Author Topic: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh  (Read 37333 times)

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Our Senior Member Shri Bhishma Kukreti ji will post exclusive information about History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.

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-History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;

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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #1 on: January 03, 2015, 10:59:50 AM »
Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Kumaon, Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -1
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -520
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                    Gorkha is former Kingdom in confederation of 24 States or Gadhi Chaubeesi or twenty four Garhis. Gorkha kingdom was located in present North West Nepal. Gorkha was a famous hill city (55 miles North West of Kathmandu). It is said that Guru Gorakhnath did Tapsya in this Hill. There were Magar, garud, Thakuri and Khas the upper caste families and Harijan families Damai and Sarki. Bisht, Thapa, Basnet, Kunwar were major Khas people. All those people were called Gorkha. Doti, Tulu, Jumla, Chaubisis and Kumauni were called Padi or Pahadi. The inscription state Gorkha as Gorshya.  iIn fact, Nepali of other territories of Nepal are not Gorshya or Gorkha.
                  Old Stories about Origin of Gorkhas
          Bappa rawal was the prince of Mewar Kingdom. Gorkhas claim that they are descent of Brahmin and Rajput of North India (Rajasthan). Bappa Rawal was a warrior and was hiding as hunter in a Rajasthan forest where he met Guru Gorakhnath. Guru Gorakhnath presented a Khukri to Bappa Rawal and offered blessing too. The Guru taught Bappa Rawal to defend Muslim invasion. Bappa Rawal stopped Muslim advancement in Afghanistan.
 The descendents of Bappa Rawal won a small territory of Nepal (present Gorkha region) and named that territory as Gorkha for offering honor to Guru Gorakhnath.
 The Bhashavanshavali state that Khanchha was eldest son of Bhupal became the ruler of Magarant ( Bhirkot, Satahu and Garhu ). His youngest son Meecha (Abhay Singh) established his rule over Nuvakot and west part. Kulmundan the descendent of Meecha got the Crown of Nuvakot. Kulmundan got title as Shah by pleasing Delhi Mughal Emperor.
 There is no historical witness for proving Bhashavanshavali and folk stories.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 24/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -521
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
XX

History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #2 on: January 03, 2015, 11:00:32 AM »
Dravya Shah: The First Gorkha King in Context Uttarakhand, Himachal History

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -2
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -521
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

         The First Gorkha King Dravya Shah (1559-1570) belonged to Kulmandal. Before, Gorkha Rule, Gorkha were ruled by Ghule people (Khas, etc). Dravya Shah was camping in Chhoprak village near Gorkha land. Nearby Chhopal village, there was Liglig the Garud clan republican. They used to elect their King on Vijaya Dashami. When people were gathered to select their King, Dravya Shah attacked on the people and caught the right on Liglig.
 There was a Khas King ruling over Gorkha land. Tagadhari Khas (putting Janeu) and Matwali (who used to take alcohol) were dissatisfied with the Khas King. Narayan Arjyal and Ganesh Pande the well wishers of Dravya Shah enhanced the dissatisfaction among Khas people against Khas king Khandka. It was alsoe spread the rumor that Guru Gorakhnath blessed Dravya Shah. Dravya Shah attacked on Gorkha Land but was defeated by Gorkha. Then diplomatically, Dravya Shah got the people of Khandka on his side. On Krishnajanmashtami, Bhadrapada of 1559, people hid Dravya Shah in Tallakot (old Court or Fort) of Khandka. In mid night Dravya Shah attacked on Mathilo Kot or upper Fort and killed the Khas King of Khandka. Dravya Shah caught the Khandka in mid night. From that day, Shah Dynasty ruled over Gorkha Land. The successor Kings of Dravya Shah added title as Ati Prabal Gorkha-Dakshin Bahu , Mahadhipati.
Dravya Shah also caught rule of Singhanchauk and Ajay Garh.  Dravya Shah ruled from 1559-1570.






Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 25/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -522
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
XX
 History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;

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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #3 on: January 03, 2015, 11:01:24 AM »
 Gorkha King Rama Shah: Introducer of Many Laws or Muluki Ain or Edicts
 
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -3
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -522
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
                    Rama Shah (1606-1636)
  Rama Shah was grandson of Dravya shah and got crown after death of his elder brother Kshtra Shah. Their father Purendra Shah ruled Gorkha Land for thirty five year and Kshatra Shah only for seven months. King Rama Shah established a monastery in 1936 .
  It is said that Rama Shah extended the Gorkha territories Trisuli valley near Nepal proper;He extended his rule up to Tibet and west too.
 Rama Shah sent his missionaries to Delhi, Udaipur and Patan.
 Besides, skill in foreign relations, he became famous for law giver in Central and West Nepal. Gorkha became the place where disputes were resolved.
Gorkhavamsavali states that Rama Shah used to resolve disputes. There are 26 or 27 edicts in Gorkhavamsavali and it is said that Rama Shah promulgated a small porticos of those dictates. These edicts are not codes but are single order proclaims. They cover following topics-
1-The Royal Guru
2-On Measures
3-On Weights
4-About Debts of Grains
5-On Money Debts
6-On disputes over watering places
7- On Disputes over Oil Presses
8-On Irrigation canal Disputes
9-On Rewards of Land to Brahmins
10-Six Clans
11-Pasture for Cattle
12-On Preservation of Trees on road side
13- On Preservation of Trees at Watering Sources
14-On Banishment of Brahmin and their kin committing murder
15-On Execution of Members of other group committing murder
16-On Wearing Gold
18-Edicts lost
19-Duties of Brahmins
20 Duties of Pande Brahmins in Gorkha
21-On Worship in Talla Kot and Darbar
22-On Appointments of Dada etc
23-On Harvest Division
24-On Twelve and Eighteen Thar
25-On Agreement of Kingdom of Patan with King of King Siddhi Narsimha Malla
26-On touching stone in Expiation
27-On Witches

 
(From –Gyevali , 1933, Rama Shah ko Jivani, Darjeeling and  www.lawcommision.gov.np )
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 26/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -523
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Gorkhavamsavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #4 on: January 03, 2015, 11:02:01 AM »
             Prithvi Pati Shah: A Wicked Gorkha King
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -4
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -523
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

           The three successors of Gorkha King Rama Shah were weak Kings. The Lumjung King captured some part of Gorkha regime from the successors of Rama Shah. The fourth successor of Rama Shah was Prithvi Pati Shah. It was obvious that Prithvi Pati Shah was not strong enough to snatch the lost territory from Lumjung Kingdom. Prithvi Pati made a strategy and under the plan he exiled his youngest son Ran Dulla Shah. Ran Dulla Shah took asylum in Lumjung Kingdom and became favorite of the King. Lumjung King offered governorship to Ran Dulla Shah for the Gorkha Land won by Lumjung Kingdom. Getting proper opportunity Ran Dulla Shah handed over the Gorkha land under Lumjung to Gorkha Kingdom and came back to Gorkha.
  As a  result Ran Dulla Shah became favourite to his father. The Crown Prince Bir Bhadra Shah did not like the liking of his fftaher for Ran Dulla Shah. Ran Dulla Shah tried to Bir Bhadra that he was faithful to Crown Prince but Bir Bhadra was not convinced. Ran Dulla Shah committed suicide. Bir Bhadra went to Kathmandu for worshipping Pashupati Nath as repent. He died while returning from Kathmandu to Gorkha. A son ( Narabhupal Shah ) of Bir Bhadra was born in Royal Palace of Tanahun. Dala Shah the third son of Prithvi Pati Shah was blind. Narabhupal Shah was ascended on crown in 1716 AD.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 27/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -524
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #5 on: January 03, 2015, 11:03:18 AM »
 Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah: Who Used Diplomacy for Gorkha Kingdom Extension

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -5
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -524
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                  Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah (1697-1743)
          Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah (1697-1743) was grandson of Prtithvi Pati Shah, son of Bir Bhadra shah and father of Pritvi Narayan Shah.
 Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah was ambitious and courageous King.
      The Nepal region was divided in three Kingdoms – Bhadgaon, Patan and Kathumandu. The Kings of those Kingdoms were from same blood link. However, they used to fight for pity matters too.
              Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah initiated the strategy for capturing Nepal Kingdoms under Gorkha Kingdom.
          Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah increased armed forces and used various diplomatic tactics for capturing other territories.
          Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah had marriages of his family members with the King families of Parvat, Khanchi, Palpa and Tanhu. 
 After preparation, he attacked to Nuvakot. Nuvakot army defeated Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah army. Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah blamed to his Army Chief Jay Prakash Mall for the defeat and exiled him.  Jay Prakash Mall took asylum under Kathmandu King. Kathmandu King helped Nuvakot Kingdom in the battle. Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah had treaty with Bhadgaon King that was enemy of Kathmandu King. Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah sent his ten years old son Prtithvi Narayan Shah to Bhadgaon to live there. Prithvi Narayan Shah took full knowledge of Bhadgaon.
 Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah decided to marry his son Prithvi Narayan Shah with daughter of Hemkaran Sen the Makwanpur Kingdom King. Makwanpur was at strategic territory to circle Nuvakot and Kathmandu Kingdoms. However, after marriage, Hemkarn Sen refused to sned his daughter to Gorkha Land.
 Angered Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah married his son Prithvi Narayan Shah with daughter of Ahiman Singh of Banras Jil. Later on Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah married his other two sons with daughters of Ahiman Singh family.
Those diplomatic tactics became powerful tool for Prithvi Narayan Shah for extending Gorkha Kingdom. 

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 29/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -525
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #6 on: January 03, 2015, 11:04:05 AM »
              Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah: First King of Unified Nepal

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -6
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -525
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
 Prithvi Narayan Shah (1743-10January 1775) was born in 1723 and coroneted in 1743. At the same time his father in law the King of Makwanpur invited Prithvi Narayan to take his wife (daughter of Makwanpur King) . Prithvi Narayan reached to Makwanpur. However, Pritvi Narayan created conflict there for a pity matter. Prithvi Narayan Shah returned without wife.
                                             Attack on Nuvakot
   Returning without wife, Prithvi Narayan was feeling insulted. He sent his army chief Biraj Thapa with big army for capturing Nuvakot. Nuvakot army defeated Gorkha army. Rattled with defeat, Prithvi Narayan sent another force under Maheshwar Pant. There was competition between Thapa and Pant to defeat Nuvakot. Nuvakot army generals were devoted to their Kingdom and wisely they defeated both the Gorkha army.
                    Collection of Arms and Ammunition by Prithvi Narayan Shah
            Getting defeat from Nuvakot, Prithvi Narayan was forced to pay attention on his force, arms and ammunition and strategies.
   In the mean time, Rohilla captured Kumaon. Till then, Hill Kingdoms were supposed to be unwinnable by army from plains. The stories about weakness of Kumaon and looting by Rohillas spread all over Hill regions.
         It was known that Rohillas used guns and gun powders taken from British people. The Christian missionaries and tourists from Varanasi also told to people of Gorkha that British guns are more lethal than conventional weapons.
 Prithvi Narayan handed over the Kingdom to his confident minister Kalu Pande and came to Varanasi with his aids. There with the help of his father in law Ahiman Singh and a Avsthi sage, Prithvi Narayan Shah purchased gun powder and guns in ample quantity and came to Gorkha. He got trained his men for gun powder arms. He opened to factories for manufacturing gun powder and guns in Gorkha land. The trainers Sheikh Jabar, Muhmmad Takki, Bhairav Singh were called from plains. They trained Gorkha army for using guns etc.
 Prithvi Narayan Shah made army training for every male citizen compulsory.

Read more about Prithvi Narayan Shah in next chapter….
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 31/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -526
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #7 on: January 03, 2015, 11:04:59 AM »
                 History of Gorkha Prithvi Narayan Shah capturing Nuwakot 

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -7
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -526
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

 Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah was bent to capture Nuvakot. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah was aware about Kaski , Lumjung, Tanhu and Palpa Kingdoms could help Nuvakot. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah created cordial relations with those Kingdom Kings.
           After having cordial relations with the above Kingdom, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah attacked Nuwakot in1744 from three sides. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah army defeated Nuwakot army and destroyed Nuwakot.
         Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah ordered to de-skin his ex- army chief Jayant Rana (who took asylum in Nuwakot). Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah suppressed the people with cruel means.
            Nuwakot had defense and economic importance for Gorkha Kingdom. After capturing Nuwakot, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah closed the commercial road from Kathmandu to Tibet.
          Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah built a palace in Nuwakot.

Read more about Prithvi Narayan Shah in next chapter….
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 1/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -527
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
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Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #8 on: January 03, 2015, 11:05:51 AM »
 Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah Punishing and Murdering Jaisi Brahmins

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -8
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -527
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

             After winning Nuwakot, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah planned to win over Kathmandu.  Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah did not attack directly on Kathmandu. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah took diplomatic uses to disturb Kathmandu. Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah created rifts between Kathmandu King Jay Prakash Mall and his officers. Jay Prakash Mall sentenced death penalty for his many officers without finding the realities. After knowing the facts, Jay Prakash Mall decided to capture the son of Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah in Nuwakot through Jaisi Brahmins. Knowing the conspiracy of Jaisi Brahmins, Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah sentenced death penalty for Jaisi Brahmins. 
       Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah also deprived Jaisi Brahmins from Brahminship. From that time, Jaisi Brahmins did not perform the job of Purohitai. People stopped Saluting (Pay Lagun) Jaisi communities as was the custom for saluting to Brahmins. King did not us to sentence death punishment to Brahmin. However, now Jaisi Brahmins were sentenced death as punishment too. 



Read more about Prithvi Narayan Shah in next chapter….
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 2/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -528
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Xx
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
स्वच्छ भारत !  स्वच्छ भारत ! बुद्धिमान भारत


Bhishma Kukreti

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Re: History of Gorkha Rules over Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh
« Reply #9 on: January 03, 2015, 11:06:32 AM »
          Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah betraying Tanhu King
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -9
   
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -528
 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
  The kings of Chaubisi regions were feeling heat by the winning spree of Prithvi Narayan Shah. When Prithvi Narayan Shah attacked and won over Nuwakot, the Tanhu king sent his emissary to Kathmandu King. Tanhu King proposed a collective group to meet the challenges of Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah.
 Tanhu King helped Parbat and Lumjang Kingdom when they fought with Prithvi Naran army in 1775 in Singhan chauk battle.
 Prithvi Narayan Shah took deceptive strategy to finish Tanhu. The Rajguru of Tanhu was also well wisher of father of Prithvi Narayan and Guru Gaureshwar pant blessed his father. . Prithvi Narayan Shah had dialogue with Gaureshwar Pant the Rajguru of Tanhu Kingdom about treaty with Tanhu King. Tanhu King believed on Prithvi Narayan Shah. Tanhu king went to see Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah. Soldiers of Prithvi Narayan Shah hid weapons below sand. When Tanhu King and Prithvi Narayan were meeting, the soldiers of Prithvi Narayan Shah caught Tanhu King and made him captive.   
    Prithvi Narayan also sent Gaureshwar Pant on exile.
                    Defeat of Prithvi Narayan Shah in Kirtipur
          Kirtipur Kingdom had strategic position in Nepal regions. In May 1757, Prithvi Narayan Shah attacked on Kirtipur. Kirtipur defeated Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah. Kirtipur army killed able Gorkha Prime Minister Kalu Pande and huge numbers of Gorkha soldiers. Prithvi Narayan Shah had to flee from battle field in night. Kirtipur made huge loss of arms and ammunitions and soldiers.
            Gorkha King  Prithvi Narayan Shah did not act much for two three years due to huge losses in battle with Kirtipur.


Read more about Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah in next chapter….
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 3/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -529
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;
स्वच्छ भारत !  स्वच्छ भारत ! बुद्धिमान भारत


 

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