir Chakra, 13 Kirti Chakra, and 52 Vir Chakra for exceptional gallantry. In the operation Blue Star, Nk Bhavani Datt Joshi sacrificed his life while fighting the terrorists in Amritsar and was awarded Ashok Chakra. While Lt Col Kaman Singh was awarded Mahavir Chakra during the Indo-Pak war in 1948. Lt Col BM Bhattacharya and Rfn Jaswant Singh (posthumously) were awarded Mahavir Chakra after the Indo-China war of 1962. Capt Chandranarayan Singh was posthumously awarded Mahavir Chakra in the 1965 war.

The Garhwal Rifles' played a significant role in the India-China War of 1962. The sacrifice along the frontier of Garhwali lives was enormous, as the Indian Army was ill-prepared for the rapidly advancing Chinese. Badly equipped for high altitude combat, short on supplies, and reconnaissance of the enemy, the Indian troops struggled valiantly onward, despite fighting a loosing war to both the invaders and frostbite. Indeed, one battalion of the Garhwal Rifles was captured, and many widows were made of the short, but bloody engagement.

Established as a single class regiment, the Garhwal Rifles remained so till 1984. Following a national policy, the 18th Garhwal Joint Battalion was constituted in 1985 along with the merger of companies of Jat, Dogra and Maratha regiments.

The Garhwal Rifles had the proud privilege of playing a decisive role in dislodging Pakistani forces and recapturing Tiger Hill during the Kargil conflict. The Chief of Army Staff made a special instant award of "Unit Citation" to 18th Battalion, The Garhwal Rifles for their meritorious and gallant performance during the battles of Point 5140 on night 19/20 June and Point 4700 on night 27/28 June 1999, in Dras Sector. The unit performed with distinction during Operation "VIJAY" and displayed exemplary valour and grit in the face of the enemy.

The overall performance of 18th Battalion, The Garhwal Rifles [along with 13th Battalion, The Jammu and Kashmir Rifles] was exceptional and marked with exemplary valour and grit in the face of the enemy. The brave troops of a battalion of The Garhwal Rifles have captured three more positions North of Point 4927, viz, BumpI, II and III on night 08/09 July 1999. 18th Battalion, The Garhwal Rifles also acquitted itself with distinction in the battles of Point 5140 on night 19/20 June and Point 4700 on night 27/28 June 1999. The peak had been held by approximately 30 Pakistan soldiers along with some militants as a composite task force. While the enemy suffered heavy casualties, 11 other ranks from the Garhwal Rifles were also killed. Capt. Sumit Roy was lost in heavy artillery exchange with the enemy.

With so many families in the hills of Garhwal and Kumaon who have sons (and daughters) in the military, the conflict in Kashmir has taken a heavy toll. The Garhwal Rifles, as well as other Himalayan regiments (the Gurkha Rifles, Ladakh Scouts, Naga Regiments, and Jammu and Kashmir Infantry) were all entrusted with operations in Kargil in 1999. They joined their Sikh, Rajasthani, Mahar, and Bihari brothers as a multicultural and multifaith force on the frontlines, suffering the brunt of casualities in defense of the state.

The 18th Garhwal Joint Battalion was converted into a pure Garhwali battalion in December 1999.

A special team of the Indian Army successfully removed 800 kg of environmentally hazardous garbage from the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, a renowned world heritage site closed for visitors since 1982.

The 40-member team of the Garhwal Rifles Regiment successfully scaled the India's second highest peak. Nanda Devi, and collected the non-biodegradable garbage left behind by previous expeditions in the 2000-sq kin bio-reserve. The team scaled the 7,817-meter peak in September 2001 and collected the garbage through the expedition. The peak, even though isn't one of the highest 20 peaks in the world, at one point in time, enjoyed the singular status of being the highest mountain in the British empire - the reason being the Mount Everest lay in Nepal and K2 lay in the princely state of Kashmir.

The 12th Reunion of the Garhwal Rifles was organized at its Regimental Centre in Lansdowne in June 2004. The highlight of the two-day celebrations was the special sainik sammelan presided over by Maj Gen MC Bhandari, the Colonel of Garhwal Rifles and Garhwal Scouts.

Addressing the sammelan, Maj Gen Bhandari recalled the gallant deeds of the Garhwali soldiers and said that the Garhwal Rifles has added a golden chapter in the annals of the Army history. Maj Gen Bhandari, on the occasion, released a commemorative First Day cover designed by Army Postal Service (APS) in the presence of Col M Eleesha, Director, APS, Central Command.

An attestation parade was also held as part of the reunion celebrations in which 266 recruits were inducted as full-fledged soldiers. Maj Gen Bhandari, who administered the oath, also presented medals to the distinguished recruits of the course. Rfn Rajiv Singh was adjudged the best recruit and received gold medal. Rfn Ashish Rawat was declared best in drill, Rfn Bhagwan Singh in PT and Rfn Sandeep Singh in firing. After the parade, the Colonel of the Regiment felicitated 22 Veer Naris and next-of-kin of martyrs.

Maj Gen Bhandari, retired senior officers and the Subedar Major of the Regimental Center laid wreaths in homage to those who laid down their lives in the battlefield and brought glory to their regiment in a solemn ceremony organised at the Regimental War Memorial.

About 300 officers and jawans, both serving and retired, from across the country participated in the celebrations. The veteral soldiers who attended the celebrations included the 92-year-old Lt Col IS Thapa and 80-year-old Maj PM Rex who served the Royal Garhwal Rifles from 1942 to 1948 and had come along with his wife from England. Lt Gen RS Gaur, who retired as a Quarter Master General, Army Headquarters also participated in celebrations. They cherished old memories on this occasion.

A badakhana and a variety entertainment programme were other highlights of the celebrations. A number of adventurous events organised to mark the occasion included para-drop and sky-diving demonstration by 50 (Independent) Para Brigade, motorcycle display by a 36-member team of the Corps of Military Police which came from Bangalore dogs' display by RVC Centre, Meerut.

Lansdowne, at a height of 5800 ft above sea level, is the recruitment centre of the Garhwal Battalion. On October 1, 1921 the regimental centre celebrated its first founder's day. Now October 1 is celebrated as the raising day of the battalion. After Independence, the name of the centre was changed to Garhwal Rifles Regimental Centre. The rigorous drills during the training helps to infuse a sense of discipline in every recruit. Special emphasis is laid on physical fitness, mental toughness and weapon handling. After successful completion of 34-week training, a Garhwali youth is turned into a soldier. The soldier is then trained for two more weeks in counter-insurgency operations.

The regimental centre is considered the hub of training for the regiment. About 2500 recruits are trained here as soldiers every year. Earlier, the recruitments were held only at Lansdowne but now the recruitments take place at other places in the region as well. The centre has trained more then 60 thousand soldiers since Independence. At present, over 25 thousand soldiers are serving in different battalions of the Garhwal Rifles.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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गढ़वाल राइफल्स की वीर गाथा गूंजती है फिजाओं में Pauri | Last updated on: October 19, 2012 12:00 PM IST
  लैंसडौन। शहीदों के मजारों पर लगेेंगे हर वर्ष मेले, वतन पर मिटने वालों का यही बाकी निशां होगा। आजादी के दौरान गूंजा यह ताराना आज भी प्रासंगिक है। देश पर शहीद होने वाले गढ़वाल राइफल्स के जवानों की वीरता की कहानी न सिर्फ उनके गांवों बल्कि देश के फिजाओं में भी गूंजती है।
समय समय पर देश के लिए शहादत देकर गढ़वाल राइफल्स के जांबाजों ने एक मिसाल कायम की है। इनकी वीरता का लोहा तो दुश्मन भी मानते हैं। गढ़वाल राइफल्स के सबसे ज्यादा जवान 1965 में पाकिस्तान से लोहा लेते हुए शहीद हुए थे। 1948 से अब तक के 13 युद्धों और अन्य आपरेशनों में गढ़वाल राइफल्स के 734 जवान शहीद हुए हैं।  गढ़वाल राइफल्स ने आजादी के बाद 1948 पाक युद्ध, 1962 चीन युद्ध और 1965 और 71 पाक युद्ध के अलावा नौ अन्य आपरेशनों में भाग लिया। इसके जांबाज सैनिकों ने अद्मय साहस का परिचय देते हुए न सिर्फ दुश्मनों के दांत खट्टे किए बल्कि देश के लिए शहादत भी दी।  वैसे तो गढ़वाल राइफल्स की स्थापना के बाद से ही उसके युद्धों की गाथा शुरू हो गई थी। चाहे प्रथम विश्व युद्ध हो या द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध। हर युद्ध में इसके जवानों ने अद्मय साहस का परिचय दिया।
किस युद्ध में कितने सैनिक हुए शहीद
 युद्ध / आपरेशन    शहीदों की संख्या
- 1948 भारत-पाक  ----20
- 1962 भारत-चीन ----------62
- 1965 भारत-पाक  ---------129
- 1971 भारत-पाक ------74
- 1984 आपरेशन ब्लू स्टार-------9
- आपरेशन बैटल एक्स मिजोरम------5
-1988 आपरेशन पवन  --------86
- नागाहिल्स आपरेशन ----------22
- आपरेशन मेघदूत सियाचिन  ------26
- आपरेशन रक्षक --------------116
- आपरेशन आर्किड  -------------5
- आपरेशन पराक्रम -------------25
- कारगिल युद्ध --------55

(Source Amar ujala)
 

 

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