Author Topic: उत्तराखंडी नाटकों की शुरुआत (गढ़वाली, कुमाऊंनी) - UTTARAKHANDI PLAYS !!  (Read 19134 times)

Mohan Chandra Badhani

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thanks for the information
« Reply #30 on: January 25, 2012, 08:01:23 AM »
इतनी महत्वपूर्ण जानकारी के देने  लिये आप सभी का बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद! यह हमारा सौभाग्य है कि आप जैसे प्रतिष्ठित नाटककार हमारे फोरम से जुङे हैं.
हमें और अधिक जानकारी का इन्तजार रहेगा..
आप सभी को दिल से धन्यवाद कहना चाहता हूँ .
धन्यवाद....

Bhishma Kukreti

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Bhari Bhool by Jeet Singh Negi was first staged in Mumbai in 1952

Bhishma Kukreti

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                          Garhwali Plays Staged in Mumbai

                                Hindi article by late Dinesh Bhardwaj

                             Translated by Bhishm Kukreti

         Parsi theatre has been dominating Mumbai theatre world. Parsi theatre style influenced modern popular Marathi drama too.
               It is difficult to find the birth of Garhwali play staged first time in Mumbai. ‘Bhari bhul’ is remembered by most of the people that Bhari  Bhul by Jeet Singh Negi is first drama staged in Mumbai (around 1952)
              From Mumbai’s playwright’s concerned, the first Garhwali play staged in 1962-1963 by Garhwal Bhratri Mandal. Late Deen Bandhu Dwivedi wrote this drama.
   Garhwal Bhratri Mandal staged another Garhwali play ‘ Guldasta’ writtern by playwright late Jagdish Prasad Balodi. National integrity is the theme of ‘Guldasta’ and is purely morality based play.
             As far as Garhwali plays are concerned in Mumbai, the period 1960-1 970 is ‘Lalit Mohan Thapliyal Era’.  Social organizations staged ‘ Khadu lapata’ for more than eight times. Bhratri Mandal staged ‘ Ekikaran’ and ‘Ghar jvanin’  Garhwali plays written by Lalit Mohan Thapliyal .
          Alaknanda Delhi drama group headed by Swarup Dhoundiyal staged ‘Ardhgrameshwar a famous Garhwali play by Rajendra Dhashmana in Mumbai in 1973-1974.
                  Alaknanda Delhi drama group headed by Swarup Dhoundiyal staged ‘Adalat’ and ‘ Mangtu Baulya’ plays written by Swarup Dhoundiyal in Mumbai in 1975-1976.
                   The ‘kala Shakha’ of Garhwal Bhartri Mandal staged ‘ Ghar Javain’ of Lalit Mohan  Thapliyal in 1975-1976.
                   Uttarakhand Jan Kalyan Samiti , Mumbai staged ‘ Maletha ki Kool’a Garhwali play written by Jeet Singh Negi in 1975-1976
                  Garhwal Bharatri Mandal staged a lyrical play ‘Tilu Rautela’ in 1989. Dinesh Bhardwaj wrote song, dialogues of the said stage play. Dinesh Bhardwaj and Ummed Singh Bisht (father of famous singer Kalpana Chauhan)   produced and directed ‘Tilu Rautela’ with a troop of forty artists.
   Dinesh Bhardwaj and Ummed singh Bisht (father of famous singer Kalpana Chauhan) wrote produced and directed a Garhwali play ‘Palayan’ under the banner of Garhwal Bhratri Mandal in 1989. The theme of ‘Palayan’ is based on the problem of migration from Garhwal to urban regions.
              Garhwal Bhartri Mandal staged a couple of times a Garhwali play ‘Budya lapata’ written by Dinesh Bhardwaj and Raman Kukreti.
       Around 1990-1995, Sonu Panwar staged ‘ Jhoudu latu’ a Garhwali play written by him two times. The drama is influenced by Amitabh Bacchan fame ‘ Shahnshah’a  Hindi feature film
                                   Garhwal Kala Kendra, Jogeshwari , Mumbai  staged a Garhwali play ‘ Murkhalya Budya ‘ written and directed by Mahaveer Singh Bisht. The drama attacks sharply on the modern culture for not providing due respect to old values and at the same time criticizes the orthodox culture not understanding the need of transformation to adjust new culture. Dialogues are marvelous and are as per the characters. 
                Recently (2009-2011) , Baldev Rana has been staging a lyrical Garhwali play ‘ Bhad Madho Singh Bhandari’ in Mumbai and the Garhwali play has been getting good response from audience too.
Copyright@ Bhishm Kukreti

Bhishma Kukreti

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Amba Bainol: A Garhwali Drama about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story

(Review of Garhwali drama ‘Amba Bainol’  (2008) written by playwright Arvind Negi)

                                 Bhishma Kukreti

[Notes on Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Garhwali Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Uttarakhandi Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Mid Himalayan Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Himalayan Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; North Indian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Indian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; South Asian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Asian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story]
[भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित नाटक; भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित गढ़वाली नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित उत्तराखंडी नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित मध्य हिमालयी नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित हिमालयी नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित उत्तर भारतीय नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित भारतीय नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित दक्सिं एशियाई नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला ]


            Arvind Negi wrote and directed a Garhwali drama ‘Amba Bainol’ in Uttarakhand Mahotsav Kauthig organized by Akhil Garhwal Sabha , Dehradun in 2008.
      Children tease Ummeda that he does not have sister. He comes to know from his father that his elder sister Narena is married to Banshinath of Nagvansh far away. Ummeda wants to see his sister and starts journey forPali  Chithaun by taking blessing of Gorakhnath and his father. He faces various types of hurdles on the way. He reached to Narena gaon the sasural of his sister. Father in law of naena does not like Ummeda and kills him through snake bite. Vanshinath makes him alive. Ummeda takes his sister to Mayka by taking consent of his brother in law.   
  The director presented the love between brother–sister very well and the songs and music of Chandra Datt Suyal added in making drama attractive.
Reference- Kula Nand Ghansala, 2008, souvenir of Akhil Garhwal Sabha, Dehradun 2008.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 17/6/2012

Notes on Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Garhwali Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Uttarakhandi Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Mid Himalayan Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Himalayan Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; North Indian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Indian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; South Asian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story; Asian Dramas about Brother-Sister love based on Folk Story to be continued …
भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित नाटक; भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित गढ़वाली नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित उत्तराखंडी नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित मध्य हिमालयी नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित हिमालयी नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित उत्तर भारतीय नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित भारतीय नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित दक्सिं एशियाई नाटक;भाई- बहिन प्रेम की लोक कथा आधारित एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला जारी ....

Bhishma Kukreti

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Complaint: A Garhwali Drama Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System in Rural Garhwal

(Review of Garhwali drama ‘Complaint’ (2000) written by playwright Kula Nand Ghansala)

                                                 Bhishma Kukreti

[Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Garhwali Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Kumauni Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Uttarakhandi Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; mid Himalayan Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Himalayan Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; North Indian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Indian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; SAARC Countries Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; South Asian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Asian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System]
[गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित गढ़वाली नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित उत्तराखंडी नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित मध्य हिमालयी नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित हिमालयी नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित उत्तर भारतीय नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित भारतीय नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित सार्क देसिय नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित दक्षिण एशियाई नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला ]

            There are dramas, films written or produced everywhere about worsening education system. For example, ‘Detachment’ film portrays various aspects of worsening education system. Daniel Appiah-ADjei wrote in a blog ( http://oralvillageideas.blogspot.in/2011/10/article-examination-malpractices.html) about Examination Malpractices with satirical tone.  There are many satirical articles written in Garhwali about worsening education system by Bhishma Kukreti and other satirists.
     Kula Nand Ghansala wrote a very fine short drama ‘Complaint’ in Garhwali. The short drama deals with the aspects of only one teacher and students of five classes and how the teacher defies all the noble practices of teacher.  When the guardian complaints about his careless duties, the teacher says to complainer to what he wants to do. However, the teacher is shocked to find the reality. 
  The drama is written with more humorous style than satirical methods. The dialogues are common in rural Garhwal. Audience will laugh by listening dialogues of drama but then there is pain too just after every laugh.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 18/6/20012
Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Garhwali Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Kumauni Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Uttarakhandi Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; mid Himalayan Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Himalayan Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; North Indian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Indian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; SAARC Countries Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; South Asian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System; Asian Dramas Portraying Rotting, Worsening Education System to be continued ….
गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित गढ़वाली नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित उत्तराखंडी नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित मध्य हिमालयी नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित हिमालयी नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित उत्तर भारतीय नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित भारतीय नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित सार्क देसिय नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित दक्षिण एशियाई नाटक ;गिरते शिक्षा स्तर सम्बन्धित एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला जारी ....

Bhishma Kukreti

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Choli:  A Garhwali Drama of Desiring Husband’s Love

(Review of Garhwali Drama ‘Choli’ (1971) written by Parashar Gaur)

                                    Bhishma Kukreti

    There are many dramas/films based on search for husband love subject. For example, ‘When a man loves a woman’ (1994) film takes such subject.
   The bird Choli is synonym of unfulfilled desires.  There is water in the ocean but the human being can’t take it. Parashar gaur wrote and directed ‘Choli’ drama in 1971. Parvteey Yuvak Manch Delhi presented and staged the Garhwali drama ‘Choli’ (1971) at All Indian Medical Association Hall, ITO Delhi on 25th December 1971.
  The story of drama is sad story of a woman (performed by Sharda Negi). A Migrated Garhwali marries to a village girl of Garhwal. Newly bride comes to Delhi with her husband. Due to his busy schedule, her husband does not get time for her and to share emotions with her. She is in search of love from her husband. When she is just to die the husband says that he loves her.
  The drama is sad drama and opens various facets of life.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 19/6/2012

Bhishma Kukreti

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Ramu Patrol: A Garhwali Awareness Drama about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System

(Review of a Garhwali Drama ‘Ramu Patrol’ (1998) by playwright@ Kula Nand Ghansala)

                                   Bhishma Kukreti

[Notes on Stage Plays- Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Garhwali Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Uttarakhandi Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Mid Himalayan Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Himalayan Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; North Indian Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Indian Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Indian Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System]
वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण नाटक; वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण गढ़वाली नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण उत्तराखंडी नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण मध्य हिमालयी नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण हिमालयी नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण उत्तर भारतीय नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण भारतीय नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला


     At the time of Garhwali king, there was less conflict between government agencies and villagers about the use of forest and forest products in Garhwal.  However, with the forest administration regulation by Trail (1826), the conflict between villagers and administration started.  Later on Tihri Garhwal king also started regulating the village land into government land for forest the conflict in Tihri Riyasat became evident. 
  The conflicts between villagers and government for forest uses by people, malpractices by selfish interest for forest products, fire in the forest by intentional, unintentional or ignorance  had been there from the day  Trail  brought forest regulation . There had been the questions from that day that what are the best ways to defuse the conflicts that forests develop and people e get their dues too.
    Garhwali Drama ‘Ramu Patrol’ (1998) tries to answer some of questions. Uttarakhand Forest department Gopeshwar staged the awareness Drama about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System in 1998 in Gopeshwar.  Ganesh Bhatt and Abbal Singh Khatri directed ‘Ramu Patrol’ drama about forest need, deforestation, forestation, forest protection and protecting eco-system.
  There incidents about need of the forest produces for the needy ones, there incidents of need of forest for income to poor class, there events of people who believe government should not own the forest, there are forest mafia taking benefits of conflicts between governing agencies and villagers and there is worries in the forest department to keep forest developing and at the same time people should be satisfied too by getting benefits of developed and protected forests.
  Thought, the drama is for awareness program but Ghansala uses his dramatic capability in choosing the events, incidents and proper dialogues that drama does not look like preaching drama but audience enjoys the drama. 

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 20/6/2012

Notes on Stage Plays- Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Garhwali Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Uttarakhandi Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Mid Himalayan Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Himalayan Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; North Indian Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Indian Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System; Indian Dramas for awareness about Forest Need, Deforestation, Forestation, Forest Protection and Protecting Eco-System to be continued…
वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण नाटक; वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण गढ़वाली नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण उत्तराखंडी नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण मध्य हिमालयी नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण हिमालयी नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण उत्तर भारतीय नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण भारतीय नाटक;वन दोहन, वनों से लोगो की आवश्यकता, वन संचालन, वन बचाओ जागरण एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला जारी ....


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Garibee: a Garhwali Stage Play about You get what You Sow

(Review of a Garhwali Short Stage Play ‘Garibee’ (1992) written by playwright@ Om Prakash Semwal) 

                                  Bhishma Kukreti

[Notes on short Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Garhwali Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Uttarakhandi Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Mid Himalayan Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Himalayan Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short North Indian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Indian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short South Asian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Asian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption]
[शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु नाटक, शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु गढवाली नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु उत्तराखंडी नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु मध्य हिमालयी नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु हिमालयी नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु उत्तर भारतीय नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु भारतीय नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु दक्षिण एशियाई नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला ]
   Garhwali fiction writer and poet Om Prakash Semwal wrote short play ‘Garibee ‘for the school going students. The play was staged in Chopta in 1992.
   The short Garhwali stage play is about the spread and its bad effects of alcoholism in Garhwal (Gham ast t Garhwal mast).
  Envied by rich position of Nartu, Bhadu also starts country liquor business. Instead of sending school, Bhadu involves his son Gwabrya in liquor business. Bhadu usually beats Gwabrya for his mistakes. One day Gwabrya takes a cruelest step against his father’s beating.
  The play takes two subjects together that alcoholism is because of older generation for appreciating alcohol consumption before the children and taking children in alcohol business. Another implicit story is that what you sow you will get the same.
    The stage play or short drama ‘Garibee’ is written for morality teaching but morality is implicit in the stage play and there are no preaching speeches at all. The drama is successful in preaching against alcoholism and also teaches for better ways of parenting too.
  Om Prakash Semwal uses simple dialogues keeping in mind the children as audience. The dialogues are from day to day life of rural Garhwal.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 21/6/2012
Notes on short Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Garhwali Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Uttarakhandi Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Mid Himalayan Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Himalayan Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short North Indian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Indian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short South Asian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption; short Asian Stage plays about parenting and anti liquor consumption to be continued…
शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु नाटक, शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु गढवाली नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु उत्तराखंडी नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु मध्य हिमालयी  नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु हिमालयी नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु उत्तर भारतीय नाटक,
शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु भारतीय नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु दक्षिण एशियाई नाटक,शराब बंदी सम्बन्धी लघु एशियाई नाटक लेखमाला जारी .....

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Nasha: An Awareness Garhwali Drama about Addiction

     (Review of a short Garhwali Drama ‘Nasha’ (1993) written by Om Prakash Semwal)

                                     Bhishma Kukreti
 
            Om Prakash Semwal wrote and staged ‘Nasha’ a Garhwali drama in August 1993 in Chamoli, Rudraprayag- Garhwal - Uttarakhand.  The drama is about making students and parents aware about the reasons, dark sides and the possibilities of being addiction free.  The drama makes aware parents that if the parents don’t look after the attitude and friend circle of their children there might be possibility of child getting tobacco or and drug addicted. If the parents don’t take care at initial level of addiction of the child it becomes very difficult for child leaving smoking or taking drugs.
  Definitely the drama is written for one aim and that is for students. Therefore, writer paid attention on the finer points of the subject.
  The short drama is also suitable for street theatre or as filler drama.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 22/6/2012

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Daiju: A short Garhwali Drama creating Awareness against Dowry or Evil of dowry 

(Review of a short Garhwali drama ‘Daiju’ (1994) written by Om Prakash Semwal)     

                                                 Bhishma Kukreti     
[Notes on Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Garhwali Dramas, stage plays against Dowry;  Uttarakhandi Dramas, stage plays against Dowry;   Asian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; South Asian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; SAARC Countries Dramas, stage plays against Dowry;  Indian subcontinent Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Indian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; North Indian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Mid Himalayan Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Himalayan Dramas, stage plays against Dowry]   
दहेज़ विरोधी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी गढ़वाली नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी कुमाउनी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी उत्तराखंडी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी मध्य हिमालयी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी हिमालयी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी उत्तर भारतीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी भारतीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी भारतीय उप महाद्वीपीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी सार्क देशीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी दक्षिण एशियाई नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी एशियाई नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी अंग्रेजी नाटक लेखमाला
  There was no forced dowry system in Vedic era, Mahabharata era or even in Gupta era in India. It is complex subject to find the initiating period of forced dowry in marriages. Before independence, there was just opposite custom that boy’s parents had to offer money for bride in Garhwal.
 Worldwide there are many dramas, stage plays against dowry or showing bad effects of dowry on society as ‘The Fatal Dowry (1632, English), The dowry (a TV drama, 1953), Kalankani (Bengali drama), Ho Uzo Kedna Paloutolo (Goan) , Audal, Swayambar  (Garhwali dramas) , Dahej ki Ag(Haryanavi) etc.
    Om Prakash Semwal wrote a drama ‘Daiju’ that creates awareness of evil of dowry. The drama is idealistic and written for students. ‘Daiju’ is staged in 1994 in (Old) Chamoli Garhwal.  The drama has simple dialogues and is straight plot with less of figurative dialogues.
 There are les characters that students can stage the play showing evils of dowry.
 


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 23/6/2012

 Notes on Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Garhwali Dramas, stage plays against Dowry;  Uttarakhandi Dramas, stage plays against Dowry;   Asian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; South Asian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; SAARC Countries Dramas, stage plays against Dowry;  Indian subcontinent Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Indian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; North Indian Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Mid Himalayan Dramas, stage plays against Dowry; Himalayan Dramas, stage plays against Dowry   
दहेज़ विरोधी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी गढ़वाली नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी कुमाउनी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी उत्तराखंडी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी मध्य हिमालयी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी हिमालयी नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी उत्तर भारतीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी भारतीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी भारतीय उप महाद्वीपीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी सार्क देशीय नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी दक्षिण एशियाई नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी एशियाई नाटक; दहेज़ विरोधी अंग्रेजी नाटकलेखमाला जारी ..... 

 

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