Author Topic: Upcoming Festivals - आने वाले स्थानीय त्यौहार  (Read 38632 times)

Girdhar Joshi

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As a kid I still remember folks from my village and surrounding villages would bring ghee/doodh/Curd(yogurt) and stems of arbi(Pinaloo??) to our home .And my g'ma (aama) would give them some money/cloths etc.My g’pa (Bubu) was the Thokdaar of our patti and  my  (aama) would tell us by doing this people show their respect for our family. Now those days are over and we really don’t expect anyone to show up, but back home my family tells me they still have some visitors to show their gratitude and respect.

 p.s . I gotta double check if it was ghee-tyaar only .



You are right sir our tradition is undoubtedly great.

Girdhar Joshi

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महर जी,
हमारे नैनीताल जनपद में घ्यो सन्क्रांत को ओईगिया या ऒल्गिया कहते हैं।


hamare yaha bhi olgiya hi kahte hai

D.N.Barola / डी एन बड़ोला

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Harela and Bhitoli festival of Kumaon

Blooming Harela on the tenth day.

Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya
Laag Haryaw, Laag Dasain,  Laag Chait,  Laag Panchami, Laag Bighauti, Laag Bagwal,
Yo din sab din bhaitan raya;
Syaw jasi buddhi ho, syoan k jas taran ho;
Dharti barabar Chakaw ho, Aasman barabar Uchch ho.
Dub k jas fabee jai; Janthi teki hagane hun jaye,
Sil pish bhat khaye,
Bach rai yo din yo maas bhaitan rai;
Yo hariyaw ka tik, agal haryaw k nyoat
Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya…..

Free translation of the above is as under:
Long live, be vigilant, be satisfied and flourish.
Let the Harela, Dussehra, Chaitra, Panchami, Bighauti and the
month of Diwali, all be auspicious to you
Continue meeting us and relatives all days;
Let you have the brain of a fox and stamina of a Lion;
You should be as liberal as mother earth and
 you should have the stature as high as sky;
You should have rapport with the people like the way grass spreads fast.
With the support of a stick, you should go to ease yourself;
You should eat rice, by grinding on a stone (sil)
On this day of Harela you are here and we invite you for the next Harela.
Long live, be vigilant, be satisfied and flourish……..
Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya (Long live, Be vigilant, Be satisfied and flourish……)     are the blessings which the parents bestows upon their children from the core of their heart on the auspicious  day of Harela. Harela is a symbol of greenery, gaiety, pleasure and prosperity. It indicates the concern which our forefather had for ecology and environment. Mythological importance of Herala lies in the fact that Lord Shiva and Parvati's marriage is believed to have taken place on this day.
On this day newly married girls anxious to visit their paternal homes look for someone to escort them to their paternal homes. They visit their paternal homes to offer Harela to their brothers and to take the blessings of their father, mother and and elders.Harela is celebrated on the 10th day of Navratras, which normally falls on 16 July. There are three Navratras, i.e. a holy period of nine days Chatra Shukla Dasmi is the first Navratra which falls in March/April, the next is Shravan Krishna Dasami which falls in July.August and the third in Ashwin Shukla Paksha Dasami, i.e. September.October. Devotees of Maa Durga pray every day during the Navratras and observe fast for nine days. On the tenth day offerings are given in honour of Maa Durga. The Shravan Krishna Dasami (July-August) Herala is celebrated all over Kumaon. In fact this is a festival which is celebrated to mark the advent of rainy season. It falls on the first day of Shravan (July).  On this day the Sun enters the house of Moon and the days start receding. The seeds of about five or seven kinds of grains, i.e. wheat, barley, maze, horse-bean, mustard, Jhungar, Bhatt (soyabean) or Gahat (Ghauat) etc. are mixed together ten days prior to the Harela and sown in pots inside a dark room. Small baskets or pots numbering two, five or seven are filled with earth and are kept inside the house.
The family priest or the elder member of the family sprinkles the seeds in the baskets. Water is also sprinkled after worshipping the Gods. The baskets are kept in a dark room, so that the sunlight or sunrays do not fall on them. This is done for two reasons. This way Harela becomes yellow and the growth of the plant becomes faster, because every plant has a tendency to grow in the direction of the sunlight. In order to attract sunlight the plants try to grow faster. It is also a test of the seeds available with the family. Thus the people are able to know about the quality of the seed sown by them. The seeds are watered regularly. The Harela is given a time period of ten days to germinate. On the ninth day ceremonial digging by a special tool is done. After digging the Herala is tied by the sacred thread called Kalawa.
 
On the tenth day, the seeds sprout. Yellow or light green grasses shoot out from the soil and they are plucked. It is symbolic of the flourishing of future harvest. On the last day of month of Aasarh, one day before the celebration of Harela, a mock wedding is done with small clay idols. At some places wooden hoes are also made. Gaily painted images of Shiva, Parvati and Ganesh etc. are prepared and worshipped on the Shakranti day.  These small idols of gods and goddesses are called Dikars. Overworked bullocks are also given a rest on the occasion of Harela. Thus the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati is celebrated and the people welcome the rainy season and the new harvest.
 The significance of this festival is that this day the parents or elders of the family visit the place of their daughters and offer presents to them called Bhitauli. Likewise brothers offer presents and monetary allowance to them. At some places Harela festival Fare are also held. Harela Fare of Bhimtal (Nainital) is famous.

On the 10th day the Harela is cut and people put them on their heads and behind the ears. The method of putting Harela on the head is also prescribed. First the Harela is put on the feet. After touching the upper portion of the feet, the Harela touches the knee then chest and then shoulders. After touching the Harela on these parts of the body, some Harela blades are kept behind the ears and ultimately some Harela is kept on the head. The blades of the grass are sent to friends and relatives as well. While putting Harela on the head, the elderly member of the family worshipping the Harela sings the folk song of blessings.
Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya (The full text is given on top)
     .
 
.
 


D.N.Barola / डी एन बड़ोला

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Harela and Bhitoli festival of Kumaon


 

 



एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Harela and Bhitoli festival of Kumaon

Blooming Harela on the tenth day.

Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya
Laag Haryaw, Laag Dasain,  Laag Chait,  Laag Panchami, Laag Bighauti, Laag Bagwal,
Yo din sab din bhaitan raya;
Syaw jasi buddhi ho, syoan k jas taran ho;
Dharti barabar Chakaw ho, Aasman barabar Uchch ho.
Dub k jas fabee jai; Janthi teki hagane hun jaye,
Sil pish bhat khaye,
Bach rai yo din yo maas bhaitan rai;
Yo hariyaw ka tik, agal haryaw k nyoat
Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya…..

Free translation of the above is as under:
Long live, be vigilant, be satisfied and flourish.
Let the Harela, Dussehra, Chaitra, Panchami, Bighauti and the
month of Diwali, all be auspicious to you
Continue meeting us and relatives all days;
Let you have the brain of a fox and stamina of a Lion;
You should be as liberal as mother earth and
 you should have the stature as high as sky;
You should have rapport with the people like the way grass spreads fast.
With the support of a stick, you should go to ease yourself;
You should eat rice, by grinding on a stone (sil)
On this day of Harela you are here and we invite you for the next Harela.
Long live, be vigilant, be satisfied and flourish……..
Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya (Long live, Be vigilant, Be satisfied and flourish……)     are the blessings which the parents bestows upon their children from the core of their heart on the auspicious  day of Harela. Harela is a symbol of greenery, gaiety, pleasure and prosperity. It indicates the concern which our forefather had for ecology and environment. Mythological importance of Herala lies in the fact that Lord Shiva and Parvati's marriage is believed to have taken place on this day.
On this day newly married girls anxious to visit their paternal homes look for someone to escort them to their paternal homes. They visit their paternal homes to offer Harela to their brothers and to take the blessings of their father, mother and and elders.Harela is celebrated on the 10th day of Navratras, which normally falls on 16 July. There are three Navratras, i.e. a holy period of nine days Chatra Shukla Dasmi is the first Navratra which falls in March/April, the next is Shravan Krishna Dasami which falls in July.August and the third in Ashwin Shukla Paksha Dasami, i.e. September.October. Devotees of Maa Durga pray every day during the Navratras and observe fast for nine days. On the tenth day offerings are given in honour of Maa Durga. The Shravan Krishna Dasami (July-August) Herala is celebrated all over Kumaon. In fact this is a festival which is celebrated to mark the advent of rainy season. It falls on the first day of Shravan (July).  On this day the Sun enters the house of Moon and the days start receding. The seeds of about five or seven kinds of grains, i.e. wheat, barley, maze, horse-bean, mustard, Jhungar, Bhatt (soyabean) or Gahat (Ghauat) etc. are mixed together ten days prior to the Harela and sown in pots inside a dark room. Small baskets or pots numbering two, five or seven are filled with earth and are kept inside the house.
The family priest or the elder member of the family sprinkles the seeds in the baskets. Water is also sprinkled after worshipping the Gods. The baskets are kept in a dark room, so that the sunlight or sunrays do not fall on them. This is done for two reasons. This way Harela becomes yellow and the growth of the plant becomes faster, because every plant has a tendency to grow in the direction of the sunlight. In order to attract sunlight the plants try to grow faster. It is also a test of the seeds available with the family. Thus the people are able to know about the quality of the seed sown by them. The seeds are watered regularly. The Harela is given a time period of ten days to germinate. On the ninth day ceremonial digging by a special tool is done. After digging the Herala is tied by the sacred thread called Kalawa.
 
On the tenth day, the seeds sprout. Yellow or light green grasses shoot out from the soil and they are plucked. It is symbolic of the flourishing of future harvest. On the last day of month of Aasarh, one day before the celebration of Harela, a mock wedding is done with small clay idols. At some places wooden hoes are also made. Gaily painted images of Shiva, Parvati and Ganesh etc. are prepared and worshipped on the Shakranti day.  These small idols of gods and goddesses are called Dikars. Overworked bullocks are also given a rest on the occasion of Harela. Thus the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati is celebrated and the people welcome the rainy season and the new harvest.
 The significance of this festival is that this day the parents or elders of the family visit the place of their daughters and offer presents to them called Bhitauli. Likewise brothers offer presents and monetary allowance to them. At some places Harela festival Fare are also held. Harela Fare of Bhimtal (Nainital) is famous.

On the 10th day the Harela is cut and people put them on their heads and behind the ears. The method of putting Harela on the head is also prescribed. First the Harela is put on the feet. After touching the upper portion of the feet, the Harela touches the knee then chest and then shoulders. After touching the Harela on these parts of the body, some Harela blades are kept behind the ears and ultimately some Harela is kept on the head. The blades of the grass are sent to friends and relatives as well. While putting Harela on the head, the elderly member of the family worshipping the Harela sings the folk song of blessings.
Jee rayai, Jag rayai;  Tishtiyai, panapiya (The full text is given on top)
     .
 
.
 



Very good artile sir... .  Hope a lot of will get them acquianted with this exclusive information about Harela.

हुक्का बू

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शाबाश नान्तिनो,
     बहुते भली जानकारी दी राखे तुम लोगन ले, यो देखिबेर पुरान दिन याद आ गयीं, घी-त्यार क दिन पीतल की ब्याला(कटोरी) में भर बेर घी खांछी। आब त बबा नै ताकत छ, नै पचा सकने की शक्ति, आब तुमारी आमा गोरु-भैंसा नै पाल सकनी, नान्तिना ब्याहर भ्या। कभै-कभै आ जांनी------घर में मैं और तुमरी आमा....कां भटै खानु इजा घी, आब त रोटा में चुपड़ना खिनै ले नै हुन।

दिगौ....उ दिन।

D.N.Barola / डी एन बड़ोला

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Khatarua festival of Kumaon

With the establishment of Uttarakhand Khatarua is loosing its charm and is being celebrated with lukewarm enthusiasm. Naturally popularity of this festival has declined over a period of time, because the people of Kumaon do not want to hurt the sentiments of their own brethren.  Now in villages it is celebrated just worth the name’s sake. They still celebrate it as they fear that in case they do not celebrate this festival, their cows might stop milking. Khatarua is celebrated on 1 Gate of the month of Ashwin (Asauj), normally on 17 September every year, when the sun enters the house of Virgo.  On this day the children in groups make banners of flowers holding colourful flags cry Bhello Khatarua Bhello Bhello and say ‘Chal Khatarua dhare dhar; gay ki jeet, Khatarua ki haar’ ( Let Khatarua travel from one hill top to another hill top, Cow has won and Khatarua stands defeated.) It is a Festival of bonfires. Bonfires called the ‘fire of Khatarua’ are believed to reduce to ashes all that is evil. The initiative to celebrate the festival Khatarua is normally taken by the children.
 
Khatarua marks the onset of winter season. It signifies the arrival of the autumn season, a very important time of the year for the pastoral - agricultural society. Bonfires, around which children dance and offerings of cucumber to the fire of Khatarua mark the celebrations. Cucumbers’ offerings, as is the popular belief, destroy all evil influences. From this date, people in Kumaon start using one Khatari (Quilt) in the night. The scene of small children dancing around the bonfires is lovely. The unrestrained merry making of the innocent children creates a perfect picture of happiness. Their enthusiasm and excitement centering the festival is unlimited. They come with bright coloured flags in their hands when they go round the bonfires. On the day of the celebration large quantities of fire wood and grass are stacked at cross-roads or prominent places and effigies of Khatarua are made. To the heap is also added broken furniture, pieces of paper and all that is considered waste in the house. With the thickening of darkness fire is lit to the heap and when the effigies are engulfed in flames children beat the fire with sticks which are adorned with flowers and cucumber pieces. When the flames subside, children jump across the fire and eat and distribute cucumbers. Thereafter lighted torches, lit from the bonfire are taken to different cattle heads to ward off evil spirits. It marks the onset of winter and it is to prepare the people against the coming winter. It reminds them of the necessity of gathering firewood and fodder which would be required to   brave the severe cold of the winter months. Animals are taken special care of on this day. They are fed with fresh green grass. Elders say that the heap of grass should be upto the hight of the head of the cow. That means the cows must be fed to the maximum.
   
It is said that there used to be frequent wars between Kumaon and Garhwal Kings. After the death of Kumaon King Rudra Chand there were many disputes between the successors. After two years defeating his all brothers Raja Baj Bahadur Chand succeeded Rudra Chand.and sat in Almora as King of Kumaon. It took 2 years for Baj Bahadur Chand to defeat his own brothers.  During this period there was lawlessness and anarchy in Kumaon. There was no government worth the name. The King of Garhwal took advantage of this position in Kumaon and the Garhwal king attacked the Kumaon from Chaukhutia and Gwaldam and reached up to Dwarahat and Garur.  Khatar Singh was the Senapati (Commander) of Garhwal’s Army. They could defeat the Kumaonis for about 14 times.  Khatar Singh unleashed a reign of terror in the border areas of Kumaon.  People of Dwarahat, Garur and Chaukhutia and adjoining areas went to the Darbar of Almora Monarch and prayed to King Baj Bahadur Chand to save them from the atrocities of the attackers. Baj Bahadur Chand immediately dispatched a contingent of soldiers to save the Kumaonis.  The army of King of Kumaon attacked the Chandpur Garhi Fort situated near Adibadri and destroyed the Chand Pur garhi Fort. It was very tough to get this victory. It was rainy season and the month of September. The Chandpur Garhi is situated on the top of the Hill. Hence Garhwali army was in advantage. Naturally there were massive casualties in the Kumaoni side.  The Kumaoni King Baj Bahadur Singh played a trick. He sent a hoard of cows into the Garhi. The soldier of the army of Bahadur Chand went inside the fort concealing them with cows. Some say that soldiers attacked the Garhi with Flags depicting the picture of Cow. Since cow is sacred to the Hindus, Garhwali Commander could not retaliate fully, fearing injury to the cows. Thus this tactful maneuvering by the Kumaonis was instrumental in winning the battle. Senapati Khatar Singh was killed by the Kumaoni Army during this attack. Thus the cows became the saviours of the Kumaoni army. This is the reason that some people celebrate it as the victory of the Cow and they raise slogans Gay (cow) ki jeet and Khaturuwae ki haar; bhag khatarua dhare dhar; gay ki jeet Khaturwae ki haar.
Victory was celebrated in the Garhi Fort. No foodstuff was available in the Fort or the adjoining villages, due to the adverse effects of the War; hence the Kumaoni soldiers and the people celebrated the victory by distributing pieces of cucumber, which was available in abundance at that time. Since there were no means of communication during that period, the victory message was to be flashed to the Capital of Kumaon at Almora. Bonfire was burnt at one hill top and the villagers on Kumaon side burnt the fire in subsequent hill tops. Thus the message could reach Kumaoni capital, Almora. Since the victory at Garhi Fort was celebrated with the distribution of cucumber, hence people started celebrating the victory every year by distributing cucumber amongst them. With the times it became a custom amongst the people. People started believing that in case they do not eat cucumber on this day, it will be a bad omen. At the Chand pur Garhwi fort there used to be an inscription stating that this fort was damaged by Kumaon King Baj Bahadur Chand. Some people in villages celebrate this festival with lukewarm response. In fact it is festival of children and they celebrate it just for their recreation. But it is a part of history.


पंकज सिंह महर

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दिनांक १६ अगस्त, २००८ को रक्षा-सूत्र बंधन का त्यौहार है, साथ ही पिथौरागढ़ और बागेश्वर में इसी दिन शाम को घी-त्यार भी मनाया जायेगा। इसी दिन पूर्णिमा भी है, व्रत रखने वाले नोट कर लें।
     दिनांक १७ अगस्त, २००८ को संकरात (संक्रान्ति) है तथा इस दिन अन्य भागों में घी-त्यार, ओलगिया मनाया जायेगा। सभी को इन पावन पर्वों की शुभकामनायें।

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sir ji JANMASHTAMI TO 24 AUGUST-2008 SUNDAY KO HAI

Risky Pathak

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हमारे पहाडो में कई स्थानों पर व्रत की पूर्णिमा १ दिन पहले की जाती है|
इसलिए सब पूछते है "बर्ते पुन्यु कब छू"

दिनांक १६ अगस्त, २००८ को रक्षा-सूत्र बंधन का त्यौहार है, साथ ही पिथौरागढ़ और बागेश्वर में इसी दिन शाम को घी-त्यार भी मनाया जायेगा। इसी दिन पूर्णिमा भी है, व्रत रखने वाले नोट कर लें।
     दिनांक १७ अगस्त, २००८ को संकरात (संक्रान्ति) है तथा इस दिन अन्य भागों में घी-त्यार, ओलगिया मनाया जायेगा। सभी को इन पावन पर्वों की शुभकामनायें।


 

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