Author Topic: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh  (Read 37314 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #290 on: June 08, 2016, 09:52:03 AM »
                        Conditions for Malaun Treaty             

                British Campaign for Capturing Himachal -8
            Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -291
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -821   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)


       On 15th May, a Treaty at Malaun was signed by Amar Singh Thapa and Colonel Ochterlony.  There were following conditions for Malaun Treaty-
            “Keeping in mind the high authority, character and ability for ruling the given territory by Amar Singh Thapa, the following conditions are accepted-
1-Kaji Amar Singh Thapa would vacate Rajgarh (Malaun) and would proceed for his Rajgarh (Nepal) with his army. His soldiers would take weapons, two guns, personal properties, flags with them. British will facilitate for every subordinate of Amar Singh Thapa going to Nepal with respect and safety.
2-Keeping in mind the brave character of Ranjor/Ranjur Singh Thapa, he is also allowed with same facility. Ranjor Singh will march with his 200 soldiers from Jaithok/Jaithak. These soldiers would take weapons, flags, one gun and personal property with them. Other 300 non army personnel (Bhardar) would be without weapons and can take personal property with them. There will be respectful facilities for them and every care will be taken for respect of women.
3- Kaji Amar Singh Thapa and Ranjor/Ranjur Thapa will have freedom to march to Nepal border at Saryu Rive through Thaneshwar, Haridwar, Nazibabad. They are free for going through other roads. Necessary arrangement will be done for loading and carrying their properties.
4- Kaji Amar Singh Thapa and Ranjor /Ranjur Singh Thapa are free for meeting anywhere.
5- Those soldiers of Nepal do not want to go back Nepal are free for joining the British army. Other soldiers who do not want to go back to Nepal and British government do not wish them to appoint in its Army would be there as war prisoners till there is treaty between Nepal Kingdom and British.
6- Amar Singh Thapa could stay at Malaun Fort till loaders reach there and after then he has to leave immediately.
7- Amar Singh Thapa will instruct soldiers at staying at Gurkha occupied Forts (Garhi) as Bheli (Arki), Sabathu, Morani, Jaithok/Jaithak, Jagatgarh, Ravain etc for vacating the Forts (Garhi) and they should hand over the Garhi to authorized British officials.  The soldiers of those Garhi could take personal properties safely but cannot take weapons till Governor General takes decision.
8- Amar Singh Thapa is ready for instructing Kaji Bakhtwar Singh that he immediately vacates Garhwal state and he should hand over all forts (Garhi) to authorized British officials. Soldiers of Garhwal can take personal properties and weapons with them for going to Nepal through Kumaon (Kali River). British Government would offer a ‘Pass’ and one peon for one month for travelling through Kumaon. “
                Separate Condition by Amar Singh Thapa
     Both the officials were  just to sign that the letter of Bamshah for Nepalese Residents of west region reached there through official. Amar Singh Thaap added following conditions after reading the letter as-
“Amar Singh Thapa would like to declare that he is signing treaty just for the better realtion with British. He accepted agreement because of suggestions from Bamshah and other Bhardar (Officials) of Kumaon. “
    The apprehension of Bamshah about Amar Singh Thapa came true. Amar Singh Thapa not only added the suggestion by Bamshah on treaty paper but also wrote a letter to the Nepal King. Amar Singh Thapa wrote to the King that he surrendered before British army as per the suggestions from Bamshah.

 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Letter of Bamshah for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 8/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -822
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal





























Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #291 on: June 09, 2016, 09:55:12 AM »
                         Gurkha Leaving Himachal

                British Campaign for Capturing Himachal -9
            Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -292
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -822   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
              After having arrangement for loaders and carriers, in May 1815, Amar Singh Thapa started his journey for Nepal with his soldiers. His way was from Malaun to Kurukshetra, Haridwar and Pailibhit to Nepal. Lieutenant Murray was with a few soldiers was with Amar Singh Thapa for his safety.  Old , defeated, sad Amar Singh Thapa was in embarrassing situation as he was leaving the land which he won with strength and hard work. There is no information about the numbers of soldiers with him and with Ranjor Singh and Balbhadra those returned to Nepal.
                      Nasiri Battalion
  Till the war ended in Himachal and Ravain, around 4650 soldiers from Gurkha side joined British Army. Those ex Gurkha army soldiers were deputed for protection of various Garhis (Forts and Fortress) .The ex Gurkha army soldiers in Hindur and Nahan were also eager for joining British army. British did not need those much soldiers now. However, Hastings already promised the deserting soldiers of Gurkha army that British would appoint them.  British commanders created three Nasari battalions for those ex Gorkha army soldiers. Every battalion had six companies and every company had 120 irregular soldiers. The first and second battalions were named as Nasiri Battalion and third were named as Sirmaur Battalion.
     Same way, a new Battalion Kumaon Battalion was established for irregular such soldiers. Those ex Gurkha soldiers were habitual of cruel behaviours with common people and were habitual of looting people. Those soldiers started same behavior with people as they used to give pain to common people.
 
 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Letter of Bamshah for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 9/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -823
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal

Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #292 on: June 10, 2016, 09:52:54 AM »
                          Division of Garhwal Kingdom         
 
              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -293
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -823   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
 

                British Taking Doon Valley under British Rule

       On 21st October 1814, British captured Dehra centre without any casualty. In October only, barring Khalanga (Nalapani), British captured whole Doon Valley.  Hearsay informed about the importance of Doon Letter of Hearsay to Adam, 24 August 1814). Governor General also received information from other sources about fertility and forest resources of Doon and defense strategy of Doon.
    There were easy ports in Doon for crossing Ganga and Yamuna. Adam instructed to William Frazer through letters of 22nd and 23rd for establishing administration in Doon and Kiyardoon valleys immediately.
  However, due to non capturing Nalapani, the administration was established in late November in Doon and Kiyardoon valleys. Till end of November, Frazer could not get right personnel for collecting tax and police administration. Lately at the last week of November, Frazer appointed Garhwalis for police job and tax collection. There were three types of Garhwalis seeking jobs with British government-
1-Those left jobs with Gurkha administration.
2-Those wanted who were eager to get back their properties taken by Gurkha
3-New entrants eager for getting service with British 
  Frazer was able for establishing temporary administration in Doon and Kiyardoon valleys.
 
                 Shivram Luring Doon People
             There was no unrest in Doon valleys after Frazer took charge. However, those villagers, village chiefs, elites ran away from their respective villages did not return. It was necessary that villagers returned their houses and take agricultural acts and other jobs in hand.  Sudarshan Shah appointed Shivram as Mukhtyar (representative) for luring people of Doon those ran away from their villages. Frazer sent a authority letter to Shivram –
  “You being a well wisher of the company is being appointed as representative of King Sudarshan Shah. You will have to pay attention on your work and to act according to benefits for the British Government. You are being appointed for luring farmers for coming back to their villages. You are handed the job for getting back the village chieftains and elites for returning and staying in their respective regions.  You have to detach all of them from Gorkha people. Whatever way you thing right do those tactics but it should be in the benefits for British. After completion the job, British will offer you the Jagir. By inspiration from Sudarshan Shah and luring by Frazer, Shivram completed his job by getting back the farmers and elites (Chieftains etc) not only in Doon valleys but in Tones Valley too.  He was successful in provoking pole against Gurkha. (English Pre mutiny record vol. 8, Dehradun)
   Frazer was happy by actions of Shiv Ram.
 
 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Letter of Bamshah for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 10/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -824
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal






Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #293 on: June 11, 2016, 10:35:35 AM »
        British Announcing Division of Garhwal Kingdom
                Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -2       
 
              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -294
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -824   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
         After Malaun treaty on 15Tha May 1815, Governor General decided for capturing strategic places of Hill states.
  When at the end of May, Gurkha vacated Himachal Garhis and started marching for Nepal, Ochterlony sent soldiers under Major Baldock for capturing Garhwal. Sudarshan Shah and Frazer were also marching with Baldock for Shrinagar.
        On 28th May 1815, Company Secretary John Adam informed to Frazer, “the Governor Cabinet was proposing for taking charge of land from Kumaon   Bhagirathi or Alaknanda. By doing so it would be clear demarcation of boundaries (between Tehri and British Kumaon-Garhwal) up to place o f confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda (Dev Prayag).  From Devprayag onwards to south would be under Doon valley. Barring Doon valley and west of Alaknanda the balance portion would be left for Sudarshan Shah.”
    “Whatever River (Alaknanda or Bhagirathi) becomes demarcation point, it is necessary that most of boat ports, ports and bridges come under British. The important strategic places beyond the river should be taken under British. Shrinagar would be under British only.”
    “Governor General got information (though can’t be reliable) that the people of Shrinagar are against handing over the rule to Sudarshan Shah. If they are not opposing they are not interested in Sudarshan Shah. If that is true, it is necessary for having police force in east of Alaknanda. “
          “As far as Doon valley is concerned its importance is not for its fertility and forest wealth but it is important for defense point o f view. By keeping Doon valley under us we shall have rule over Dehradun, Kiyardoon, Sirmaur, Malaun, Sabathu that from Sutlej to Kali River”

      British army marching for Shrinagar

     In first week of June 1815, British soldiers under Major Baldock reached to Jogyana Athur via Dehradun, Nalapani, Chamuvakhal. Sudarshan Shah followed Baldock with his a few supporters, Sivram, Kashiram, Asadu Gusain and ten Panch (juries of  village councils). Sudarshan Shah camped at Bamund.
        Gurkha commander Subba Jagjit was there at Tori rope Way Bridge for stopping British army. A few Gurkha soldiers also reached Tori from Ravain. Gurkha soldiers fired on British soldiers. However, later on Gurkha soldiers escaped towards Shrinagar. British army camped at Tori and Sudarshan Shah camped at Athur. Quite a few -Ex officials (Mutsadi), village chiefs, workers, councilors, Rautelas (sons of King family members from their female Keepers) and people of Garhwal reached to Athur for meeting Sudarshan Shah (Archives of Tehri Kingdom).
               Alternation of Nepal resident Bakhtawar Singh

    Bamshah informed about British-Kumaon Treaty to Bakhtavar Singh Basnyet the Nepal Resident of Shrinagar. Through a letter, Bamshah requested /suggested Gurkha officials to reach Doti from Garhwal with their weapons and properties. Bamshah informed that it was sure that British rule would be there on Shrinagar. Bamshah suggested to Nepalese officials of Garhwal that after British reaching to Shrinagar, they should follow the instruction of British.
    When Bakhtawar Singh Basnyet read the above letter, Bakhtawar Singh cried and spoke – “the high officers became traitors! Nobody is now patriotic” Bakhtawar Singh had an opinion that Bamshah handed over Kumaon by betrayal. Since, Amar Singh Thapa was in charge of Garhwal; Bakhtawar Singh Basnyet did not leave Shrinagar and stayed back in Shrinagar.
  The representatives of Amar Singh Thapa those came to Shrinagar handed over the letter of Amar Singh to Bakhtawar Singh, informed about Malaun Treaty and made him understand that it was not possible for resisting the British power.
             Major Baldock camped at Ranihat with his army. Sudarshan Shah reached on 17th Jeshtha , Vikrami Samvat 1872 ( June 1815) to Ranihat. Sudarshan Shah camped at ‘Bail Nagan’ rivulet bank. Baldock called Bakhtawar Singh Basnyet at Ranihat camp and informed him about Malaun treaty.
  Loaders and carriers were provided to Gurkha officials and solders (Garhrajvanshkavya by Maularam). Gurkha showed their desire to see Sudarshan Shah as he was Boldan Badrinath too (Speaking God Badrinath).  Major Baldock did not permit Gurkha for meeting the King. On 21st Jeth VS 1872, Gurkha army officials, soldiers and civilians started marching for Nepal from Shrinagar. Those Gurkha were not interested for going back to Nepal they were pushed out from Shrinagar. Those Gurkha had to flee from Shrinagar.


 
 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Records of  Tehri Kingdom etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 11/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -825
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal




Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #294 on: June 12, 2016, 11:11:34 AM »

                Path of Bakhtawar Singh for Nepal
                Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -3       
 
              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -295
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -825   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
         
                     If Bakhtawar Singh would have ready for surrender when Amar Singh Thapa surrendered Bakhtawar Singh would have gone from Shrinagar to Doti through Garhwal and Kumaon land.
           Governor General was wishing that Bamshah would have declared himself as Doti King by defecting Nepal Kingdom. Bamshah could not do so because his family members were in Kathmandu. His enemy in Kathmandu would have done worse for his family and relatives. British High Command discussed and thought that if Nepal army commanders of West Himalaya came together in Doti with soldiers they would be dangerous for British. British decided that Bakhtawar Singh would be sent to East of Nepal through Indian plains. Therefore, British did not permit Gurkha soldiers of West Himalaya for travelling through Garhwal and Kumaon hills for Doti. Though, British permitted Bakhtawar Singh for travelling through Kumaon Hill and Governor General wanted that Bakhtawar Singh go through Rohilakhand.  Edward Gardner and Nichols instructed Magistrate of Barely and Moradabad for leaving Bakhtawar Singh till east of Doti. Governor general instructed his subordinates in case Bakhtawar Singh wanted go through Hills with soldiers their safety would be provided.
           Perhaps Bakhtawar Singh reached Nepal through Kumaon hills and his army reached through Rohilkhand to Nepal.
                              British Amy In Shrinagar
    After Bakhtawar Singh leaving Shrinagar, Major Baldock reached to Shrinagar with his army. Major Baldock took charge of administration of Shrinagar and Garhwal.
         When Sudarshan Shah was in Ranihat the subjects offered thousands of rupees as gifts to the Bolda Badrinath (King). Sudarshan Shah appointed Shivram Saknyana (Saklani) as chaief executive advocate. Sudarshan Shah stayed in his Haveli of Palace.


 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Records of  Tehri Kingdom etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 12/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -826
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal





Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #295 on: June 13, 2016, 07:14:03 AM »
                     British Declaration for East Garhwal
                           Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -4       
 
              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -296
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -826   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              After settling administration in Sirmaur, Hindur, Bushehr etc, William Frazer reached Shrinagar on 14th July 1815 by crossing Ganga at Jakhnai through Sanga boat. Frazer camped at Gulabbagh in Shrinagar. Same day, Sudarshan Shah reached to Shrinagar and camped at Kui Bagwan 9Tehri Archives).
           Next day, Frazer declared that the region of east of Alaknand up to Rudraprayag and in north east of Mandakini was under British rule and people will be called the subjects (Praja) of British State. (Atkinson)
   Frazer instructed that inhabitants should come back to their villages and should start normal agricultural activities. Frazer declared abolition of Slavery (Barda) from Garhwal. Frazer called the Kamin and Sayana (Villages chiefs and elites) of East Garhwal and told them that East Garhwal and Kumaon are now merged in one Pargana. From now, they (East Garhwal people) should understand under Edward Gardner.
   Frazer informed Edward Gardner through a letter on 21st July 1815 about merger and also attached a list of Kamin and Sayana of East Garhwal. Frazer requested Gardner for taking charge immediately. Frazer mentioned that till that time the decision of East Bhagirathi region is undecided.
  Frazer sent a few officers to Kumaon for taking instruction for East Garhwal.

               List of Kamin and Sayana of East Garhwal

  Frazer sent a list of Kamin and Sayanas of East Garhwal (July 1815) to Gardner as follows -
Pargana-------Patti --------------------------Sayana
1-Ajmir ------------------------------ Kalmu Raut, Dillu Bisht,Bisalu Inti
2-Udaypur--------------------------- Kalmu Bisht, Ultu Negi, Ubdalu Bisht, Dhaunterilu
-----------------------------------------Negi, Patta Bisht, Kalmu Negi, Bhagwan Payal,
----------------------------------------- Chhavanu Daftari (Kamin)
3- Salan --------1 Dhangu----------- Kalli raut, Bhurtu Raut, Sobhanu Bisht, Puriya Raut,
---------------------------------------- Kumlu Daftari (Kamin)
------------------2 Karandu ------------Gauru Bhandari, Uchhalu Raut,
-----------------3- Langurgarh---------Bagha Raut, Vinodu Bisht, Bilmu Raut
----------------4-Shila------------------ Rathan Singh, Ginur Singh Aswal
--------------- 5 Kaudiya -----------------Balvant Singh Rautela
---------------- 6- Chaundkot-----------  Bhupchand Utanu Raut, Bhup Singh Raut, Viashalu Raut,       ---------------------------------------------  Premu Thaplyal, Kumtusing Negi, Dhaunkalusing Negi
---------------7- Badalpur ---------------- Mahtabu Negi, Shimseru Negi
--------------8- Kidiyakot-------------- Ghumaru Negi, Surju Negi
-------------9- Painon----------------------- Birsadu Gusain, Kulpu Negi
----------- 10- Bungi--------------------- Shimseru Negi
-------------11- Gujadu ------------------ Ulmatu Raut, Thoba Raut
---------------12---Khatli ---------------- Mohansing Raut, Banchu, Mansing, Mangalsing
---------------13- ?------------------------Sudas Negi
---------------14- Bangarsiyun -------------- Soibatsing Raut
---------------15- Dhoundhyalsyun---------- Dasrath Baman
----------------16- Meldhar -----------------------? Bhandari
---------------17- Talain------------------------ Dhuramu Negi, Anandu Negi, Bishnu Raut
----------------18- Kolagaddi-----------------Ubdalu raut
---------------- 19- Sainjdhar----------------- Bhuvanand , Gauri Baman
----------------20- Bijlout -----------------Samseru Negi
4- Barasyun   (15 Patti) -------------------Munni Chandola, Khuntu Raut, Uchalu Bisht,
---------------------------------------------- Padmu Bisht, Udot Singh Bisht, Dilmani Baman,
---------------------------------------------- Mangu Bisht, Kateun Bisht, Dhansingh Bisht,
------------------------------------------- Kwinu Raut, Rikhwa Gusain, Narku, Dhirju, Nausheru, ------------------------------------------------Surbalu, Kafola, DillU, Dhansing, Gobindi, Naushersing, ---------------------------------------------Ubadalusing Aswal
5- Devalgarh----------------------------- Banchu Gusain, Kamsur Baman, Mutadu Negi
6- Chopdakot----------------------------Kweesing Bhandari, Sobanu Bhandari, Narku Bhandari, -----------------------------------------------Kalva Bhandari, Dhirju Negi
7- Dhanpur (Tambakhan) ----------- Uchhabu, Molsi Chaudhari
8- Chandpur---------------------------- Haraksing Kuwar, , Bhadursing Kuwar, Bhaguatsing Kuwar
------------------------------------------- Chandarmani Baman
9- Badhan- ---------------------------Ujmatsingh Raut, Nurutsing Raut , Gopalsing Raut,
----------------------------------------- Dharmu Negi, Dhanchu Muhira
10- Dasauli-------------------------- Mohansing Dikola, Bhuvanu Likhwar, Bhupsing Raut
--------------------------------------- Bhuvanu Kotin
11- Painkhanda --------------------- Bhavni Sing Negi, Dhansing Bhandari
12- Kapiri------------------------------ Diuli, Deetram, Jhuru
13- Kuthali----------------------------- Moosa
14- Nagpur ---------------------------- Dhannu Gusain, Samseru Bhandari, Kidaru Bhandari
------------------------------------------- Biju Raut, Pattu raut, Puran Kholi, Harku Raut,
----------------------------------- Pusu Bisht, Keedu Aswal, Seetal Chaudhari
15- Pinkandi ------------------------ Thurtu Nakhlada, Chaitu Bhandari, Gundha Bhandari, Banchu,
------------------------------------------- Thuku
16- Lobha------------------------------- Sumeru. Lutadu, Bunehu
 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 13/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -827
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal






Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #296 on: June 14, 2016, 05:53:57 AM »
                           Revenge by Garhwalis
                     
                           Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -5       
 
              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -297
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -827   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

             As soon as Garhwalis came to know that British army with Sudarshan Shah reached Shrinagar, Garhwalis started taking revenge against Gurkha officials. Gurkha kept many Girls as their keeps by force. Now, Gurkha wanted taking shelter under parents of those girls. Most of parents did not help those Gurkha. Garhwali wives went with their Gurkha husbands for Nepal. Garhwalis killed many local Gurkha commanders. In some cases, British government helped Gurkha . 
                Bhishma Kukreti, (1984, Garhwal Ki Lok Kathayen, Binsar Prakashan, Lodhi Colony, Delhi) cites a folk story that shows the anger of Garhwalis against Gurkha –
            Gyana and  Binjara: Garhwali Folk Story     

          Usually, in Garhwal the names of crop fields or farming fields are based on the characteristics of the farm place and not on the basis of personal name. For example where ‘Laya’ is grown called ‘Layad’, ‘Banjan’ means the place where Oak (banj) forest is there, ‘Chaudi’ means the field are long and wide, ‘twal’ means the land is with lime etc.
         Below in south of village Jaspur, Malla Dhangu (Pauri Garhwal), there is a place called ‘Gyana’ and in the east a place called Binjara. This author asked his elder uncle late Shri Murlidhar Kukreti about name of place (farming field) based on personal name. 
              My uncle told me the following story for such variation.
    There was Gorkhyani or Gorkha (Nepal) rule over Garhwal more than a decade. Gorkha rulers and government servants were the cruelest most in our history. The soldiers used to burn the standing crops or used to plough standing crops. To kill a human being on petty mistakes was a common system in Gorkha rule. Gorkhyani or Gorkha rule is remembered with fear due to their aggressive, oppressive ways of ruling.
              Ghansali was the military base of Gorkha soldiers and administrators for Dhangu, Udaypur and Dabralsyun.  Among the Gorkha administrative officers, Gyan Singh and Binjara Singh were the cruelest. 
             When Gorkha rule came to an end, the Gorkha soldiers started running for their countries Nepal. People of Dhangu were so much terrorized by Gyan Singh and Binjara that people wanted to kill them. People started following Gyana and Binjara to kill both of them. Gyana ran and was caught in the southern territory of Jaspur village. People killed him there. Binjara was caught in the east of Jaspur in Gweel territory.
          Now, where Gyan Singh was killed is called Gyana and where Binjara Singh was killed is called as Binjara’.

               Jobs for Saklani Brothers 
 
       Shivram Saklani became darling of Baldock too. He arranged that his nephew Nandram (son of Kriparam Saklani) became orderly for Major Baldock. In June 1815, Shivram sent an application to Frazer for offering service with British government for his another nephew Kashiram Saklani. Frazer accepted the application, appointed Kashiram with British Government and wrote a letter on 19th June 1815, that Kashirma and Sudarshan Shah would work for the benefits of British Government. Kashiram became special man of Frazer and Nandram became trusted man of Baldock.
                ‘ Sanad’ or Order for Prasad Puri
           Prasad Puri the chief Priest of Famous Kamleshwar Temple, Shrinagar met William Frazer. Prasad Puri showed the copper plates (order) about Garhwal King and Nepal Officials providing the specific land for the Kamleshwar Temple. According to Rutherford, Prasad Puri (as per Rutherford- Pasand Puri) secretly sent many information of Nepal administration to him. William Frazer got such information before priest meeting Frazer. On 23rd July British administration authorized the same land to Kamleshwar Temple that was offered by Garhwal King and Gurkha administration.
(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 14/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -828
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal







Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #297 on: June 15, 2016, 09:44:03 AM »
                     Frazer and Sudarshan Shah in Delhi
                           Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -6       
 
              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -298
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -828   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

        William Frazer informed to Edward Gardner that he would start journey for Delhi from Shrinagar on 24th July 1815. According to Archives of Tehri Kingdom, Sudarshan Shah went to Delhi on 24th July 1815 with William Frazer. Major Baldock and 5 officers were handed over the responsibility of Protecting Shrinagar. There were 500 soldiers with Major Baldock.
                      British Authorization for Sudarshan Shah

          Sudarshan Shah was in Delhi till 25th December 1815. Before offering Kingdom to Sudarshan Shah, High Command asked various details from Frazer. Frazer sent his report on 16th October with a letter to the East India Company. On 17th November, the Cabinet of Governor General authorized the proposal about Garhwal and Sudarshan Shah (devar, English Pre Mutiny Records of Saharanpur) .
         John Adam sent a letter to Frazer (Records Pre Mutiny Records, Kumaon) -
1-The region of west of Alaknanda and Mandakini Rivers already added with Kumaon. The rest of region leaving Dehardun would be offered to Sudarshan Shah. The said region would be enough for day to day expenses and administrative expenses for Sudarshan Shah. Therefore, Sir Governor General took Dehradun with British rule.
2- Ochterlony informed that due to Defense strategy it is not good to give back Ravain. Therefore, Ravain region would be under British and would not be offered to King Sudarshan Shah.
3- Frazer wrote that Sudarshan Shah be allowed to stay in Shrinagar. Governor General raised question on that suggestion. Shrinagar is in left of the Alaknanda and comes under British rule. There will be many problems by Sudarshan Shah and his employees staying in Shrinagar. The king wants to stay there where he does not have any right.
4-If the King insists then you inform him that he would not be offered the Kingdom of West of Alaknanda and Mandakini.
5- If the King accepts the above conditions, you offer him the region of West of Alaknanda and Mandakini Rivers as King. We shall decide about administration in Ravain later stage.
6- The following conditions would be added in Authority letter (Declaration) –
        A-In future, whenever there would be need, the King would arrange labor and food faculties British officials
     B- The condones of British Government for taking responsibilities of defending King will be there till the King follows by heart the conditions of declaration letter.
 High command authorized to Frazer for preparing a temporary Authorization letter for Sudarshan Shah on a paper. Frazer was asked to make a copy of authorization letter with translation and send that copy with translation to the Company. After some time, the permanent authorization letter with signature and stamp of Governor General would be sent to the King.
    The land for Shivram Saklani  was not included in the region offered to Sudarshan Shah on the temporary authorization letter by Frazer.
 The permanent authorization letter (sanad) signed and  stamp of Governor General was offered  on 4th March 1820



(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 15/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -829
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal








Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #298 on: June 17, 2016, 10:46:00 AM »
                   Governor General Authorization Letter for Tehri Kingdom
                           Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -7       
 
              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -299
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -829   
               
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
        Governor General sent an authorization letter for Tehri Kingdom as –
             Since, the Garhwal Kingdom has come under British rule and Sudarshan Shah the King of Old Garhwal Kingdom showed faithfulness and enthusiasm for British Government, the cabinet council of Governor General offers the Garhwal region forever barring following conditions-
1-East of Alaknanda and East of Mandakini till it meets to Alaknanda (Rudraprayag)
2- Dehradun
3-Raingarh Pargana
          The duty of the King would be that he administrates the region that people get prosperity and comforts. The King would administrate with fair means, will collect tax and will consume accordingly.
  For that the King will abolish slavery custom. According to British law slavery is prohibited.
    Whenever British government requires that time the King will offer labor and food supply. The King will have to permit and offer infrastructure for the people (British subjects) for going to Tibet through the Tehri Kingdom. He will have to accept the instruction of British officials.
     British Government assures to the King that he or his heirs would rule over the region till the king or heirs follow the above (British) instructions. British Government also promises to defend the region from his enemies. 
                   British Offering Shivram the Land as Muafi
   Frazer was very much influenced by the works of Shivram for British. Shivram sent an appeal with the documents of Jagir of Diuri, Saklana; Athur Taluka Ediyarganv, Sunarganv, of Tehri Garhwal and Bajarwala Taluka of Dehradun offered by Garhwal King Pradyuman Shah. Shivram showed Sanad to Frazer. William Frazer offered a Sanad (Authorized document or certificate) –
    “ Shivram has done a deep service to British and he was always with the British army. Therefore, it is instructed that the land of Saklana, Diuri, and Athur Taluka of hill region would be under Shivram till new order is received.  Mauja Bajawala of Dehradun would be under till his life . One authorized instruction is to be provided to Shivram.”
       According to Minya Premsingh, Shivram showed fake documents offered by Gurkha to British officials that he was the real heirs of Garhwal Kings. However, Sudarshan Shah reached there at the same time. Shivram touched the feet of Sudarshan Shah and asked pardon. Sudarshan Shah was aware of Shivram’s influence of Frazer. Sudrashan Shah did not oppose the offering of Frazer and offered Shivram the six villages of Khas Patti to Shivram as jagir.
                       
                              Tehri as New Capital of Garhwal
 
      Sudarshan Shah returned from Delhi to Haridwar and took his two wives Sirmaurji and Bamori ji with other family members. In Dehradun he took the blessing of Mahant Harsevak of Guru Ram ray and Mahant offered two silver rods, two drums and a turban to Sudarshan Shah.
     On 17th Falgun Samvat 1872 (February 1816) , Sudarshan Shah reached to Tehri with his wives and family members. Sudarshan Shah established his capital in Tehri.
                    Eyewash methods by British or Crookedness of British

     British offered back the Kingdoms to all Kings of Himachal barring a couple of Kings without taking any tax.
                    British took following Kingdoms with it-
Jaunsar and Babar of Sirmaur (Garhwal)
Sabathu Garh and Sabathu Pargana
Raingarh, Rain Garh Pargana and Sindhuk of Bushehr
                   British showed that it give Sudarshan Shah the Kingdom just for mercy and curtsey A document by Atkinson (Himalayan Districts, page 680). The document shows that British accused Sudarshan Shah for not trying anything to Nepal- British war.  The document states that british offered Tehri Kingdom because Sudarshan Shah was spending his life in poverty. 



 

(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 17/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -830
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal









Bhishma Kukreti

  • Hero Member
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  • Posts: 18,218
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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #299 on: June 18, 2016, 10:03:06 AM »
                                       Sugauli Treaty
                           
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -300
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -830   
      
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

               British captured Dehradun, Garhwal Kumaon and Himachal. British officials started administrating those regions. However, there was no written statement from Nepal court for those regions as British region. Nepal court could not win the above regions but in future, Nepal could claim rights of the above Himalayan regions.  Amar Singh Thapa and other commanders had opinion that the lost region could be taken back by force. Therefore, British officials were eager for written agreement with Nepal.
    British was not ready only for rule over west of Kali River but British wanted to take the disputed land of Bhabhar and Tarai too. British Government wanted to weaken Nepal by all means.
                    Endeavors of Guru Gajraj Mishra
         Gajraj Mishra the Guru of Nepal King Ranbahadur was in exile in Banaras. Before, the war started, Nepal King sent money to Mishra that he starts dialogues for treaty with British government.  However, Gajraj Mishra did not act on that time.  However, after Nepal came under distress, Guru Gajraj Mishra became ready for starting dialogues with British officials. Gajraj Mishra reached Kathmandu with Chandrasekhar after receiving request from Nepal king. (Sanwal). Nepal officials were eager for treaty with British.
  Nepal King provided an authorization letter with his seal to Gajraj Mishra.
 On 28th May 1815, Gajraj Mishra and Chandrasekhar met Lieutenant Colonel Bradshaw in Sugauli.
            Bradshaw put a paper of conditions before them. Bradshaw put condition of region of Bhabhar and Tarai from Kali to Sista, British asked Nepal to hand over Nagari and Nagarkot region for Sikkim.
              Guru Gajraj did not agree for the conditions of British.Gajrak Mishra explained that he was not authorized for Nepal leaving  Tarai , Nagari and Nagarkot.
 After failure of meeting of Mishra and Bradshaw, High Command asked Edward Gardner for having discussion with Bamshah.

 
(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 18/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -831
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal










 

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