Author Topic: Rhododendron(Buransh) The Famous Flower of Uttarakhand - बुरांश  (Read 99049 times)

D.N.Barola / डी एन बड़ोला

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Buransh flower, Rhododendron


Para Bhira main buransh fulee go; main jai kunoo meri Heeroo ai gay chho!  Thus sings a

Mother, when Buransh blooms. She says-On the other side of the ridge, the Buransh is
 
blooming; I had been contemplating as if my daughter Heeroo has come. She compares

the colour of Bransh flower with that of the Chunri of her daughter and craves for the

arrival of her daughter to her home-Maika.
 
     Rhododendron (Rhodo) or Buransh is Uttarakhand's State Tree. This honour has rightfully been bestowed upon this tree, because it is a highly useful tree and has so many medicinal properties. It grows at a height of 5 to 7,500 feet and blooms in various colours. It is a plant in the family of Ericaceae with over 1000 species throughout the world and most have showy flower display. It is a dense, suckering shrub growing to 5 m tall, rarely 8 m. The leaves are evergreen, 6-18 cm long and 2-5 cm broad. The flowers are 3.5-5 cm diameter, violet-purple, often with small greenish-yellow spots or streaks. The fruit is a dry capsule 15-25 mm long, containing numerous small seeds.
 In Uttarakhand normally Buransh is available in dark red colour. It is however found in pink colour at some places. White Buransh is rare and is rich in medicinal properties. Buransh has a dominant role in the folk lore and folk songs of the hills. The women folk can be seen singing the folk song, Pare bhira buransh fuli go...(In the far away hills, Buransh has bloomed...). The daily chores of the women in the hills include a visit to the Jungle for procuring grass and wood for their daily requirements. After finishing off their jobs they enjoy singing the Pahari folk songs in small groups, some times with their male counterparts, who happen to be there as Cow Keeper. This makes their monotonous life enjoyable.

   The blooming of Rhodo presents a fantastic look. In the back-drop of shining silvery Himalayas, the dark red Rhodo flowers portray a celestial picture. After blooming a chunk of Rhodo flowers starts falling on the foot-path down below, which gets a dark red cover of rhodo flowers. Trekkers enjoy the red-carpet welcome accorded to them by the Nature's bounteous gesture. Rhodo is available as a soft drink in selected shops. This drink has a slightly bitter taste, but is quite tasty and relished as a cold drink. Coffee lovers have special liking for this drink. It is good for heart.  You can cook tasty Pakoras from the flower petals of Buransh. People feel that conservation and plantation of Buransh tree in large numbers can help fight the global warming phenomenon, which will go a long way in maintaining the ecological balance in the hills. Rhododendron leaves are useful as fertilizer. It’s a fast de-composing compost fertilizer. Buransh flower has ample pollen, this is the reason it is a centre of attraction for the honey-bees. They extract honey from the flower.  If you happen to visit a Buransh forest when it is in full bloom, you nay have a hallucination as if fire has broken upon the forest. Its red colour spread over a large area gives such an illusion to the passerby. The Buransh flower is also considered to be lucky for worshipping the Gods.
There is a Lok Katha (story) about the Buransh flower. There was a girl who got married at a far off village.  Her husband was out for employment in a distant place. Her Mother-in-law was a cruel lady and she would keep the girl busy in daily house-hold chorus. She had to fetch water, wood and had to look after the horde of cows. The girl did not have any brother. She had only her mother who was quite old.  She wanted to go to meet her, but the cruel mother-in-law would not allow her to go to her Mother. One day she came to know that her Mother is ill.  She asked her mother-in-law permission to go to meet her mother, but initially she refused, but ultimately yielded and asked her to finish the whole task and then only allowed her to go to meet her mother.

She ran towards her home through the jungle in the hilly terrain amidst hills and valleys. She got injured many times and her feet started bleeding, but so overjoyed the girl was with the imagination of meeting her mother that she continued to run.  The sun was going to dawn. She could reach near her Maika (Mother’s house). She saw her mother standing outside her house. She ran to meet her mother. She took it as a dream, but when her mother embraced her, she could believe that she is with her mother.  Both started weeping. It was a heart throbbing re-union of the mother and the daughter. Afraid and alarmed with the fact that she would be required to part separated with her mother, as she was required to get back, the next day, she had a cruel shock. She could not bear the shock and died.  She uttered Ija (mother) and expired instantaneously.  It is said that after some days, a plant grew at that place. It is none but the red coloured rhododendron (Buransh) flower. Even today Buransh flower makes the mothers remember their daughters.(D.N.Barola)







एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #1 on: August 17, 2008, 01:07:15 PM »
Seen at an altitude of about 3000 metres on the way to Madamaheswar, Uttarakhand, India.


एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #2 on: August 17, 2008, 01:08:10 PM »
The path to Madamaheswar (3289 metres in the Garhwal Himalayas) is strenuous no doubt, but the trekker is rewarded with countless beauties of the Himalayas. This portion of the path is covered with wild rhododendron flowers of at least 5 colors.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #3 on: August 17, 2008, 01:10:23 PM »




New branches of a Rhododendron tree

Seen at an altitude of about 3000 metres on the way to Madamaheswar, Uttarakhand, India.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #4 on: August 17, 2008, 01:11:32 PM »
Rhododendron 1



Seen at an altitude of about 3000 metres on the way to Madamaheswar, Uttarakhand, India.

एम.एस. मेहता /M S Mehta 9910532720

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #5 on: August 17, 2008, 01:19:45 PM »
Rhododendron, Binsar

पंकज सिंह महर

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #6 on: August 27, 2008, 05:15:37 PM »
बुरांस मध्यम ऊँचाई का सदापर्णी वृक्ष है। यह हिमालय क्षेत्र से लगभग १५०० मीटर से ३६०० मीटर की ऊँचाई पर पाया जाता है। इसकी पत्तियाँ मोटी एवं पुष्प घंटी के आकार के लाल रंग के होते हैं। मार्च-अप्रैल में जब इस वृक्ष में पुष्प खिलते हैं तब यह अत्यन्त शोभावान दिखता है। इसके पुष्प औषधीय गुणों से परिपूर्ण होते हैं जिनका प्रयोग कृषि यन्त्रों के हैन्डल बनाने तथा ईंधन के रुप में करते हैं। बुरांस पर्वतीय क्षेत्रों में विशेष वृक्ष हैं जिसकी प्रजाति अन्यत्र नहीं पाई जाती है।

      यह उत्तराखण्ड का राजकीय वृ्क्ष भी है।

पंकज सिंह महर

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #7 on: August 27, 2008, 05:16:55 PM »

Devbhoomi,Uttarakhand

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #8 on: April 28, 2009, 05:15:29 AM »
गढ़वाल-सौंदर्य, प्रणय और जीवंतता की क्रीड़ाभूमि है। प्राकृतिक सौंदर्य के साथ-साथ यहाँ का मानवीय सौंदर्य भी उच्च एवं प्रभावी कोटि का है। गढ़वाली गीतों व नृत्य-गीतों में मानवीय रूप-सौंदर्य तथा या रमणीक प्राकृतिक ऐश्वर्य बिखरा हुआ है। जैसा इस झुमैलो नामक नृत्य-गीत में वर्णित है कि एक ओर लयेड़ी, लया सरसों, राडौड़ी या राड़ा पुष्प विकसित हो गए हैं, दूसरी ओर बुरांस अपनी अरुणिमा आभा में वन-वृक्षों को डोलियों की भाँति सजाने लगा है-

फूलीक ऐ मैंने झमैलो लयेड़ी राडोड़ी झुमैलो
नीं गंधा बुरांस झुमैलो डोला सी गच्छैने झुमैलो

हिमालय हिम की शीतल पवन और वन के वृक्षों के आडू, घिंघारू, बांज, बुरांस, साकिना इत्यादि वृक्षों में पुष्पोद्भव देखकर मनरूपी मयूर का नृत्य हेतु विवश होना स्वाभाविक ही है। जैसा इस मयूर नृत्य-गीत से स्पष्ट है-



हैंयुचलि डांड्यूं की चली हिवांली कांकोरा
रंगम तुब्हे, नाचण लगे मेरा मन कू मोर
आरू, घिंगारू, बांज, बुरांस
साकिनी झका झोर

बसंत उमंग, उल्लास व हास्य का पर्व है। इस रमणीय काल में गढ़वाल की प्राकृतिक सुषमा का अपना महत्व है। इसके आगमन से वन-वृक्षों की कमनीयता तथा कुसुमों का मनोमुग्धकारी सौंदर्य मुखरित हो जाता है। पुष्पोद्भव के इस रम्य अवसर पर सभी ह्रदयों में चेतना, स्फूर्ति एवं उल्लास का स्वतः संचरण हो जाता है। इस समय न केवल मानव अपितु प्रकृति का रोम-रोम प्रफुल्लित हो उठता है-

Devbhoomi,Uttarakhand

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Re: Rhododendron (Buransh) flower
« Reply #9 on: April 28, 2009, 05:23:49 AM »
बुरांस मध्यम ऊँचाई का सदापर्णी वृक्ष है। यह हिमालय क्षेत्र से लगभग १५०० मीटर से ३६०० मीटर की ऊँचाई पर पाया जाता है। इसकी पत्तियाँ मोटी एवं पुष्प घंटी के आकार के लाल रंग के होते हैं। मार्च-अप्रैल में जब इस वृक्ष में पुष्प खिलते हैं तब यह अत्यन्त शोभावान दिखता है। इसके पुष्प औषधीय गुणों से परिपूर्ण होते हैं जिनका प्रयोग कृषि यन्त्रों के हैन्डल बनाने तथा ईंधन के रुप में करते हैं। बुरांस पर्वतीय क्षेत्रों में विशेष वृक्ष हैं जिसकी प्रजाति अन्यत्र नहीं पाई जाती है।

 

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