Author Topic: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh  (Read 37776 times)

Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #300 on: June 19, 2016, 09:56:53 AM »
  Bamshah discussing Treaty Conditions with Edward Gardner
 
                                       Sugauli Treaty -2
                           
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -301
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -831   
      
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
              On 4th July 1816, Bamshah informed Edward Gardner that Nepal King has authorized him for discussion on Treaty.
           Bamshah was not ready for his opponent group Thapa Dal getting credit for Treaty with British. His health was not permitting for him meeting Edward Gardner. Therefore, the brother of Bamshah Rudravir Shah the Subba of Salyan  met Edward Gardner many times.
  Rudravir Shah informed Edward Gardner that Nepal court authorized him for handing over the hill region and not the Tarai regions. Later on, Nepal court authorized to Rudravir Shah for Tarai region too. However, Rudravir did not agree handing over Tarai region to British.
         Rudravir Shah informed Gardner that all Nepali would fight for Tarai.
 There was deadlock for treaty between Nepal and British for many days.
  Gardner put another condition that British were ready to offer Jagir to Nepalese Bhardar (Jagirdar) in Tarai. However, Nepal court did not agree as people were against handing voer Tarai to British.
                         Amar Singh Thapa opposing Treaty

                 When Amar Singh Thapa, Ranjor Singh and other commanders of west reached to Nepal they opposed the treaty.
          Those commanders told that it was better to die in battle than handing over the territory to British. Amar Singh Thapa sent a letter to Nepal king from Himachal. However, Nepal King did not receive that letter. Amar Singh Thapa was still firm on his ideas. He was opinion that when Nepal would hand over the whole territory to British it would be difficult for Nepal to sustain such huge army. He told boldly that those who were supporting treaty they would support British and in near future British would capture whole of Nepal.
 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 19/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -832
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal











Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #301 on: June 20, 2016, 10:22:59 AM »
                       Fresh War Preparation

                                       Sugauli Treaty -3
                           
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -302
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -832   
      
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              There was no treaty even by discussion of British with Gajraj Mishra and Bamshah representatives. On 22nd July 1815, Governor General sent a threatening letter to Nepal King. In the threatening letter, Governor General stated that British believed on certain principles that it did not keep any demand that thereafter there was dispute.  The war was trust on us by Nepal as Nepal did not abide principles. Nepal thirsted war on British and British would not leave the rights to get back the loss occurred in war.
     However, due to insistences of Amar Singh Thapa and others Nepal court did not take any decision for treaty. There was hope of getting helps from China and Tibet Lamas.
            There was a discussion on the treaty in Nepal Court (Chhalbal). Amar Singh Thapa said that Nepal should wait the rainy season as British army had to go back in Rainy season. By that Nepal would get sufficient time for war with British. There was news that Chinese King sent an army from Digarchi for helping Nepal.
    Governor General closed the treaty discussion and instructed Ochterlony for new war with Nepal. Governor General authorized Ochterlony for discussion for treaty too. Governor General took decision for sending a huge army for Ochterlony.
 The instruction for Ochterlony was -
  1-Major General John Wood with 5000 soldiers and a few guns would capture Tarai of Gorakhpur region.     If possible, Wood would capture  Palpa , Tenzing and west valley of Nepal.
2-Lieutenant Colonel Gasper Nichols would capture Doti with 6500 soldiers and 20 Guns through Pilipbhit.  Edward Gardner would march with Nichols for luring Bamshah to be King of Doti and helping British.  Lieutenant Colonel Adams with army would enter Doti through Kumaon.
3-In far East , Captain Latter would protect border and would inspire Sikkimese for surrounding Nagari Fort.
4- Ochterlony would capture Makwanpur. If Nepal King did not be ready for treaty Ochterlony would march for capturing Kathmandu.
In that second campaign, there were 35,000 soldiers and more than 100canons. That huge army was enough for threatening 12000 soldiers Nepal Army. Hastings wanted to threaten Nepal by huge army.
  However, Nepal was not ready for bending before British without a war.

(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 20/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -833
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal












Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #302 on: June 21, 2016, 10:56:49 AM »
                         British Capturing Makwanpur
                                       Sugauli Treaty -4
                           
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -303
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -833   
      
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              By November 1815, the Army of Ochterlony started gathering at Balvi the border region of Saran. Ochterlony decided capturing Bhichhakhori Ghat by crossing three places of Chudia /Churiya Hill through three Army Battalions. Ahead of Bhichhakhori Ghat, there were cities and Garhs of Makwanpur. Gurkha planned to attack suddenly on British army Bhichhakhori Ghat Fort.  Ochterlony marched with 9500 soldiers and Canons for Bhichhakhori Ghat. Lieutenant Colonel Nichols was supposed to meet Ochterlony Mahajogi raod (thirty miles in west of Bhichhakhori Ghat) ahead of Rapti valley with 5000 soldiers. 35 miles right away from Ochterlony, Colonel Kelli marched towards Hariharpur through Lakhand Rivulet with 4000 soldiers. On 3rd February, Ochterlony started his march towards Bhichhakhori Ghat. On third day Ochterlony with army reached to Bhichhakhori Ghat region. Ochterlony stayed there for five days. However, no Gurkha soldiers were there in scene.
      An opium seller deceptively informed   that there was a steep and difficult road through Baluwater for Makwanpur but there was no Gurkha army. Ochterlony reached near Makwanpur with hardship. Gurkha soldiers ran away from Bhichhakhori Ghat towards Makwanpur. On 27th February 1816, a Battalion captured Bhichhakhori Ghat. After capturing Hathora, Ochterlony marched to Makwanpur.  On afternoon of 27th he reached to Makwanpur. 
        Second day, 3000 Gurkha attacked on British camp with canon fires. A gun fire blown ahead of Ochterlony camp and his servant with an inkpot died there. Before sun set there was fierce battle.  As per written records (Premble, Invasion of Nepal), Gurkha lost 800 soldiers and hundreds of Gurkha soldiers got injured. British lost 45 soldiers, 175 were injured and 2 were missing. Gurkha ran away from Makwanpur.
  When Kelli and his army reached to Hariharpur Gurkha army commander Ranjor Singh Thapa was there with 1000 soldiers for protection.  British army fired Canons continuously. There was heavy casualty in Gurkha camp. Gurkha commander Ranjor Singh Thapa and his army ran away from Hariharpur.
       According to a Gurkha source, there was war at other place too.  Maularam illustrated that war but with exaggeration.
                                End of War
     When a portion of Ochterlony army was marching ahead of Makwanpur, Bakhtawar Singh the brother of Bhimsen Thapa sent Chandrasekhar Upadhyaya with a treaty letter authorized by the Nepal King to Ochterlony. Ochterlony insulted the Envoy for a while and then later on took the letter. Ochterlony offered authorized Treaty letter by Governor General to Upadhyaya.
          Then, that  was end of war.

(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Upadhyaya, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 21/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -834
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal













Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #303 on: June 22, 2016, 10:38:45 AM »
                         9 British Provisions for Sugauli Treaty
                                       Sugauli Treaty -5
                           
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -304
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -834   
      
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
        The Sugauli Treaty Letter signed by Governor General was having 9 Provisions as follows –
1-There would be permanent treaty between Honorable East India Company and Nepal
2- Nepal declares leaving the rights on disputed land before the war and accepts the rights of East India Company on those regions.
3- Nepal King hands over the following land forever to east India Company-
1st - The plain land between Kali and Rapti Rivers
2nd  The land between Rapti and Gandak Rivers
3rd  – Whole plain land between Gandak and Kupta Rivers
4th  – Whole plain land between Meechi and Tista Rivers
5th – The fort of Nagari and hill regions of Meechi River, the ports of Nagar Kot towards morang Hill will be under British. The Gurkha soldiers have to vacate those regions within 40 days.
4- Gurkha Sardar and Bhardar will get pension due to above region coming under British territory. British would pay pension annually rupees two lakhs. Nepal King will submit the names of Bhardar and Sardar and pension amount. As soon as the King submit the names and amount Governor General would sign that paper and would be sent to those personnel.
5- Nepal King and his family will leave all rights on the territories of west of Kali River forever. The King will offer in writing that he will not have any relation with west of Kali River.
6-Nepal King will not make any loss to the territory under Sikkim King. In case of dispute between Sikkim King and Nepal King or subjects the decision of British will be final and Nepal would abide the decision.
7- Nepal King assured in writing that Nepal Kingdom will not offer service /employment to British, Indian and European without permission of British.
8- Both the parties will keep Advocate in courts of  both the parties.
9- There are nine sections on this Treaty. Nepal King will hand over his acceptance to Lieutenant Colonel Bradshaw within 15 days. Bradshaw will send the acceptance to Governor General and the acceptance of Governor General would be handed over to Nepal king by Bradshaw.
       Bradshaw handed over the letter with stamp to Chandrasekhar Upadhyaya on 2nd December 1815.  Upadhyaya handed over acceptance letter of Nepal with sign and stamp to Ochterlony on 4th March 1816 in Makwanpur. Ochterlony handed over the acceptance letter duly signed and stamp of Governor General to Upadhyaya.


(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Upadhyaya, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -835
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal














Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #304 on: June 23, 2016, 08:30:09 AM »
                     Gurkha insulting Amar Singh Thapa                 
                Sugauli Treaty -6
                           
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -305
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -835   
     Amar Singh Thapa was against the insulting treaty with British. Even after getting instruction from the King, he continued war with British in Himachal. After returning to Nepal, he was against treaty with British. Amar Singh Thapa was very sad after the Treaty.
          Amar Singh Thapa was crownless King in west of Kali River  and he got many enemies in Nepal court. His opponents started blaming Amar Singh Thapa for loss to Nepal by not going for Treaty.
   Thapa  was also blamed that he informed the King that all income was being spent on the army but he kept took money for him. It was information that he had eight lakhs rupees at the time of leaving Maluan.
        Opponents also blamed that Amar Singh Thapa was British agent. There were many rumors against Amar Singh Thapa in Kathmandu and Nepal.
 It is said that King did not meat Amar Singh Thapa when Thapa returned to Kathmandu. Amar Singh Thapa had to stay various places.
 Maularam states that he did suicide by taking diamond.
 Amar Singh Thapa died on 29th July 1816 in Nilkanth (Gusainkund). One of his wives burnt herself ( Sati) in a temple near Rasputnath. His death was a tragedy and no song was sung for him after he returned to Nepal.

(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Upadhyaya, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 23/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -836
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal















Bhishma Kukreti

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  • Posts: 18,326
  • Karma: +22/-1
Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #305 on: June 24, 2016, 10:28:58 AM »
                 Outcomes of Sugauli Treaty
                               Sugauli Treaty - 8
                           
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -306
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -836
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
   
    After British and Nepal treaty of Sugauli, new era started in Garhwal, Kumaon and Himachal.
                                  Nepal
          Nepal lost the Tarai territories and Himachal,, Garhwal and  Kumaon.. Nepal remained a sovereign Kingdom of Central Himalayas. British opened India for Nepalese to stay and becoming Indian citizens and still Nepalese come freely in India and becomes Indian citizens without any trouble. 
                   Himachal Pradesh
 British handed over the territories to their respective Kings of Himachal Pradesh.
                 Kumaon
           Whole Kumaon came directly under British rule and a couple of hill stations emerged in Kumaon. 
                          Garhwal
 The biggest loser was Garhwal. Today’s Their and Uttarkashi came under new Kingdom –Tehri Riyasat.
   Today’s Pauri and Chamoli Garhwal Districts came under British and Kumaon became the head quarter of Garhwal.

(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Upadhyaya, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 24/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -837
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference    
   
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal
















 

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